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Test 4
TAMU ARTS 149 Janet Spurgeon Spring 2012
77
Art History
05/01/2012

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Term
[image] [image]
Definition

The Kaaba, Mecca, Saudi Arabia

-said to be built for God by Abraham and Ishmael

-worshipped through circumambulation

Term
[image]
Definition

Dome of the Rock (692), Jerusalem

-3rd holiest site in the world

-Adam created here, where Abraham attempted to sacrifice Isaac

Term
[image][image]
Definition

Great Mosque of Kairouan(836-875), Tunisia

 

Term
Hypostyle Hall
Definition
Hall with many columns
Term
Mihrab
Definition
Empty niche in wall pointing the way towards Mecca
Term
Quibla Wall
Definition
Wall with Mihrab
Term
[image][image][image]
Definition

Great Mosque of Cordoba, Spain

-Arches spoila from Roman buildings in Spain

Term
Colored Voussoirs
Definition
-Colored bricks making up the arch structure.
Term
[image]
Definition

Muqarnas Dome, Palace of the Lions, The Alhambra Palace

Granada, Spain

 

-Murqarnas are stalactite ornaments made of stucco.

Term
[image]
Definition

Glass Oil Lamp,

Egypt

 

-design is an inscription of the Qu'ran: "God is the light of the heavens and the Earth. His light is as a niche wherein is a lamp, the lamp in a glass, the glass as a glittering star."

Term
[image]
Definition

MuhammendIbn al-Zain, Baptistery of St. Louis (c. 1300),

Syria or Egypt,

brass inlaid with gold and silver

-used as basin for baptizing French royalty

Term
[image][image]
Definition

Mosque of the Sultan Selim

Turkey, Ottoman Empire

Term
[image]
Definition


Maius, Woman Clothed with the Sun (940),

Spain

tempera on vellum

-from the Book of Revelations: “woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars”

Term
[image]
Definition

Jewelry of Queen Arnegunde

Paris

Gold, silver, garnet, glass

-cloisonne: wire enclosures into which precious stones were set.

Term
[image]
Definition

Brooch, Sutton Hoo

Suffolk, England

Gold, garnet, glass

Term
[image]
Definition

Purse Cover, Sutton Hoo

Suffolk, England

Gold, garnet, glass

Term
[image]
Definition

Gospel of Matthew, Book of Durrow (650s),

 Scotland or Northern England,

ink and tempera on parchment

-style called "Hiberno-Saxon"

Term
[image]
Definition

Chi Ro Iota Page, Book of Kells (c. 700),

Scotland,

 inks and pigment on Vellum

-inprincipo or first words of the Gospel of Matthew.

-translated as "now this generation of Christ was in the wise. [When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with the child of the Holy Ghost.]"

Term
[image]
Definition

South Cross

Ireland

-large crosses combined with circles are known as Celtic crosses.

-Circle interpreted as halo, also necessary structural support for the arms of the cross

Term
[image][image][image]
Definition

Oseburg Ship Burial

Norway

-ship symbolized passage to Valhalla, deceased often buried or cremated in ships.

Term
[image]
Definition

Equestrian Statue of Charlemagne or Charles the Bald (9th c),

Carolingian

Term
[image][image]
Definition

Palace Chapel of Charlemagne (c. 800),

 Aachen,

 Carolingian period

Term
[image]
Definition

Gospel of St. Matthew; Coronation Gospel (early 9th c.),

Carolingian period

-Charlemange sponsored a re-interpretation/correction of mistakes made in years before when others attempted to copy the Bible.

Term
[image]
Definition

Gospel of St. Matthew, Ebbo Gospel (c. 825).

 Carolingian period

Term
[image]
Definition

Utrect Psalter (c. 825),

Carolingian period

-psalter is a collection of the psalms of King David

-"Lord is my Shepherd" psalm...

Term
[image]
Definition
Psalm 23:
The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want.
He
maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.  He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name's sake.  Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me. Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over. Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the LORD for ever.
Term
[image]
Definition

Otto I Presenting Magdeburg Cathedral the Christ (c. 965)

Ottonian Period

Term
[image]
Definition

Gero Cricifix

Germany, Ottonian Period

Term
[image]
Definition

Doors of Bishop Berwald(1015), Abbey Church of St. Michael, Germany,

bronze, 16’ 6”

-decorated with events from Old Testament juxtaposed next to/comparing events from the New Testament.

Term
[image]
Definition

The Pilgrimage Church

-Based off of basilica plan, modified to hold greater number of visitors.

-nave is longer, 2 aisles to accomodate visitors

-Radiating chapels that held relics so people could venerate without disturbing mass.

Term

[image][image]

[image]

 

Definition

Saint Sernin(1070-1120),

Toulouse, France,

Romanesque

 

Term
[image] [image]
Definition

South Portal with Christ in Majesty, Saint-Pierre (c. 1115),

 Moissac, France,

 Romanesque

-portals become major focus of deocoration

Term
[image]
Definition

Gislebertus,

Last Judgment Tympanum, Saint-Lazare (c. 1130),

Autun, France

-historiated capital: carvings that depict an event or story

-Suicide of Judas/Three Magi

Term
[image]
Definition

Reliquary Statue of Sainte Foy [Saint Faith] (c. 900),

Conques, France,

-Sainte Foy was a child saint martyred by Romans by decapitation. Her relic, a skull, is contained within the base.

-Head of the statue is from a Roman sculpture.

Term
Abbey Church
Definition
Place of worship within a monastery or convent
Term
Parish Church
Definition
-place where local residents attend services
Term
Cathedral
Definition
-church of a bishop, one bishop and one cathedral per diocese.
Term
Pilgramage Church
Definition
Site that attracts pilgrims to venerate relic. (Any other kind of church can also be a pilgrimage church.)
Term
[image] [image]
Definition

Abbey Church of Notre Dame (c. 1140),

Fontenay, France,

Romanesque

-Notre Dame=Our Lady (i.e. Virgin Mary);

-Cistercian Order: emphasis on manual labor and self-sufficiency

-featured cloister garden in the center

Term
[image]
Definition

Cathedral of the Virgin Mary (1063-1174),

 Pisa, Italy,

Romanesque

 -with Baptistery, Cathedral, and Campanile (bell tower)

Term
[image]
Definition

Virgin and Child (late 12th c.),

 France,

Romanesque period

-Mary considered Throne of Wisdom since she gave form to God as Jesus Christ

Term
[image]
Definition

Renier of Huy, Baptismal Font (1107-1108),

France,

Romanesque period

-12 oxen represent 12 disciples/ a basin in the Old Testament.

Term
[image]
Definition

Hildegard and Volmar(1150-1175),

German,

Romanesque period

-Hildegard prominent nun, had visions from the age of 5, depicted here recevieng 5 tounges of fire to her brain,.

Term
[image]
Definition

Dover Castle (12th-13th c),

England,

Romanesque

-has Roman lighthouse

-situated on the white cliffs of Dover

Term
[image]
Definition

Bayeaux Embroidery [Bayeaux Tapestry] (after 1066),

 England,

Romanesque period,

 linen and wool, 20” high, 230’ long

-commemorates Norman conquest of England. Consists of 50 scenes with over 600 charachters.

-Depicts Hailey's comet, William going to war, crossing the English channel and feasting with troops, and the Battle of Hastings.

-Harold killed with a arrow to the eye.

Term
Gothic arch
Definition

Pointed

 

Term
Romanesque arch
Definition
Rounded
Term
[image] [image] [image]
Definition

Western Façade of Abbey Church of Saint-Denis (1140-1144),

France

-outside/foundation is Romanesque and inside is Gothic

Term
[image]
Definition

Accusation and Judgment of Adam and Eve, Doors of Bishop Berwald (1015), Abbey Church of St. Michael,

Germany,

 Ottonian period

Term
[image]
Definition

Outer Cover of Lindau Gospels (c. 880),

Carolingian period,

 

Term
[image]
Definition

Flight into Egypt, Abbey Church of Saint-Denis (1140-1144),

 France,

Gothic 

 -first use of stained glass in churches

Term
 [image] [image] [image]
Definition

Cathedral of Notre-Dame in Chartres (c. 1150-1250)

France

Gothic
-houses the tunic that the Virgin Mary supposedly wore when she gave birth to Jesus;

-Cathedral burns in 1194, Mary’s tunic miraculously survives; people decide to rebuild in the new (Gothic) style

Term
[image]
Definition

Saint Sernin

Toulouse, France

Romanesque

Term
[image]
Definition

Prophets and Kings and Queens of Judea, West Portal, Cathedral of Notre-Dame in Chartres (c. 1150-1250),

France,

Gothic

Term
[image]
Definition

Good Samaritan Window, Cathedral of Notre-Dame in Chartres (c. 1150-1250),

France,

Gothic 

(Bottom) The Good Samaritan cares for a traveler who has been beaten and robbed

(Top and Sides) Adam and Eve’s Fall introduces sin into the world

(Message) Christ is the Good Samaritan who rescues humanity (traveler) from sin (thieves)

Term
[image][image]
Definition

Nave, Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Reims (1211-1311),

 France,

Gothic

Term
[image]
Definition

Annunciation and Mary and Elizabeth,

West Façade, Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Reims (1211-1311),

 France,

Gothic

Term
[image]
Definition

Interior, Upper Floor,

Sainte-Chapelle (1239-1248),

 Paris,

 Gothic

Term
[image]
Definition

Queen Blanche of Castille and King Louis IX, from a Moralized Bible

vellum,

France,

Gothic period

Term
[image]
Definition

Psalm 1 in the Windmill Psalter (c. 1275),

vellum,

France,

Gothic period

Tree of Jesse: Geneaology of Christ

Term
[image] [image]
Definition

Salisbury Cathedral (1220-58),

England,
Gothic period

 

Term
[image]
Definition

Gloucester Cathedral (1332-57),

England,

Gothic period

Term
[image]
Definition

St. Maurice, [Magdeburg Cathedral] (c. 1250),

 Germany,

 Gothic Period

Term
[image]
Definition

Ekkhard and Uta, Naumburg Cathedral (c. 1250),

 Germany,

Gothic Period

Term
[image]
Definition

Pieta (c. 1330),

wood,

Germany

-"pieta" means pity. scene not in Bible, but popular in Gothic art

Term
[image]
Definition

Nicola Pisano,

 Pulpit, Baptistery,

Pisa Cathedral (1260),

 Italy,

Gothic period

Term
[image]
Definition

Nicola Pisano,

Fortitude, from Pulpit, Baptistery,

Pisa Cathedral (1260),

 Italy,

Gothic period

Term
[image]
Definition

Nicola Pisano,

Annunciation, Nativity, and Adoration of the Shepherds

from Pulpit of Pisa Cathedral Baptistery(1260),

Italy,

Gothic period

Term
[image]
Definition

Giovanni Pisano,

Nativity from Pulpit of Pisa Cathedral (c. 1310),

 Italy,

Gothic period

Term
[image]
Definition

Piazza dellaSignoria(open plaza) Palazzo dellaSignoria (Town Hall), and Loggia deiLanzi,

Florence, Italy (e. 14th c.),

late Medieval-e. Renaissance Pd.

Term
[image]
Definition

Christ in Majesty (12 c.),

 Byzantine

manieraGreca: Byzantine style

tempera: permanent, fast-drying paint

Term
[image]
Definition

Cimabue,

Virgin and Child Enthroned (13c.)

Florence, Italy

-Giotto was student

Term
[image]
Definition

Giotto,

Virgin and Child Enthroned (e. 14 c.).

Florence, Italy

-studied under Cimabue

Term
[image]
Definition

Giotto,

Scrovegni (or Arena) Chapel (1305),

e. Renaissance

fresco

-reflects concern with usury

Term
[image]
Definition

Giotto

Lamentation (1305)

fresco

Scrovegni (Arena) Chapel

-set new precedent for emotion

Term
[image]
Definition

Filippo Brunelleschi

Florence Cathedral

Florence

Term
[image]
Definition

Filippo Brunelleschi,

OspedaledegliInnocenti [Orphanage] (begun c. 1421)

Florence,

 l. Medieval-e. Renaissance