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Social Work Vocabulary
All Needed Social Work Terms
90
Sociology
04/15/2009

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Cards

Term
Single-Subject Design
Definition
Often used in a clinical situation to evalvuate the effectiveness of an intervention
Term
Family Therapy
Definition
Intervention by a professional social worker or other family therapist with a group or family members who are typically considered to be a single unit of attention. The approach focuses on the whole system of individuals interpersonal patterns and communication patterns
Term
Autonomy
Definition

An individuals sense of being capable of independent action.

 

Ability to provide for one's own needs.

 

Independent from the control of others

Term
Homeostasis
Definition
A state of balance or equilibrium in a system. The existence of a built-in self-regulating mechanism that assures balance or equilibrium in systems.
Term
Altruism
Definition
Unselfish regard for the wellbeing for others accompanied by motivation to give money, goods, services and companionship
Term
Saul Alusky
Definition
  • Pioneer in commonality
  • Organization based in Chicago
  • He developed innovative tactics and methods for effectively mobilizing a community
Term
Accountability
Definition
State of being answerable to the community consumers of a product or services reveal clealy what its functions and methods are and to provide assurances to clients that its practices meet specific standards of competence.
Term
Mary Richmond
Definition
Social reformer of the 1800s who worked for return in prisons and insane asylums
Term
Variance
Definition
A measure of dispersion within the distribution of events.
Term
Informed Consent
Definition
Granting permission by the client to use specific interventions, follow-up, research, diagnosis.
Term
Coming Out
Definition
Acknowledging oneself publicly as being gay.
Term
Committee on Inquiry
Definition
Permanent and Ad Hoe groups of professional people and others brought together to determine if any wrong doing has been committed by or to a peer to peer they address Code of Ethics, legal issues, disputes NASW and how a NTC committee for dealing with violations and each chapter has a committee.
Term
Validity
Definition
A term describing a measure that accurately reflects the concept it is intended to measure
Term
Cost of Living Index
Definition
A measure to determine the relative purchasing power of money at a given time in a given society.
Term
Alsmhouse
Definition
A historic institution that was used to maintain the poor
Term
Childhood
Definition
Early stages in human life span characterized by rapid physical growth and efforts to learn how to assume adult roles and responsibility mostly through play and formal education.
Term
Tactics
Definition
Carefully designed and implemented procedures and individual or more ususally, a group used to bring about short term changes in another group or individual.
Term
Chicano
Definition
The term used to describe American citizen of Mexican birth or ethnic heritage.
Term
Equifinality
Definition
The property of living systems that permits them to reach identical points, although by different routes.
Term
Adversarial Process
Definition
A social worker tries to persuade a system to decide in favor of the client
Term
A.C.S.W.
Definition

Academy of Certified Social Workers

A group established by NASW in 1962 to evaluate and clarify the practice eomplience of individual social workers.

Term
Practice Wisdom
Definition

Understanding the complex reality of person-in-situation

 

The accumulation of information, assumptions, ideologies and the judgements that have seemed practically useful in fulfilling the expectations of the job.

Term
Entitlement Programs
Definition
Government sponsored benefits of cash, goods, or services that are due, all people who belong to a specified class.
Term
Target System
Definition
The individual, group, or community to be changed or influenced to achieve social work goals.
Term
N.A.S.W.
Definition
National Association of Social Workers
Term
Activity Group
Definition
A form of group involvement which may/may not have a specifically designed theraputic purpose in which the participant work on programs of motivation / interest
Term

Eriksonian Theory

of

Psychosocial Human Development

Definition
  • Stages of Psychosocial Development
  • Each stage has a psychosocial crisis that must be resolved within a radius of the significant relationship
  • Stage 1 - Trust vs. Mistrust
  • Stage 2 - Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
  • Stage 3 - Initiative vs. Guilt
  • Stage 4 - Industry vs. Inferiority
  • Stage 5 - Identity vs. Confusion
  • Stage 6 - Intimacy vs. Isolation
  • Stage 7 - Generativity vs. Stagnation
  • Stage 8 - Integrity vs. Despair

 

Term
Problem Solving Casework
Definition
A firm of social case work developed primarily by Helen Harris Perlman that draws in concepts in ego, psychology, role theory and implicitly on a consolidation of the diagnostic school in Social Work and the funtional school of social work
Term
Goal Setting
Definition
Used to help clarify and define the objectives they hope to achieve in helping and then to establish the steps that must be taken and the time needed to reach those objectives.
Term
Guardian Ad Litem
Definition
A court appointed representative designed to preserve and manage the affairs and property of another person who is considered incapable of managing his/her own affairs in the course of litigation.
Term
Coercion
Definition
To fource, to act, or think in a given manner by pressure, threats or intimidation and to dominate, restrain or control forcibly.
Term
Code of Ethics
Definition
An explicit statement of the values, principles and rules of a profession regulating the conduct of its members.
Term
Curandero
Definition
Individuals who are a part of the Mexican American health belief system that are used to rid a person of the visits of the spirits.
Term
Contract
Definition
A verbal or written agreement between the worker and client. It guides their joint efforts to achieve specific goals.
Term
Adolescense
Definition
Life Cycle period between childhood and adulthood beginning at puberty and ending with young adulthood
Term
Analysis of Variance
Definition
Statistical procedure commonly used in social work research for determining the extent to which two groups differ.
Term
Imparied Social Worker
Definition
Complete care cannot be provided to clients because worker has physical, mental or personal problems.
Term
Educator Role
Definition
The responsibility to teach clients necessary adaptive skills
Term
Feminism
Definition
women and men who are committed to improving the status of women in society
Term
Cognitive Theory
Definition
Theoretical perspectives concerned with the development of such capacities as learning, memory, attention, thinking and reasoning.
Term
DSM IV
Definition
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association
Term
Generalist
Definition

A social work practitioner whose knowledge and skills encompass a broad spectrum and who assesses problems and their soultions comprehensively.

The generalist often coordinates the efforts of specialists by facilitating communication between them, thereby fostering continuity of care.

Term
Group Leader
Definition
An individual who facilitates the group process
Term
Family
Definition
A group of two or more individuals who are related through blood, marriage, or adoption and who share a common household or residence.
Term
Social Group Work
Definition
An orientation and method of social work intervention in which small groups of people who share similar interests or common problems convene regularly and engage in activities designed to achieve their common goals.
Term
Reliability
Definition
that quality of measurement meathod that suggests that the same data would have been collected each time in repeated observations of the same phenomenon
Term
Dual Relationships
Definition
The ethical or unethical practice of assuming a second relationship with a client.
Term
Ventilation
Definition
The process of permitting the client to express feelings during the description of the problem situation.
Term
Affect
Definition

on individuals expression of mood temperament and feelings:

an individuals overt emotional state

Term
Closed System
Definition
Systems that are not interdependent with their enviroment and do not interact with it.
Term
Individualization
Definition
The ethical value in social work and other helping professionals for understanding the client as a unique person or group rather than as one whose characteristics are simply typical of a class.
Term
Independent Variable
Definition
A variable with values that are not problematical  in an analysis but are taken as simply given. an Independent variable is presumed to cause or determine a dependent variable.
Term
Intervention
Definition
Interceding or coming between groups of people, events, planning activities or an individuals internal conflicts.
Term
Interval measurement
Definition
a leavel of measurement describing a variable whose attributes are rank-ordered and have equal distances between adjacent attributes.
Term
Incrementalism
Definition
gradual change in policies and attitudes and behaviors
Term
Intake
Definition
Procedures used by social agencies to make the initial contacts with the client productive and helpful
Term
Hawthorne Effect
Definition
The phenomenon that often occurs in social research in which subjects behave differently from their norm because of their aweareness of being observed.
Term
Hispanic
Definition
Pertaining to the culture of Spanish and Portugese speaking people
Term
Facilitator
Definition
One who serves as a leader for some group experience
Term
Freedom Riders
Definition
Civil Rights activitsts who rode busses into the american south to challenge racial segregation laws and practices in the 1960s
Term
Dependent Variable
Definition
A variable assumed to depend on or be caused by another
Term
Diagnosis-Related Groups
Definition
A prospective form of payment for medicare incurred charges. a classification scheme whereby hospitals are reimbursed only for the maximum number of days on illness or surgical procedure is designed to take
Term
Dorthea Dix
Definition
1840s was instrumental in movement for human care of the mentailly ill - she believed the solution lay in states' federal intervention
Term
Least Restrictive Enviroment
Definition
when providing treatment, it must be provided in a manner that does not restrict the client any more than nessesary
Term
Policy
Definition
The explicit of implicit standing plan that an organization or government used as a guide for action.
Term
Public Assistance
Definition
A government provision of mimimum financial aid to people who have no other means of supporting themselves.
Term
Systems Theories
Definition
Those concepts that emphasize reciprocal relationships between the elements that constitute a whole.
Term
Chins
Definition

Children In Need of Supervision

this is a statutory label used by Texas state laws for minors whose behavior is injurous to their own welfare.

Term
Crisis Theory
Definition
There is a time element of 4 to 8 weeks without appropriate help the result may be a reduced capacity for effective social functioning
Term
Creaming
Definition
Social service programs are most often used by more knowledgeably sophisticated and less needy so that they are less accessible to others.
Term
Categorial Assistance
Definition
A method of funding social services through which the federal government makes available to the states monies which must be spent for the very narrowly specified service needs.
Term
Case Management
Definition
A procedure to plan, seek and monitor services from a variety of agencies and staff on behalf of a client
Term
Control Group
Definition
In experimentation, a group of subjects to whom no experimental stimulus is administered and who should resemble the experimental group in all other respects
Term
Certification
Definition
An official assurance that someone possess the attributes they claim to have
Term
Chronic
Definition
Long duration of / frequent recurrence
Term
Change Agent System
Definition
Organizations, agencies, community institutions that provide the auspices and additional resources through which the social worker provides services
Term
Correlation
Definition

An empirical relationship beween 2 variables such that:

a. changes in one are associated with changes in the other

b. particular attributes of one variable are associated with particular attributes of the other

Term
Charity Organization Society
Definition
A voluntary Organization in the late 19th and early 20th centuries which attempted to coordinate private charities and promote a schientific approach to philanthropy
Term
Applied Research
Definition
Systematic study in which the potential finding are to be used to solve immediate problems
Term
Action System
Definition
When a worker hoins with other systems to work with and through them in order to influence a target system and accomplish goals
Term
Advocacy
Definition
The act of directly representing and defending others
Term
Acute
Definition
Intense conditions / disturbances of relatively short duration
Term
Assessment
Definition
That part of the problem Solving process commonly used in social work practice that is concerned with identifying the problems presented by clients; analyzing the factors associated with their existance and planning interventions that might lead to their amelioration
Term
Acceptance
Definition
Recognition of an individuals positive worth as a human being with out necessarily condoning the individual actions
Term
Bonding
Definition
The development of one person of attachment to another
Term
Baseline
Definition
The frequency of which a specific behavior/event occurs in a natural state, measured before any attempts are made to influence it.
Term
Confidentiality
Definition
a principle of ethics which the social worker or other professional may not disclose information about the client without the client's consent.
Term
Block Grant
Definition
A method of funding social programs through which the federal government makes monies available to states for a wide range of service needs, including social service
Term
Cost Benefit Analysis
Definition
How much does the program cost in relation to what it returns in benefits?
Term
Jane Addams
Definition

American Social Reformer in the late 18th and early 19th century

established the Hull House