Shared Flashcard Set

Details

The Five Stages of Literacy Development
5 Stages
15
Education
08/28/2013

Additional Education Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Early Emergent Stage of Oral Language
Definition
  • The child shows pleasure in stories, poems, and
    informational texts.
  • The child shows growing facility with the functions (uses) of language.
  • The child enjoys word play.
  • The child shows increasing knowledge of grammar and other
    language conventions.
Term
Early Emergent Stage of Reading
Definition
  • The child has acquired many concepts about print.
  • The child is familiar with various genres.
  • The child begins to construct meaning.
  • The child enjoys literature and language.
Term
Early Emergent Stage of Writing
Definition
  • The child knows the purpose of writing.
  • The child tries to communicate in writing.
  • The child connects reading and writing.
Term
Emergent Stage of Oral Language
Definition
  • The student exhibits behaviors of Early Emergent Literacy to a greater degree.
  • The student uses standard sentence construction and grammar.
  • The student’s facility with oral language is growing.
  • The student’s oral language reflects literature to which he or she is exposed.
  • The student shows pleasure in language.
Term
Emergent Stage of Reading
Definition
  • The student exhibits behaviors of the Early Emergent Literacy stage to a greater degree.
  • The student has acquired most or all of the concepts about print.
  • The student is using print in everyday life.
  • The student is learning decoding skills: letters and words.
  • The student shows evidence of phonemic awareness and the alphabetic principle.
  • The student is beginning to use phonics; knows many letter-sound associations, both consonants and vowels.
  • The student is beginning to use other decoding strategies to begin to build fluency: sight words, context, graphics, and word structure.
  • The student is constructing meaning.
Term
Emergent Stage of Writing
Definition
  • The student exhibits continued growth in many of the Early Emergent Literacy behaviors.
  • The student knows and writes his or her name and some letters and uses some other writing conventions.
  • The student is using phonemic awareness in writing.
  • The student is using sound/symbol association in writing.
  • The student is using writing for own purposes.
  • The student is becoming familiar with the writing process.
  • The student is constructing meaning in writing.
Term
Beginning Stage of Oral Language Development
Definition
  • The student exhibits behaviors from Emergent Literacy to a greater degree.
  • The student’s use of standard English continues to develop.
  • The student’s vocabulary is growing.
  • The student’s facility with language is growing.
  • The student continues to show pleasure in words.
Term
Beginning Stage of Reading
Definition
  • The student continues to show growth in many of the behaviors from Emergent Literacy.
  • The student knows letters and many sight words.
  • The student uses phonics and structural elements to determine the pronunciations of words.
  • The student uses context to determine word meaning and build vocabulary.
  • The student is beginning to use critical comprehension strategies such as visualizing, predicting, identifying important information, self-questioning, monitoring, summarizing, synthesizing, and evaluating.
  • The student exhibits fluency and comprehension of a variety of materials.
  • The student is confident about reading ability.
  • The student begins to explore using research tools and skills.
Term
Beginning Stage of Writing
Definition
  • The student exhibits continued growth in many of the Emergent Literacy behaviors.
  • The student exhibits a variety of general writing behaviors.
  • The student is growing in the use of the mechanics and
    conventions of writing.
  • The student uses the writing process.
Term
Almost Fluent Oral Language
Definition
  • The student exhibits continued growth in many behaviors from Beginning Reading and Writing.
  • The student’s use of standard English continues
    to develop.
  • The student’s facility with language is growing.
  • The student’s oral and listening vocabulary reflects increased growth and pleasure in language.
Term
Almost Fluent Reading
Definition
  • The student exhibits continued growth in behaviors from Beginning Reading and Writing.
  • The student shows increasing fluency and appropriate use of all word recognition strategies.
  • The student’s comprehension, or construction of meaning, is growing.
  • The student reads for a variety of purposes.
  • The student is learning research skills.
Term
Almost Fluent Writing
Definition
  • The student exhibits continued growth in
    behaviors from Beginning Reading and Writing.
  • The student writes for a variety of purposes.
  • The student shows growth in the mechanics
    and conventions of writing.
  • The student shows pleasure and confidence in writing.
  • The student connects reading and writing.

 

 

Term
Fluent Oral Language
Definition
  • The student exhibits continued growth in behaviors from previous stages.
  • The student’s vocabulary and facility with language
    are growing.
  • The student uses oral language for a variety of purposes.
  • The student continues to enjoy language.

 

Term
Fluent Reading
Definition
  • The student continues to display many of the behaviors from the Almost Fluent Reading and Writing stage.
  • The student seldom seeks or needs assistance
    with word recognition.
  • The student uses a wide variety of comprehension
    strategies to construct meaning.
  • The student enjoys reading.
  • The student is refining research skills begun at the previous stage.

 

 

 

Term
Fluent Writing
Definition
  • Prior writing behaviors strengthen and deepen.
  • The student writes for a variety of purposes and reasons.
  • The student is growing in the mechanics of writing.
  • The student is using the writing process.
  • The student sees self as a competent writer.
  • The student connects reading and writing.