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Details

Theories
for Family Development
82
Other
09/24/2005

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Term
Basic Premise of Exchange Theory
Definition
Relationships based on what is exchanged between two people. Humans base relationships on benefits, costs, and profits expected. Attempt to describe or predict outcome of relationship.
Term
Basic Premise of Exchange Theory
Definition
Relationships based on what is exchanged between two people. Humans base relationships on benefits, costs, and profits expected. Attempt to describe or predict outcome of relationship.
Term
Key Concepts of E.T.
Definition
Subjective to person in relationship. The rewards, costs, losses, etc. are based on their feelings.
Term
Key Concepts of E.T.
Definition
Subjective to person in relationship. The rewards, costs, losses, etc. are based on their feelings.
Term
Rewards of E.T.
Definition
anything that meets a person's needs; completely subjective; a reward for one person may not be a reward for another, subjective
Term
Costs in E.T.
Definition
anyting not preceived as a benefit; what a person does to get reward
Term
Outcomes for E.T.
Definition
Outcomes = Rewards - Costs
Term
Profit for E.T.
Definition
Rewards outweigh costs (Profit=Rewards>Costs)
Term
Loss for E.T.
Definition
Costs outweigh Rewards (Loss=Rewards
Term
Reciprocity for E.T.
Definition
mutual giving and receiving; people feel slated if don't sense reciprocity in relationship; do so much receive little in return; doesn't have to be exact thing exchanged just in equal terms
Term
Equity in ET
Definition
perceived fairness and justice
Term
Principle of Least Interest in ET
Definition
person with least invested has less to lose so have more power; can do whatever they want; person can just walk away
Term
Principle of Resources and Power
Definition
Person with most resources has most pwoer; resources could be more money. friend support, equity
Term
Premise of Family Developmental Theory
Definition
began in 1930s with Great Depression; men returned home and wanted things back to normal
Term
Premise of Family Developmental Theory
Definition
began in 1930s with Great Depression; men returned home and wanted things back to normal
Term
Shortcomings of ET
Definition
falls flat with newborne babies and mothers; mothers kee loving baby with no love in return; people have own reward system where they don't always have to receieve things from others
Term
Key Concept, Family Life Cycle, of FDT
Definition
division of time in lifespan of family; it is a stage theory(each stage builds on the other stages); stages depend on addition or subtraction of family members
Term
Typical Stages of family life are marked off by several factors in FDT
Definition
based on the youngest child
Term
Stage 1 of Family Cycle: Married Couples
Definition
got married; start of family;setting up themselves; stabilizing income; a lot of time to spend together getting to know one another
Term
Stage 2 of Family Cycle: Child Bearing Families
Definition
trying to get pregnant; saving money; looking at maternity leave and schedules; focus switches to baby from focus on couple; big change
Term
Stage 3 of Family Cycle: Families with Pre-School Children
Definition
money for daycare, first times for baby; trying to maintain income and emotions of baby; focused on who will work
Term
Stage 4 of Family Cycle: Families with School Aged Children
Definition
best intersest of child;schools, after school activities, finances, homework
Term
Stage 5 of Family Cycle: Families with Teenagers
Definition
dating, arguements, driving, curfews; teens struggling to find themself; there is a struggle for independence; saving for college, college acceptance, scholarships
Term
Stage 6 of Family Cycle: Familes as Launching Centers
Definition
transition phase; parent question their ability is there still a closeness to the family
Term
Stage 6 of Family Cycle: Middle-aged Parents
Definition
refocusing on couple; reintroductio, reacquainting; focus on retirement and where to live
Term
Stage 7: Aging Family Members
Definition
ends with death of spouse ; retirement; grandkids; finding satisfication for later days; don't need as much; don't want to care for grandkids
Term
Assumptions of FDT
Definition
family grows in conventional stages; family starts with marriage
Term
Shortcomings of FDT
Definition
only 7% of families fit into family system that theory is trying to explain, it doesn't really work well; just pioneer idea
Term
Definition of Systems THeory
Definition
A system is a set of elements standing in interaction. Anything that affects one part also affects the other parts. Systems can be concret, abstract, both concrete and abstrat, large or small, or a family
Term
Key Concepts of ST
Definition
all things apart of system will affect you and you in return will affect the things
Term
Boundaries of ST
Definition
how easy it is to get in or out of a family system; defines who is in or out of a system
Term
Physical Boundaries in ST
Definition
fences, door being opened/closed; actual physical preimeters that define boundaries
Term
Psychological Boundaries of ST
Definition
values and rules of family
Term
Subsystems of ST
Definition
parts of system that make up family; spousal, parent-child, and sibling-sibling; left out other family members
Term
Hierarchy of ST
Definition
the person in charge; who's running house and making rules
Term
Process Characteristics of ST
Definition
the relative way or difficuly outsite persons or elements experience moving into/out of a system. Varies from closed to random
Term
Process Characteristics of ST
Definition
boudary issues can cause problems
Term
Closed system in ST
Definition
no one comes over; no information from outside; not able to give or take infro; hard time changing; very rigid
Term
Open system in ST
Definition
door always open; no idea who family members actually are; no sense of ownership; everyone in; never identification of who is in or who is out; hard to find head of family; chaos
Term
Semi-Open System of ST
Definition
some boundaries on some issues; most healthy; semi-permeable
Term
Random System of St
Definition
a whole lot of flexibility; do open and do close; no reason for change in openness
Term
Input of ST
Definition
what goes into system
Term
Output of ST
Definition
what comes out of system
Term
Feedback of ST
Definition
the process of information; input and output
Term
Circular Causality
Definition
[image] process of chain reaction a system; get circular logic from Info Process
Term
Cohesion (Family Closeness) in ST
Definition
emotion bonding of family; thing of 'we' of family; healthy balance
Term
Enmeshed in ST
Definition
there is no 'you'; everyone knows everyone's business; no anatonomy; high bonding
Term
Disengaged in ST
Definition
no bonding; very individualistic; high anatomy
Term
Adaptibily (Familt changeability)
Definition
ability of family to change
Term
Chaotic (changeability) in ST
Definition
can't change rules because there are no rules
Term
Rigid (Changeability) in ST
Definition
won't change don't have to
Term
Establishmet of Congruent Family Issues and Themes: Rules
Definition
Define how the family functions
Term
Rules: Overt in ST
Definition
clearly states; everyone knows them
Term
Rules: Covert
Definition
rules on the downlow; rules that are implied but never states(drugs, mental illnesses, alcohol, etc)
Term
Rules: Logical in ST
Definition
sequence of steps (usually for emergencies) for specific events
Term
Rules: Morphogenic in ST
Definition
new rules created to deal with situation
Term
Definitition of Structural Analysis
Definition
three ego states (pattern/feeling consistant with behavior. all states are in people just one in more predominate
Term
Parent Ego State
Definition
thoughts and feelings taken from outside authority figure; person tells someone what to do even if not parent; take on parent rule
Term
Critical Controlling Parent
Definition
controlling; telling others what they ought to do; very rigid in beliefs
Term
Nurturant Parent
Definition
caring; try to take care of others; tries helping others
Term
Nurturant Parent
Definition
caring; try to take care of others; tries helping others
Term
Prejudicial Parent
Definition
arcaic beliefs or opinions; try to impose them on others; e.g. father in My Big Fat Greek Wedding "You're a woman, you should be married."
Term
Child Ego Stae
Definition
acts on impulses and thoughts/feelings
Term
Free or Natural Child
Definition
anything goes, spontaneous, cureous, loving
Term
Adapted Child
Definition
Behaves knowing mothing is watching, complient for now; desire is there but doesn't act on it
Term
Little Professor
Definition
sneaky; manipulative; trying to get away with something; makes up elaborate stories
Term
Adult Ego State
Definition
handle finances; responsible; factual information; very objectual; acts on data and facts
Term
Analysis of Transactions and types
Definition
three types are complementary, crossed, ulterior
Term
Complementary
Definition
message from one ego state gets predicted response from other ego state; when question and answer match
Term
Crossed Transaction
Definition
message sent receives unexpected response; poor way of communication; no connection between Q&A
Term
Ulterior Transactions
Definition
say one thing but mean another; different message behind what is said; transaction is about what is being sent not about how it is received
Term
Positive Stroke
Definition
compliments; honest expressions; good listening; can be nonverbal
Term
Negative Strokes
Definition
insult; verbal and physical abuse; active
Term
Discounts of Disconfirmations
Definition
ignoring; withdrawaling attention; not acknowledging presence; neglect
Term
Un-stroking
Definition
denial of stroke; try to deny stroke; low selfesteem can't take compliment; not healthy
Term
Script Analysis
Definition
concept of self and world
Term
I'm not okay---you're not okay
Definition
angry people; scary people; don't care about anyone; no regard for their safety or public safety; everyone is worthless; suicidicial; homicidial
Term
I'm not okay---you're OK
Definition
sees self as worthless and everyone can do it better; compare selves to others; low self esteem
Term
I'm OK---you're not OK
Definition
narcassitic; never do wrong; always someone else's fault the problem is with world; have no faults of own
Term
I'm Ok---You're OK
Definition
most healthy; have enough confidence that you can gives others compliments without diminishing youself
Term
Strengths of Transactional Analysis
Definition
detail oriented; easy to apply to almost any situtation
Term
Weaknesses of Transactional Analysis
Definition
time consuming; archaic