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Test 4
Last Test of the year for exe100 at buffstate
39
Education
12/05/2007

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Cards

Term
What is the general definition of gifted and talented?
Definition
Youth who are identified at the preschool, elementary or secondary level as possessing demonstrated or
potential abilities that give evidence of high performance capabilities in areas such as intellectual, creative, specific academic or leadership ability or in the performing or visual arts and who by reason
there of require services or activities not ordinarily provided by the school
Term
What is Howard Gardner’s overall definition of gifted and talented?
Definition
an ability or set of abilities that permit an individual to solve
problems or fashion products that are of consequence In a particular cultural setting.
Term
What are the possible class placements for students who are gifted and talented?
Definition
Placed in a special class, but also have
the opportunity to work in the regular class with non-gifted students.
Term
What are the characteristics of students who are gifted and talented?
Definition
A. Dislike drill & routine
B. May show unevenness in cognitive development
C. Remember a great amount of material
Term
Why should school districts be careful about using intelligence tests for identifying students who are gifted and talented?
Definition
A. Show no correlation between IQ test scores and later achievement
B. Don’t test higher mental processes
C. May be culturally biased
Term
Renzulli defines giftedness as an interaction among what?
Definition
Above average general abilities, high levels of task commitment and high levels of creativity
Term
What factors contribute to giftedness?
Definition
Genetics (heretity) and Environment
Term
Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory of Human Intelligence includes what 3 intelligences
Definition
A. Analytic Intelligence
B. Synthetic Intelligence
C. Practical Intelligence
Term
What is the IDEA definition of health disorders?
Definition
are those chronic or acute health problems which adversely affect a person's educational performance
Term
What is the definition of physical disorders?
Definition
impairments which may interfere with an individual's mobility and coordination
Term
• Cerebral Palsy can range from_________ to ___________.
Definition
Mild to Severe
Term
Definition of diabetes
Definition
A developmental or hereditary disorder characterized by inadequate secretion or use of insulin produced by the pancreas to process carbohydrates is
Term
Definition of cystic fibrosis
Definition
A disorder of the secretion glands which produce abnormal amounts of mucus, sweat, and saliva.
Term
What organs in the body are affected by Cystic Fibrosis?
Definition
lungs and pancreas
Term
Definition of seizure
Definition
A cluster of behaviors that occur in response to abnormal neurochemical activity in the brain is the
Term
Definition of cerebral palsy
Definition
A physical disability resulting from damage to the brain before or during the birthing process
Term
What is a symptom of cerebral palsy?
Definition
Lack of coordination
Term
What is quadriplegia?
Definition
All four extremities and the trunk of his/her body are affected
Term
Definition of spinal cord injury
Definition
When the spinal cord is traumatized or severed
Term
Definition of Spina Bifida
Definition
An abnormal opening in the spinal column
Term
Definition of Muscular Dystrophy
Definition
A group of chronic inherited disorders characterized by progressive weakening and wasting of the voluntary skeletal muscles
Term
In Muscular Dystrophy, what replaces muscle tissue?
Definition
Fatty tissue
Term
Definition of Sickle Cell Anemia
Definition
A chronic disorder that has a profound impact on the function and structure of red blood cells
Term
If you are born without a limb (born with an amputation) you have a much easier time adjusting to what?
Definition
adjusting to therapy and a prosthetic device
Term
•A tonic clonic seizure affects the entire what?
Definition
the entire brain
Term
Assistive technology and augmentative communication devices that can be used with students with severe and multiple disabilities
Definition
Mobility-Lifts,adaptive driving controls
Computers
Toys & games- switch opp. toys
Communication--touch talkers,computers
Term
Mild learning & behavior disabilities
Definition
A. The definition allows for success in a regular class
B. Students are generally able to adapt to social environment outside school
C. Most of the students in this group are labeled learning disabled or behavior disordered
D. Only in school setting
Term
moderate learning and behavior disabilities
Definition
A. Intellectual deficits are more evident & pronounced in this group of students
B. Their difficulties are evident in a broader range of environments
C. They exhibit multiple performance deficits
Term
Severe and Profound Disabilities
Definition
A. may be impaired in every part of life
B. disability identified at birth
C.
Term
Primary phase
Definition
Shock, denial, grief
Term
Secondary Phase
Definition
ambivalence followed by guilt, anger, shame and embarrassment
Term
Tertiary Phase
Definition
bargaining, adaptation, reorganization, acceptance
Term
Health disorder
Definition
When individuals have limited strength, vitality, or alertness, due to chronic or acute health problems
Term
The birth of a child with a disability may cause marital stress because of what?
Definition
A. Financial burdens which result from medical bills
B. Fatigue from attending to the needs of the disabled infant
C. Child takes too much of the wife's attention
Term
Siblings commonly experience _____________ in reaction to a sibling with a disability
Definition
A. Envy
B. Loneliness
C. Anxiety
Term
What are the DEVELOPMENTAL cycles parents go through in rearing a child with a disability?
Definition
A. Learns or suspects disability
B. Determine what action to take for education
C. Child Completes education
D.Parents become old and cant care for child
Term
What can grandparents provide?
Definition
Respite care
Term
How do fathers respond to a child with a disability different from mothers?
Definition
A. More likely to internalize feelings
B. May resent wifes attention to child
C. May feel hopes and dreams are shatterd
Term
How does a child with a disability and his/her family affect professionals
Definition
A. Professionals need to understand the impact they have on the family over time
B. Professionals need to understand the impact that the child with disabilities has on the family over time
C. Professionals need to understand the impact that the child with disabilities and his or her family have on them