Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Surgery
Surgery
17
Veterinary Medicine
09/05/2012

Additional Veterinary Medicine Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term

 

 

 

Disease

 

 

 

 

 

Definition

 

any process that detrimentally interferes with the functioning of an organism

Term

 

 

 

Microbe

Definition

 

 

micro organism (MO) 

a living organism too small to be seen with the unaided eye

Term

 

 

 

Pathogen

Definition

 

 

micro organism capable of causing disease

Term

 

 

 

Infection

Definition

 

 

relationship between a parasite and its host, which may cause disease if the parasite is a pathogen.  Having greater then 10 ^5 bacteria  per gram of tissue

Term

 

 

 

Micro Flora

Definition

 

Normal Flora

micro organisms normally found in healthy animals which may cause disease in debilitated animals or if transferred to other organs of the body.  This is referred to as opportunists/opportunitistic micro organisms

i.e. E coli when outside the intestine causes peritonitis

Term

 

 

 

Surgical asepsis

Definition

 

 

methods and practices used to prevent contamination in surgery; involves proper prep of environment, surgical site, surgical team, and surgical equipment

Term

 

 

 

Resistance

Definition

 

 

sum of all factors contributing to the ability of the animal to overcome invasion by pathogens

i.e.  the resistance of an animal subjected to surgery is decreased and the animal must be protected against infection by aseptic techniques

Term

 

 

 

Sepsis

Definition

 

 

presence of pathogens (or their toxic by-products) in the blood or tissues of patients

Term

 

 

 

Asepsis

Definition

 

 

the absence of bacteria, viruses and other micro organisms in living tissue

Term

 

 

 

Sanitation

Definition

 

 

any cleansing measure intended to prevent disease and promote health

i.e.  routine cleaning of cages, floors, buckets, and sinks to remove soil, saliva, urine, and feces

Term

 

 

 

Bacteriostatic

Definition

 

 

inhibits growth

does NOT destroy bacteria

Term

 

 

 

Nosocomial Infection

Definition

 

 

infection that originates in a hospital or hospital like setting

Term

 

 

 

Non-sterile

Definition

 

 

any item that has not undergone a sterilization procedure

Term

 

 

 

Disinfectant

Definition

 

 

agents uses on inanimate objects;

a chemical or physical agent that is applied to inanimate objects to kill microbes

Term

 

 

Antiseptic

Definition

 

 

agents used on living tissue - often diluted disinfectants.  Typically an antiseptic is a chemical agent that is appiled to living tissue to kill microbes.  Note that not all disinfectants are antiseptics because an antiseptic additionally must not be so harsh that it damages living tissue.  With this constraint imposed on antiseptics, in general antiseptics are either not as cheap or not as effective at killing microbes as disinfectants

Term
Fenestrated sterile draping
Definition

precut opening if cloth;

placed over entire operating site and secured with towel clips

Term
Definition