Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Swahili
KiSwahili
210
Language - Other
10/28/2009

Additional Language - Other Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
morning
Definition
asubuhi
Term
whats the news/how are things?
Definition
habari gani?
Term
to respond/ affirm
Definition
-itika
Term
afternoon
Definition
mchana
Term
elder/old person
Definition

mzee

wazee

Term
sibling (sister/brother)/relative
Definition
ndugu
Term
responses to 'habari' greetings
Definition

nzuri (sana)

salama (tu)

Term

to speak/say

to speak with

Definition

-sema

-sema na

Term
'jambo' greetings and responses
Definition

(wewe) hujambo? -(mimi) sijambo

(yeye) hajambo -(yeye) hajambo

(ninyi) hamjambo -(ninyi) hatujambo

(wao) hawajambo? -(wao) hawajambo

 

Term
only/just/merely
Definition
tu
Term
i, you, he/she, we, you (all), them
Definition
mimi, wewe, yeye, sisi, ninyi, wao
Term
to teach
Definition
-fundisha
Term
alright, o.k.
Definition

haya

("Mwalimu anasema, 'Haya, basi, vizzuri sana.'")

Term

one person

another person/other person

 

Definition

mmoja

mwingine

("Mmoja anasema 'hujambo" na mwingini anasema 'sijambo.'")

Term
very, very much, a lot
Definition
sana
Term
now
Definition
sasa
Term
to read/study
Definition
-soma
Term
very well, fine (adverb)
Definition
vizuri
Term
a foundation for speaking, reading and writing
Definition
msingi wa kusema, kusoma, na kuandika
Term

first lesson

second lesson

third lesson

Definition

somo la kwanza

somo la pili

somo la tatu

Term
greetings between two people
Definition
maamkio baina ya watu wawili
Term

first conversation/dialogue

second conversation/dialogue

third conversation/dialogue

Definition

mazungumzo ya kwanza

mazungumzo ya pili

mazungumzo ya tatu

Term

first drill/exercise

second drill/exercise

third drill/exercise

reading exercise

homework (exercise)

Definition

zoezi la kwanza

zoezi la pili

zoezi la tatu

zoezi la kusoma

zoezi la nyumbani

Term

grammar notes (lit. news about grammar)

how's the teacher? (lit. news about teacher)

How are things this morning?

How are the studies?

Definition

habari za sarufi

habari za mwalimu?

habari za asubuhi?

Habari za masomo?

Term
translate into swahili
Definition
tafsiri kwa kiswahili
Term
drills/exercises
Definition
mazoezi
Term
fill the blanks/lines
Definition
jaza mistari
Term
answer the questions
Definition
jibu maswali
Term
vocabulary
Definition
msamiati/misamiati (pl)
Term

words in the conversation

words in the reading exercise

special vocabulary (lit. words)

Definition

maneno ya mazungumzo

maneno ya zoezi la kusoma

maneno maalum

 

Term

thanks/thank you

thanks, thank you (all)

Definition

asante

asanteni

Term

how are you (lit. your news?)

how are you (all) (lit. your news?)

Definition

habari zako?

habari zenu?

Term
lesson/reading/study
Definition
somo/masomo
Term

many (refers only to people)

many/much

Definition

wengi

nyingi

Term

close your book

(you all) close your books

open your book

(you all) open your books

Definition

funga kitabu chako

fungeni vitabo vyenu

fungua kitabu chako

fungueni vitabu vyenu

Term

what's the date?

it's the first, second, third...

Definition

ni tarehe gani?

ni tarehe mosi, pili, tatu...

Term
please repeat (lit. say it again please)
Definition
sema tena, tafadhali
Term
speak louder/loudly
Definition
sema kwa sauti
Term
to listen/pay attention
Definition
-sikiliza
Term
to answer (a question)
Definition
-jibu
Term
to ask (a question)
Definition
-uliza
Term
about, concerning, on
Definition
juu ya
Term
sick/sick person
Definition
mgonjwa/wagonjwa
Term
evening
Definition
jioni
Term
a little bit, somewhat, a little
Definition
kidogo
Term

child

child/offspring

Definition

mtoto/watoto

mwana (i.e. 'mwananchi' - citizen)

Term

yes

'yes, i'm here' (when called)

Definition

ndiyo

labeka (for women) and naam (for men)

Term

house/home

at home/in,at,on the house

Definition

nyumba

nyumbani

Term
question
Definition
swali/maswali
Term
no
Definition
hapana/la
Term
to say goodbye to eachother
Definition
-agana
Term
to call
Definition
-bisha
Term
after
Definition
baada ya
Term
between/among
Definition
baina ya
Term
call for seeking entrance
Definition

hodi

("-bisha hodi")

Term
sister
Definition
dada
Term

happiness, blessedness, good fortune

goodbye (singular and plural)

goodbye until we see each other again

Definition

heri

kwa heri

kwa heri ya kuonana

Term

strict, hard, tough, sharp

strict person

Definition

-kali

mkali/wakali

Term

come in/welcome/nearly (lit. near)

near/close to

Definition

karibu

("karibu watu wote wa pwani ya kenya...")

karibu na

Term
youth/young person
Definition
kijana/vijana
Term
respectful greeting to old people and response
Definition
shikamoo. -marahaba
Term
laboratory
Definition
maabara (singular and plural)
Term
good person
Definition
mzuri/wazuri
Term
who?
Definition
nani?
Term
to see one another
Definition
-onana
Term

is/are

is not/are not

Definition

ni

si

Term
to converse/chat
Definition
-zungumza
Term
to greet one another
Definition
-amkiana
Term
greeting/greetings
Definition
amkio/maamkio
Term

period of time

for a period of time

Definition

muda

kwa muda

("basi, baada ya kuzungumza kwa muda kidogo...")

Term
name
Definition
jina/majina
Term

why?

why/for what reason?

Definition

kwa nini?

kwa sababu gani?

Term

whats your name? -my name is

whats his name? -his name is

the guest's name is

Definition

jina lako ni nani? -jina langu ni

jina lake ni nani? -jina lake ni

jina la mgeni ni

Term

health/good condition/fine OR adult/full grown

 

adult

Definition

mzima/wazima

("shikamoo, mzee, u hali gani?" mzee anaitika "mimi mzima, asante.")

 

mtu mzima/watu wazima

Term
school/college
Definition
chuo/vyuo RO schule OR skuli
Term
education
Definition
elimu (sg. and pl.)
Term
what sort/what kind of
Definition
gani?
Term

condition/situation

how are you (lit. whats your condition) and usual response

Definition

hali (sg. and pl.)

u hali gani? -mzima.

Term

there (at a place mentioned previously)

there (at a distance)

Definition

huko

kule

Term
guest/stranger
Definition
mgeni/wageni
Term
girl
Definition
msichana/wasichana
Term
to build
Definition
-jenga
Term
dormitory
Definition
bweni/mabweni
Term
boy
Definition
mvulana/wavulana
Term

woman

man

wife

husband

Definition

mwanamke/wanawake

mwanamume/wanaume

mke/wake

mume/waume

Term
the best
Definition
kabisa
Term
the possessive pronouns
Definition

mimi -angu

wewe -ako

yeye -ake

sisi -etu

ninyi -enu

wao -ao

 

Term
i dont know but i think
Definition
sijui lakini ninafikiri
Term
street/neighborhood
Definition
mtaa/mitaa
Term
university
Definition
chuo kikuu/vyuo vikuu
Term

linguistics

language

Definition

isimu ya lugha

lugha (sg. and pl.)

Term
to live/reside/stay/remain/sit
Definition
-kaa
Term

who?

what?

Definition

nani?

nini?

Term
to want/desire
Definition
-taka
Term

road/street/path/way of doing something/means

 

by what means?

Definition

njia (sg. and pl.)

 

kwa njia gani?

("anaweza kwenda kwa njia gani?")

Term

to travel

trip/journey

Definition

-safiri

safari

Term
to study/read
Definition
-soma
Term
to come from
Definition
-toka
Term
research
Definition
utafiti
Term
degree
Definition
digri (sg. and pl.) OR shahada (sg. and pl.)
Term

to do/make

to work/do work

work

at work

Definition

-fanya

-fanya kazi

kazi

kazini

Term
here
Definition
hapa
Term
to come from
Definition
-toka
Term
hospital
Definition
hospitali
Term
in/on
Definition
katika
Term
town/city
Definition
mji/miji
Term
to get/obtain
Definition
-pata
Term
also
Definition
pia
Term
to return
Definition
-rudi
Term

archeology

biology

botany

geography

geology

history

management

medicine

meteorology

music

physics

psychology

science

chemistry

Definition

akiolojia (OR elimukale)

bayolojia

botania

jiografia

jiolojia

historia

manejimenti (OR uongozi)

udaktari (OR uganga)

meterolojia

muzili

fizikia

saikolojia

sayansi

kemia

Term

african studies

 

Definition
masomo ya kiafrika
Term
architecture
Definition
usanifu majengo
Term
business
Definition
biashara
Term
communication studies
Definition
elimu ya mawasiliano
Term
island
Definition
kisiwa/visiwa
Term
developmental studies
Definition
masomo ya maendeleo
Term
economics
Definition
uchumi
Term
computer science
Definition
elimu ya kompyuta
Term
engineering
Definition
uhandisi
Term
environmental science
Definition
elimu ya hali ya mazingira
Term
finance
Definition
elimu ya usimamizi wa fedha
Term
fine arts
Definition
sanaa
Term
law
Definition
sheria
Term
library science
Definition
elimu ya maktaba
Term
literature
Definition
fasihi
Term
mathematics
Definition
hesabu
Term
nutrition
Definition
lishe
Term
pediatrics
Definition
matibabu ya watoto
Term
philosophy
Definition
falsafa
Term
plant science
Definition
sayansi ya mimea
Term
political science
Definition
elimu ya siasa
Term
religion
Definition
dini
Term
social science
Definition
sayansi ya jamii
Term
surgery
Definition
upasuaji
Term
theatre arts
Definition
sanaa za maonyesho
Term
urban planning
Definition
mipango (ya) miji
Term
women's studies
Definition
masomo ya wanawake
Term
family
Definition
jamaa (sg. and pl.)
Term
to know
Definition
-jua
Term

america

american

Definition

marekani OR amerika

 

mmarekani/wamarekani OR mwamerika/wamerika

Term
kenyan
Definition
mkenya/wakenya
Term
tanzanian
Definition
mtanzania/watanzania
Term

to be born

native/native born

Definition

-zaliwa

mzaliwa/wazaliwa

Term

all people

all of us

all of you

Definition

wote

sote

nyote

Term
president
Definition
rais/marais
Term
vema
Definition
very good/very well/fine (like vizuri)
Term

nation

father of the nation

Definition

taifa/mataifa

baba taifa

Term
class room/class
Definition
darasa/madarasa
Term
to explain
Definition
-eleza
Term

these

these days

Definition

hizi

siku hizi OR siku za leo

Term
leader
Definition
kiongozi/viongozi
Term
that
Definition

kwamba

("mwalimu anasema kwamba rais museveni ni kiongozi wa uganda sasa.")

Term
east
Definition
mashariki
Term
respected person/'his honor'
Definition
mheshimiwa/waheshimiwa
Term
'his excellency'
Definition
mtukufu/watukufu
Term
country
Definition
nchi (sg. and pl.)
Term

day

these days

Definition

siku (sg. and pl.)

siku za leo OR siku hizi

Term
that is/'i.e.'
Definition
yaani
Term
old/long ago/past
Definition

zamani

("milton obote ni kiongozi wa zamani.")

Term
to understand/know
Definition
-fahamu
Term
if/as/like/such as/about/around/approximately
Definition

kama

("kama anafundisha vizuri, nitajifunza.")

Term
french
Definition
kifaransa
Term

true

truly/in truth

 

Definition

kweli

kwa kweli

("ni kweli kusema kwamba...")

Term
continent/mainland
Definition
bara (sg. and pl.)
Term
especially
Definition
-jifunza
Term
tribe/ethnic group
Definition
kabila/makabila
Term
island
Definition
kisiwa/visiwa
Term

farm/field

'in the rural areas'

Definition

shamba/mashamba

mashambani

Term

kwa

therefore

because

why/for what reason?

Definition

by/with/for/to/in respect to...

kwa hivyo

kwa sababu

kwa sababu gani?

Term
various/assorted/different ones...
Definition
mbalimbali
Term
worker
Definition
mfanyakazi/wafanyakazi
Term
coast/shore
Definition
pwani (sg. and pl.)
Term
section/part
Definition
sehemu (sg. and pl.)
Term
quick/quickly
Definition
upesi
Term
to use
Definition
-tumia
Term

others/some (refers only to people)

other things/some things

other/another

Definition

wengine

vingine

nyingine

Term

time (in the general sense)

time/hour

Definition

wakati

saa

Term
when
Definition
wakati wa (used with an infinitive)
Term
to go
Definition
kwenda
Term
bicycle
Definition
baisikeli (sg. and pl.)
Term
bus
Definition
basi/mabasi
Term

airplane

airplane/bird

Definition

eropleni (sg. or pl.)

ndege (sg. or pl.)

Term
to come
Definition
-ja
Term

foot

on foot/by foot

Definition

mguu/miguu

kwa miguu

Term
truck
Definition
lori/malori
Term

car

car/vehicle

Definition

motokaa (sg. and pl.)

gari/magari

Term
motorcycle/motor scooter
Definition
pikipiki (sg. and pl.)
Term
taxi
Definition
teksi (sg. and pl.)
Term

to be sufficient

enough

Definition

-tosha

-a kutosha

("pesa za kutosha")

Term

tar/asphalt

paved

Definition

lami

-a lami

("barabara nyingi ni za lami")

Term
road/highway
Definition
barabara (sg. and pl.)
Term

few

few people

Definition

-chache

wachache

Term
train
Definition
gari la moshi/magari la moshi
Term
expensive
Definition
ghali
Term
although
Definition
ingawa
Term

to need

needs/requirements

Definition

-hitaji

mahitaji

Term
far/far from
Definition
mbali na
Term
farmer
Definition
mkulima/wakulima
Term
to buy
Definition
-nunua
Term
money
Definition
pesa
Term
reason
Definition
sababu (sg. and pl.)
Term
market
Definition
soko/masoko
Term
is that not so?
Definition
sivyo?
Term
trouble/difficulty
Definition
taabu
Term
dirt/soil
Definition
udongo
Term

answer in the negative

to say no/deny/negate

Definition

jibu kwa kukataa

-kataa

Term
paragraph
Definition
aya
Term
Definition
Term
to be able/capable
Definition
-weza
Term
Definition