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World History - Test Review 1
Test review for the test on 10/16/08
64
History
10/15/2008

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Term
Homer
Definition
wrote The Iliad and The Odysee
Term
Wrote The Iliad and The Odysee
Definition
Homer
Term
polis
Definition
city-state
Term
another name for a city-state
Definition
polis
Term
acropolis
Definition
a marketplace on a hilltop where citizens gathered to discuss city government
Term
A marketplace on a hilltop where citizens gathered to discuss city government
Definition
acropolis
Term
monarchy
Definition
government ruled by a single person, the king
Term
A government ruled by a single person, he was the usually called the king
Definition
monarchy
Term
aristocracy
Definition
a government ruled by a small group of noble, land-owning families
Term
a government ruled by a small group of noble, land-owning families
Definition
aristocracy
Term
oligarchy
Definition
a government ruled by a few powerful people
Term
a government ruled by a few powerful people
Definition
oligarchy
Term
tyrants
Definition
powerful individuals, usually nobles or other wealthy citizens, sometimes seized control of the government by appealing to the common people for support.
Term
powerful individuals, usually nobles or other wealthy citizens, sometimes seized control of the government by appealing to the common people for support.
Definition
tyrants
Term
democracy
Definition
rule by the people
Term
rule by the people
Definition
democracy
Term
for the most part, only the _______ received formal education.
Definition
sons of wealthy families
Term
sparta was cut of from the rest of greece by the...
Definition
Gulf of corinth
Term
sparta was located in the souther part of greece know as the...
Definition
peloponnesus
Term
located in southern part of greece known as peloponnesus
Definition
sparta
Term
in 725 bc sparta conquered ________
Definition
Messenia
Term
when conquered by greece the messenians became...
Definition
helots
Term
helots
Definition
peasants forced to stay on the land they worked; spartans demanded half of their crops; in 650 BC they revolted against sparts, but, even though outnumber 3-1, managed to take down the revolt
Term
age range for men to stay in the army
Definition
from 7 - 60
Term
replaced bronze in manufacture of weapons, allowing people of all classes to be in the army
Definition
iron
Term
phalanx
Definition
where foot-soldiers stood side-by-side holding a spear in one hand and a shield in the other
Term
where foot-soldiers stood side-by-side holding a spear in one hand and a shield in the other
Definition
phalanx
Term
Persian wars
Definition
started in Ionia on the coast of Anatolia. Darius the Great defeated the rebels, even after Athens sent ships and soldiers to the aid of the rebellion.
Term
brought news of persian defeat so that athenians would not give up without a fight; died after running 26 miles to deliver the news
Definition
Pheidippides (fy-DIP-uh-DEEZ)
Term
Pheidippides (fy-DIP-uh-DEEZ)
Definition
brought news of persian defeat so that athenians would not give up without a fight; died after running 26 miles to deliver the news
Term
Darius the Great's son
Definition
Xerxes
Term
Xerxes
Definition
assembled enormous invasion force to crush Athens; when at a narrow mountain pass called Thermopylae 7,000 greeks including 300 spartans blocked the way; Greeks stopped the advance for three days;
Term
During persian war _____ convinced Athens to evacuate the city and fight at sea.
Definition
Themistocles
Term
Themistocles
Definition
During persian war he convinced Athens to evacuate the city and fight at sea.
Term
direct democracy
Definition
a form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives; important legacy of Periclean Athens
Term
a form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives; important legacy of Periclean Athens
Definition
direct democracy
Term
classified by a standard of valuing harmony, order, balance, and proportion.
Definition
classical art
Term
classical art
Definition
classified by a standard of valuing harmony, order, balance, and proportion.
Term
Peloponnesian War
Definition
war fought between Sparta and Athens
Term
war fought between Sparta and Athens
Definition
Peloponnesian war
Term
philosiphers
Definition
thinkers who based their philosophy on two assumptions: the univers is put together in an orderly way, and subject ot absolute and unchanging laws, and people can understand these laws through logic and reason
Term
thinkers who based their philosophy on two assumptions: the univers is put together in an orderly way, and subject ot absolute and unchanging laws, and people can understand these laws through logic and reason
Definition
philosophers
Term
Socrates
Definition
believed absolute standards exist for truth and justice; encouraged greeks to go farther and question themselves and their moral character; was put to death for "corrupting the youth" and "neglecting the city's gods"
Term
believed absolute standards exist for truth and justice; encouraged greeks to go farther and question themselves and their moral character; was put to death for "corrupting the youth" and "neglecting the city's gods"
Definition
Socrates
Term
Plato
Definition
student of socrates; wrote "The Republic", which set forth a vision of a perfectly governed society. it was not a democracy lain down, but a society where everyone would fall naturally into one of three groups: farmers and artisans, warriors, and the ruling class. The person with the greatest insight and intellect from the ruling class would be chosen as philosopher-king
Term
student of socrates; wrote "The Republic", which set forth a vision of a perfectly governed society. it was not a democracy lain down, but a society where everyone would fall naturally into one of three groups: farmers and artisans, warriors, and the ruling class. The person with the greatest insight and intellect from the ruling class would be chosen as philosopher-king
Definition
plato
Term
Aristotle
Definition
questioned the nature of the world and of human belief, thought, and knowledge. Invented a method for arguing according to rules of logic, later applying this method to problems in the fields of psychology, physics, and biology.His work provides the basis of the scientific method we use today.
Term
questioned the nature of the world and of human belief, thought, and knowledge. Invented a method for arguing according to rules of logic, later applying this method to problems in the fields of psychology, physics, and biology.His work provides the basis of the scientific method we use today.
Definition
aristotle
Term
Alexander the Great
Definition
son of Philip; main goal was to defeat persian empire; didn't accept darius iii's offer of giving him all the land west of the euphrates river; welcomed in Egypt and made pharaoh; troops were loyal to him because he gave them an equal share of treasure every time they defeated someone; died at age 32 from an unknown illness after creating the second largest empire of all time.
Term
son of Philip; main goal was to defeat persian empire; didn't accept darius iii's offer of giving him all the land west of the euphrates river; welcomed in Egypt and made pharaoh; troops were loyal to him because he gave them an equal share of treasure every time they defeated someone; died at age 32 from an unknown illness after creating the second largest empire of all time.
Definition
Alexander the Great
Term
Antigonus
Definition
became king of macedonia and took control of greek city-states after Alexander died
Term
became king of macedonia and took control of greek city-states after Alexander died
Definition
Antigonus
Term
Ptolemy
Definition
seized Egypt after bringing the body of Alexander to them to be burried
Term
seized Egypt after bringing the body of Alexander to them to be burried
Definition
Ptolemy
Term
Seleucus(sih-LOO-kuhs)
Definition
took most of the old Persian Empire, which became known as the Seleucid kingdom. Rulers here governed with complete power over their subjects.
Term
took most of the old Persian Empire, which became known as the Seleucid kingdom. Rulers here governed with complete power over their subjects.
Definition
Seleucus(sih-LOO-kuhs)
Term
Alexandria
Definition
became foremost center of commerce and Hellenistic civilization
Term
became foremost center of commerce and Hellenistic civilization
Definition
Alexandria
Term
had great library, the great lighthouse, and the birthplace of the earliest known steam engine
Definition
Alexandria
Term
Alexandria (attractions)
Definition
had great library, the great lighthouse, and the birthplace of the earliest known steam engine
Term
Archimedes
Definition
correctly estimated the value of pi
Term
correctly estimated the value of pi
Definition
Archimedes
Term
Colossus of Rhodes
Definition
bronze statue standing more than 100 feet high; one of the seven wonders of the ancient world
Term
bronze statue standing more than 100 feet high; one of the seven wonders of the ancient world
Definition
Colossus of Rhodes