Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Speech
Test 1
72
Language - Other
02/08/2007

Additional Language - Other Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
empowerment
Definition
Having resources, info, and attituedes that lead to action and achieve a desired goal
Term
source
Definition
the public speaker
Term
encode
Definition
to translate ideas and images into verbal or nonverbal symbols
Term
code
Definition
a verbal or nonverbal symbol for an idea or image
Term
message
Definition
The content of a speech and the mode of its delivery.
Term
decode
Definition
to translate symbols into ideas or images
Term
channel
Definition
the viual and auditory means by which a message is transmitted from sender to reciever.
Term
reciever
Definition
a listener or an audience member
Term
external noise
Definition
physical sounds that interfere with communication
Term
internal noise
Definition
physiological or psychological interference with communication.
Term
feedback
Definition
verbal or nonverbal responses provided by an audience to a speaker
Term
context
Definition
the environment or situation in which a speech occurs
Term
rhetoric
Definition
the use of words and symbols to achieve a goal
Term
declamation
Definition
the delivery of an already famous speech
Term
elocution
Definition
the expression of emotion through poture, movemtn, gesures, facial expression and voice
Term
general purpose
Definition
the overaching goal of a speech-- to imform, persuade or entertain.
Term
specific purpose
Definition
a concise statement of the desired audience response, indicating what you want your lsteners to remember, feel, or do when you finish speaking.
Term
central idea
Definition
a one sentence summary of the speech content
Term
main idea
Definition
the key points of a speech
Term
invention
Definition
the development of discovery of ideas and insights
Term
disposition
Definition
the organization and arrangment of ideas and illustrations.
Term
select
Definition
to single out a message from several compteting messesges
Term
attend
Definition
to focus on or select incoming information for futher processing
Term
understand
Definition
to assign meaning to the stimuli to which you attend
Term
remember
Definition
to recall ideas and info
Term
prejudice
Definition
the process of fomring preconcieved opinions, attitudes, and beliefes, about a person place, thing or message.
Term
reciever apprehension
Definition
the fear of misunderstnading or misinterpreting the spoken message of others.
Term
listening styles
Definition
preferred ways of making sense out of spoken messages
Term
people oriented listerner
Definition
someone who is comfortable listening to others express feelings and emotions
Term
action oriented listener
Definition
someone who prefers information that is well organized, brief, and accurate
Term
content oriented listeners
Definition
someone who prefers message taht are supported with facts and details
Term
time oriented listeners
Definition
someone who likes succinct messages
Term
critical listening
Definition
evaluating the quality of information, ideas, and argument presented by a speaker
Term
critical thinking
Definition
making judgemnts about the conclusions presented in what you see, hear and read.
Term
fact
Definition
something that has been proven to be true by direct observation.
Term
evidence
Definition
the facts, examples, opinoin, and stats that a speaker uses to support and conclusion.
Term
logic
Definition
a formal system of rules used to reach a conclusion.
Term
reasoning
Definition
the process of drawing a conclusion from evidence
Term
rhetorical criticism
Definition
the process of using a method of standards to eveluate the effectiveness of appropieatness of messages
Term
symbols
Definition
words, images, and behaviors that create meaning.
Term
rhetorical strategies
Definition
methods and techniques that speakers use to achieve thier speaking goals.
Term
demographics
Definition
stats about the age, race, gender, sexual orientaion, education level, and religions views of an audience.
Term
open-ended questions
Definition
questions that allow fro unrestricted answers by not limiting answers to choices or alternatives.
Term
close-ended questions
Definition
questions that offer alternatives from which to choose, such as true/false, or multiple choice.
Term
audience analysis
Definition
the process of examining informtion about those who are expected to listen to a speech.
Term
common ground
Definition
similarities between a speaker and audience members in attitudes, values beliefs or behaviors.
Term
audience adaptation
Definition
the process of ethically using informtaion about an audience in order to adapt one's message so that it is clear and achieves the speaking objective
Term
Demographica audience analysis
Definition
analyzing an audience by examining demogrphic info so as to develop and clear and effective message.
Term
sex
Definition
a person's biological status as male or female, anatomoy
Term
gender
Definition
the culturally constructed and psychologically based perception of one's self as feminine or masculine.
Term
culture
Definition
a learned system of knowledge, behavior, attitudes, beliefs, values, and norms that is shared by a group of people
Term
ethnicity
Definition
that portion of a person's cultural background that relates to a national or religious heritage.
Term
race
Definition
a person's biological heritage
Term
ethnocentrism
Definition
the assumption that one's own cultural perspectives and methods are superior to those of other cultures.
Term
socieconomic status
Definition
a person's percieved importance and influence based on income, occupation and education level.
Term
target audience
Definition
a specific segment of an audience that you most want to influence.
Term
psychological audience analysis
Definition
Analyzing the attitudes, beliefs, values, and other psychological info about an audience in order to develp and clear and effective message.
Term
attitude
Definition
an individual's likes or dislikes
Term
belief
Definition
an individuals perception of what is true or false.
Term
value
Definition
enduring concept of good and bad, right or wrong.
Term
situational audience analysis
Definition
an examination of the time and place of a speech, the audience size, and the speaking occasion in order to develop a clear and effectiv message.
Term
Why Study Public Speaking?
Definition
empowerment and Employment
Term
Public Speaking VS Coversation
Definition
Public speaking is... planned, formal, and roles of speaker and audience clearly defined.
Term
Communication as Action
Definition
(Source-->Channel-->Reciever)
Term
Communication as Interaction
Definition
(Source-->CHannel-->REciever-->feedback --> source)
-Context
Term
Communication as Transaction
Definition
(Source <--> Reciever)
Term
Understand your nervousness
Definition
-your body summons more energy to deal with the confilict you are facing.
-fight or flight
-You are exprienceing physiological changes because of your psychological state.
-caused by fear of failure.

**YOu are going to feel more nervous than you look
**Almost every speaker experiences some degree of nervousness
**Anxiety can be useful
Term
average style
Definition
generally have a postitive approach to communicating in public, speaking performance highest.
Term
insensitive style
Definition
if you have had previous speaking experience. you tend to be less sensitive to apprehension. Make you moderatly successful
Term
inflexible style
Definition
highest heart rate when speaking.
Term
confrontation style
Definition
have very high heart rate as you begin presenting a speech, then it tapers off
Term
Build your Confidence
Definition
-Don't procrastinate in preparing
-know you audience
-select an appropiate topic
-be prepared
-develope and deliver a well organized speech
-know you into and conclusion
-re create the speech environment when you practice-
-use DEEP breathing techs.
-channel you nervous energy
-visualize you sucess
-give youself a mental pep talk.
-focus on the message rather than the fear
-look for positive listener support
-seek speaking opportunities