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Sociology
Final
40
Sociology
12/13/2007

Additional Sociology Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
A Society made up of many differnt religious, racial, and ethical groups would be best described as?
Definition
A pluralistic Society
Term
A tendency to use our own groups way of doing things as a yardstick for judging othier is called?
Definition
Ethnocentrism
Term
The notion that only the fittest members of society deserve to survive and that social programs to help the poor will ultimately weaken the social order is a doctrine know as?
Definition
Social Darwinism
Term
The expectations, or rules of behavior, that develop out of values are referred to by sociologists as?
Definition
Norms
Term
When a group has a distinctive way of looking at life, but at teh same time their values and norms reflect that dominant culture of their society, the group would be considered a?
Definition
Subculture
Term
Another term for Freud's concept of the superego is?
Definition
conscience
Term
Gestures, language, values and social norms are examples of?
Definition
non-material culture
Term
According to Robert Merton, the intended beneficial consequences of peoples actions that hep a social system to be more efficient are?
Definition

manifest functions

Term
Which of the following qualities least qualifies as a part of ones social environment?
Definition

their intellectual capability

(school they attend/neighborhood live/their family)

Term
The first African American to earn a doctoral degree form Harvard University was?
Definition
W.E.B DuBois
Term
Which of the following media least qualifies as being a form of mass media?
Definition

academic jounals

(box-office Hollywood films/television/video games)

Term

The process of learning new norms, values, attituedes, and behaviors is called?

Definition
Resocialization
Term
Which of the following descriptions is least applicable to material culture?
Definition

Religious doctrine that permits a man to have several wives.

(lead pencil/advertisment for victoria secret/space shuttle)

Term

Together, the stages were pass through from birth to death, including chiildhood, adolescence, transitional adulthood, the middle years, and the older years, are called?

Definition
the life course
Term

Wayne always wears a lapel pin on his suit signifying that he was the recipient of the Medal of Honor when he was in the service. Usually, only veterans recognize what the pin actually means. In view of this, which of the following terms best describes

Definition
It is a symbol to which people attach meaning.
Term
After having a successfully negotiated an improtant business contract with a major client, Phil's boss congratulated him and promised him a significant pay rise. In this situation, Phil has recieved what sociologist call a?
Definition
positive sanction
Term
Viewing society as composed of groups that engage in fierce competition for scarce resources is the underlying premise in?
Definition
Conflict theory
Term
Herbert Spencer believed that societies evolved from lower to higher forms because as gnerations pass, the most capable and intelligent members of societ prosper while the less capable die out. Spencer referred to this process as?
Definition

The survival of the fittest

Term
When American servicemen occupied Japan following World War II, the japanese watched the Americans playing baseball, appreciated the sport, and adopted it themselves. Today, baseball is one of the most popular sports in Japan. This adoption of baseball by
Definition
Cultural Diffusion
Term
The stage in the life course where an individual begins to reorient his/her thinking from the time since birth to the time left to live is?
Definition
The later middle years
Term
In 1965, sociologist Robin Williams identified 12 core values held by Americans. Later, three additional values (educaiton, religiosity, and romantic love) were added to this list by sociologist?
Definition
James Henslin
Term
Jimmy and Alex are doing a survey on the opinion undergraduate student have regarding academic services at their university. There are 12,000 undergraduate students at their university, but they plan to only survey 2,000 of them. In view of this, the 12,0
Definition

population; sample

Term
Fred has just joined a fraternity. As part of his initiation, he has been forced to strip naked and roll in a tub of mud. This is an example of what Harold Garfinkel termed?
Definition
a degradation ceremony
Term
Leo, Matthew, Ryan, Meg, Isabelle, and Francis have progressed through elementary school together, are all in the middle school orchestra, and belong to many of the same after school activites. Together, theya re constitute a....
Definition
Peer Group
Term
Which of the followin would be the best example of a total institution?
Definition
a mental hospital
Term
Although personal computers have become efficient, cost effective, and user friendly, amny people refuse to learn how to use them or to adapt to the emerging technology. This is an example of what William Ogburn would refer to as?
Definition
cultural lag
Term
The textbook credits sociology as first taking root in North America in 1890 at which of the following universities? 
Definition
The University of Kansas
Term
Which of the following phrases best describes a random sample?
Definition
Everyone in the population has the same chance of being included in the study.
Term
Which of the following is not one of the three stages in George Herbert Mead's model on the development of the self?
Definition
Self-actualization stge
Term
What is the underlying principle of symbolic interactionism?
Definition
It explains how one's behaviordepends on the way they define themselves and others.
Term
Margie is on an educational trip to a village in Africa. One evening her African hosts served a stew containing giant red ants and other insects. After dinner, Margie asked what was in the delicious stew she just enjoyed. When her host told her, Margie be
Definition
Culture shock
Term

As we proceed on our life course, the events we expreience are largely influenced by

Definition
our social location and the time period in which we were born.
Term
the basic premise of Piaget's model of development, which has remained underchanged, is that:
Definition
children begin with the concrete and move to the abstract.
Term
How did Karl Marx and Max Weber differ in their theoretical assumptions?
Definition
Marx believed economics was the central force of social change and Weber claimed it was religion
Term
What are sociologist referring to when they address the culture within us?
Definition
The learned and shared ways of believing and doing that are a part of our behavior
Term

T or F

Although sociologists share some disagreement among what constitutes unethical behavior, research ethics clearly forbids the falsification of results

Definition
T.
Term

T or F

Theorists using the symbolic interactionist perspective usually focus on social interaction as a macro-level of analysis

Definition
F.
Term

T or F

Studies on the effects of daycare show the more time a child spends in daycare the weaker the bond is with their mothers

Definition

T

Term

T or F

Karl marx believed that the bitter struggle between capitalists and workers would only end when the workers united in revolution to form a classless society

Definition
T
Term
Definition