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Nutrition final (ISU)
Nutrition final for AHS 201 ISU
100
Nutrition
04/30/2013

Additional Nutrition Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
if you consume 300 g of CHO in a day that you consumed 2400 Kcal, the CHO's will provide what % of your total energy intake?
Definition
50%
Term
The dietary guidlines for americans were recently revised in what year
Definition
2010
Term
sugars, starches, and dietary fibers are examples of? 
Definition
carbohydrates
Term
A Kcal is a what?
Definition
measure of heat energy
Term
Which of the following is characteristic of lipids?
Definition
supply a concentrated form of fuel for the body
Term
certain nutrients provide us with energy. some are important for growth and development. others act to keep body functions running smoothly. which of the following does not promote growth and development?
Definition
carbohydrates
Term
Which of the following is a characteristic of vitamins?
Definition
enable chemical processes in the body
Term
A food that contains 10 g of fat would yield how many Kcal?
Definition
90
Term
foods with high nutrient density offer the ____ nutrients for the  _______ calories. 
Definition
most, lowest
Term
Our primary psychological drive to eat that is affected by many external food choice mechanism is called?
Definition
appetite
Term
Adequate intakes (AI)
Definition
are established for nutrients for which there is not enough information to set RDA's
Term
Energy-yielding nutrients include?
Definition
carbohydrates, proteins, fat
Term
which of the following is true about the North American diet?
Definition

about half of the CHO's come from simple sugars

 

Term
Which statement best describes the healthful diet principle of moderation?
Definition
pay attention to portion size and plan your entire day's diet so that you don't over-consume nutrient sources.
Term
The __________ is a term used to describe the amount of weight college students gain during the first year of college. 
Definition
Freshman 15
Term
Which nutrient classes are most important in the regulation of body processes
Definition
vitamins A and C
Term
If an individual's intake of a nutrient is less than the RDA, the individual
Definition
may or may not be deficient
Term
Which of the following is not true about water
Definition
provides energy
Term
Which of the following is not a characteristic shared by carbohydrates?
Definition
contain more calories than protein
Term
The RDA's are considered to be adequate to meet the known nutritional needs of
Definition
nearly all healthy persons
Term
gram for gram which provides the most energy
Definition
fats
Term
which of the following measures does not assess nutritional status?
Definition
psychoanalysis
Term
anthropometric measurements include
Definition
height, weight, skinfolds, and body circumferences
Term
Which of the following is true about the energy content of nutrients
Definition
carbohydrates and proteins supply 4 calories per gram
Term
Which statement best describes nutrient density? 
Definition
consume foods that have the most nutrition for their calories
Term
dietary supplements are tightly regulated by who?
Definition
none of the above
Term
A calorie is a measure of?
Definition
heat energy
Term
Which of the following is true about the way we should eat to achieve good nutritional status?
Definition
eat a wide variety of foods because no single natureal food meets all human nutrient needs
Term
A meal of a bean burrito, tossed salad, and glass of milk represents foods from all my plate food group except?
Definition

fruits

 

Term
the acronym RDA stands for 
Definition
recommended dietary allowance
Term
You pick up a box of cheerios cereal in the supermarket. the nutrition facts panel tells you that a 1-cup serving provides 25 percent of the ______ for iron.
Definition
daily value
Term
the current food label must list
Definition
a uniform and realistic serving size
Term
the tolerable upper intake level is used to
Definition
evaluate the highest amount of daily nutrient intake unlikely to cause adverse effects
Term
what substances, present in fruits and vegetables, provide significant health benefits such as reducing the risk of cancer
Definition
phytochemicals
Term
the most common type of undernutrition in industrialized nations, such as the USA, is
Definition
iron deficiency
Term
The essential nutrients
Definition
cannot be made by the body and therefore must be consumed to maintain health
Term
which term describes failing health that results from a long standing dietary intake that does not meet nutritional needs
Definition
undernutrition
Term
the term daily value is used on
Definition
food labels
Term
the scientific method begins with
Definition
observations made and questions asked
Term
the food and nutrition board of the national academy of sciences advocates that 10% to 35% of calories come from protein and ___________ from carbohydrates
Definition
45-65%
Term
the process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the suns heat and light is called?
Definition
photosynthesis
Term
a disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of
Definition
two monosaccharides
Term
the lower esophageal sphincter is located between the?
Definition
stomach and esophagus
Term
after absorption, galactose is converted to _______ in the liver?
Definition
glucose
Term
the ring like muscles that retard or prevent backflow of partially digested food in the gastrointestinal tract are called
Definition
sphincters
Term
what structure prevents food from entering the trachea when you swallow
Definition
epiglottis
Term
simple sugars in large quantities have been shown to
Definition
promote tooth decay
Term
most digestive processes occur in the 
Definition
small intestine
Term
glucose is absorbed via ______ absorption
Definition
active
Term
what is one function of the pyloric sphincter
Definition
prevents intestinal contents from backing up into the stomach
Term
wbere does digestion begin
Definition
mouth
Term
which of the following is a description of chyme?
Definition
a watery mixture of parially digested food released by the stomach into the intestines
Term
glucose also is known as
Definition
dextrose
Term
the constant turnover of body tissues requires the _________ supplied by carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids
Definition
chemical energy
Term
in the US diet, carbohydrates supplies approximately what percentage of total kilocalories
Definition
50%
Term
all of the following are features of the epiglottis except which one
Definition
it is the first GI tract sphincter
Term
which of the following is not true of carbohydrates absorption
Definition
maltose is transported through the portal vein to the liver
Term
energy production that takes place in the cytoplasm is anaerobic metabolism because it does not require
Definition
oxygen
Term
what enzyme is responsible for carbohydrate digestion in the small intestine
Definition
pancreatic amylase
Term
the study of how food impacts health through interaction with genes is
Definition
nutrigenomics
Term
nexium acts as a
Definition
proton pump inhibitor
Term
to which body part does blood travel to pick up oxygen and release carbon dioxide
Definition
lungs
Term
what is the function of the mucus in the stomach
Definition
protects stomach cells from gastric cells
Term
which of the following is true about carbohydrate digestion
Definition
carbohydrate digestion is assisted by cooking, which softens tough skins
Term
which of the following describes the process of starch digestion
Definition
starch to maltose to glucose
Term
much of the digestion that occurs in the large intestine is caused by
Definition
bacteria
Term
which hormone functions in the regulation of the body's metabolic rate
Definition
thyroid hormone
Term
a muscular contraction that propels food down the GI tract is called
Definition
peristalsis
Term
which of the following is true
Definition
glucose and galactose form lactose
Term
bicarbonate ions from the pancrease
Definition
neutralize the acid in the duodenum
Term
the monosaccharides important in nutrition are
Definition
fructose, glucose, and galactose
Term
bile is formed in the ______ and stored in the _______
Definition
liver, gallbladder
Term
major fructose sources include
Definition
fruits and high fructose corn syrup
Term
the stomach is protected from digesting itself by producing
Definition
a thick layer of mucus
Term
which of the following would you buy if you wanted the highest polyunsaturated fatty acid content
Definition
liquid, squeezable margarine, made from safflower oil
Term
how many carbons do long chain fatty acids contain
Definition
12 or more
Term
which of the following describes a fatty acid that has one double bond
Definition
monosaturated
Term
a monosaturated fatty acid contains
Definition
one double bond
Term
phospholipids differ from triglycerides in which of the following ways
Definition
a compound containing phosphorus replaces at least one fatty acid
Term
olive oil contains abundant amounts of which type of fatty acid
Definition
monosaturated
Term
which of the following is not a rich source of polyunsaturated fatty acids
Definition
palm oil
Term
all of the following are true of lecithin except
Definition
it has sterol like functions
Term
if a fat contains mostly saturated fatty acids, it is likely to be _____________ at room temperature
Definition
solid
Term
cholesterol is found in all of the following except
Definition
corn oil
Term
all of the following are characteristic of cholesterol except
Definition
it is an essential nutrient
Term
gram for gram which of the following contains the most cholesterol
Definition
Term
triglycerides in food are said to have satiety value primarily because
Definition
they are high in kilocalories
Term
the three carbon structure to which fatty acids are attached in triglycerides is called
Definition
glycerol
Term
hydrogenation produces what kinds of fat
Definition
trans fatty acids
Term
a saturated fatty acid contains
Definition
no double bonds
Term
a diglyceride consits of
Definition
1 glycerol and 2 fatty acids
Term
sterols are similar to triglycerides in which of the following ways
Definition
they do not dissolve in water
Term
the main reason for hydrogenating fats is to
Definition
change a liquid fat to a solid fat
Term
in which form are most dietary lipids found
Definition
triglycerides
Term
Definition
Term
what is the composition of the triglyceride from of fats
Definition
fatty acids and glycerol
Term
which of the following is true about olestra
Definition
it cannot be digested, therefore it leaves the body
Term
which of following would be a good source of polyunsaturated fatty acids
Definition
safflower oil
Term
which of the following is true about cholesterol
Definition
it is found only in animal products
Term
Definition