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Western Civ Final Exam
League of Nations to Cold War
23
History
05/08/2009

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Term
Washington Naval Conference
Definition
Disarmament conference, stopping production of warships and battleships. 1922, president Warren G Harding.
Term
Kellog-Briand Pact
Definition
1928: Renunciation of war between America and France, set precedent for crimes against peace
Term
kulaks
Definition
affluent and wealthy peasants, viewed as the enemy of the poorer peasants in stalinist russia
Term
Five Year Plan
Definition
USSR, Stalin's efforts to rapidly grow the Soveit Union's economy
Term
The Dawes Plan
Definition
An attempt at reparations from Germany from WWI:Germany was not in a place where they could afford it, so it was replaced by the Young Plan in 1929.
Term
Kreditanstalt
Definition
Austrian bank nationalized after WWII, big part of Austria's economy.
Term
Heinrich Himmler
Definition
German politician and head of the Schutzstaffel (SS). He was one of the most powerful men in Nazi Germany. Oversaw all security forces, including the Gestapo.
Term
Night of the Long Knives
Definition
"Operation Hummingbird": Purge between June30 and July02 where 85 people were killed, more arrested and imprisoned. Carried out primarily by the SS.
Term
Nuremberg Laws
Definition
The anti-Semitic and racist laws put forth by the Nazi party, later the basis for the Nuremberg Trails.
Term
Joseph Goebbels
Definition
One of Hitler's closest confidants and most loyal followers. Minister of Propaganda, and led the Kristalnacht, which led directly to the Holocaust.
Term
Kristalnacht
Definition
"The Night of Glass", Following the assassination of a German diplomat, the nazis attacked Jewish villages destroying hundreds of Mosques, arresting thousands and killing nearly 100 of them. This was the beginning of "The Final Solution" and was the first step toward the Holocaust.
Term
Kraft durch Freude
Definition
"Strength Through Joy" was a state-controlled leisure organization, and strove to promote the advantages of national socialism to people.
Term
Francisco Franco
Definition
Fascist dictator of Spain
Term
Axis Powers
Definition
Germany, Japan, Italy. Minor powers: Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia
Term
Allied Powers
Definition
Britian, USSR & Russia, America
Term
The Polish Corridor
Definition
Gave Poland access to the Baltic Sea. When Hitler took power, he used the Polish Corridor as leverage to build a highway through it in exchange for signing non-aggression with Poland. Eventually Poland refused so many attempts for Hitler to threaten their sovereignty that they just outright invaded them and stole it.
Term
Munich Agreement & Conference
Definition
Chamberlain hands over the west side of Czechoslovakia, making them vulnerable to Nazi invasion. Said to have "sustained a defeat without having fought a war"
Term
Nazi-Soviet pact, Non-Aggression Pact
Definition
Mad eit possible for Soviet Union to invade most of Eastern Europe, and in Exchange the Soviets helped the Nazis invade Poland. However, this pact was broken when Hitler invaded the Soviet Union, killing 4 million and imprisoning 3.4 million, and the Soviets lost all land acquired in the original deal.
Term
Comissar Order
Definition
An order by Hitler to kill any soviet prisoner promoting communism. Served to bolster Soviet rebellion.
Term
Georgi Zhukov
Definition
Soviet Russian war hero. Marshall in Russian army. Managed to push through Eastern Europe and take Germany's capitol, Berlin.
Term
Lend-lease
Definition
American provided Allied powers with vast amounts of war material.
Term
operation Bagration
Definition
Soviet victory in Poland over the Nazis. Returned land owned by the Soviets and Eastern Poland. The biggest German defeat during the war.
Term
The Wansee Conference
Definition
Meeting of Nazi officials discussing the carrying out of the "Final Solution"