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Social Science Final
Test 2
50
Other
06/21/2010

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Cards

Term

Test 2 Question 1

Culture is the total pattern of human behavior and its products embodied in:

Definition

A) speech

B) action

C) artifacts

D) thought

E) all of the above (answer)

 

 

Term

Test 2 Question 2

 

Contemporary American culture is

 

 

Definition

 

 

a blending of overlapping cultures representing a wide variety of people

Term

Test 2 Question 3

 

Conventions are:

Definition

 

 

everyday customs or usual ways of behaving

Term

Test 2 Question 4

 

The degree to which a culture is internally consistent and homogeneous is called:

Definition

 

 

cultural integration

Term

Test 2 Question 5

 

Today the rate of technological change is increasing:

Definition

 

 

and so is the interaction among cultures

Term

Test 2 Question 6

 

Technological development begins:

Definition

 

 

with discovery and invention

Term

Test 2 Question 7

 

An organized system of ideas for remodeling society is called:

Definition

 

 

an ideology

Term

Test 2 Question 8

 

Ways of behaving that have been learned so well that they can be carried on without conscious attention are called:

Definition

 

 

habits

Term

Test 2 Question 9

 

Different cultures change or evolve

Definition

 

along quite different paths

Term

Test 2 Question 10

The doctrine that all cultures are for the most part equally valid is called:

Definition

 

 

Cultural relativism

Term

Test 2 Question 11

 

The study of the number and characteristics of a population is called:

Definition

 

 

demography

Term

Test 2 Question 12

 

Birthrate and death rate are:

 

Definition

 

 

Key determinants of population

Term

Test 2 Question 13

 

World population has grown rapidly since the 1800's because:

Definition

 

 

the death rate has declined

Term

Test 2 Question 14

 

Malthus suggested that further increase in population would be prevented by:

Definition

 

A) disease

B) war

C) malnutrition

D) famine

E) All of the above (answer)

Term

Test 2 Question 15

 

Individual success depends on:

Definition

 

 

both social environment and biological inheritance

Term

Test 2 Question 16

 

The elements in our sorroundings that are human or of human origin are called:

Definition

 

 

the social environment

Term

Test 2 Question 17

 

The science concerned with interaction between living things and their environment is called:

Definition

 

 

Ecology

Term

Test 2 Question 18

 

Human ecology applies some of the findings of:

Definition

 

 

the biological science to the problems of social science

Term

Test 2 Question 19

 

Some pollution is an inevitable consequence of production, presenting society with a:

Definition

 

 

Tradeoff involving both costs and benefits

Term

Test 2 Question 20

 

Environmental issues:

Definition

 

 

involve both national and international dimensions

Term

Test 2 Question 21

 

Early factories gave people:

 

Definition

A) a better chance of survival

B) more opportunities to earn

C) changed patterns of domestic life

D) crowded towns and cities

E) All of the above (answer)

Term

Test 2 Question 22

 

The production of uniform, subtitutable parts is called:

Definition

 

 

Standardization

Term

Test 2 Question 23

 

Interchangeability and mass production in an assembly line:

Definition

 

 

decreased the price of a car in the 1920's

Term

Test 2 Question 24

 

Technological development has also created many problems including:

Definition

A) health hazards (occupational)

B) pollution

C) disruption of domestic life

D) crowded town and cities

E) all of the above (answer)

Term

Test 2 Question 25

 

Technology also affects traditional societies in all of the following ways except:

Definition

 

 

making people worse off materially

Term

Test 2 Question 26

 

What is an example of cyber crime?

Definition

A) cyber stalking by Internet predators

B) illegal transfers of money

C) identity theft

D) all of the above are cyber crimes (answer)

Term

Test 2 Question 27

 

Not needed

Definition

 

Not needed

Term

Test 2 Question 28

 

A growing domestic market, plentiful raw materials, and scarcity of labor all favored American (U.S.A.):

Definition

 

 

Industrialization

Term

Test 2 Question 29

 

Modern civilization as we know it could not have developed without:

Definition

 

 

its technological base

Term

Test 2 Question 30

 

Potential technological developments in the future:

Definition

 

 

are limited only by the imagination

Term

Test 2 Question 31

 

Culture's role in shaping individual personality is:

 

Definition

 

 

major

Term

Test 2 Question 32

 

The study of children who have been laregely isolated demonstrates the importance of:

Definition

 

 

socialization

Term

Test 2 Question 33

 

Personality bears the imprint of:

Definition

A) the culture of the individual's society

B) the inherited potentialities of the individual

C) Unique personal experience

D) natural environment

E) All of the above (answer)

Term

Test 2 Question 34

 

Do not need

 

Definition

 

 

Do not need

 

Term

Test 2 Question 35

 

The humanist approach emphasizes:

Definition

 

 

the entire person

 

Term

Test 2 Question 36

 

Freud originated a system of:

 

Definition

 

 

psychotheraphy knows as psychoanalysis

Term

Test 2 Question 37

 

Recent discussions of the nature/nurture debate have tended to emphasize the:

Definition

 

 

complex interaction between the two

Term

Test 2 Question 38

 

Abraham Maslow's hierarchy states that each level:

Definition

 

 

must be satisfied before the next is attempted.

Term

Test 2 Question 39

 

IQ tests can be useful, but only if:

Definition

 

 

their limitations are kept in perspective

Term

Test 2 Question 40

 

do not need

 

Definition

 

 

do not need

Term

Test 2 Question 41

 

Pluralism allows subgroups to revere their own history and view that history as a strong building block of the larger culture

Definition

 

 

True

Term

Test 2 Question 42

 

The United States does not have one single culture

Definition

 

True

Term

Test 2 Question 43

 

Socialization is the process that shapes the personality of individuals so they can become members of society

Definition

 

 

True

Term

Test 2 Question 44

 

Communities are easy to classify on the basis of common characteristics

Definition

 

 

False

Term

Test 2 Question 45

 

Birth Control has not been effective in slowing population growth in the United States

Definition

 

 

True

Term

Test 2 Question 46

 

The Malthusian theory is the idea that the means of subsistence tends to outrun the growth of population

Definition

 

 

False

Term

Test 2 Question 47

 

Techonology is the universe of tools, means, and methods through which we interact with out environment

Definition

 

 

True

Term

Test 2 Question 48

 

Technological discoveries and breakthroughs also have social and cultural consequences

Definition

 

 

True

Term

Test 2 Question 49

 

Culture is external to the individual and not a part of personality

Definition

 

 

False

Term

Test 2 Question 50

 

The nature-nurture debate focuses on whether heredity or environment is more important in determining personality

Definition

 

 

True