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TGHA-HAIRSTYLIST- Chemical relaxing
Chemical Relaxing
43
Cosmetology
05/07/2011

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Term
Sodium hydroxide relaxers are also known as:

a. lye relaxers
Definition
What does the porosity of the hair affect when working with a chemical relaxer?

a. processing time
Term
What would be the strength used on curly-to-medium textured hair with an ammonium thioglycolate relaxer?

a. regular
Definition
What should be applied to the hair to replace natural moisture and oils lost during a chemical process?

a. conditioning treatment
Term
Which of the following is NOT a criterion to consider when creating a new curl pattern using a chemical relaxer?

a. determine the client's natural hair color
Definition
What is the shape of a tightly curled hair follicle?

a. ellipital
Term
The abiilty of the hair to absorb liquids or chemicals, and is one of the determining factors in selecting the appropriate chemical relaxer strength and processing time is known as?

a. porosity
Definition
What is the optimum percent of natural curl pattern to remove when relaxing?

a. 85%
Term
How far from the scalp should a virgin relaxer be applied?

a. 1/4'' to 1/2''
Definition
A technique used to loosen or relax overly curly hair patterns by approximately 50% of their natural shape is called:

a. curl diffusion
Term
What does rebonding refer to in a reformation curl service?

a. neutralizing
Definition
Boosters are used during a curl reformation process to begin forming the new curl pattern. What is the main ingredient found in a booster?

a. a mild form of ammonium thioglycolate
Term
Which of the following conditions determines the processing time and proper relaxer strength to use?

a. the hair's texture, elasticity and porosity
Definition
What products should be applied to protect previously treated hair from the chemcial product when performing a relaxer retouch service?

a. protective cream
Term
Curl diffusion, also caleed chemical-blowout, is a technique used:

a. to reduce the curl in overly curly hair
Definition
The function of a curl activator is to provide moisture and:

a. helps retain shape of the new curl configuration
Term
The physical phase of a chemical relaxing treatment includes smoothing the hair, rinsing the product from the hair and applying:

a. neutralizer or neutralizing shampoo
Definition
Before styling the hair following a relaxer process, you should:

a. condition the hair
Term
When does the chemical action of a relaxer begin?

a. as soon as the chemical relaxer is applied to the hair
Definition
What will be restored during the neutralization process?

a. broken disulfide bonds
Term
One of the causes for breakage in the nape after a relaxer service is:

a. improper rinsing
Definition
Rearrangers are used during a curl reformation process to reduce the natural curl. What is the main ingredient found in rearrangers?

a. ammonium thioglycolate
Term
Sodium hydroxide relaxers have a pH of:

a. 10.5-14
Definition
Ammonium thioglycolate relaxers are referred to as:

a. thio relaxers
Term
Which relaxer strength would be used on healthy, color-treated, fine-textured or porous hair?

a. mild
Definition
What is another name for neutralizing shampoo?

a. stabilizer
Term
Which of the following is NOT a step involved in curl reforming?

a. restraightening
Definition
The most common ingredient found in products that completely straighten the hair is:

a.sodium hydroxide
Term
What product should NOT be applied to hair that has been previously permed with ammonium thioglycolate?

a. sodium hydroxide relaxer
Definition
A pull test is performed to check for which of the follwoing conditions:

a. elasticity
Term
What is the name for a chemical service designed to change overly curly hair to curly or wavy hair?

a. curl reforming(soft curls)
Definition
Virgin thio relaxers may be applied after all of the following EXCEPT:

a. a vigorous shampoo
Term
During a curl reforming service, what size parting should be used?

a. thinner than normal
Definition
When performing a virgin relaxer, it is necessary to apply the product to the base last since the body heat near the scalp will cause the hair to:

a. process more quickly
Term
Which of the following tests should be performed during a relaxer technique to determine if the proper amount of relaxation has occured?

a. comb test
Definition
Which of the following conditions would prevent you from performing a chemcial relaxing service?

a. scalp abrasions
Term
Sodium hydroxide relaxers are generally used on which type of hair?

a. overly curly
Definition
When was the curl reforming process introduced?

a. 1970's
Term
What method of hairdressing did Madam C.J. Walker invent?>

a. hair pressing
Definition
A sodium hydroxide relaxer service should not be performed on:

a. hair that has been pre-lightened(bleached)
Term
Ammonium thioglycolate is a reducing agent which causes the hair to:

a. soften and swell
Definition
What should you do before applying any chemicals to the client's hair?

a. complete a client consultation
Term
Super, strength relaxer is used for which of the following hair conditions?

a. tightly curled, coarse-textured hair
Definition
What is used to smooth the sections of hair during the processing of a relaxer?

a. the back of a comb
Term
Which of the following is NOT a step taken when performing a virgin sodium hydroxide relaxer service?

a. pre shampoo the client's hair
Definition
Which type of hair color can be applied after a sodium hydroxide relaxer service?

a. semi-permanent hair color
Term
The processing time generally required for a regular strength thio relaxer is:

a. up to 20 minutes
Definition
When performing a curl reformation service, the rod diameter chosen should be at least how many times larger than the diameter of the natural curl pattern?

A. two
Term
Once the hair is completely wrapped and saturated in a curl reforming service, apply additional:

a. booster
Definition
What do sodium hydroxide relaxers contain to protect the hair and scalp from irritation?

a. oil and conditioning agents
Term
What is used to protect the scalp and hairline from caustic chemicals?

a. base cream
Definition
What name was used for sodium relaxers prior to the 1960's?

a. base relaxers
Term
An acid-balanced neutralizing shampoo or stabilizer is used after the hair is free of chemicals to:

a. reharden the hair
Definition
A good predictor of how your client's hair will react to the chemical rearranger, booster, and neutralizer is a:

a. preliminary strand test
Term
During a chemical relaxer procedure, if the hair is tested with the back of the comob and there is a minimal amount of indentation, or if the curl pattern reverts or beads, what step may be required?

a. additoinal smoothing
Definition
Why should brushing the hair before any chemical service be avoided?

a. prevents scalp irritations
Term
If curl reforming is desired, cut off all hair previously treated with which of the following?

a. sodium hydroxide
Definition
Do not perform a curl reformation service on hair that has been relaxed with a sodium hydroxide or no-lye relaxer.

a. true
Term
The chemical phase of relaxing consists of smoothing/combing the hair and timing and testing the process.

a. false
Definition
Sodium hydroxide relaxers have a pH of 10.5-14.

a. true
Term
The two major types of relaxer chemicals are sodium hydroxide and ammonium thioglycolate.

a. true
Definition
Never apply a thio relaxer over hair that has been relaxed with a sodium hydroxide relaxer or vice versa, since these two chemicals are not compatible and severe damage or breakage can occur.

a. true
Term
Spreading the chemical relaxer through the hair with the back of a comb or your fingers as it processes is called smoothing.

a. true
Definition
When performing a curl reformation service, the rod diameter chosen is generally at least two times larger than the diameter of the natural curl pattern.

a. true
Term
Density refers to the number of hair follicles per square inch.

a. true
Definition
Elasticity refers to the ability of the hair to absorb moisture, liquids or chemicals.

a. false
Term
Clients with wavy hair have an oval-shaped hair follicle.

a. true
Definition
Do not apply sodium hydroxide relaxer to hair that has been colored with permanent hair color or to lightened hair.

a. true
Term
During a relaxer application, it is important to use an acid-balanced neutralizing shampoo or stabilizer to reharden the hair into its new, straight shape.

a. true
Definition
During a curl reformation procedure, in order to reduce the hair's natural curl, a perm solution is applied to the hair.

a. false
Term
Curl reformating is a chemical service designed to change overly curly hair to curly or wavy hair.

a. true
Definition
Curl diffusion is a technique used to loosen or relax overly curly hair patterns by approximately 50% of their natural shape.

a. true
Term
The type of relaxer service performed only in selected areas of the head is known as a retouch relaxer service.

a. false
Definition
A protective base cream protects the scalp and ______________________ from caustic chemicals.

a. hairline
Term
Relaxers that have a pH between 10.5 to 14 are ________ _____________________ relaxers.

a. sodium hydroxide
Definition
When the hair is able to return to its orignial state after it is gently strectched indicates the hair's level of ___________________.

a.elasticity
Term
The hair's ability to absorb moisture, liquids or chemicals is called _____________.

A. porosity
Definition
The techniques used to loosen or relax tightly curled hair patterns by approximately 50% of the natural shape is the ________ _________service.

a. curl diffusion
Term
Curl reforming is a chemical service designed to change _____________ __________ hair to curly or wavy hair.

A. overly curly
Definition
The most common ingredient found in products that completely relax the hair is___________ _________.

a. sodium hydroxide
Term
The main ingredient found in rearrangers is _________ ___________.

a. ammonium thioglycolate
Definition
Relaxers that are generally used to relax overly curly hair are known as______________ ________relaxers.

a. sodium hydroxide
Term
When the relaxer is applied to the new growth only to match the previoulsy relaxed hair, it is referred to as a(n)__________relaxer service.
Definition
The most common ingredient found in products that completely straighten the hair is_____________ _______________.

a. sodium hydroxide
Term
When performing a ________ ______procedure, the rod diameter should be at least two times larger than the diameter of the natural curl pattern.

a. curl reforming
Definition
Smoothing/combing, timing and testing the hair are all part of the ___________phase of relaxing.

a.physical