Shared Flashcard Set

Details

test 2
study questions
141
Accounting
04/29/2010

Additional Accounting Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term

Before accepting an audit engagement, a successor auditor should make specific inquiries of the predecessor auditor regarding the predecessor's:

a. opinion of any subsequent events occuring since the predecessor's audit report was issued

b. understanding as to the reasons for the change of auditors

c. awarness of the consistency in the application of GAAP between periods

d. evaluation of all matters of continuing accounting significance

Definition
Understanding as to the reasons for the change of auditors
Term

A successor auditor most likely would make specific inquiries of the predecessor auditor regarding:

a. specialized accounting principles of the client's industry

b. the competency of the client's internal audit staff

c. the uncertainty inherent in applying sampling procedures

d. disagreements with management as to auditing procedures

Definition
Disagreements with management as to auditing procedures
Term

Before accepting an engagement to audit a new client, a CPA is required to obtain:

a. an understanding  of the prospective client's industry and business

b. a management representation letter

c. the uncertainty inherent in applying sampling procedures

d. the prospective client's consent to make inquiries of the predecessor auditor, if any

Definition
The prospective client's consent to make inquiries of the predecessor auditor, if any
Term

Which of the following statements would appear in an auditor's engagement letter?

a. fees for our services are based on our regular per diem rates, plus travel and other out-of pocket expenses

b during the course of our audit we may observe opportunities for economy in, or improved controls over, your operations

c. our engagement is subject to the risk that material errors or irregularities, including fraud and defalcastions, if they exist, will not be dected

d. after performing our preliminary analytical procedures we will discuss with you the other procedures we consider necessary to complete the engagement.

Definition
after performing our preliminary analytical procedures we will discuss with you the other procedures we consider necessary to complete the engagement.
Term
5. An auditor is required to establish an understanding with a client regarding the services to be performed for each engagement. This understanding generally includes:
A. Management's responsibility for errors and the illegal activities of employees that may cause material misstatement
B. The auditor's responsibility for ensuring that the audit committee is aware of any significant deficiencies that come to the auditor's attention
C. Management's responsibility for providing the auditor with an assessment of the risk of material misstatement due to fraud
D. The auditor's responsibility for determining preliminary judgments about materiality and audit risk factors
Definition
B. The auditor's responsibility for ensuring that the audit committee is aware of any significant deficiencies that come to the auditor's attention
Term
6. Which of the following matters generally is included in an auditor's engagement letter?
A. Management's responsibility for the entity's compliance with laws and regulations
B. The factors to be considered in settling preliminary judgments about materiality
C. Management's vicarious liability for illegal acts committed by its employees
D. The auditor's responsibility to search for significant internal control deficiencies
Definition
A. Management's responsibility for the entity's compliance with laws and regulations
Term
7. An auditor's engagement letter should include:
A. Management's acknowledgment of its responsibility for maintaining effective internal control
B. The auditor's preliminary assessment of the risk factors relating to misstatements arising from fraudulent financial reporting
C. A reminder that management is responsible for illegal acts committed by employees
D. A request for permission to contact the client's lawyer for assistance in identifying litigation, claims, and assessments
Definition
A. Management's acknowledgment of its responsibility for maintaining effective internal control
Term
8. A document in an auditor's working papers includes the following statement: "Our audit is subject to the inherent risk that material errors and fraud, including defalcations, if they exist, will not be detected. However, we will inform you of fraud that comes to our attention, unless it is inconsequential." This passage is most likely from a(an)?
A. Comfort letter
B. Engagement letter
C. Letter of audit inquiry
D. Representation Letter
Definition
1. A document in an auditor's working papers includes the following statement: "Our audit is subject to the inherent risk that material errors and fraud, including defalcations, if they exist, will not be detected. However, we will inform you of fraud that comes to our attention, unless it is inconsequential." This passage is most likely from a(an)?

B. Engagement letter
Term
9. An auditor's engagement letter most likely would include a statement regarding:
A. Management's responsibility to provide certain written representations to the auditor
B. Conditions under which the auditor may modify the preliminary judgment about materiality
C. Internal control activities that would reduce the auditor's assessment of control risk
D. Materiality matters that could modify the auditor's preliminary assessment of fraud risk
Definition
A. Management's responsibility to provide certain written representations to the auditor
Term
10. In developing a preliminary audit strategy, an auditor should consider
A. Whether the allowance for sampling risk exceeds the achieved upper precision limit
B. Findings from substantive tests performed at interim dates
C. Whether the inquiry of the client's attorney identifies any litigation, claims, or assessments not disclosed in the financial statements
D. Potential risks of material misstatement
Definition
D. Potential risks of material misstatement
Term
11. In designing written audit programs, an auditor should establish specific audit objectives that relate primarily to the
A. Timing of audit procedures
B. Cost-benefit of gathering evidence
C. Selected audit techniques
D. Financial statement assertions
Definition
D. Financial statement assertions
Term
12. Which of the following procedures would an auditor most likely include in the initial planning of a financial statement audit?
A. Obtaining a written representation letter from the client's management
B. Examining documents to detect illegal acts having a material effect on the financial statements
C. Considering whether the client's accounting estimates are reasonable in the circumstances
D. Determining the extent of involvement of the client's internal auditors
Definition
D. Determining the extent of involvement of the client's internal auditors
Term
13. Audit programs should be designed so that
A. Most of the required procedures can be performed as interim work.
B. Inherent risk is assessed at a sufficiently low level.
C. The auditor can make constructive suggestions to management.
D. The audit evidence gathered supports the auditor's conclusions.
Definition
D. The audit evidence gathered supports the auditor's conclusions.
Term
14. The element of the audit planning process most likely to be agreed upon with the client before implementation of the audit strategy is the determination of the
A. Evidence to be gathered to provide a sufficient basis for the auditor's opinion
B. Procedures to be undertaken to discover litigation, claims, and assessments
C. Pending legal matters to be included in the inquiry of the client's attorney
D. Timing of inventory observation procedures to be performed
Definition
D. Timing of inventory observation procedures to be performed
Term
15. A difference of opinion regarding the results of a sample cannot be resolved between the assistant who performed the auditing procedures and the in-charge auditor. The assistant should
A. Accept the judgment of the more experienced in-charge auditor
B. Refuse to perform any further work on the engagement
C. Document the disagreement and ask to be disassociated from the resolution of the matter
D. Notify the client that a serious audit problem exists
Definition
C. Document the disagreement and ask to be disassociated from the resolution of the matter
Term
16. The audit work performed by each assistant should be reviewed to determine whether it was adequately performed and to evaluate whether the
A. Auditor's system of quality control has been maintained at a high level.
B. Results are consistent with the conclusions to be presented in the auditor's report.
C. Audit procedures performed are approved in the professional standards.
D. Audit has been performed by persons having adequate technical training and proficiency as auditors.
Definition
B. Results are consistent with the conclusions to be presented in the auditor's report.
Term
17. Because of the risk of material misstatement, an audit of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards should be planned and performed with an attitude of
A. Objective judgment
B. Independent integrity
C. Professional skepticism
D. Impartial conservatism
Definition
C. Professional skepticism
Term
18. The senior auditor responsible for coordinating the fieldwork usually schedules a pre-audit conference with the audit team primarily to
1. Give guidance to the staff regarding both technical and personnel aspects of the audit
2. Provide an opportunity to document staff disagreements regarding technical issues
3. Establish the need for using the work of specialists and internal auditors
4. Discuss staff suggestions concerning the establishment and maintenance of time budgets
Definition
1. Give guidance to the staff regarding both technical and personnel aspects of the audit
Term
19. In considering materiality for planning purposes, an auditor believes that misstatements aggregating $10,000 would have a material effect on an entity's income statement, but that misstatements would have to aggregate $20,000 to materially affect the balance sheet. Ordinarily, it would be appropriate to design auditing procedures that would be expected to detect misstatements that aggregate
A. $10,000
B. $15,000
C. $20,000
D. $30,000
Definition
A. $10,000
Term
20. Inherent risk and control risk differ from detection risk in that they
A. Arise from the misapplication of auditing procedures
B. May be assessed in either quantitative or nonquantitative terms
C. Exist independently of the financial statement audit
D. Can be changed at the auditor's discretion
Definition
C. Exist independently of the financial statement audit
Term
21. The acceptable level of detection risk is inversely related to the
A. Assurance provided by substantive tests
B. Risk of misapplying auditing procedures
C. Preliminary judgment about materiality levels
D. Risk of failing to discover material misstatements
Definition
A. Assurance provided by substantive tests
Term
22. Which of the following audit risk components may be assessed in nonquantitative terms?
Control Risk Detection Risk Inherent Risk
A. Yes Yes No
B. Yes No Yes
C. Yes Yes Yes
D. No Yes Yes

Definition
C. Yes Yes Yes
Term
23. Which of the following would an auditor most likely use in determining the auditor's preliminary judgment about materiality?
A. The results of the initial assessment of control risk
B. The anticipated sample size for planned substantive tests
C. The entity's financial statements of the prior year
D. The assertions that are embodied in the financial statements
Definition
C. The entity's financial statements of the prior year
Term
24. In planning an audit of a new client, an auditor most likely would consider the methods used to process accounting information because such methods
A. Influence the design of internal control
B. Affect the auditor's preliminary judgment about materiality levels
C. Assist in evaluating the planned audit objectives
D. Determine the auditor's acceptable level of audit risk
Definition
A. Influence the design of internal control
Term
25. Which of the following procedures would an auditor most likely perform in planning a financial statement audit?
A. Inquiring of the client's legal counsel concerning pending litigation
B. Comparing the financial statements to anticipated results
C. Searching for unauthorized transactions that may aid in detecting unrecorded liabilities
D. Examining computer generated exception reports to verify the effectiveness of internal controls
Definition
B. Comparing the financial statements to anticipated results
Term
26. The primary objective of procedure performed to obtain an understanding of the entity and its environment, including its internal control, is to provide an auditor with
A. Knowledge necessary to assess the risk of material misstatement and design further audit procedures
B. An evaluation of the consistency of application of management's policies
C. A basis for modifying tests of controls
D. Audit evidence to use in assessing inherent risk
Definition
A. Knowledge necessary to assess the risk of material misstatement and design further audit procedures
Term
27. When obtaining an understanding of the entity and its environment, including its internal control, the auditor is required to document:
I. The discussion concerning the susceptibility of the financial statements to material misstatement
II. The risk assessment procedures performed

A. I only
B. II only
C. Both I & II
D. Neither I nor II
Definition
I. The discussion concerning the susceptibility of the financial statements to material misstatement
II. The risk assessment procedures performed
Term
28. Which of the following statements describes why a properly designed and executed audit may not detect a material misstatement in the financial statements resulting from fraud?
A. Audit procedures that are effective for detecting an unintentional misstatement may be ineffective for an intentional misstatement that is concealed through collusion.
B. An audit is designed to provide reasonable assurance of detecting material errors, but there is no similar responsibility concerning fraud.
C. The factors considered in assessing control risk indicated an increased risk of intentional misstatements, but only a low risk of unintentional errors in the financial statements.
D. The auditor did not consider factors influencing audit risk for account balances that have effects pervasive to the financial statements taken as a whole.
Definition
A. Audit procedures that are effective for detecting an unintentional misstatement may be ineffective for an intentional misstatement that is concealed through collusion.
Term
29. Which of the following statements reflects an auditor's responsibility for detecting errors and fraud?
A. An auditor is responsible for detecting employee errors and simple fraud, but not for discovering fraud involving employee collusion or management override.
B. An auditor should plan the audit to detect errors and fraud that are caused by departures from GAAP.
C. An auditor is not responsible for detecting errors and fraud unless the application of GAAS would result in such detection.
D. An auditor should design the audit to provide reasonable assurance of detecting errors and fraud that are material to the financial statements.
Definition
D. An auditor should design the audit to provide reasonable assurance of detecting errors and fraud that are material to the financial statements.
Term
30. Which of the following characteristics most likely would heighten an auditor's concern about the risk of material misstatements in an entity's financial statements?
A. The entity's industry is experiencing declining customer demand.
B. Employees who handle cash receipts are not bonded.
C. Bank reconciliations usually include in-transit deposits.
D. Equipment is often sold at a loss before being fully depreciated.
Definition
A. The entity's industry is experiencing declining customer demand.
Term
31. Which of the following factors would most likely heighten the auditor's concern about the risk of fraudulent financial reporting?
A. Inability to generate cash flows from operations while reporting substantial earnings growth
B. Management's lack of interest in increasing the entity's stock trend
C. Large amounts of liquid assets that are easily convertible into cash
D. In ability to borrow necessary capital without granting debt covenants
Definition
A. Inability to generate cash flows from operations while reporting substantial earnings growth
Term
32. Which of the following procedures would an auditor most likely perform during an audit engagement's overall review stage in formulating an opinion on an entity's financial statements?
A. Obtain assurance from the entity's attorney that all material litigation has been disclosed in the financial statements
B. Verify the clerical accuracy of the entity's proof of cash and its bank cutoff statement
C. Determine whether inadequate provisions for the safeguarding of assets have been corrected
D. Consider whether the results of audit procedures affect the assessment of the risk of material misstatement due to fraud
Definition
D. Consider whether the results of audit procedures affect the assessment of the risk of material misstatement due to fraud
Term
33. Which of the following statements is correct concerning an auditor's responsibility to report fraud?
A. The auditor is required to communicate to the client's audit committee all minor fraudulent acts perpetrated by low-level employees, even if the amounts involved are inconsequential.
B. The disclosure of material management fraud to principle stockholders is when senior management and the board of directors fail to acknowledge the fraudulent activities.
C. Fraudulent activities involving senior management of which the auditor becomes aware should be reported directly to the SEC.
D. The disclosure of fraudulent activities to parties other than the client's senior management and its audit committee is not ordinarily part of the auditor's responsibility.
Definition
D. The disclosure of fraudulent activities to parties other than the client's senior management and its audit committee is not ordinarily part of the auditor's responsibility.
Term
34. When assessing the risk of material misstatement, an auditor is required to document:
I. The basis for the assessment
II. Significant risks identified and the related controls that were evaluated

A. I only
B. II only
C. Both I & II
D. Neither I nor II

Definition
I. The basis for the assessment
II. Significant risks identified and the related controls that were evaluated
Term
35. As the acceptable level of detection risk increases, the auditor may:
A. Increase the assessed level of control risk
B. Change the assurance provided by tests of controls by using a larger sample size than planned
C. Change the timing of substantive tests from year-end to an interim date
D. Change the nature of substantive tests from a less effective to a more effective procedure
Definition
C. Change the timing of substantive tests from year-end to an interim date
Term
36. An auditor may decide to perform only substantive procedures for specific assertions because the auditor believes:
A. Control policies and procedures are unlikely to pertain to the assertions.
B. The entity's control environment, monitoring, and control activities are interrelated.
C. Sufficient audit evidence to support the assertions is likely to be available.
D. More emphasis on tests of control than substantive tests is warranted.
Definition
A. Control policies and procedures are unlikely to pertain to the assertions.
Term
37. Regardless of the assessed level of control risk, an auditor would perform some
A. Tests of controls to determine the effectiveness of internal control policies
B. Analytical procedures to verify the design of internal control procedures
C. Substantive tests to restrict detection risk for significant transactions classes
D. Dual-purpose tests to evaluate both the risk of monetary misstatement and preliminary control risk
Definition
C. Substantive tests to restrict detection risk for significant transactions classes
Term
38. Which of the following matters is an auditor required to communicate to an entity's audit committee:
I. Disagreements with management about matters significant to the entity's financial statements that have been satisfactorily resolved
II. Initial selection of significant accounting policies in emerging areas that lack authoritative guidance
A. I only
B. II only
C. Both I & II
D. Neither I nor II
Definition
I. Disagreements with management about matters significant to the entity's financial statements that have been satisfactorily resolved
II. Initial selection of significant accounting policies in emerging areas that lack authoritative guidance
Term
39. An auditor is obligated to communicate a proposed audit adjustment to an entity's audit committee only if the adjustment:
A. Has not been recorded before the end of the auditor's field work
B. Has a significant effect on the entity's financial reporting process
C. Is a recurring matter that was proposed to management the prior year
D. Results from the correction of a prior period's departure from GAAP
Definition
B. Has a significant effect on the entity's financial reporting process
Term
40. Which of the following matters would an auditor most likely communicate to an entity's audit committee?
A. A list of negative trends that may lead to working capital deficiencies and adverse financial ratios
B. The level of responsibility assumed by management for the preparation of the financial statements
C. Difficulties encountered in achieving a satisfactory response rate from the entity's customers in confirming accounts receivables
D. The effects of significant accounting policies adopted by management in emerging areas for which there is no authoritative guidance
Definition
D. The effects of significant accounting policies adopted by management in emerging areas for which there is no authoritative guidance
Term
41. Which of the following is an auditor not required to communicate to an entity's audit committee?
A. Significant adjustments arising from the audit that were recorded by management
B. The basis for the auditor's conclusions about the reasonableness of management's sensitive accounting estimates
C. The level of responsibility assumed by the auditor under generally accepted auditing standards
D. The degree of reliance the auditor placed on the management representation letter
Definition
D. The degree of reliance the auditor placed on the management representation letter
Term
42. Which of the following types of audit evidence is the most persuasive?
A. Prenumbered client purchase order forms
B. Client work sheets supporting cost allocations
C. Bank statements obtained from the client
D. Management representation letter
Definition
C. Bank statements obtained from the client
Term
43. Which of the following procedures would yield the most appropriate evidence?
A. A scanning of trial balances
B. An inquiry of client personnel
C. A comparison of beginning and ending retained earnings
D. A recalculation of bad debt expense
Definition
D. A recalculation of bad debt expense
Term
44. Which of the following procedures would be most effective in reducing attestation risk?
A. Discussion with responsible individuals
B. Examination of evidence
C. Inquiries of senior management
D. Analytical procedures
Definition
B. Examination of evidence
Term
45. A client uses a suspense account for unresolved questions whose final accounting has not been determined. If a balance remain in the suspense account at year end, the auditor would be most concerned about
A. Suspense debits that management believes will benefit future operations
B. Suspense debits that the auditor verifies will have realizable value to the client
C. Suspense credits that management believes should be classified as "Current liability"
D. Suspense credits that the auditor determines to be customer deposits
Definition
A. Suspense debits that management believes will benefit future operations
Term
46. An auditor scans a client's investment records for the period just before and just after the year end to determine that any transfers between categories of investments have been properly recorded. The primary purpose of this procedure is to obtain evidence about management's financial statement assertions of
A. Rights & Obligations, and Existence & Occurrence
B. Valuation & Allocation, and Rights & Obligations
C. Existence & Occurrence, and Classification
D. Classification, and Valuation & Allocation
Definition
D. Classification, and Valuation & Allocation
Term
47. The auditor's inventory observation test counts are traced to the client's inventory listing to test for which of the following financial statement assertions?
A. Completeness
B. Rights & Obligations
C. Valuation or Allocation
D. Classification & Understandability
Definition
A. Completeness
Term
48. An entity's income statements were misstated due to the recording of journal entries that involved debits and credits to an unusual combination of expense and revenue accounts. The auditor most likely could have detected this misstatement by:
A. Tracing a sample of journal entries to the general ledger
B. Evaluating the effectiveness of internal control policies and procedures
C. Investigating the reconciliations between controlling accounts and subsidiary records
D. Performing analytical procedures designed to disclose differences from expectations
Definition
D. Performing analytical procedures designed to disclose differences from expectations
Term
49. An auditor may achieve audit objectives related to particular assertions by
A. Performing analytical procedures
B. Adhering to a system of quality control
C. Preparing auditor working papers
D. Increasing the level of detection risk
Definition
A. Performing analytical procedures
Term
50. At the conclusion of an audit, an auditor is reviewing the evidence gathered in support of the financial statements. With regard to the valuation of inventory, the auditor concludes that the evidence obtained is not sufficient to support management's representations. Which of the following actions is the auditor most likely to take?
A. Consult with the audit committee and issue a disclaimer of opinion
B. Consult with the audit committee and issue a qualified opinion
C. Obtain additional evidence regarding the valuation of inventory
D. Obtain a statement from management supporting their inventory valuation
Definition
C. Obtain additional evidence regarding the valuation of inventory
Term
51. Which of the following circumstances most likely would cause an auditor to consider whether material misstatements exist in an entity's financial statements?
A. Management places little emphasis on meeting earnings projections.
B. The board of directors makes all major financing decisions.
C. Significant deficiencies previously communicated to management are not corrected.
D. Transactions selected for testing are not supported by proper documentation.
Definition
D. Transactions selected for testing are not supported by proper documentation.
Term
52. Which of the following circumstances most likely would cause an auditor to suspect that material misstatements exist in a client's financial statements?
A. The assumptions used in developing the prior year's accounting estimates have changed.
B. Differences between reconciliations of control accounts and subsidiary records are not investigated.
C. Negative confirmation requests yield fewer responses than in the prior year's audit.
D. Management consults with another CPA firm about complex accounting matters.
Definition
B. Differences between reconciliations of control accounts and subsidiary records are not investigated.
Term
53. Miller Retailing, Inc. maintains a staff of three full-time internal auditors who report directly to the controller. In planning to use the internal auditors to provide assistance in performing the audit, the independent auditor most likely will
A. Place limited reliance on the work performed by the internal auditors
B. Decrease the extent of the tests of control needed to support the assessed level of detection risk
C. Increase the extent of the procedures needed to reduce control risk to an acceptable level
D. Avoid using the work performed by the internal auditors
Definition
A. Place limited reliance on the work performed by the internal auditors
Term
54. When assessing the internal auditors' competence, the independent CPA should obtain information about the
A. Organizational level to which internal auditors report
B. Educational background and professional certification of internal auditors
C. Policies prohibiting internal auditors from auditing areas where relatives are employed in important or audit-sensitive positions
D. Policies prohibiting internal auditors from auditing areas where they were recently assigned or are scheduled to be assigned on completion of their responsibilities as internal auditors
Definition
B. Educational background and professional certification of internal auditors
Term
55. In assessing the competence of the internal auditor, an independent CPA most likely would obtain information about the:
A. Quality of the internal auditor's working paper documentation
B. Organization's commitment to integrity and ethical values
C. Influence of management on the scope of the internal auditor's duties
D. Organizational level to which the internal auditor reports
Definition
A. Quality of the internal auditor's working paper documentation
Term
56. During an audit, an internal auditor may provide direct assistance to an independent CPA in
Obtaining an understanding Performing tests Performing
of internal control of controls substantive tests
A. No No No
B. Yes No No
C. Yes Yes No
D. Yes Yes Yes
Definition
D. Yes Yes Yes
Term
57. When considering the use of management's written representations as audit evidence about the completeness assertion, an auditor should understand that such representations:
A. Complement, but do not replace, substantive tests designed to support the assertion
B. Constitute sufficient evidence to support the assertion when considered in combination with the assessment of control risk
C. Replace the assessment of control risk as evidence to support the assertion
D. Are not part of the audit evidence considered to support the assertion
Definition
A. Complement, but do not replace, substantive tests designed to support the assertion
Term
58. A purpose of a management representation letter is to reduce
A. Audit risk to an aggregate level of misstatement that could be considered material
B. An auditor's responsibility to detect material misstatements only to the extent that the letter is relied on
C. The possibility of a misunderstanding concerning management's responsibility for the financial statements
D. The scope of an auditor's procedures concerning related party transactions and subsequent events
Definition
C. The possibility of a misunderstanding concerning management's responsibility for the financial statements
Term
59. An auditor who discovers that a client's employees have paid small bribes to public officials most likely would withdraw from the engagement if the
A. Client receives financial assistance from a federal government agency
B. Audit evidence that is necessary to prove the illegal acts were committed does not exist
C. Employees' actions affect the auditor's ability to rely on management's representations
D. Notes to the financial statements fail to disclose the employees' actions
Definition
C. Employees' actions affect the auditor's ability to rely on management's representations
Term
60. The date of the management representation letter should be as of the date of the
A. Balance sheet
B. Latest interim financial information
C. Auditor's report
D. Latest related party transaction
Definition
C. Auditor's report
Term
61. "There have been no communications from regulatory agencies concerning noncompliance with, or deficiencies in, financial reporting practices that could have a material effect on the financial statements." The forgoing passage is most likely from a
A. Report on internal control
B. Special report
C. Management representation letter
D. Letter for underwriters
Definition
C. Management representation letter
Term
62. For which of the following matters should an auditor obtain written management representations?
A. Management's cost-benefit justifications for not correcting internal control weaknesses
B. Management's knowledge of future plans that may affect the price of the entity's stock
C. Management's compliance with contractual agreements that may affect the financial statements
D. Management's acknowledgement of its responsibility for employees' violations of laws
Definition
C. Management's compliance with contractual agreements that may affect the financial statements
Term
63. To which of the following matters would materiality limits not apply in obtaining written management representations?
A. The availability of minutes of stockholders' and directors' meetings
B. Losses from purchase commitments at prices in excess of market value
C. The disclosure of compensating balance arrangements involving related parties
D. Reductions of obsolete inventory to net realizable value
Definition
A. The availability of minutes of stockholders' and directors' meetings
Term
64. Which of the following expressions most likely would be included in a management representation letter?
A. No events have occurred subsequent to the balance sheet date that require adjustment to, or disclosure in, the financial statements.
B. There are no significant deficiencies identified during the prior-year's audit of which the audit committee of the board of directors is unaware.
C. We do not intend to provide any information that may be construed to constitute a waiver of the attorney-client privilege
D. Certain computer files and other required evidential matter may exist only for a short period of time and only in computer-readable form.
Definition
A. No events have occurred subsequent to the balance sheet date that require adjustment to, or disclosure in, the financial statements.
Term
65. Which of the following statements ordinarily is not included among the written representations made by the chief executive officer and the chief financial officer?
A. Sufficient audit evidence has been made available to the auditor to permit the issuance of an unqualified opinion.
B. There are no unasserted claims or assessments that our lawyer has advised us are probable of assertion and must be disclosed.
C. We have no plans or intentions that may materially affect the carrying value or classification of assets and liabilities.
D. No events have occurred subsequent to the balance sheet date that would require adjustment to, or disclosure in, the financial statements.
Definition
A. Sufficient audit evidence has been made available to the auditor to permit the issuance of an unqualified opinion.
Term
66. An auditor's working papers serve mainly to:
A. Provide the principal support for the auditor's report
B. Satisfy the auditor's responsibilities concerning the Code of Professional Conduct
C. Monitor the effectiveness of the CPA firm's quality control procedures
D. Document the level of independence maintained by the auditor
Definition
A. Provide the principal support for the auditor's report
Term
67. The audit working paper that reflects the major components of an amount reported in the financial statements is the:
A. Interbank transfer schedule
B. Carryforward schedule
C. Supporting schedule
D. Lead schedule
Definition
D. Lead schedule
Term
68. Which of the following is not required documentation in an audit in accordance with GAAS?
A. A written engagement letter formalizing the level of service to be rendered
B. A flowchart depicting the segregation of duties and authorization of transactions
C. A written audit program describing the necessary procedures to be performed
D. Written representations from management
Definition
B. A flowchart depicting the segregation of duties and authorization of transactions
Term
69. "There are no violations or possible violations of laws or regulations whose effects should be considered for disclosure in the financial statements or as a basis for recording a loss contingency." The foregoing passage most likely is from a (an)
A. Client engagement letter
B. Report on compliance with laws and regulations
C. Management representation letter
D. Attestation report on an entity's internal control
Definition
C. Management representation letter
Term
70. Which of the following most likely would indicate the existence of related parties?
A. Writing down obsolete inventory just before year-end
B. Failing to correct previously identified internal control deficiencies
C. Depending on a single product for the success of the entity
D. Borrowing money at an interest rate significantly below the market rate
Definition
D. Borrowing money at an interest rate significantly below the market rate
Term
71. Which of the following events most likely would indicate the existence of related parties?
A. Granting stock options to key executives at favorable prices
B. High turnover of senior management and members of the board of directors
C. Failure to correct internal control weaknesses on a timely basis
D. Selling real estate at a price significantly different from appraised value
Definition
D. Selling real estate at a price significantly different from appraised value
Term
72. After determining that a related party transaction has, in fact, occurred, an auditor should
A. Add a separate paragraph to the auditor's standard report to explain the transaction
B. Perform analytical procedures to verify whether similar transactions occurred, but were not recorded
C. Obtain an understanding of the business purpose of the transaction
D. Substantiate that the transaction was consummated on terms equivalent to an arm's-length transaction
Definition
C. Obtain an understanding of the business purpose of the transaction
Term
73. An auditor searching for related party transactions should obtain an understanding of each subsidiary's relationship to the total entity because
A. The business structure may be deliberately designed to obscure related party transactions.
B. Intercompany transactions may have been consummated on terms equivalent to arm's-length transactions.
C. This may reveal whether particular transactions would have taken place if the parties had not been related.
D. This may permit the audit of intercompany balances to be performed as of concurrent dates.
Definition
A. The business structure may be deliberately designed to obscure related party transactions.
Term
74. Which of the following procedures most likely could assist an auditor in identifying related party transactions?
A. Performing tests of controls concerning the segregation of duties
B. Evaluating the reasonableness of management's accounting estimates
C. Reviewing confirmations of compensating balance arrangements
D. Scanning the accounting records of recurring transactions
Definition
C. Reviewing confirmations of compensating balance arrangements
Term
75. An auditor most likely would modify an unqualified opinion if the entity's notes to the financial statements include a not on related party transactions
A. Disclosing loans to related parties at interest rates significantly below prevailing market rates
B. Describing an exchange of real estate for similar property in a nonmonetary related party transaction
C. Stating that a particular related party transaction occurred on terms equivalent to those that would have prevailed in an arm's-length transaction
Definition
C. Stating that a particular related party transaction occurred on terms equivalent to those that would have prevailed in an arm's-length transaction
Term
76. Proper segregation of duties reduces the opportunities to allow persons to be in positions to both
A. Journalize entries and prepare financial statements
B. Record cash receipts and cash disbursements
C. Establish internal controls and authorize transactions
D. Perpetuate and conceal errors and fraud
Definition
D. Perpetuate and conceal errors and fraud
Term
77. In an audit of financial statements, an auditor's primary consideration regarding an internal control policy or procedure is whether the policy or procedure
A. Reflects management's philosophy and operating style
B. Affects management's financial statement assertions
C. Provides adequate safeguards over access to assets
D. Enhances management's decision-making processes
Definition
B. Affects management's financial statement assertions
Term
78. The overall attitude and awareness of an entity's board of directors concerning the importance of internal control usually is reflected in its
A. Computer-based controls
B. System of segregation of duties
C. Control environment
D. Safeguards over access to assets
Definition
C. Control environment
Term
79. Management philosophy and operating style most likely would have a significant influence on an entity's control environment when
A. The internal auditor reports directly to management
B. Management is dominated by one individual
C. Accurate management job descriptions delineate specific duties
D. The audit committee actively oversees the financial reporting process
Definition
B. Management is dominated by one individual
Term
80. Management's attitude toward aggressive financial reporting and its emphasis on meeting projected profit goals most likely would significantly influence an entity's control environment when
A. External policies established by parties outside the entity affect its accounting practices.
B. Management is dominated by on individual who is also a shareholder.
C. Internal auditors have direct access to the board of directors and the entity's management.
D. The audit committee is active in overseeing the entity's financial reporting policies.
Definition
B. Management is dominated by on individual who is also a shareholder.
Term
81. Which of the following factors most likely would influence an auditor's determination of the auditability of an entity's financial statements?
A. The complexity of the accounting system
B. The existence of related party transactions
C. The adequacy of the accounting records
D. The operating effectiveness of control procedures
Definition
C. The adequacy of the accounting records
Term
82. When considering internal control, an auditor should be aware of the concept of reasonable assurance, which recognizes that
A. Internal control policies and procedures may be ineffective due to mistakes in judgment and personal carelessness.
B. Adequate safeguards over access to assets and records should permit an entity to maintain proper accountability.
C. Establishing and maintaining internal control is an important responsibility of management.
D. The cost of an entity's internal control should not exceed the benefits expected to be derived
Definition
A. Internal control policies and procedures may be ineffective due to mistakes in judgment and personal carelessness.
Term
83. Which of the following auditor concerns most likely could be so serious that the auditor concludes that a financial statement audit cannot be conducted?
A. The entity has no formal written code of conduct.
B. The integrity of the entity's management is suspect.
C. Procedures requiring segregation of duties are subject to management override.
D. Management fails to modify prescribed controls for changes in conditions.
Definition
B. The integrity of the entity's management is suspect.
Term
84. Which of the following events occurring in the year under audit would most likely indicate that internal controls utilized in previous years may be inadequate in the year under audit?
A. The entity announced that the internal audit function would be eliminated after the balance sheet date.
B. The audit committee chairperson unexpectedly resigned during the year under audit.
C. The chief financial officer waived approvals on all checks to one vendor to expedite payment.
D. The frequency of accounts payable check runs was changed from biweekly to weekly.
Definition
C. The chief financial officer waived approvals on all checks to one vendor to expedite payment.
Term
85. An auditor would most likely be concerned with internal control policies and procedures that provide reasonable assurance about the
A. Methods of assigning production tasks to employees
B. Appropriate prices the entity should charge for its products
C. Efficiency of management's decision-making process
D. Entity's ability to process and summarize financial data
Definition
D. Entity's ability to process and summarize financial data
Term
86. Which of the following factors would least likely affect the extent of the auditor's consideration of the client's internal controls?
A. The amount of time budgeted to complete the engagement
B. The size and complexity of the client
C. The nature of specific relevant controls
D. The auditor's prior experience with client operations
Definition
A. The amount of time budgeted to complete the engagement
Term
87. In obtaining an understanding of an entity's internal control in a financial statement audit, an auditor is not obligated to
A. Determine whether control procedures have been placed in operation
B. Perform procedures to understand the design of internal control policies
C. Document the understanding of the entity's internal control
D. Search for significant deficiencies in the operation of the entity's internal control
Definition
D. Search for significant deficiencies in the operation of the entity's internal control
Term
87. In obtaining an understanding of an entity's internal control in a financial statement audit, an auditor is obligated to
A. Determine whether control procedures have been placed in operation
B. Perform procedures to understand the design of internal control policies
C. Document the understanding of the entity's internal control
D. Search for significant deficiencies in the operation of the entity's internal control

Definition
A. Determine whether control procedures have been placed in operation
B. Perform procedures to understand the design of internal control policies
C. Document the understanding of the entity's internal control
Term
88. In obtaining an understanding of an entity's internal control policies and procedures that are relevant to audit planning, and auditor is required to obtain knowledge about the
A. Design of the policies and procedures pertaining to the internal control components
B. Effectiveness of the policies and procedures that have been placed in operation
C. Consistency with which the policies and procedures are currently being applied
D. Control procedures related to each principal transaction class and account balance
Definition
A. Design of the policies and procedures pertaining to the internal control components
Term
89. An auditor should obtain sufficient knowledge of an entity's accounting system to understand the
A. Safeguards used to limit access to computer facilities
B. Process used to prepare significant accounting estimates
C. Procedures used to assure proper authorization of transactions
D. Policies used to detect the concealment of fraud
Definition
B. Process used to prepare significant accounting estimates
Term
90. When obtaining an understanding of an entity's internal control, an auditor should concentrate on the implementation of the procedures because
A. The procedures may be operating effectively but may not be documented.
B. Management may implement procedures whose costs exceed their benefits.
C. The procedures may be so inappropriate that no reliance is contemplated by the auditor.
D. Management may establish appropriate procedures but not enforce compliance with them.
Definition
D. Management may establish appropriate procedures but not enforce compliance with them.
Term
91. Which of the following techniques most likely would provide an auditor with the most assurance about the effectiveness of the operation of an internal control procedure?
A. Confirmation with outside parties
B. Inquiry of client personnel
C. Recomputation of account balance amounts
D. Observation of client personnel
Definition
D. Observation of client personnel
Term
92. The objective of tests of details of transactions performed as tests of controls is to
A. Monitor the design and use of entity documents such as prenumbered shipping forms.
B. Determine whether internal control policies and procedures have been placed in operation.
C. Detect material misstatements in the account balances of the financial statements.
D. Evaluate whether internal control procedures operated effectively.
Definition
D. Evaluate whether internal control procedures operated effectively.
Term
93. Which of the following types of evidence would an auditor most likely examine to determine whether internal control policies and procedures are operating as designed?
A. Gross margin information regarding the client's industry
B. Confirmations of receivables verifying account balances
C. Client records documenting the use of computer programs
D. Anticipated results documented in budgets or forecasts
Definition
C. Client records documenting the use of computer programs
Term
94. Which of the following audit techniques ordinarily would provide an auditor with the least assurance about the operating effectiveness of an internal control activity?
A. Inquiry of client personnel
B. Inspection of documents and reports
C. Observation of client personnel
D. Preparation of system flowcharts
Definition
D. Preparation of system flowcharts
Term
95. Which of the following statements is correct concerning the use of prior audit evidence regarding the operating effectiveness of controls?
A. If the auditor plans to rely on controls that have changed since they were last tested, the auditor should test those controls at least once every three years.
B. If the auditor uses prior audit evidence for several controls, the auditor should test a sufficient portion of them in each audit so that each is tested every third audit.
C. If the auditor plans to rely on controls that have not changed since they were last tested, the auditor should test those controls at least every other year.
D. If the auditor plans to rely on controls that mitigate a significant risk, those controls should be tested at least every other year.
Definition
B. If the auditor uses prior audit evidence for several controls, the auditor should test a sufficient portion of them in each audit so that each is tested every third audit.
Term
96. Which of the following statements describes an auditor's obligation to identify deficiencies in the design or operation of internal control?
A. The auditor should design and apply tests of controls to discover deficiencies that could result in material misstatements.
B. The auditor need not search for deficiencies unless management requests an attestation that "no significant deficiencies were identified in the audit."
C. The auditor should search for deficiencies if the auditor expects to rely on controls.
D. The auditor need not search for deficiencies but should document and communicate any significant deficiencies and material weaknesses that are discovered.
Definition
D. The auditor need not search for deficiencies but should document and communicate any significant deficiencies and material weaknesses that are discovered.
Term
97. Which of the following statements is correct concerning deficiencies in internal control identified in an audit of financial statements?
A. An auditor is required to search for control deficiencies during an audit.
B. All significant deficiencies are also considered to be material weaknesses.
C. An auditor may communicate some deficiencies during an audit in addition to after the audit's completion.
D. An auditor may report that no significant deficiencies were noted during an audit.
Definition
C. An auditor may communicate some deficiencies during an audit in addition to after the audit's completion.
Term
98. Which of the following matters would an auditor most likely consider to be a significant deficiency to be communicated to management and those charged with governance?
A. Management's failure to renegotiate unfavorable long-term purchase commitments
B. Recurring operating losses that may indicate going concern problems
C. Evidence of a lack of objectivity by those responsible for accounting decisions
D. Management's current plans to reduce its ownership equity in the entity
Definition
C. Evidence of a lack of objectivity by those responsible for accounting decisions
Term
99. After testing a client's internal control activities, an auditor discovers a material weakness in the operation of a client's internal controls. Under these circumstances the auditor most likely would
A. Issue a disclaimer of opinion about the internal controls as part of the auditor's report
B. Increase the assessment of control risk and increase the extent of substantive tests
C. Issue a qualified opinion of this finding as part of the auditor's report
D. Withdraw from audit because the internal controls are ineffective
Definition
B. Increase the assessment of control risk and increase the extent of substantive tests
Term
100. A previously communicated significant deficiency ordinarily should be communicated again if
A. The deficiency has a material effect on the auditor's assessment of control risk.
B. The entity accepts that degree of risk because of cost-benefit considerations.
C. The significant deficiency has not been corrected.
D. There has been major turnover in upper-level management and the board of directors.
Definition
C. The significant deficiency has not been corrected.
Term
101. Audit evidence concerning segregation of duties ordinarily is best obtained by
A. Performing tests of transactions that corroborate management's financial statement assertions
B. Observing the employees as they apply control procedures
C. Obtaining a flowchart of activities performed by available personnel
D. Developing audit objectives that reduce control risk
Definition
B. Observing the employees as they apply control procedures
Term
102. Employers bond employees who handle cash receipts because fidelity bonds reduce the possibility of employing dishonest individuals and
A. Protect employees who make unintentional errors from possible monetary damages resulting from their errors
B. Deter dishonestly by making employees aware that insurance companies may investigate and prosecute dishonest acts
C. Facilitate an independent monitoring of the receiving and depositing of cash receipts
D. Force employees in position of trust to take periodic vacations and rotate their assigned duties
Definition
B. Deter dishonestly by making employees aware that insurance companies may investigate and prosecute dishonest acts
Term
103. An auditor who uses a transaction cycle approach to assessing control risk most likely would test control activities related to transactions involving the sale of goods to customers with the
A. Collection of receivables
B. Purchase of merchandise inventory
C. Payment of accounts payable
D. Sale of long-term debt
Definition
A. Collection of receivables
Term
104. Holding other planning considerations equal, a decrease in the amount of misstatements in a class of transactions that an auditor could tolerate most likely would cause the auditor to
A. Apply the planned substantive tests prior to the balance sheet date
B. Perform the planned auditing procedures closer to the balance sheet date
C. Increase the assessed level of control risk for relevant financial statement assertions
D. Decrease the extent of auditing procedures to be applied to the class of transactions
Definition
B. Perform the planned auditing procedures closer to the balance sheet date
Term
105. The expected population deviation rate of client billing misstatements is 2%. The auditor has established a tolerable rate of 3%. In the review of client invoices the auditor should use
A. Stratified sampling
B. Discovery sampling
C. Variable sampling
D. Attribute sampling
Definition
D. Attribute sampling
Term
106. In performing tests of controls over authorization of cash disbursements, which of the following statistical sampling methods would be most appropriate?
A. Variables
B. Stratified
C. Ratio
D. Attributes
Definition
D. Attributes
Term
107. Which of the following sampling methods would be used to estimate a numerical estimate of a population, such as a dollar value?
A. Attributes sampling
B. Stop-or-go sampling
C. Variable sampling
D. Random-number sampling
Definition
C. Variable sampling
Term
108. For which of the following audit tests would an auditor most likely use attribute sampling?
A. Selecting accounts receivable for confirmation of account balances
B. Inspecting employee time cards for proper approval by supervisors
C. Making an independent estimate of the amount of a LIFO inventory
D. Examining invoices in support of the valuation of fixed asset additions
Definition
B. Inspecting employee time cards for proper approval by supervisors
Term
109. In confirming a client's accounts receivable in prior years, an auditor found that there were many differences between the recorded account balances and the confirmation replies. These differences, which were not misstatements, required substantial time to resolve. In defining the sampling unit for the current year's audit, the auditor most likely would choose
A. Individual overdue balances
B. Individual invoices
C. Small account balances
D. Large account balances
Definition
B. Individual invoices
Term
110. An auditor examining inventory most likely would use variables sampling rather than attributes sampling to
A. Identify whether inventory items are properly priced
B. Estimate whether the dollar amount of inventory is reasonable
C. Discover whether misstatements exist in inventory records
D. Determine whether discounts for inventory are properly recorded
Definition
B. Estimate whether the dollar amount of inventory is reasonable
Term
111. Samples to test internal control procedures are intended to provide a basis for an auditor to conclude whether
A. The control procedures are operating effectively.
B. The financial statements are materially misstated.
C. The risk of incorrect acceptance is too high.
D. Materiality for planning purposes is at a sufficiently low level.
Definition
A. The control procedures are operating effectively.
Term
112. An auditor desired to test credit approval on 10,000 sales invoices processed during the year. The auditor designed a statistical sample that would provide 1% risk of assessing control risk too low (99% confidence) that not more than 7% of the sales invoices lacked approval. The auditor estimated from previous experience that about 2.5% of the sales invoices lacked approval. A sample of 200 invoices was examined and 7 of them were lacking approval. The auditor then determined the achieved upper precision limit to be 8%. The allowance for sampling risk was:
A. 5.5%
B. 4.5%
C. 3.5%
D. 1.0%
Definition
B. 4.5%
Term
113. An auditor may decide to increase the risk of incorrect rejection when
A. Increased reliability from the sample is desired.
B. Many differences (audit value minus recorded value) are expected.
C. Initial sample results do not support the planned level of control risk.
D. The cost and effort of selecting additional sample items is low.
Definition
D. The cost and effort of selecting additional sample items is low.
Term
114. The likelihood of assessing control risk too high is the risk that the sample selected to test controls
A. Does not support the auditor's planned assessed level of control risk when the true operating effectiveness of the internal control justifies such an assessment
B. Contains misstatement that could be material to the financial statements when aggregated with misstatements in other account balances or transactions classes
C. Contains proportionately fewer monetary errors or deviations from prescribed internal control structure policies or procedures than exist in the balance or class as a whole
D. Does not support the tolerable error for some or all of management's assertions
Definition
A. Does not support the auditor's planned assessed level of control risk when the true operating effectiveness of the internal control justifies such an assessment
Term
115. As a result of tests of controls, an auditor assessed control risk too low and decreased substantive testing. This assessment occurred because the true deviation rate in the population was
A. Less than the risk of assessing control risk too low, based on the auditor's sample
B. Less than the deviation rate in the auditor's sample
C. More than the risk of assessing control risk too low, based on the auditor's sample
D. More than the deviation rate in the auditor's sample
Definition
D. More than the deviation rate in the auditor's sample
Term
116. As a result of tests of controls, an auditor assesses control risk too high. This incorrect assessment most likely occurred because
A. Control risk based on the auditor's sample is less than the true operating effectiveness of the client's control activity.
B. The auditor believes that the control activity relates to the client's assertions when, in fact, it does not.
C. The auditor believes that he control activity will reduce the extent of substantive testing when, in fact, it will not.
D. Control risk based on the auditor's sample is greater than the true operating effectiveness of the client's control activity.
Definition
D. Control risk based on the auditor's sample is greater than the true operating effectiveness of the client's control activity.
Term
117. An auditor should consider the tolerable rate of deviation when determining the number of check requests to select for a test to obtain assurance that all check requests have been properly authorized. The auditor should also consider
The average dollar value The allowable risk of assessing
of the check requests control risk too low
A. Yes Yes
B. Yes No
C. No Yes
D. No No
Definition
C. No Yes
Term
118. The sampling unit in a test of controls pertaining to the existence of payroll transactions ordinarily is a(an)
A. Clock card or time ticket
B. Employee Form W-2
C. Employee personnel record
D. Payroll register entry
Definition
D. Payroll register entry
Term
119. When planning a sample for a substantive test of details, an auditor should consider tolerable misstatement for the sample. This consideration should
A. Be related to the auditor's business risk
B. Not be adjusted for qualitative factors
C. Be related to preliminary judgments about materiality levels
D. Not be changed during the audit process
Definition
C. Be related to preliminary judgments about materiality levels
Term
120. Which of the following courses of action would an auditor most likely follow in planning a sample of cash disbursements if the auditor is aware of several unusually large cash disbursements?
A. Set the tolerable rate of deviation at a lower level than originally planned.
B. Stratify the cash disbursements population so that the unusually large disbursements are selected.
C. Increase the sample size to reduce the effect of the unusually large disbursements.
D. Continue to draw new samples until all unusually large disbursements appear in the sample.
Definition
B. Stratify the cash disbursements population so that the unusually large disbursements are selected.
Term
121. When using classical variables sampling for estimation, an auditor normally evaluates the sampling results by calculating the possible error in either direction. This statistical concept is known as
A. Precision
B. Reliability
C. Projected error
D. Standard deviation
Definition
A. Precision
Term
122. A principal advantage of statistical methods of attribute sampling over nonstatistical methods is that they provide a scientific basis for planning the
A. Risk of assessing control risk too low
B. Expected population deviation rate
C. Tolerable rate
D. Sample size
Definition
D. Sample size
Term
123. An advantage of statistical sampling over nonstatistical sampling is that statistical sampling helps an auditor to
A. Eliminate the risk of nonsampling errors
B. Reduce the level of audit risk and materiality to a relatively low amount
C. Measure the sufficiency of the audit evidence obtained
D. Minimize the failure to detect errors and fraud
Definition
C. Measure the sufficiency of the audit evidence obtained
Term
124. Given random selection, the same sample size, and the same precision requirement for the testing of two unequal populations, the risk of assessing control risk too low on the smaller population is
A. Higher than assessing control risk too low for the larger population
B. Indeterminate relative to assessing control risk too low for the larger population
C. Lower than assessing control risk too low for the larger population
D. The same as assessing control risk too low for the larger population
Definition
C. Lower than assessing control risk too low for the larger population
Term
125. An auditor may use a systematic sampling technique with a start at any randomly selected item when performing a test of controls with respect to control over cash receipts. The biggest disadvantage of this type of sampling is that the items in the population
A. Must be systematically replaced in the population after sampling
B. May occur in a systematic pattern, thus destroying the sample randomness
C. Must be recorded in a systematic pattern before the sample can be drawn
D. May systematically occur more than once in the sample
Definition
B. May occur in a systematic pattern, thus destroying the sample randomness
Term
126. In statistical sampling methods used in substantive testing, an auditor most likely would stratify a population into meaningful groups if
A. Probability proportional to size (PPS) sampling is used.
B. The population has highly variable recorded amounts.
C. The auditor's estimated tolerable misstatement is extremely small.
D. The standard deviation of recorded amounts is relatively small.
Definition
B. The population has highly variable recorded amounts.
Term
127. An auditor is determining the sample size for an inventory observation using mean-per-unit estimation, which is a variables sampling plan. To calculate the required sample size, the auditor usually determines the
Variability in the dollar amounts Risk of
of inventory items incorrect acceptance
A. Yes Yes
B. Yes No
C. No Yes
D. No No
Definition
A. Yes Yes
Term
128. To determine the sample size for a test of controls, an auditor should consider the tolerable deviation rate, the allowable risk of assessing control risk too low, and the
A. Expected deviation rate
B. Upper precision limit
C. Risk of incorrect acceptance
D. Risk of incorrect rejection
Definition
A. Expected deviation rate
Term
129. An auditor desired to test credit approval on 10,000 sales invoices processed during the year. The auditor designed a statistical sample that would provide 1% risk of assessing control risk too low (99% confidence) that not more than 7% of the sales invoices lacked approval. The auditor estimated from previous experience that about 2.5% of the sales invoices lacked approval. A sample of 200 invoices was examined and 7 of them were lacking approval. The auditor then determined the achieved upper precision limit to be 8%. In the evaluation of this sample, the auditor decided to increase the level of preliminary assessment of control risk because the
A. Tolerable rate (7%) was less than the achieved upper precision limit (8%).
B. Expected deviation rate (7%) was more than the percentage of errors in the sample (3.5%).
C. Achieved upper precision limit (8%) was more than the percentage of errors in the sample (3.5%).
D. Expected deviation rate (2.5%) was less than the tolerable rate (7%).
Definition
A. Tolerable rate (7%) was less than the achieved upper precision limit (8%).
Term
130. An auditor is testing internal control procedures that are evidenced on an entity's vouchers by matching random numbers with voucher numbers. If a random number matches the number of a voided voucher, that voucher ordinarily should be replaced by another voucher in the random sample if the voucher
A. Constitutes a deviation
B. Has been properly voided
C. Cannot be located
D. Represents an immaterial dollar amount
Definition
B. Has been properly voided
Term
131. What is an auditor's evaluation of a statistical sample for attributes when a test of 50 documents results in 3 deviations if the tolerable rate is 7%, the expected population deviation rate is 5%, and the allowance for sampling risk is 2%?
A. Modify the planned assessed level of control risk because the tolerable rate plus the allowance for sampling risk exceeds the expected population deviation rate.
B. Accept the sample results as support for the planned assessed level of control risk because the sample deviation rate plus the allowance for sampling risk exceeds the tolerable rate.
C. Accept the sample results as support for the planned assessed level of control risk because the tolerable rate less the allowance for sampling risk equals the expected population deviation rate.
D. Modify the planned assessed level of control risk because the sample deviation rate plus the allowance for sampling risk exceeds the tolerable rate.
Definition
D. Modify the planned assessed level of control risk because the sample deviation rate plus the allowance for sampling risk exceeds the tolerable rate.
Term
132. In planning a statistical sample for a test of controls, an auditor increased the expected population deviation rate from the prior year's rate because of the results of the prior year's tests of controls and the overall control environment. The auditor most likely would then increase the planned
A. Tolerable rate
B. Allowance for sampling risk
C. Risk of assessing control risk too low
D. Sample size
Definition
D. Sample size
Term
133. An auditor who uses statistical sampling for attributes in testing internal controls should reduce the planned reliance on a prescribed control when the
A. Sample rate of deviation plus the allowance for sampling risk equals the tolerable rate.
B. Sample rate of deviation is less than the expected rate of deviation used in planning the sample.
C. Tolerable rate less the allowance for sampling risk exceeds the sample rate of deviation.
D. Sample rate of deviation plus the allowance for sampling risk exceeds the tolerable rate.
Definition
D. Sample rate of deviation plus the allowance for sampling risk exceeds the tolerable rate.
Term
134. In determining the number of documents to select for a test to obtain assurance that all sales returns have been properly authorized, an auditor should consider the tolerable rate of deviation from the control activity. The auditor should also consider:
I. The likely rate of deviations
II. The allowable risk of assessing control risk too high
A. I only
B. II only
C. Both I & II
D. Neither I nor II
Definition
I. The likely rate of deviations
Term
135. Which of the following statements is correct concerning the auditor's use of statistical sampling?
A. An auditor needs to estimate the dollar amount of the standard deviation of the population to use classical variables sampling.
B. The selection of zero balances usually does not require special sample design considerations when using PPS sampling.
C. A classical variables sample needs to be designed with special considerations to include negative balances in the sample.
D. An assumption of PPS sampling is that the underlying accounting population is normally distributed.
Definition
A. An auditor needs to estimate the dollar amount of the standard deviation of the population to use classical variables sampling.
Term
136. The use of the ratio estimation sampling technique is most effective when
A. The calculated audit amounts are approximately proportional to the client's book amounts.
B. A relatively small number of differences exist in the population.
C. Estimating populations whose records consist of quantities, but not book values.
D. Large overstatement differences and large understatement differences exist in the population.
Definition
A. The calculated audit amounts are approximately proportional to the client's book amounts.
Term
137. Which of the following sample planning factors would influence the sample size for a substantive test of details for a specific account?
Expected amount of misstatement Measure of tolerable misstatement
A. Yes Yes
B. Yes No
C. No Yes
D. No No
Definition
A. Yes Yes
Term
138. Which of the following statements is correct concerning probability-proportional-to-size (PPS) sampling, also known as dollar-unit sampling?
A. The sampling distribution should approximate the normal distribution.
B. Overstated units have a lower probability of sample selection than units that are understated.
C. The auditor controls the risk of incorrect acceptance by specifying that risk level for the sampling plan.
D. The sampling interval is calculated by dividing the number of physical units in the population by the sample size.
Definition
C. The auditor controls the risk of incorrect acceptance by specifying that risk level for the sampling plan.
Term
139. Which of the following would be an advantage in using classical variable sampling rather than PPS sampling?
A. An estimate of the standard deviation of the population's recorded amounts is not required.
B. The auditor rarely needs the assistance of a computer program to design an efficient sample.
C. Inclusion of zero and negative balances generally does not require special design considerations.
D. Any amount that is individually significant is automatically identified and selected.
Definition
C. Inclusion of zero and negative balances generally does not require special design considerations.
Term
140. In a PPS sample with a sampling interval of $5,000, an auditor discovered that a selected account receivable with a recorded amount of $10,000 has an audit amount of $8,000. If this were the only error discovered by the auditor, the projected error of this sample would be
A. $1,000
B. $2,000
C. $4,000
D. $5,000
Definition
B. $2,000