Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Survey of World Music Exam 3
Japan
36
Music
11/13/2006

Additional Music Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
zen buddhism
Definition
major relgion in japan; scholars often speak similarly of emptiness, the void achieved when meditation takes one beyond sensory experience to a deeper, wordless truth. monks play the shakuhachi
Term
ma
Definition
japanese art principle, which describes the quality of of necessary emptiness within a space
Term
shinto
Definition
indigenous religion of Japan; tradition of prayer and ritual associated with an ancient body of music also connected with Buddhism
Term
kagura
Definition
name for shinto music; most visible forms take place in the colorful colk festivals held for various occasions, espeically in the harvest season.
Term
hayashi
Definition
small japanese folk ensemble that accompany the kagura; may include takebue (transverse flutes), taiko drums, o-daiko drum etc.
Term
taiko drumming
Definition
style of drumming that includes precise coreography of the drummer's movements; created in 1970; drum troop met on island and meditated and rehearsed drumming
Term
shomyo
Definition
buddhist chants that were imported from china and korea
Term
densho
Definition
giant cylindrical bell that announces the shomyo services; rung with hammer and a log that is hung on a rope
Term
choshi
Definition
japanese modes of muisc; modeled on Chinese modes lacking semitones; distinguished by basic scale and by range, tones emphasized, and melodic contours; ryo, ritsu, yo, in...
Term
gagaku
Definition
an ancient orchestral court music of Japan; oldest form of orchestral music in the world;
Term
bugaku
Definition
the graceful and controlled dances that sometimes accompany gagaku
Term
takebue
Definition
small japanese transeverse flutes used in kagura
Term
shakuhachi
Definition
vertical bamboo flute; associated with court music; also played by buddhist monks
Term
sho
Definition
collection of 17 single-reed pipes connected to an air chamber; both inhaling and exhaling
Term
hichiriki
Definition
small cylindrical-bore double reed instrument; very loud
Term
ryuteki
Definition
transverse bamboo flute used in the gagaku
Term
nohkan
Definition
flute that accompanies noh theater
Term
koto
Definition
zither; imported from china as part of the gagaku court orchestra; became better known when it moved down to the middle-class people; accompanies women who sing kumiuta song cylces
Term
biwa
Definition
four-string, fretted, pear-shaped lute; held horizontally and constructed so that the relatively loose strings rattle againse the neck; used to accompany songs and played in gagaku orchestra
Term
shamisen
Definition
fretless long-necked lute; plays important part in kabuki theater and bunraku puppet theater
Term
taiko
Definition
small shallow drums in kagura music
Term
o-daiko
Definition
very large barrel drum wth riveted heads used in kagura music
Term
kakko
Definition
small double-headed cylindrical drum; conductor of the gagaku orchestra; played with two mallets; rests on stand etc.
Term
tsuri-daiko
Definition
large vertically suspended bass drum with an elaboartely painted drum head
Term
o-tsuzumi; ko-tsuzumi
Definition
smallest and most important drum in the noh ensemble; ropes laced through the heads are held in the player's left hand and allow the player to control the drums pitch; player also uses small pieces of paper attached to the back of the drum to change the tone
Term
shoko
Definition
small metal disc hung vertically from a stand; player strikes it on the concave side with two metal tipped mallets
Term
banraku
Definition
japanese puppet theater
Term
sankyoku
Definition
chamber ensemble made up of shamisen, koto, and shakuhachi
Term
honkyuku
Definition
classical repertorie for the shakuhachi; very slow, non-pulsitile rhythm that arises out of long phrases
Term
shinkyoku
Definition
new compositions for the shakuhachi that began to appera int he 20th century; introduced new scales and non-traditional techniques
Term
kumiuta
Definition
song cycles that are accompanied by the koto; sung by women;
Term
noh
Definition
highly refined, stylized, and reserved form of theater; props and settings, reflecting the ma principle, are represented only symbolically, if at all; slow, weightless movements of the actors
Term
hayashi
Definition
musical ensemble that accompanies the noh theater; four instruments: nohkan, and three small drums
Term
kabuki
Definition
type of theater that became widely popular in the 18th century; very acrobatic; form of classical theater;
Term
debayashi
Definition
the core of kabuki music; made up of four to eight shamisen players and a chours of male singers
Term
shitakata
Definition
ensemble in kabuki theater; uses the standard noh ensemble of nohkan flute, o-tsuzumi, ko-tsuzumi, and taiko; along with a chorus and the occasional flute