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urinary medical terms for pta
medical terms urinary test - pta
107
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10/14/2011

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Term
cystoscopy
Definition
cyst/o: bladder
-scopy: visual examination

visual examination of the urinary tract using a cystoscope inserted through the urethra
Term
vesicocele
Definition
vesic/o: bladder
-cele: hernia, swelling

hernial protrusion of urinary bladder (also called "cystocele")
Term
glomerular
Definition
glomerul/o: glomerulus
-ar: pertaining to

pertaining to the glomerulus
Term
meatus
Definition
meat/o: opening, meatus
-us: condition, structure

opening or tunnel through any part of the body, such as the external opening of the urethra
Term
nephroma
Definition
nephr/o: kidney
-oma: tumor

tumor of the kidney
Term
renal
Definition
ren/o: kidney
-al: pertaining to

pertaining to the kidney
Term
pyeloplasty
Definition
pyel/o: renal pelvis
-plasty: surgical repair

surgical repair of renal pelvis
Term
uremia
Definition
ur/o: urine, urinary tract
-emia: blood condition

excessive urea and other nitrogenous wast products in blood (also called "azotemia")
Term
urinary
Definition
urin/o: urine, urinary tract
-ary: pertaining to

pertaining to urine or formation of urine, also refers to urinary tract
Term
ureterostenosis
Definition
ureter/o: ureter
-stenosis: narrowing, stricture

narrowing or sticture or a ureter
Term
urethrocele
Definition
urethr/o: urethra
-cele: hernia, swelling

hernial protrusion of the urethra
Term
azotemia
Definition
azot/o: nitrogenous compounds
-emia: blood condition

excessive amounts of nitrogenous compounds in the blood
Term
lithiasis
Definition
lith: stone, calculus
-iasis: abnormal conditioin (produced by something specified)

abnormal condition of stones of calculi
Term
dialysis
Definition
dia-: through, across
-lysis: separation, destruction, loosening

process of removing toxic wastes from blood when kidneys are unable to do so
Term
nephropathy
Definition
nephr/o: kidney
-pathy: disease

disease of the kidneys
Term
nephropexy
Definition
nephr/o: kidney
-pexy: fixation (on an organ)

surgical procedure to affix a displaced kidney
Term
nephroptosis
Definition
nephr/o: kidney
-ptosis: prolapse, downward displacement

downward displacement or dropping of a kidney
Term
lithotripsy
Definition
lith/o: stone, calculus
-tripsy: crushing

crushing of a stone
Term
polyuria
Definition
poly-: many, much
-uria: urine

excessive urination
Term
nephrectomy
Definition
nephr/o: kidney
-ectomy: removal, excision

excision of a kidney
Term
nephromegaly
Definition
nephr/o: kidney
-megaly: enlargement

enlargement of a kidney
Term
nephrolith
Definition
nephr/o: kidney
-lith: stone, calculus

stone in the kidney
Term
nephrolithiasis
Definition
nephr/o: kidney
lith/o: stone, calculus
-iasis: abnormal condition of something specified

abnormal condition of kidney stones
Term
nephralgia
Definition
nephr/o: kidney
-algia: pain

pain in the kidney
Term
nephritis
Definition
nephr/o: kidney
-itis: inflammation

inflammation of a kidney
Term
nephrolithotomy
Definition
nephr/o: kidney
lith/o: stone, calculus
-tomy: incision

incision to remove a renal stone
Term
glomerulonephritis
Definition
glomerul/o: glomerulus
nephr/o: kidney
-itis: inflammation

inflammation of the glomerulus of the kidney
Term
proteinuria
Definition
-uria: urine

chronic loss of protein in the urine
Term
edema
Definition
swelling
Term
diuretic
Definition
agents or drugs prescribed to control edema and also stimulate the flow of urine
Term
suprarenal
Definition
supra-: above, excessive, superior
ren/o: kidney
-al: pertaining to

pertaining to the area above the kidney
Term
sclerosis
Definition
scler/o: hardening, sclera
-osis: abnormal condition

abnormal condition of hardening
Term
nephrosis
Definition
nephr/o: kidney
-osis: abnormal condition

abnormal condition of a kidney
Term
nephrosclerosis
Definition
nephr/o: kidney
scler/o: hardening
-osis: abnromal condition

abnormal condition of kidney hardening
Term
nephroptosis
Definition
nephr/o: kidney
-ptosis: prolapse, downward positioning

prolapsed kidney (floating kidney)
Term
nephropexy
Definition
nephr/o: kidney
-pexy: fixation (on an organ)

fixation of the kidney
Term
ureterectasis
Definition
ureter/o: ureter
-ectasis: expansion, dilation

expansion or dilation of the ureter
Term
cystolith
Definition
cyst/o: bladder
-lith: stone

stone in the bladder
Term
cystolithiasis
Definition
cyst/o: bladder
lith/o: stone
-iasis: abnormal condition caused by something specified

abnormal condition or a bladder stone
Term
cystolithotomy
Definition
cyst/o: bladder
lith/o: stone
-tomy: incision

incision of the bladder to remove a stone
Term
ureterocystoscope
Definition
ureter/o: ureter
cyst/o: bladder
-scope: instrument to view

instrument for examining the ureter and bladder
Term
ureterodynia, ureteralgia
Definition
ureter/o: ureter
-dynia, -algia: pain

pain in the ureter
Term
ureterolith
Definition
ureter/o: ureter
-lith: stone

stone in the ureter
Term
ureterocystoscopy
Definition
ureter/o: ureter
cyst/o: bladder
-scopy: visual examination

visual examination of the ureter and bladder
Term
cystocele
Definition
cyst/o: bladder
-cele: hernia, swelling

hernia or swelling of the bladder
Term
rectocele
Definition
rect/o: rectum
-cele: hernia, swelling

hernia or swelling of the rectum
Term
ureterorraphy
Definition
ureter/o: ureter
-rrhaphy: suture

suture of the ureter
Term
cystorrhaphy
Definition
cyst/o: bladder
-rrhaphy: suture

suture of the bladder
Term
vesicoenteric
Definition
vesic/o: bladder
enter/o: intestine
-ic: pertaining to

pertaining to the bladder and intestine
Term
cystoscope
Definition
cyst/o: bladder
-scope: instrument to view

instrument to view the bladder
Term
radiography
Definition
radi/o: radiation, x-ray; radius
-graphy: process of recording

process of x-raying
Term
cystectomy
Definition
cyst/o: bladder
-ectomy: excision

excision of the bladder
Term
cystoplasty
Definition
cyst/o: bladder
-plasty: surgical repair

surgical repair of the bladder
Term
urethritis
Definition
urethr/o: urethra
-itis: inflammation

inflammation of the urethra
Term
urethrectomy
Definition
urethr/o: urethra
-ectomy: excision

excision of the urethra
Term
urethropexy
Definition
urethr/o: urethra
-pexy: fixation

surgical fixation of the urethra
Term
urethroplasty
Definition
urethr/o: urethra
-plasty: surgical repair

surgical repair of the urethra
Term
urethrodynia, urethralgia
Definition
urethr/o: urethra
-dynia, -algia: pain

pain in the urethra
Term
cystitis
Definition
cyst/o: bladder
-itis: inflammation

inflammation of the bladder
Term
urethral
Definition
urethr/o: urethra
-al: pertaining to

pertaining to the urethra
Term
urethrorectal
Definition
urethr/o: urethra
rect/o: rectum
-al: pertaining to

pertaining to the urethra and rectum
Term
urethrocystitis
Definition
urethr/o: urethra
cyst/o: bladder
-itis: inflammtion

inflammtion of the urethra and bladder
Term
UTI
Definition
urinary tract infection
Term
urethroscope
Definition
urethr/o: urethra
-scope: instrument to view

instrument to examine the urethra
Term
urethroscopy
Definition
urethr/o: urethra
-scopy: visual examination

visual examination of the urethra
Term
cystourethroscope
Definition
cyst/o: bladder
urethr/o: urethra
-scope: instrument to view

instrument to examine the bladder and urethra
Term
adenodynia
Definition
aden/o: gland
-dynia: pain

pain in a gland
Term
adenoma
Definition
aden/o: gland
-oma: tumor

tumor of a gland
Term
adenocarcinoma
Definition
aden/o: gland
carcin/o: cancer
-oma: tumor

malignant glandular tumor
Term
adenitis
Definition
aden/o: gland
-itis: inflammtion

inflammtion of a gland
Term
adenopathy
Definition
aden/o: gland
-pathy: disease

disease of a gland
Term
pyelitis
Definition
pyel/o: renal pelvis
-itis: inflammation

inflammtion of the renal pelvis
Term
pyelopathy
Definition
pyel/o: renal pelvis
-pathy: disease

disease of the renal pelvis
Term
pyelotomy
Definition
pyel/o: renal pelvis
-tomy: incision

incision of the renal pelvis
Term
pyelostomy
Definition
pyel/o: renal pelvis
-stomy: forming a new opening or mouth

forming an opening (mouth) into the renal pelvis
Term
oliguria
Definition
olig/o: scanty
-uria: urine

diminished capacity to pass urine
Term
glomerulonephritis
Definition
glomerul/o: glomerulus
nephr/o: kidney
-itis: inflammation of the glomerulus of the nephron
Term
glomerulitis
Definition
glomerul/o: glomerulus
-itis: inflammation

inflammation of the glomerulus
Term
glomerulopathy
Definition
glomerul/o: glomerulus
-pathy: disease

disease of a glomerulus
Term
glomerulosclerosis
Definition
glomerul/o: glomerulus
scler/o: hardening
-osis: abnormal condition

abnormal condition of hardening of the glomerulus
Term
KUB
Definition
kidney, ureter, bladder
Term
IVP
Definition
intravenous pyelography
Term
pyelogram
Definition
pyel/o: renal pelvis
-gram: record of

record (x-ray) of renal pelvis
Term
retrograde pyelography (RP)
Definition
pyelography in which a contrast medium is injected into the urethra
Term
pyeloplasty
Definition
pyel/o: renal pelvis
-plasty: surgical repair

surgical repair of the renal pelvis
Term
ureteropyeloplasty
Definition
ureter/o: ureter
pyel/o: renal pelvis
-plasty: surgical repair

surgical repair of ureter and renal pelvis
Term
nephroscope
Definition
nephr/o: kidney
-scope: instrument to view

instrument for examining the kidney
Term
nephroscopy
Definition
nephr/o: kidney
-scopy: visual examination

visual examination of the kidney
Term
pyelonephritis
Definition
pyel/o: renal pelvis
nephr/o: kidney
-itis: inflammation

inflammtion of the renal pelvis and kidneys
Term
cystocele
Definition
cyst/o: bladder
-cele: hernia or swelling

hernia or swelling of the bladder
Term
urethrocele
Definition
urethr/o: urethra
-cele: hernia or swelling

hernia or swelling of the urethra
Term
rectocele
Definition
rect/o: rectum
-cele: hernia or swelling

hernia or swelling of the rectum
Term
enterocele
Definition
enter/o: intestine
-cele: hernia or swelling

hernia or swelling of the intestine
Term
leukorrhea
Definition
leuk/o: white
-rrhea: flow, discharge

white discharge
Term
erythruria
Definition
erythr/o: red
-uria: urine

urine that is red
Term
erythrocyte
Definition
erythr/o: red
-cyte: cell

red blood cell
Term
leukocyte
Definition
leuk/o: white
-cyte: cell

white blood cell
Term
urotoxin
Definition
ur/o: urine
-toxin: poison

poisonous substance in urine
Term
urotoxin
Definition
ur/o: urine, urinary tract
-toxin: poison

poisonous substance in urine
Term
urology
Definition
ur/o: urine, urinary tract
-logy: study of

study of urinary tract
Term
urologist
Definition
ur/o: urine, urinary tract
-logist: specialist in study of

specialist in the study of the urinary tract
Term
pyorrhea
Definition
py/o: pus
-rrhea: discharge, flow

discharge or flow of pus
Term
pyonephrosis
Definition
py/o: pus
nephr/o: kidney
-osis: abnormal condition

abnormal condition of pus from the kidney
Term
pyuria
Definition
py/o: pus
-uria: urine

pus in the urine
Term
anuria
Definition
an: without, not
-uria: urine

without urine
Term
hydronephrosis
Definition
hydr/o: water
nephr/o: kidney
-osis: abnormal condition

enlargement of the kidney due to constant pressure from backed-up urine in the ureter
Term
hematuria
Definition
hemat/o: blood
-uria: urine

blood in the urine