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Spindletop Oil Boom
the spindletop economic boom in Texas
27
History
04/20/2009

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Term
Boomtown
Definition
A town that has experienced great economic growth.
Term
Spindletop Gusher
Definition
Spindletop is a salt dome oil field in south Beaumont, TX.
Term
The Gusher
Definition
The Spindletop Gusher was a large derrick at Spindletop hill it soon became a symbol of Texas's wealth during the early 1900's.
Term
Anthony Lucas
Definition
Anthony Lucas was born in 1855 in Austria. Before becomeing a mining engineer, he served the Austrian navy. He decided to move to America after he visited his uncle, in 1879. he managed operations for a mining company and became an expert on salt domes.
Term
The Big Boom
Definition
The Spindletop derrick burst in 1901 creating the largest economic boom in Texas. It then produced between 70,000 - 100,000 barrels per day!
Term
Petroleum
Definition
a thick, oily liquid found deep in the Earth, used in natural or refined state as fuel.
Term
Reserve
Definition
A supply of a natural resource that is known to exist but has not yet been used.
Term
Lease
Definition
To contract or to use something for a set period of time in exchange for a fee.
Term
Geologist
Definition
A scientist who studies the origin, history, and structure of the earth.
Term
Derrick
Definition
A framework or tower over an oil well used to support the drilling equipment.
Term
Boom
Definition
A time of great economic growth.
Term
Natural Gas
Definition
A fossil fuel formed deep inside earth, often found with oil.
Term
Refinery
Definition
A plant where raw petroleum is purified and is made into other products such as gasoline or kerosene.
Term
Wildcatters
Definition
Person who drills wells hoping to find oil in areas not known to be oil fields.
Term
Petrochemicals
Definition
A chemical made from petroleum or natural gas.
Term
Synthetic Rubber
Definition
Rubber that comes from chemicals rather than from plants.
Term
Toxic Waste
Definition
Poisonous by-product from chemical production.
Term
Effect on the Economic Boom
Definition
- Oil has been used for years
- University of Texas had an operating oil well on its land for years.
- Gas for transportation
- People all over Texas are buying land to build wells on.
Term
Beaumont, Texas
Definition
this is where the spindletop was located
Term
How was oil discovered??
Definition
Oil is actually petroleum.It is found deep under earths surface and sometimes it bubbles up to the surface. People who looked for it in 1900 got lucky and found it often on the top of lakes and oceans.
Term
How did oil form??
Definition
Oil is a fossil fuel. Millions of years ago fish and plants died and decayed into the bottem of the sea & they were buried layers and layers under the sea. The pressure and the temperature made it oil.
Term
Early Uses of Oil
Definition
- Egyptions used it to prepair for burial.
- Medievil knights used it for shining of swords and sheilds.
- Asphalt
Term
How did Spindletop get its name??
Definition
If you are wondering where the name "Spindletop" came from. Well the name dates as far back as before the Civil War. One theory about the origin of Spindletop's name has to do with a grove of trees on the hill. Supposedly, because of heat waves rising from the surrounding prairie, the grove of trees had the appearance of a spinning top.
Term
Time Line
Definition
1865- George Washington believed that Spindletop hill had oil.
1899-Captain Anthony F. Lucas was convinced that there was oil at Spindletop Hill.
1901- THE GUSHER BLEW!!!
1903-Overproduction of oil at Spindletop Hill had ruined many wells and the oil field had begun to decline.
2001- 100TH ANIVERSERY

Term
Pattillo Higgins
Definition
Pattillo Higgins left the company and teamed with Captain Anthony F. Lucas, the leading expert in the U.S. on salt dome formations.
Term
How much oil did Spindletop produce?
Definition
Spindletop has produced 155,700,000 barrels of oil. A barrel of crude oil amounts to 42 gallons.
Term
Ghost Stories about Spindletop Hill
Definition
Many ghost stories have been associated with Spindletop Hill. Here are some examples:
Ghosts come out from under the ground when people, who are looking for oil, go to Spindletop Hill and poke holes in the earth. The ghosts are angry and come out to chase the people away.
Another ghost story says that an old Indian woman was spotted on Spindletop Hill dancing with the ghosts. People believed that the ghosts gave her great power.