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World History B Unit 2
N/A
33
History
01/20/2011

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Cards

Term
Why did the Tokugawa Shogunate see a rise of a popular culture, during which time the visual arts, literature, and performing arts thrived?
Definition
The Tokugawa shoguns closed the country's borders which permitted its own unique culture to develop.
Term
When fourteen-year-old Esma'il was crowned shah in the 1500s, he made Shi'ism the official religion, which resulted in significant violence when his subjects who were of another religion opposed. Of what religion were most of his subjects?
Definition
Sunni
Term
Which member of the Japanese feudal hierarchy followed the Bushido, was viewed as an honorable and disciplined warrior, and was responsible for protecting the people of the land?
Definition
samurai
Term
Which of the following was NOT one of the significant results of May 29, 1453?
Definition
The Hagia Sophia Cathedral was demolished when Ottomans took control
Term
Select the artistic achievement that occurred during the Ming dynasty in China.
Definition
production of blue-and-white porcelain
Term
The Mughal Empire saw great prosperity and peace when its leader Akbar encouraged tolerance of what cultural aspect?
Definition
belief in religious toleration
Term
Although the shogun was a powerful military figure in Japan, the emperor always possessed the power over the people and land.
Definition
False
Term
Which French leader was a military dictator who was credited with a series of lasting reforms such as the Bank of France and a system of public education?
Definition
Napoleon
Term
Under the reign of Philip II in Spain, all of the following occurred EXCEPT:
Definition
The Spanish Armada sent by Philip II was successful in defeating the English.
Term
Who was responsible for writing Don Quixote de la Mancha, a novel about a fantastical medieval adventure with sidekick Sancho Panza?
Definition
Cervantes
Term
Which of the following accomplishments of Peter the Great were considered to have the most impact on Russia?
Definition
He brought elements of Western culture to Russia in effort to modernize the nation.
Term
Which writer from the Enlightenment wrote the Essay Concerning Human Understanding (in which he evaluated the development of human thought) and Two Treatises of Government (which stated the power of government should be limited)?
Definition
John Locke
Term
Which American colonist used ideas from European thinkers of the enlightenment to draft the Declaration of Independence?
Definition
Thomas Jefferson
Term
Which French leader was an absolute monarch who was eventually beheaded with the guillotine?
Definition
Louis XVI
Term
How was the American Revolution different from the French Revolution?
Definition
The revolution was an attempt to break free from the motherland and create a new nation.
Term
Identify the incorrect statement about Lewis Hine and his efforts during the Industrial Revolution in America.
Definition
He was hired by the National Child Labor Committee to identify ways factory owners could hide the exploitation of children to make more money.
Term
Which economic principle means �free to do,� and was based on the idea that the market should be free from regulation and government involvement, resulting in the creation of wealth?
Definition
laissez-faire
Term
Urbanization occurred during the Industrial Revolution because people started moving to the city to obtain work. As more and more people arrived, there were improvements in infrastructure and environmental standards.
Definition
True
Term
In what country did the Industrial Revolution begin?
Definition
Great Britain
Term
Who invented the light bulb, generator, and other electrical devices?
Definition
Thomas Edison
Term
Select the nation that governed with a monarchy, but whose leader was limited in power due to the lawmaking body of Parliament.
Definition
England
Term
Upon being crowned the shah of the Safavid Empire, fourteen-year-old Esma'il declared Shi'ism the official religion, which was a problem because the majority of his subjects belonged to what religious sect?
Definition
Sunni Islam
Term
The writings of the Enlightenment influenced the leaders of the American and French Revolutions. For example, Thomas Jefferson wrote that all citizens have a right to "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness" in the Declaration of Independence, based on the writings of John Locke.
Definition
True
Term
Which social class came to be during the Industrial Revolution, typically comprised of factory and business owners, who now had time to enjoy leisurely activities?
Definition
Middle Class
Term
What Japanese art form, meaning "pictures of the floating world," was created using woodblock prints and greatly impacted Western art, particularly Impressionists in Europe and America?
Definition
ukiyo-e
Term
Select the Japanese figure of the feudal warrior society whose role was similar to that of the knight in Medieval Europe.
Definition
samurai
Term
Which leader of the Mughal Empire was very curious, but illiterate, and displayed religious tolerance to the extent that he took one wife from every of the four major religions?
Definition
Akbar
Term
Identify the two figures that developed the five-step process known as the scientific method.
Definition
Francis Bacon and Rene Descartes
Term
On July 14, 1789 a mob of people stormed a prison that held political prisoners, revolting against the injustices of the governing party. In which country did this occur?
Definition
France
Term
All of the following are true about the beginnings of industrialization EXCEPT:
Definition
The first factories were powered by steam engines, but later converted to water mills because coal was scarce.
Term
In which country did the Industrial Revolution begin?
Definition
England
Term
During the reign of the Kamukura Shogunate, the emperor was still at the top of the hierarchical structure, but possessed little power.
Definition
True
Term
Which of the following is NOT one of the three factors of production?
Definition
Communist ideology