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Study Guide Quiz IV
Chapters 13 and 14
59
Psychology
05/03/2009

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Term
The unique way each individual thinks, acts, and feels is called _____.
Definition
Personality
Term
Sigmund Freud's theory came at a time in history when the predominant attitude toward sex was ______.
Definition
Sex should take place only in marriage and to make babies.
Term
Many have compared Freud's idea of the mind to an iceberg. If that were the case and you were standing on the deck of a ship in Alaska , what part of the mind would you see above the water?
Definition
Conscious
Term
Which of Freud's levels of consciousness consists of thoughts and feelings that can be easily brought into immediate awareness?
Definition
Preconscious
Term
For Freud, thoughts and feelings that are well below the surface of awareness and cannot normally be recalled are in the _____ mind.
Definition
Unconscious
Term
The pleasure principle is associated with which element of Freud's personality theory?
Definition
id - unconscious
Term
There were three friends. Harry was rational, logical, and cunning. Hermione was rule oriented, moral, and always ethical. Ron was pleasure seeking, found it hard to delay gratification, and usually just did what he wanted. According to Freud, Harry was mostly ______.
Definition
Ego
Term
The superego develops _____.
Definition
Asa preschool aged child learns rules, customs, and expectations of society.
Term
According to Freud, the result of conflict between the id and superego is ______.
Definition
id: devil and angel ego. Id makes demands, superego puts restrictions
Term
Dan plays the trumpet, is on the debate team, bites his nails, and chews gum. Freud might say Dan was fixated in the _____ stage.
Definition
Oral
Term
Steve is extremely uptight and compulsively neat and orderly. According to Freudian theory, he became fixated at the ______ stage of psychosexual development.
Definition
Anal
Term
On which of the following traits would you expect a person described as "anal expulsive" to obtain an elevated score?
Definition
"Slobs"
Term
Four-year-old Larry squeezes between his Mommy and Daddy as they sit together on the couch. He cuddles with his mommy and pushes his daddy away. This illustrates which Freudian concept?
Definition
Phallic
Term
Jill is an 8-year-old girl who is having a birthday party. According to Freud, since Jill is in the latency period, whom would you expect to be at her party?
Definition
All girls
Term
In which psychosexual stage do sexual interests reawaken and become stronger?
Definition
Genital
Term
Which neo-Freudian viewed personality disturbances as resulting from the feelings of inferiority all people share?
Definition
Adler
Term
According to Karen Horney, men had _____.
Definition
Felt the need to compensate for lack of child hearing ability by striving for success in other areas.
Term
Which neo-Freudian theorist believed social relationships were the key to understanding personality?
Definition
Erikson
Term
For the behaviorist, personality is a set of learned responses or ______.
Definition
Habits
Term
A baseball player's son is quite talented; he has recieved lots of awards over the years. When he gets up to bat he expects to get a hit, and when he is in the field he expects to make every catch.
According to Bandura, what characteristics does this young man seem to have?
Definition
Reciprocal Determinism
Term
What do Abraham Maslow's and Carl Roger's theories have in common?
Definition
Believed humans are striving to fulfill their innate capacities
Term
What are the Big Five personality traits?
Definition
Openness, conscientiousness extraversion, agreeableness and neurotics
Term
The field of _____ is devoted to the study of just how much of personality is due to inherited traits.
Definition
Behavioral Genetics
Term
What major conclusions about personality traits emerged from the Minnesota twin study?
Definition
Identical twins are more similar than fraternal twins or unrelated people in intelligence.
Term
Which personality test relies on the interpretation of inkblots to understand personality?
Definition
Roschach Inkblot
Term
All of the following are projective tests EXCEPT the _____.
Definition
MMPI, true life situation
Term
What is one criticism of projective tests?
Definition
It is based on art not on science.
Term
The most commonly used personality inventory is the _____.
Definition
MMPI - 2
Term
What is the branch of psychology that is concerned with the study of abnormal behavior?
Definition
Psychopathology
Term
For those people in the Middle Ages who believed abnormal behavior resulted from spirit possession, the treatment of choice was ______.
Definition
Trepanning
Term
What is the primary difficulty with applying the criterion of "social norm deviance " to define abnormal behavior?
Definition
Cultures norms are different from situational context.
Term
Any behavior that does not allow a person to function within or adapt to the stresses and everyday demands of life is considered ______?
Definition
Maladaptive
Term
Any pattern of behavior that causes people significant distress, causes harm to others, or harms their ability to function in daily is called
------.
Definition
Psychological disorders
Term
Joanna is experiencing severe anxiety. Her psychiatrist attributes her disorder to a chemical imbalance. Her psychiatrist is using the _____ of abnormality.
Definition
Subjective Discomfort
Term
The psychoanalytical model holds that abnormal behavior is the result of _____.
Definition
Thought - various forms of emotional, behavioral - related malfunction
Term
According to the cognative perspective, disordered behavior is the result of ______.
Definition
Illogical Thinking Patterns
Term
What do psychologists call disorders that are found only in particular cultures?
Definition
Biopsychosocial model
Term
The primary purpose of the DSM-IV-TR is to ______
Definition
Help psychological professionals diagnose psychological disorders
Term
Excessive or unrealaistic fearfulness and anxiety are characteristics of ______.
Definition
Anxiety disorder
Term
Free-floating anxiety refers to anxiety that is _____.
Definition
Unrealed to any realistic, known factor and it is often symptom of an anxiety disorder.
Term
An axiety disorder that involves a fear of interacting with others or being in a social situation is called _____.
Definition
Phobia
Term
Fears of snakes, thunderstorms, darkness, and water are classified as _______ phobias.
Definition
Specific
Term
Your aunt has a fear that makes it difficult for her to leace her home. She feels trapped and is unable to work or engage in any kind of activity that requires her going outside of her home. You are not surprised when you find out your aunt is diagnosed with _______
Definition
Agoraphobia
Term
A disorder in which intruding thoughts that occur again and again are followed by repetitive, ritualistic behavior meant to lower the anxiety caused by the thoughts is called _______ disorder.
Definition
Obsessive compulsive
Term
Which of the following is the term used to describe a sudden onset of extreme panic with various symptoms including racing heart, rapid breathing, and sweating?
Definition
Panic attack
Term
The psychoanalytical model views anxiety as _____.
Definition
Danger signal that repressed urges or conflicts threatening to surface
Term
The behavioral perspective views anxiety as ______.
Definition
behavioral reactions are learned
Term
Which of the following is a disorder that takes the form of bodily ailment that has no physical cause?
Definition
Hypochondiacs
Term
A person who is preoccupied with every sensation of her body, worries excessively about getting ill, and continuously goes to doctors who never find anything physically wrong with her is likely to be diagnosed with ______.
Definition
Somatization disorder.
Term
A person who expiriences rather dramatic and specific symptoms such as blindness, paralysis, deafness, or numbness or certain body parts, none of which have real physical causes, and exhibits lack of concern about the symptom will probably be diagnosed with ______.
Definition
Conversion Disorder
Term
The police find a man who is disheveled and in a daze wandering through the downtown area. When the police ask him for his name, he seems bewildered. A search if missing persons photographs reveals that this man was reported missing three months ago in a town no more than 700 miles away.
Definition
Dissociative Amnesia
Term
Major depression, dysthymia, and biopolar disorder are all examples of ______ disorders
Definition
mood
Term
A person who suffers from bipolar disorder alternates between _______.
Definition
Emotions
Term
Which of the following is the biological explanation for mood disorders?
Definition
Effects of brain chemicals: Serotonin and dopamine
Term
A patient in a psychiatric hospital exhibits disordered thinking, bizarre behavior, and hallicinations. This erson is suffering from ______.
Definition
Schizophrenia
Term
Nick is admitted to a mental institution because he hears voices talking to him that no one else can hear, and he sees demons attacking him, though no one else could see anything near him. Nick's symptoms are known as ______.
Definition
Hallucinations
Term
Which of the following statements might someone with a bilogical perspective make about schizophrenia?
Definition
Genetic origins, chemical influences.
Term
Marty is moody, manipulative, unstable, lacks a clear sense of identity, and oftens clings to others. He wants to have close relationships but is unable to do so because he is untrusting of others. Marty is suffering from _______ personality disorder.
Definition
Borderline
Term
_______ is a mood disorder that is caused by the body's reaction to low levels of light present in the winter months?
Definition
Seasonal Affective Disorder