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The Declaration of Independence
Chapter 6
21
History
12/14/2011

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Term
Who wrote "...give me liberty or give me death!"?
Definition
Patriot: Patrick Henry
Term
Who was the commander in chief of the "Continental Army"?
Definition
George Washington
Term
What was the ''Continental army''?
Definition
The Second Continental Congress created a “Continental army” made up of troops from all the colonies.
Term
True or False. Most colonists remained unsure about separating from Great Britain.
Definition
True
Term
Who won the Battle of Bunker Hill?
Definition
British Troops
Term
What did Patriots get at Fort Ticonderoga?
Definition
Cannons and ammunition:
59 cannons and 2,300 pounds of lead for making bullets
Term
During the Battle of Dorchester Heights the Loyalists and British leave Boston and go where and on what?
Definition
More than a hundred ships left Boston Harbor for Canada.
Term
Why was George Washington chosen to be commander in chief of the new Continental army? 
Definition
He had skill, expierience, and distinguished himself in the French and Indian War
Term
What is "Common Sense"?
Definition
A fiery pamphlet published by Patriot - Thomas Paine
Term
What did Thomas Paine argue about in "Common Sense"?
Definition
A vision of an independent America as a homeland of liberty.
Term
Was Thomas Paine successful in his arguements?
Definition
Yes. Paine’s arguments helped persuade thousands of colonists that independence was not only sensible, but that it was the key to a brighter future.
Term
Who drafted (wrote) the Declaration of Independence?
Definition
Thomas Jefferson of Virginia.
Term
Why did Thomas Jefferson write the Declaration of Independence?
Definition
To explain to the world why the colonies were choosing to separate from Britain.
Term
Why was the paragraph on slavery removed from the Declaration of Independence?
Definition
Southerners feared that it might lead to demands to free the slaves. Northerners worried that New England merchants, who benefited from the slave trade, might be offended. Even delegates who opposed slavery felt it was unfair to blame the king for enslaving Africans.
Term
Where did the power to rule come from?
Definition
“The consent of the governed” the people.
Term
Why was King George unfit to rule?
Definition
He had shown no concern for the rights of colonists.
Term
How did the People get (acquire) their Natural Rights?
Definition
All people are born equal in God’s sight and all are entitled to the same basic rights.
Term
What happened on July 4th, 1776?
Definition
The delegates approved a final version of the Declaration of Independence. When they signed the document, they pledged to support independence with “our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor."
Term
What was the "Olive Branch" petition about?
Definition
The Second Continental Congress sent a petition to George III asking him to end the quarrel: To make peace with the colonist.
Term
Which Congress was the new "Continental Army" set up by?
Definition
Second Continental Congress
Term
What did it mean to sign the Declaration of Independence?
Definition
Every pledged to support independence with “our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor and understood that he was committing an act of treason against Great Britain.