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Social Problems
Crone Chapter 2
33
Sociology
01/27/2010

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Term
Vested Interests
Definition
people or organizations will support, defend, and preserve what is to their benefit and will struggle against what can hurt them.
Term
Legitimation
Definition
when people with the power and money have the ability to socially construct beliefs, laws, imformal norms, and traditions in such a way as to make it appear that it is just and right for them to be and remain in a place of power.
Term
The 3 main barriers of solving social problems:
Definition

Power

Legitimation

Vested Interests

Term
Subjective natur of social problems
Definition
what is and what is not a socail problem is a matter of definition. Thus, social problems vary by time and place.
Term
Objective reality of social problems
Definition
Some societal conditions harm certain segments of the population and therefore are social problems.
Term
Self-actualization
Definition
(Maslow) The assumed need of individuals for creative and constructive involvement in productive, significant activity.
Term
Institutionalized deviance
Definition
When a society is organized in such a way as  to disadvantage some of its members.
Term
Social problems
Definition
Societally induced conditions that harm any segment of the population, and acts and conditions that violate the norms and values found in society.
Term
Sociological Imagination
Definition
(C. Wright Mills) emphasizes that individual troubles are inextricably linked to social forces.
Term
Person-blame
Definition
The assumption that social problems result from the pathologies of individuals.
Term
System-blame
Definition
The assumption that social problems result from socail conditions.
Term
Cultural deprivation
Definition
The assumption by the members of one group that the culture of some other group is not only inferior but also deficient. Term is usually applied by members of a majority to the culture of a minority.
Term
Recidivism
Definition
Reinvolvement in crime.
Term
Social Darwinism
Definition
Thje belief that the place of people in the stratification system is a function of their ability and effort.
Term
Deviant Behavior
Definition
Any activity that violates the norms of a social organization.
Term
Capitalism
Definition
The economis system based on private ownership of property, guided by the seeking of maximum profits.
Term
Socialism
Definition
The economic system in which the means of production are owned by the people for their collective benefit.
Term
Shared Monopoly
Definition
When 4 or fewer companies control 50% or more of an industry.
Term
Interlocking Directorate
Definition
The linkage between corporations that results when: an individual serves on the board of directors of two companies OR when two companies each have a director on the board of a third company.
Term
Direct interlock
Definition
An individual serves on the board of cirectos for two companies.
Term
Indirect interlock
Definition
when two companies each have a director who is serving on the board of a third company.
Term
Oligarchy
Definition
A political system that is ruled by a few.
Term
Plutocracy
Definition
A government by or in the interest of the wealthy.
Term
Democracy
Definition
A political system that is of, by, and for the people.
Term
Power elite
Definition
People who occupy the power roles in society. They are either wealthy or represent the wealthy.
Term
Systemic imperative
Definition
The economic and social constraints on political decision makers that promote the status quo.
Term
Power
Definition
The ability to get what one wants from someone else.
Term
Modern demographic transition
Definition
A three stage pattern of population change occurring as societies industrialize and urbanize.
Term
Absolute Poverty
Definition
A condition of life so degraded by disease, illiteracy, malnutrition, and squalor as to deny its victims the basic necessities. (Those making less than a dollar a day fit in this category)
Term
Pandemic
Definition
A worldwide epidemic.
Term
Transnational Corporation
Definition
A profit oriented company engaged in business in more than one country.
Term
Corporate Dumping
Definition
The exporting of goods to other countries because they have been deemed to dangerous for sale in the U.S.
Term
Definition