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Unit 2: The Americas
Terms
21
History
11/20/2008

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Term
Viceroys
Definition
Representative who ruled on of Spain's provinces in the America's in the King's name.
Term
Plantation
Definition
Large estate run by an overseer that was worked by laborers who lived there.
Term
Encomienda
Definition
Right the spanish government granted to it's american colonists to demand tribute from the Native Americans.
Term
Peon
Definition
Woker forced to labor for a land lord in order to pay off debt
Term
Peninsular
Definition
Member of the highest class in Spain's colonies in America
Term
Creole
Definition
Person in Spain's colonies in the America's who was an American born dissendant of a Spanish settler
Term
Melatto
Definition
In Spain's colonies in the America's, a person of African and European discent
Term
Middle Passage
Definition
A route in which slaves were traded to the West Indies
Term
Commercial Revolution
Definition
A great change in the structure of commerce; shifting to Mercantilism and Capitalism
Term
Mercantalism
Definition
A process by which a country exports more than it imports in order to build its supply of gold and silver.
Term
Popular Sovereignty
Definition
Elected by the majority; All of the people
Term
Triangular Trade
Definition
Colonial trade route among Europe and its colonies, the West Indies, and Africa in which goods were exchanged for slaves.
Term
Mestizo
Definition
Person in Spain's colonies in the America's who was of Native American and European dissent.
Term
Simon Bolivar
Definition
Called "The Liberator", Simon Bolivar free'd Spain from  French control.
Term
Toussaint L'ouverture
Definition
An important Spanish revolutionary leader who lead enslaved Africans to victory over the Europeans.
Term
Jose de San Martin
Definition
An Argentine general and the prime leader of their struggle for Independance from Spain
Term
Frederick Douglass
Definition
The first African American to be nominated for the position of Vice President, Frederick Douglass was an Abolitionist, Woman's Sufferage Advocate, and orator. He also published many novels.
Term
Tupac Amaru
Definition
Was the last indigenous leader of the Inca state in peru.
Term
Miguel Hidalgo
Definition
He was a spanish priest and revolutionary supporter. He spoke openly about his discontent with politics and the colonial government.
Term
Dom Pedro I
Definition
Emperor of Brazil and king of portugal and the Algarves. He proclaimed Brazil independant from portugal in the Early 1800's.
Term
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Definition
An American social advocate and leading figure of the early Woman's movement.