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West African Dance
West African Dance flashcards
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05/22/2006

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Term
Where do the Wolof people come from?
Definition
Senegal.
Term
Where does Kou Kou come from?
Definition
the Konyanka people in the region of Guinea.
Term
For what is the Tiriba rythmn popular?
Definition
Initiations as girls become women. The dance is done between mothers and daughters. The rythmn is also played for circumcisions.
Term
Oya is the goddess of what?
Definition
Fertility, Fire, Lightening, Magic, Wind and Whirlwinds.
Term
Where does Soko come from?
Definition
The Komanko people in the Faranah region of Guinea.
Term
Which dance gets it's name from a skilled female dancer?
Definition
Manjani.
Term
When does dancing take place for the Wolof people?
Definition
In the evening.
Term
What does manjani celebrate?
Definition
Strength and feminine power.
Term
The Komanko people are part of what tribe?
Definition
The Makinke people.
Term
What does Oya do?
Definition
She creates guards the underworld, creates hurricanes, and tornados.
Term
Fast and highly acrobatic and flirtacious movements are characteristic of which dance?
Definition
Soko.
Term
Soko is danced where, and for what?
Definition
In Guinea's capital, for weddings or large celbrations.
Term
Traditionally, what must one do in Africa in order to have the priveledges of an adult?
Definition
Be initiated into adulthood.
Term
Which group tends to be tall, with traditional robes of white, dark blue or black for the men, and loose layerd gowns for the women?
Definition
Wolof.
Term
What does Oya-Yanson mean?
Definition
Mother of nine.
Term
Which dance is the male correspondant to Manjani?
Definition
Soli.
Term
The Wolof people are active in what religion?
Definition
Islam.
Term
Which dance is on of the most commonly performed?
Definition
Majani.
Term
What are Oya's colors and number?
Definition
Maroon and White, and nine
Term
Where does Kou Kou come from?
Definition
The Konyanka people in the forest region of Guinea.
Term
Kou Kou originally served what purpose?
Definition
A ritual dance at the end of harvest activities.
Term
Where does Tiriba come from?
Definition
The Baga people from the coastal region of Guinea.
Term
What tribe are the Baga people a part of?
Definition
The Landuma Tribe.
Term
Who is Kuku danced by?
Definition
Parents who are welcoming their sons into initiation training.
Term
On what instrument was Kuku originally performed?
Definition
A Krin, a hollowed wood leg with sticks.
Term
What is one of the meanings behind the dance Tiriba?
Definition
Tiriba was a great dancer who performed with percussionists. Dancing in a special costume he was called Tiriba which means socercy.
Term
What is kou kou now played on?
Definition
Djembe and Djoun Djoun drums.
Term
What is Tiriba now played on?
Definition
Smaller drums made of stretched deer sin with wooden corners.
Term
What two instruments rival the Jembe?
Definition
Congo and steel pan.
Term
Who led Les Ballets Africaines in the 1950's?
Definition
Fodeba Keita
Term
What are the basic strokes of the Jembe?
Definition
Slap, Tone, and Bass
Term
Name some purposes of jembe dances.
Definition
Honor slaves, brave men, circumcisions, and field cultivation.
Term
What are Jeli or Griots?
Definition
A class of hereditary artisans whose profession is music.
Term
What are the three instruments reseved for Jeli?
Definition
The Kora - a 21 stringed harp
the Balaphon, a sort of xylophone,
and the Koni, a 4 or 5 stringed lute
Term
Around who was Jembe interest centered in the US in the 1950's?
Definition
Ladji Camara, a member of Les Ballets Africaines.
Term
Tours of what countrie's national ballet troupes are playing to bigger crowds?
Definition
Mali, Guinea and Senegal.
Term
What are some of the reasons for delayed international Jembe impact?
Definition
Weak ties and language differences.
Term
What can the term "susu" refer to?
Definition
Close relatives to the Manika who originally come from further North in Mali.
Term
What are some results of the Guinean President Sekou Toure?
Definition
The doors for foreigners opend, and Guineans were foreced to look abroad for patronage.
Term
Name two Guinean drummers who established themselves in Europe.
Definition
Mamady Keita and Famoudou Konate.
Term
What is a Numu?
Definition
A class of hereditary professional blacksmiths who sculpt Komo masks and perform circumcisions and excisions. They carve jembe bodies.
Term
What is the National Ballet of Guinea?
Definition
Les Ballets Africaines.
Term
Name some popular jembe rythmns.
Definition
Dun Dun Ba

Soli

Dansa

Sunu

Kuku
Term
What is the second national ballet of Guinea?
Definition
Ballet Djoliba.
Term
Where do jembe traditions come from?
Definition
Mali and Guniea and appear to be of Maninka, Susu origin.
Term
Name some organizations currently producing jembe-based tours.
Definition
WOMAD in England, Fatala in Guinea, and Farafina from Burkina Faso.
Term
Where are the Maninka from?
Definition
Mande, located roughly between Kon Kon Guinea and Bamako, Mali.
Term
What are some of the problems African Jembe teachers face in teaching foreign students?
Definition
Language barriers, interpreting a foreign culture, lack of improvisation, differences in learning methods, and dances taken out of context.
Term
Family names in west africa...
Definition
are often reliable indicators of ethnic and religious origins.
Term
What are some of the languages spoken by jembe players?
Definition
Bamana, Bobo, Maninka, Soninke, Susu and Wolof.
Term
Each Jembe rythmn has...
Definition
A distinct purpose, time and place.
Term
What happend to the dance circle when performing for international audiences?
Definition
It was brokena nd spread out in a line so seated, non participatory audience could see.
Term
What are Horan?
Definition
A non-artisan class of former warriors, rulers and chiefs. Popular HORAN surnames are Keita, Konate, Kone, and Traore.
Term
Who are some of the Jembe masters living in America and Europe?
Definition
Ladji Camara, Adama Drame, Abdoul Doumbia, Mamady Keita, Famoudou Konate, Djimo Kouyate and Arafan Toure.
Term
What is an Xasonke or Jeli Dun Dun?
Definition
The bell is plated held up high with the left hand and struck with a thumbring on the left hand.
Term
Where do core jembe traditions come from?
Definition
Mali and Guinea, and appear to be of Maninka, Susu origin.
Term
Why did Susu groups migrate into Guinea towards the coast?
Definition
They were defeated by Sunjata and his allies in the 13th century.
Term
The Jembe has migrated and plays a significant role in what border countries?
Definition
Cote d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, and Senegal.
Term
What are Numu?
Definition
The hereditary class associated with Jembe responsible for scult the wooden KOMO masks, perform circumcisions and excisions, and carve the wooden jembe bodies.
Term
What is the name of Mamady Keita's homecoming performance?
Definition
Djoliba Ballet.
Term
It is out of the ordinary for Numu to be associatated with what?
Definition
Music making.
Term
What do the Jeli usually play?
Definition
The Dundun, Xasonke Dundun.
Term
What surnames are associated with Jembe?
Definition
Kouyate and Dibate.
Term
The vast majority of jembe players have what kind of name?
Definition
Maninka or Susu.
Term
Mande was split into what?
Definition
A Mali side and Guinea side.
Term
What ethnic affliations do the Maninka drummers have?
Definition
Bamana, Wasulu, Maraka, Sarakole, Dogon, Peulh, Yamadu, Doumbia, Mamadou Kante.
Term
What are Dun Dun?
Definition
A large, double headed bass that accompanies the Jembe.
Term
Describe a village drumming event.
Definition
Lasts hours. Drummers and dancers focus on one or a few rythmns. All those present dance at some point. There is an ebb and flow to the evemt.
Term
How are names written in French Guinean writing?
Definition
Last names first.
Term
What is the difference between natonal ballets and village drumming?
Definition
Ballets are highly choreographed with many dancers moving in unison.
Term
Who solved the problem of boredom od a non participating audience by choreographing works where rythmns and dances come one after another in rapid fire succession?
Definition
Fodeba Keita.
Term
What is the name of the film that documents Mamady Keita's homecoming ballet?
Definition
Djembefola.
Term
A minimal ensemble requires what?
Definition
One lead jembe, one accompanying Jembe, and one dundun.
Term
There is no widespread system of what used in Mali or Guinea to refer to strokes on the Jembe?
Definition
Vocables.
Term
The dances done to jembe...
Definition
are communal events requring live drummers.
Term
What is the name of Oumou Dioubate's piece?
Definition
Lancey.
Term
What does Lancey describe?
Definition
A pact made with allah after losing twin infants.