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Sociology of Aging Midterm
Vocab terms
31
Sociology
02/01/2012

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Term
Life Course Perspective
Definition
Understanding old age as part of the entire course of human life
Term
Age Differentiation
Definition

"Act your age"

Different roles or behaviors are considered appropriate depending on whether we are a toddler, teenager, or adult, etc

Term
Age Grading
Definition
The way people are assigned different roles in society depending on their age
Term
Age Stratification
Definition
A person's position in the age structure affects their behavior and attitudes
Term
Social Clock
Definition

Concerns the appropriate age for life events

"on time" & "off time"

Term
Rites of Passage
Definition

Special events that mark the transition from one role to another

(bar mitzvah, confirmatin, marriage)

Term
Modernization Theory of Aging
Definition

the status of elderly declines s societies become more modern

(Status of old age was low in hunting-and-gathering societies)

Term
Disengagement Theory
Definition

looks at old age as a time when both the older person and society engage in mutual separation 

(retirement from work)

Term
The Activity Theory
Definition

the more active people are, the more likely they are to be satisfied with life;

most people in old age continue with the same roles and life activites established earlier because they have to continue to have the same needs and values

Term
The Continuity Theory
Definition
people who grow older are inclined to maintain as much as they can the same habits, personality, and style of life they developed in earlier years
Term
Ageism
Definition

widely shared prejudice of older people

age-as-decline

Term
Learned Helplessness
Definition
dependency and depression reinforced by the external environment
Term
Locus of Control
Definition

losing the ability to control such basic matters as bedtime and mealtime choices

(nursing home residents)

Term
Cross-Sectional Methodology
Definition
Looking at the physical function of people at different chronological ages, but at a single point in time
Term
Birth Cohort
Definition
generation
Term
Biomarkers
Definition
biological indicators that can indentify features of the basic process of aging
Term
Reserve Capacity
Definition
the ability of teh body to recover from assults and withstand peak-load demands, as during physical exertion
Term
Functional Age
Definition
age measured by biomarkers
Term
Lifespan
Definition
maximum time for how long a member of that species can survive
Term
Life Expectancy
Definition
the average number of years an individual may be expected to live
Term
Antagonistic Pleiotropy
Definition

the idea of a trait beneficial in early life by harmful in later life

(sickle cell anemia able to fight off malaria)

Term
Cognitive Theory of Aging
Definition
argues that it is perception of change, rather than actual objective change that has the most impact on behavior
Term
Spiritual Well-Being
Definition
self-determined wisdome, self-transcendence, the discovery o fmeaning in aging, acceptance of the totality of life, revival of spirituality, and preparation for death
Term
Aging Effects
Definition

effects brought a obut by the physiological process of again, along with social responses by others to those effects

(ex. gray hair and reserce capacity tends to diminsh)

Term
Period Effects
Definition

effects that are affecting all age groups in society at the same time 

(ex. the change in communication promted by the internet and email)

Term
Cohort Effects
Definition

effects

associated with events affecting groups of people during the same years

(ex. children of the Great Depression who experienced financial hardship shaped lifelong attitiudes towards money)

Term
Normal Aging
Definition
a timed-dependent series of cumulative, progressive, intrinsic, and harmful changes that begin to manifest themselves at reproductive maturity and eventually end in death
Term
Activities of Daily Living (ADLs)
Definition
bathing, dressing, or preparing meals
Term
Geriatrics
Definition
the medical specialty of old age
Term
Epidemiology
Definition
the use of statistical techniques to study the distribution of diseases in human populations
Term
Definition