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US History Final: Test #5
N/A
32
History
06/11/2011

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Term
How did the Great Depression eventually change Germany politically?
Definition
Germans eventually believed that Hitler would solve their economic problems
Term
Which of the following actions did Japan take in an attempt to recover from the Great Depression?
Definition
Japan seized control of resources in other nations
Term
What impact did the appeasement plicy of the United States, Britain, and France have on German aggression?
Definition
it encouraged more aggression
Term
The Neutrality Act of 1939 allowed nations ar war to buy arms and other supplies from the United States as long as those nations:
Definition
paid cash and transported the materials themselves
Term
Which of the following was perceived as being equivalent to declaring economic war against the Axis Powers?
Definition
The Lend-Lease act
Term
The League of Nations did not prevent German and Italian aggression against other nations because it:
Definition
had no standing army and no real power to enforce its decrees
Term
Why did the US initially follow a policy of appreasement toward Germany?
Definition
the US wanted to focus on its own economic troubles
Term
The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor because they wanted to:
Definition
destroy ships and planes that threatened their expansion efforts
Term
The Allies adopted a "Europe first" strategy because:
Definition
Only Germany was considered a serious long-term threat
Term
Many Jews were prevented from leaving Germany because
Definition
some countries refused to accept them during the Great Depression
Term
Which of the following is NOT a true statement about Japanese-Americans during WWII?
Definition
several were convicted of treason
Term
An example of increased racial tensions during the war years was:
Definition
the "zoot suit" riots in Los Angeles
Term
What happened during the Battle of Britain?
Definition
the first battle that the main weapons were airplanes
Term
The Doolittle Raid was a significant event for the US because it
Definition
improved American spirits
Term
The Battle of the Bulge was significant because it marked the:
Definition
last major German Offensive
Term
During the war, women served as all of the following except:
Definition
figther pilots and foot soldiers
Term
The Neutrality Acts ofthe middle 1930s reflected American:
Definition
support for an isolationist foreign policy
Term
The Manhattan Project was the name given to:
Definition
the building of the first atomic bomb
Term
Which of the following is NOT a true statement about the Yalta conference?
Definition
it was agreed that germany and Berlin would permanently be divided
Term
Which of the following is a true statement about the Spanish Civil war?
Definition
the Soviet Union opposed the side that the Germans and Italians supported
Term
Why do some historians believe the "unconditonal surrender" demand was a mistake?
Definition
because it may have caused the Japanese to fight longer
Term
Tuskegee Airmen
Definition
African American fighter squad
Term
Kamikaze
Definition
Japanese suicide planes/bombers
Term
Final Solution
Definition
plan by Hitler: 1. segregate the Jews
2. jews live in ghettoes
3. kill al jews
Term
442nd regimental combat team
Definition
japanese american unit; most decorated in all US history; got rid of bad japanese name
Term
Totalitarianism
Definition
the control of a country by one person or group
Term
Code Talkers
Definition
Native Americans who used language as an unbreakable radio code
Term
Operation Fortitude
Definition
plan to confuse Hitler with fake planes, tanks, soldiers, ect on d-day
Term
Exectuive order 9066
Definition
said that the West coast was a "war zone" and forced japanese americans to vacate
Term
Blitz
Definition
German attack on London; burned and bombed the city
Term
Nuremberg Principle
Definition
"taking/following orders" is not an excuse for breaking moral code
Term
Casablanca conference
Definition
increased bombing on Germany, attacked italy, 2nd front in France