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Social Work 1
social work and social work institutions first midterm
39
Sociology
10/05/2009

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Term
Micro Level Intervention
Definition
the smallest level of intervention. one kid at a time (pulling the kid out of the river)
Term
Mezzo Level Intervention
Definition
the medium level work. Community, agency work.
Term
Macro Level Intervention
Definition
societal and global level. The big stuff, big picture.
Term
Social Work Goals according to National Association of Social Work (NASW)
Definition
1) Enhance problem solving, coping, and developmental capacities of people (micro, mezzo, macro)
2) Link people to systems/resources (micro)
3)Promote the effectiveness and humane operation of systems (schools, hospitals) that provide people with resources and services (mezzo)
4) develop and improve social policy (macro)
Term
Council on Social Work Education
Definition
the national organization of schools of social work that focuses on social work education and serves as the accrediting body for professional social work undergradtuate (BSW) and master's (MSW) programs
-empower groups at risk
-develop and test professional knowledge and skill
Term
Elizabethan Poor Law
Definition
1601 - a loaw to control the poor. responsbility of the english gov't to provide some sort of relief for the poor/disabled. established categories of the poor, including the deserving poor (orphans, widows, and others) and the non-deserving poor (able-bodied males), and the treatment they were to receive from national and local governments; this law established precedents for policies toward the poor in the US. Money to help poor came from taxes
Term
Principle of Less Eligibility
Definition
Determined in the Elizabethan Poor Law - no matter what type of aid it was, it would not bring you above the lowest working wage.
Term
Residual Views on Social Welfare
Definition
SW is a safety net and a last resort. if you have a residual need because you are at rock bottom, then the gov't will help. a begrudging tone with a negative stigma. closely associated with the conservative view of social welfare
Term
Institutional Views on Social Welfare
Definition
Basic Needs being met is the right of a citizen. Much more understanding / sympathetic tone. if you need help, then you are entitled to it.
Term
Freedmen's Bureau
Definition
1st federal social work agency! created with intention to help those that had been enslaved with emancipation. food, employment, health center, educational agencies, promotive funding for African American college
Term
1873-1878 Depression
Definition
3 million laborers thrown out of work. many rioted to get public works programs. During this time, "social darwinism" was applied to social groups
Term
Herbert Spencer
Definition
Took "Social Darwinism" and applied it to social groups. Charles Darwin was agains this interpretation.
Term
Social Darwinism
Definition
held that people were poor because they were inferior. Inaccurate repersentaiton of Charles Darwin's work.
Term
Internalized Oppression
Definition
believing lies about your own social group because you have heard someone else say the lies so much
Term
Charitable Organization Societies (COS)
Definition
first relief organization in the US that developed a systematic program to help the needy; promoted "scientific philanthropy" that incorporated individual assessment and development of coordinated service plans before providing services. Mary Richmond was a huge contributor to this
Term
Mary Richmond
Definition
A major contributor to the COS movement and considered by many to be the founder of the professional clinical social work movment. Richmond inaugurated the first training program for social workers at the New York school of applied Philanthropy, the forerunner of schools of social work, and formulated the concept of social casework.
Term
Settlment House Movement
Definition
All about neighborhoods, legislative change, worked on industrial legislation. Helped immigrants to live in a new society
Term
Jane Addams
Definition
Social Worker in the late 19th cenury who was instrumental in creating the settlement house movement as a resource for preparing immigrants to live in a new society
Term
Mental Health Reform
Definition
Started to shift the belief from mentally ill people were cursed/punished by god and mental wards in hospitals started to pop up. made others aware of mental illnesses
Term
Indian Boarding Schools
Definition
(1879-a couple around today) federally funded boarding schools for native american children. started by captain richard pratt. part of assimilation of native americans into western society. spread a lot of disease, sexual and physical abuse, sterilization on young girls.
Term
Progressive Era
Definition
(early 1900s to WWI)a number of brand new laws were passed:
-Meat Inspection Act
-Federal Trade Commission
-Safety Inspections
-American Federation of Labor (an exclusive almost all male/white labor union)
-1911 - 73 Socialist Mayors elected
-1911 - National Urban League on Urban Conditions developed
Term
Great Depression
Definition
crash was in 1929 and about 1 year later 6 million newly unemployed by 1932, 20 million unemployed. argument between federal/states rights. who should provide relief?
Term
New Deal
Definition
Franklin Deleanor Roosevelt was elected and he: put into place the FDIC (to insure banks), federal relief administration came about, which brought about a new wave of federal relief programs, WPA (works progress administration) where tons of infrastructure was implemented / developed. Civilian conservation corps, theatre projects , arts projects
Term
Social Security Act
Definition
The peak of the New Deal. Macro Level. Forced Retirement programs, represents the shift to public social policies, when the federal government stepped up in a big way.
Term
40s and 50s
Definition
unemployment got better for white people and the nation as a whole was improving
Term
1960s
Definition
War on Poverty - a new trend in federal level programs designed to end poverty. VISTA was a domestic peace corps that mostly focused on job creation. 1964 food stamp act, 1965 medicare. Nixon was supporting a guaranteed annual income for poor people, it never happened though.
Term
Tenets of Social Work System
Definition
a set of units with relationship among them. people and their environments are constantly interacting with each other. searching for cause and effect explanations in the individual or enviroment, then you are only seeing part of the picture. social workers have to look at it all
Term
Permeability
Definition
the pace or rate that a system lets in or our energy. when it allows change, how flexible a boundary is.
Term
Open / Closed
Definition
when a system can allow things in or out. (ie - a family allows a friend to come over and have dinner) certain things have a more significant boundary than others
Term
Enmeshed (vs. Disengaged)
Definition
everyone is in everyone else's business. very open system so much so that its hard to distingiush between each element in the system.
Term
Disengaged (vs. enmeshed)
Definition
don't eat together, don't talk together, systems are almost completely unaware of each other. (i.e. kid wins big academic award and parents are not even aware that it occurred)
Term
Interdependence
Definition
two things or people being dependent on each other. two people need each other.
Term
Reciprocity
Definition
the give and the take. exchanging things with others for mutual benefit. the interaction within and between systems that impacts all other parts.
Term
Equifinality
Definition
the same goal which can be achieved in many different ways. same result can come from many strategies / ways.
Term
Multifinality
Definition
simliar circumstances (starting point) ---> different results. opposite of equifinality
Term
Person-In-the-Environment aka Person / Environment Fit
Definition
working on improving the environment with the idea of the individual in mind. EX: improving neighborhood by issuing citations to those neighbors which are not keeping their house nice to improve property value of houses in neighborhood
Term
Steady State aka Homeostasis
Definition
Systems tend to maintain their equilibrium, so its attempting to maintain your balance until youre able to reach your ultimate goal
Term
Strengths Perspective aka Strengths Based Practice
Definition
allowing someone to utilize their own strengths. help you to help yourselves. based on the assumption that every person and system has their/it’s own strengths. You listen for the strengths that you see in that person or system so that you can shed light on them. Recognizes strengths / resources within a person or system. Focuses in peoples innate capacity for growth and change. Views difficulties in life as a source of challenge and opportunity.
Term
Systems/Ecological Framework
Definition
allows one to deal with much more information, allows for identifying a wide range of factors that have an impact on social welfare problems, focuses on interaction of individuals with environment