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The rise and fall of J.C.
His accomplishments and rewards
17
English
01/29/2007

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Cards

Term
What was Crassus Commander-in Cheif of?
Definition
Crassus was leader in the war against the slave revolt that was lead by Spartacus. (P.231)
Term
What position in the Roman government was being fought over by Pompey and Crassus? Who was Consul?
Definition
Pompey and Crassus were fighting for the consul position. They were both granted a position at consul in 70 B.C. (P.232)
Term
In 67 B.C., the Senate sent Pompey to where? Why?
Definition
The Senate sent Pompey to the East to clean out the pirates in the Meditterranean and break the power of King Pontus. This extended the Roman Empire from the Meditterranean to the Euphrates. (P.232)
Term
Why was Julius Caeasar destined for politics?
Definition
His uncle was a consul, his father a praetor, and his aunt was married to Marius. He also was gifted at managing people. (P.232)
Term
When was the First Triumvirate formed? Who was envolved and what did each one want?
Definition
The First Triumvirate was formed in 60 B.C. and involved Julius Caesar, Gnaeus Pompeius, and Marcus Licinius Crassus. Caesar wanted to be consul with a future of military glory. Crassus wanted a share of the Asian taxes, and Pompey needed land for his veterans. (P.233)
Term
Caesar was governor of Gaul for how many years?
Definition
Caesar was Governor for five years. (P.233)
Term
In the eight years of Caesar's Gallic Wars, about how many Gauls were slaughtered?
Definition
About 400,000 Gauls were slaughtered. (P.233)
Term
How was the First Triumvirate brought to an end?
Definition
It was ended when Crassus was unfortunate to have picked the Parthians, the most skillful archers in the world, who eventually killed him. Pompey then became consul and the Senate bought his support hoping to eliminate Caesar. (P.233)
Term
What were the offices that Caesar accumulated? What title did he not take?
Definition
Caesar obtained dictator, consul, tribune, Pontifex Maximus, and censor. He did not take the title of king. (P.235)
Term
Why didn't Caesar restore the Republican Constitution?
Definition
He did not restore it because it was already in horrible condition before he even began to reign Rome. (P.235)
Term
How did Caesar handle with the problems of debt?
Definition
Caesar started with coinage, in the past people were hoarding money, so he forced people to spend. He also made land a source of currency so people could seel their land for money. (P.235)
Term
How many building projects did Caesar attempt? What were they?
Definition
Caesar had only two building projects, to build 20 colonies for over 100,000 veterans, and to enhance the beauty of Italy. (P.236)
Term
When was the new solar calendar introduced? Who revised it?
Definition
It was introduced on January 1, 45 B.C., and was revised by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582. (P.236)
Term
Why was Caesar's reign sixteen months but historians can only narrow the era to 49 and 44 B.C.
Definition
Historians do not have a lot of information on this Roman world. (P.236)
Term
When was Caesar assassinated? By who?
Definition
Caesar was assassinated by a conspiracy of 60 sentors on March 15, 44 B.C. (P.238)
Term
Who was Octavion?
Definition
Octavion was a great-nephew of Caesar, and the only blood heir to Caesar. (P.239)
Term
Who formed the Second Triumvirate? When was it formed?
Definition
Mark Antony, Octavion, and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus formed it in 43 B.C.