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sociology test #3
rogers
25
Sociology
04/30/2012

Additional Sociology Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term

How do sociologist differentiate between sex and gender?

A. Sex is biological; gender is social

B. Both relate to genetics, but hormones influence gender more.

C. Sex comes from DNA; gender comes from hormones

D. Sex is genetic; gender is about primary and secondary sex characteristics

Definition
A. Sex is brological; gender is social
Term

What sort of social mobility is possible in a caste system?

A. Social mobility is possible across generations, but not within a generation

B. A great deal of social mobility occurs

C. A small but significant percentage of each generation wil experience upward social mobility

D. There is little or no chance of social mobility

Definition
D. There is little or no chance of social mobility
Term

What has modern science determined about racial categories?

A. There greater diversity between racial populations than within them

B. Biologically there is no such thing as a pure race

C. Some racial groups are genetically predisposed to be more intelligent than others

D. Some racial groups are gentically predisposed to be more athleically inclined than others.

Definition
B. Biologically there is no such thing as a pure race
Term

What system of strtification is commonly used in capitalist societies?

A. Gender

B. Social class

C. Social caste

D. Slavery

Definition
B. Social class
Term

The roles, traits, and behaviors that are associated with a particular gender are called:

A. Social learning

B. Instrumental roles

C. A sexual continuum

D. Gender identity

Definition
D. Gender identity
Term

How do sociologists define race?

A. An inherited set of predispositions

B. A group with a shared cultural heritage

C. The same way they define ethnicity

D. A social category based on real or perceived biological differences

Definition
D. A social category based on real or perceived biological differences
Term

What criteria does a social class system use to stratify its members?

A. Heredity

B. Type of job

C. Wealth, power, and prestige

D. Only income

E. Race

Definition
C. Wealth, power, and prestige
Term

What two roles did the structuralist Talcott Parsons identify within the family?

A. Conflicting and conciliatory

B. Instrumental and expressive

C. Interactionist and noninteractionist

D. Masculine and feminine

 

Definition
B. Instrumental and expressive
Term

How do sociologists define ethnicity?

A. People who share a common physical characteristic

B. People with the same skin color

C. A group with a shared ancestry or shared cultural heritage

D. The same way they define race

Definition
C. A group with a shared ancestry or shared cultural heritage
Term

What do most Americans claim about their class status?

A. They are upper class

B. They are lower class

C. They are middle class

D. They don't feel they have a class status, or they are unaware of it

Definition
C. They are middle class
Term

Sociologists who examine the ways that gender is constructed and maintained in our everyday lives tend to come from which school of social theory?

A. Essentialism

B. Symbolic interactionism

C. Structural functionism

D. Conflict theory

Definition
B. Symbolic interactionism
Term

When someone who doesn't typically identify as Irish puts on a green har, drinks green beer, and wears a "Kiss me, I'm Irish" t-shirt on St. Patrick's Day, it is an example of:

A. Posing

B. Prejudice

C. Disembodied identities

D. Symbolic ethnicity

Definition
D. Symbolic ethnicity
Term

How is Max Weber's idea of social class different from Karl Marx's?

A. Weber did not believe that owning the means of production mattered in any way.

B. Weber believed that class status was inherited and was an extension of the old feudal system

C. Weber believed that wealth was the only factor that mattered, regardless of how that wealth is acquired

D. Weber believed that wealth, power, and prestige could all affect a person's social class

Definition
D. Weber believed that wealth, power, and prestige could all affect a person's social class
Term

Which of the following is NOT one of the four major agents of socialization?

A. Peers

B. Schools

C. Families

D. Malls

Definition
D. Malls
Term

How do sociologist define a minority group?

A. A group that makes up less than 50 percent of the total population

B. A group that makes up less than 20 percent of the total population

C. A group whose member suffer from unequal treatment

D. A group that is smaller than the dominant group

Definition
C. A group whose memebr suffer from unequal treatment
Term

A set of beliefs about the superiority of one racial or ethic group compared to another is:

A. Discrimination

B. Racism

C. Prejudice

D. Pluralism

Definition
B. Racism
Term

Social movements organized around a belief in the social, political, and economic equality of the sexes are called:

A. Structural functionalism

B. Men's liberationism

C. Queer theory

D. Feminism

Definition
D. Feminism
Term

Being born into a lower social class means that an individual will be:

A. More likely to become a victim of a violent crime

B. More likely to feel at risk of being harrassed by law enforcement

C. More likely to be caught if he commits a crime

D. All of the above

Definition
D. All of the above
Term

What issue is first-wave feminism most strongly associated with?

A. Sexual harassment

B. Women's suffrage

C. Education and equality in the classroom

D. Equal opportunity in the workplace

Definition
B. Women's suffrage
Term

How is prejudice different form discrimination?

A. Prejudice is an action, discrimination an attitude

B. Prejudice can onl be negative, discrimination can be either negative or positive

C. Prejudice only occurs within minority groups, but discrimination can happen anywhere

D. Prejudice is an attitude, discrimination is an action

Definition
D. Prejudice is an attitude, discrimination is an action
Term

Social mobility that occurs over that course of an individual's lifetime is called:

A. Life-cycle mobility

B. Intragenerational mobility

C. Structural mobility

D. Intergenerational mobility

Definition
D. Intergenerational mobility
Term

How is "hooking up" as a social system different from more traditional dating patterns?

A. There really isn't much of a difference

B. In "hook ups," physical intimacy comes before getting to know each other.

C. "Hook ups" are just one night stands and don't lead to relationships

D. "Hooking ups" is seen as more meaningful than traditional dating

 

Definition
B. In "hook ups," physical intimacy comes before getting to know each other.
Term

How is instituational discrimination different from individual discrimination?

A. Instituational discrimination involves attitudes or opinions

B. Instituational discrimination can be either positive or negative

C. Instituational discrimination is more systematic and widespread

D. Instituational discrimination is less harmful

Definition
C. Instituational discrimination is more systematic and widespread
Term

According to conflict theory, what is the real source of racism?

A. The need for social solidarity and group cohesion

B. The people who attempt to live as if they were members of a different racial group

C. The struggle for power and control

D. The desire for assimilation

Definition
C.The struggle for power and control
Term

In 2008, the U.S. Census Bureau defined the poverty threshold for a family of four at:

A. $62,050

B. $42,000

C. $30,500

D. $21,200

Definition
D. $21,200