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Sociology chapter 6
A Down to Earth Approach 9e
10
Sociology
02/23/2009

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Term
society
Definition
people who share a culture and a territory
Term
group
Definition
people who have something in common and who believe that what they have in common is significant; also called social group
Term
hunting and gathering society
Definition
a human group that depends on hunting and gathering for its survival
Term
shaman
Definition
the healing specialist of a tribe who attempts to control the spirits thought to cause a disease or injury; commonly called a witch doctor
Term
pastoral society
Definition
a society based on the pastoring of animals
Term
horticultural society
Definition
a society based on cultivating plants by the use of handtools
Term
domestication revolution
Definition
the first social revolution, based on the domestication of plants and animals, which led to pastoral and horticultural societies
Term
agricultural revolution
Definition
the second social revolution, based on the invention of the plow, which let to agricutural societies
Term
agricultural society
Definition
a society based on large scale agriculture, plows drawn by animals are the source of food production
Term
Industrial revolution
Definition
the third social revolution, occurring when machines powered by fuels replaced most animal and human power