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USA Criminal Justice Test 2 Chapter 6
USA Criminal Justice Test Chapter 6
59
Criminal Justice
11/01/2012

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Term
Since September 11, 2011 we have NOT developed a nation-wide fully integrated criminal justice system with a formal intelligence unit in every police department.
Definition
Term
Funding for the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services within the U. S. Department of Justice was cut substantially during the presidency of George W. Bush.
Definition
Term
The POST program DOES NOT concern the effort to eliminate police discretion.
Definition
Term
Police-Community relations (PCR) were a product of the tumultuous 1960s.
Definition
Term
Community policing DOES NOT provide a natural conduit for information gathering and the development of counter-terrorism intelligence.
Definition
Term
Compared to the watchman style of policing, the legalistic style DOE NOT use much more discretion.
Definition
Term
The service style of policing IS NOT based on order maintenance.
Definition
Term
Calls for Law Enforcement DO NOT exceed the number of calls for police service.
Definition
Term
Span of control DOES NOT refer to the number of police officers assigned to police a community.
Definition
Term
Police use their discretion by making policies about which laws to enforce, how often to enforce the laws, against whom, and on what occasions.
Definition
Term
Discretion is used mostly in routine situations that involve offenses that are not very serious.
Definition
Term
Police officers generally view themselves as crime fighters.
Definition
Term
Only 10 to 20 percent of all calls actually require a law enforcement response.
Definition
Term
Crime prevention IS NOT a reactive approach.
Definition
Term
Most federal law enforcement agencies require college degrees for entry-level positions.
Definition
Term
Local law enforcement agencies play an important role in responding to the challenges of terrorism.
Definition
Term
Which policing strategy reorganizes conventional patrol strategies into integrated and versatile police teams assigned to a fixed district?
Definition
team policing
Term
A crime-analysis and police-management process built on crime mapping that was developed by New York City Police Department.
Definition
CompStat
Term
Preventive patrol, routine incident response, emergency response, criminal investigations, problem solving, and support services are _______ strategies.
Definition
operational
Term
In police operations, activities (such as administration and training) that provide support for line operations.
Definition
staff operations
Term
While the core mission of American police departments has not changed, law enforcement agencies at all levels now devote an increased amount of time and other resources to prepare for possible ________ and to gather the intelligence to thwart them.
Definition
terrorist attacks
Term
______ is an organized undertaking characterized by a body of knowledge acquired through extensive education and by a well-considered set of internal standards and ethical guidelines.
Definition
A profession
Term
Police ________ place/s important limits on the discretionary activities of individual officers.
Definition
professionalism
Term
The political era of American policing, 1840s to 1930s, was characterized by:
Definition
police serving the interest of politicians
Term
The operational strategy known as _______ seeks to reduce chronic offending in the community.
Definition
problem solving
Term
Which of the following is a characteristic of the reform era, 1930s to 1970s, of American policing?
Definition
police prided themselves on being professional crime fighters.
Term
Semi-permanent assignment of officers to particular neighborhoods is called:
Definition
team policing
Term
Community policing is best characterized by:
Definition
a partnership between the police and the community.
Term
Which factor does not influence a police officer's use of discretion?
Definition
time of day
Term
FIGs,LEO, and INLETS are all _______ resources.
Definition
information sharing
Term
________ helps officers and the departments they work for gain the respect and regard of the public.
Definition
Police professionalism
Term
What is the best way to describe police subculture?
Definition
a particular set of values, beliefs, and acceptable forms of behavior characteristic of American police
Term
The legalistic style of policing:
Definition
enforces the letter of the law
Term
Police-community relations (PCR) as a police practice:
Definition
stresses that police derive their legitimacy from the community they serve.
Term
Which of the following IS NOT a benefit of educated police officers?
Definition
better hand gun skills
Term
Nationwide racial and ethnic minorities comprised _______ of full-time sworn police personnel in the year 2000.
Definition
22.7%
Term
Which of the following IS NOT a problem with better educated police officers?
Definition
educated police officers have more citizens complaints filed against them
Term
The unbroken line of authority that extends through all levels of an organization, from the highest to the lowest.
Definition
chain of command
Term
A style of policing marked by a concern with helping rather than strict enforcement.
Definition
service
Term
A type of policing that retains the traditional police goal of professional crime fighting, but enlarges the enforcement target to include nontraditional kinds of criminals.
Definition
strategic policing
Term
According to the 2001 Status of Women in Policing Survey, about what percentage of U. S. law enforcement officers is female?
Definition
12.7%
Term
In what era of policing did police departments focus most of their resources on solving "traditional" crimes such as murder and rape?
Definition
the reform era
Term
Which policing style was in use when the Rodney King beating occurred in Los Angeles?
Definition
watchman
Term
If a police department ordered its officers to write a ticket for any motorist going 1 M.P.H. over the speed limit, one could argue that this department was operating under which style of policing?
Definition
legalistic
Term
A neighborhood resource officer asks residents to clean up litter, remove graffiti, and install better lighting in a nearby park that is known for extensive drug dealing. Such a request is characteristic of what type of corporate strategy?
Definition
problem-solving policing
Term
Which of the following IS NOT an element of community policing?
Definition
centralization of command
Term
Which of the following statements is FALSE about women in policing?
Definition
Female officers see themselves as police officers first, women second.
Term
What percentage of female police officers holds sworn, top command, law enforcement positions?
Definition
7.3%
Term
Which of the following is NOT a core operational strategy?
Definition
police mission
Term
Which of the following is considered an ancillary operational strategy?
Definition
support services
Term
Which of the following is considered the dominant operational policing strategy?
Definition
preventive patrol
Term
Which of the following operational strategies consumes most of the resources of local and state police agencies?
Definition
preventive patrol
Term
Which of the following takes priority over all other police work?
Definition
emergency response
Term
Which of the following refers to the physical area in which a crime is thought to have occurred?
Definition
the crime scene
Term
Which of the following police personnel is trained in specific forensic techniques?
Definition
crime-scene investigators
Term
Roles within police agencies generally fall into one of two categories ________ operations.
Definition
line or staff
Term
What term describes information about a crime that forms the basis for determining the perpetrators identity?
Definition
solvability factor
Term
What term is used to describe the order of authority within a police department?
Definition
chain of command
Term
What percentage of 911 calls are directed to the police?
Definition
70%