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Unit 3 Chapters 8 and 10
Oh baby
64
Psychology
04/05/2009

Additional Psychology Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
The scientific study of the changes that occur in people as they age from conception to death is called ______.
Definition
Human Development
Term
In a ______ design, one group of participants is followed and assessed as the group ages.
Definition
Longitudinal design
Term
_____ refers to heredity and ______ refers to environmental influences.
Definition
Nature, Nurture
Term
Genetics is defined as ______.
Definition
The science of heredity.
Term
A special molecule, _______, contains the genetic material of the organism.
Definition
DNA
Term
A trait controlled by a dominant gene _____.
Definition
Will always be expressed in the observable trait.

Ex: Hair color
Term
In _______ syndrome the 23rd pair of chromosomes is missing an X, resulting in short, infertile females.
Definition
Turner's Syndrome
Term
Diseases carried by recessive genes are inherited when ______.
Definition
A child inherits two recessive genes, one from each parent.
Term
Ovum is a term used to describe ______.
Definition
An egg.
Term
Monozygotic twins _____.
Definition
both come from one fertilized egg. "Identical"
Term
Mary and Juan are twins who developed from two separate fertilized ova that were fertilized by two different sperm. What type of twins are they?
Definition
Dizygotic twins. "Fraternal"
Term
The specialized organ that provides nourishment and filters away waste products from the developing baby is called the ______.
Definition
Placenta
Term
Isabelle's baby was born blind, deaf, and with heart defects. Most likely Isabelle was exposed to ______ during her pregnancy.
Definition
A teratogentic agent Rubella.
Term
The most likely cause for miscarriage during the first three months of pregnancy is ________.
Definition
Genetic defect in the way the embryo or fetus is developing.
Term
Which sense is the most functional at birth?
Definition
The sense of touch.
Term
Jean Piaget is noted for his theory of ______.
Definition
Four stages of cognitive development
Term
Piaget's term for a knowledge that an object exists even when it is out of sight is _______.
Definition
Object permanence
Term
What term is used to describe a child's inability to see the world through anyone else's eyes except his or her own?
Definition
Egocentrism
Term
According to Piaget, the ability to understand that simply changing the appearance of an object does not change the object's nature is know as ______.
Definition
Conservation
Term
According to Vygotsky, which of these is a key factor in a child's cognitive development?
Definition
Scaffolding
Term
Shelby is very adaptable to change. She is on a regular sleeping, eating, and waking schedule. Thomas and Chess would describe Shelby as being an _____ child.
Definition
Easy
Term
The emotional bond that forms between an infant and a primary caregiver is called ______.
Definition
Attachment
Term
Mary Ainsworth observed that securely attached infants ______.
Definition
Are able to easily leave their mothers and are easily soothed.
Term
According to Erikson, if an elementary school child fails to succeed in learning new skills and knowledge, the result may be the development of a sense of ______.
Definition
Inferiority
Term
Puberty is defined as ______.
Definition
The physical changes in both primary and secondary sex characteristics.
Term
The tendency of teenagers to feel that thy are always "on stage" and that they are the center of everyone else's world, just as they are the center of their own, is a phenomenon known as _____.
Definition
Imaginary audience
Term
The reckless risk taking found among many adolescents is most likely due to the effects of ______.
Definition
Peer pressure
Term
According to Kohlberg, most adolescents are at the ______ level of morality.
Definition
Conventional
Term
Jeremy is 17 years old. According to Erikson, his chief task will be acquiring a sense of _______.
Definition
Self must
Term
Conflicts between adolescents and their parents tend to be over ______.
Definition
Trivial issues.

Ex: Hair, Clothing, Music, Etc.
Term
The twenties is a time of ______.
Definition
Peak physical health, sharp senses, fewer insecurities, and mature cognitive abilities.
Term
Erikson saw the major challenge of young adulthood as that of _______.
Definition
Intimacy vs Isolation
Term
The theory in which aging is attributed to our bodies' organs and cell tissues simply wearing out with repeated use and abuse is called ______.
Definition
Wear and Tear theory.
Term
The correct sequence of the five stages of death and dying postulated by Kubler-Ross is _______.
Definition
DADDA
Term
In the opening story about Samantha, what does Transgender refer to?
Definition
Any person who crosses traditional gender boundaries.
Term
Female sex organs that are present at birth are called _______.
Definition
Primary sex characteristics.
Term
The primary sex characteristic is the _______.
Definition
Penis, testicles, scrotum, and prostate gland.
Term
Which hormones are responsible for a child's developing as a female during pregnancy?
Definition
Estrogen
Term
Rashid feels that he was meant to be a women, even though he is a man. He is contemplating surgery to alter his bodily appearance to that of a women. Rashid might be suffering form a disorder known as _______.
Definition
Gender identity disorder
Term
A person contemplating surgery ti alter his or her bodily appearance to that of the opposite sex is thinking or becoming a ________.
Definition
Transgendered
Term
Based on the studies of infant girls who were exposed to androgens before birth, which of the following statements is true?
Definition
Girls were found to be tomboyish during childhood.
Term
When men and women view erotic pictures, the ______ are more strongly activated in men than women.
Definition
The amygdata and hypothalmus
Term
When children observe their same-sex parents behaving in certain ways and imitate that behavior, a psychologist uses which theory to explain the situation?
Definition
Social learning theory
Term
Sam is a father of two children and has a career as a professor at a university. He is nurturing and sensitive to his children's needs, able to express emotions outwardly, independent and assertive, and thinks problems through calmly and logically. San is a good example if a person who is ________.
Definition
Androgenis.
Term
Which gender is more likely to talk to other members of that gender about current events?
Definition
Women
Term
MRI technology has demonstrated that men listen with ______ and women listen with ______ of their brain.
Definition
left hemisphere, women listen with both hemispheres
Term
Recent studies have shown that cognitive differences between boys and girls _________.
Definition
Decreasing
Term
What is the term for the condition in which a person is born with both male and female sex organs?
Definition
Hermaphrodite
Term
In the middle to late 1900s, medical professionals typically recommended that intersexed children _______.
Definition
Have surgically altered to be one sex or the other.
Term
One problem with surgically altering genitals of an intersected child is that ______.
Definition
The child does not have a say in which gender they want to be.
Term
The final phase of the sexual response is ______.
Definition
Phase 4: Resolution
Term
Rashid has just had an orgasm. However, his partner is still excited and wants him to continue his sexual activity. Unfortunately, Rashid has lost his erection. Rashid is probably now in the _______.
Definition
Resolution stage
Term
Which of the following was NOT one of the reasons that Masters and Johnson's research was considered controversial?
Definition
Participated in actively sex with subjects
Term
According to the Janus Report, approximately what percentage of males reported extramarital affairs?
Definition
Twice as likely as females
Term
Severe stress experienced by a pregnant women during the _______ trimester might increase the chance of a male child becoming a homosexual.
Definition
Second
Term
Sexual problems that result from physical causes are referred to as _______.
Definition
Organic factors
Term
What percentage of men and women report some sort of sexual dysfunction?
Definition
43 percent of women and 31 percent of men
Term
Shanice suffers pain during intercourse. She is suffering from ______.
Definition
Disprunia
Term
_______ is a disorder in which the person either prefers to, or must, achieve sexual arousal and fulfillment through sexual behavior that is unusual or not socially acceptable.
Definition
Paraphilia
Term
Someone whose focus of sexual interest is an object, such as shoes or underwear, or a part of the body, such as feet, has a condition known as ______.
Definition
Fetish
Term
Obtaining sexual arousal and gratification through watching other people engage in sexual behavior or undress is known as _______.
Definition
Voyeurism
Term
Which cause of a sexually transmitted disease is hardest to treat.
Definition
Viral
Term
The first symptoms of AIDS are often mistaken for ______.
Definition
Flu
Term
Shallice has had several sexual partners in the past year. What is the BEST advice you could give her about how she can lower the odds of contracting a sexually transmitted disease in the future?
Definition
Abstinence