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Soc101 Final
N/A
38
Sociology
12/09/2009

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Term
Throughout the US, racial & ethic diversity:
A) has changed little in the last
several decade.

B) is increasing

C) exists only in one region of the country.

D) is less than is found in most other high-income nations.
Definition
A) has changed little in the last several decades.
Term
The concept "race" refers to:
A)a shared cultural heritage, including language and religion.

B)a socially constructed category composed of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society consider important.

C)members of any minority within a multicultural society.

D)skin color, when it is other than white.
Definition
B)a socially constructed category composed of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society consider important.
Term
The physical differences that may become part of racial categories have their origins in:
A)social patterns that distinguish some 5,000 human cultures

B)the types of technology used by various societies.

C)the decree of wealth of poverty found in various parts of the world.

D)different geographical conditions in which humans live.
Definition
A)social patterns that distinguish some 5,000 human cultures
Term
Why do sociologists consider the "scientific" racial types of Caucasian, Mongoloid, and Negroid to be misleading and even harmful?
A)all racial categories are genetically very much alike.

B)No society contains biologically "pure" people.

C)The skin color of Caucasian people ranges from very light to very dark.

D)All of the above are correct
Definition
B)No society contains biologically "pure" people.
Term
Race refers to ___ considered important by a society and ethnicity refers to ___.
A)biological traits; cultural traits

B)Cultural traits; biological traits

C)Differences; what we have in common

D)None of the above is correct.
Definition
A)biological traits; cultural traits
Term
A family leaves Russia and takes up residence in the US, where they gradually lose their Russian cultural traditions. They have modified their:
A)subordination

B)Ethnicity

C)race

D)religion
Definition
B)Ethnicity
Term
Which of the following concepts refers to a category of people, distinguished by physical or cultural traits, who are socially disadvantaged?
A)Ethnic category

B)Out-group

C)Racial category

D)Minority
Definition
D)Minority
Term
A Minority is defined as a category of people who are:
A)New to a country and disadvantaged

B)Less than half the total population

C)Different from the majority.

D)Different in some visible way and disadvantaged
Definition
D)Different in some visible way and disadvantaged
Term
Which one is NOT correct?
A)Minorities have a distinctive identity.

B)A minority does not have to be a numerical minority.

C)Usually, people can readily identify a member of a minority.

D)All people in a minority are disadvantaged.
Definition
D)All people in a minority are disadvantaged.
Term
Which of the following concepts refers to a rigid and irrational generalization about an entire category of people?
A)scapegoating

B)discrimination

C)racism

D)prejudice
Definition
D)prejudice
Term
Stereotypes refer to:
A)any generalizations about social life

B)only negative depictions of a minority

C)only positive depictions of a minority

D)exaggerated descriptions applied to everyone in some category.
Definition
D)exaggerated descriptions applied to everyone in some category.
Term
Which of the following concepts refers to a belief that one racial category is innately superior or inferior to another?
A)prejudice

B)scapegoating

C)discrimination

D)racism
Definition
D)racism
Term
Based on Scapegoat theory, you would conclude that prejudice is created by:
A)frustration among disadvantaged people

B)people with rigid personalities

C)culture itself

D)high levels of immigration
Definition
A)frustration among disadvantaged people
Term
Authoritarian personality theory states that extreme prejudice is:
A)a trait of certain individuals

B)found among poor and disadvantaged people

C)a trait of most people

D)less common in today's society
Definition
A)a trait of certain individuals
Term
Conflict theory states that prejudice is:
A)common among certain people with rigid personalities

B)common among disadvantaged people

C)used by powerful people to justify oppressing others

D)part of culture itself
Definition
C)used by powerful people to justify oppressing others
Term
While prejudice is a matter of ___, discrimination is a matter of ___.
A)abnormality; what a society considers normal

B)choice; social structure

C)biology; culture

D)attitudes; action
Definition
D)attitudes; action
Term
Institutional prejudice and discrimination refers to the fact that:
A)bias was pronounced in this nation's history

B)bias is built into the operation of society's institutions

C)some people hold rigidly biased attitudes

D)many people need to be educated about basic fairness
Definition
B)bias is built into the operation of society's institutions
Term
The idea that prejudice and discrimination form a vicious circle means that:
A)only some people act on their prejudices
B)prejudice is more common than actual discrimination
C)bias is easily perpetuated over time
D)it is easy to prove most stereotypes to be wrong.
Definition
A)only some people act on their prejudices
Term
Which of the following concepts refers to a state in which racial and ethnic minorities are distinct but have rough social equality?
A)segregation
B)assimilation
C)genocide
D)pluralism
Definition
D)pluralism
Term
The United States is not truly pluralistic because:
A)racial and ethnic categories do not have roughly equal social standing
B)of our history of slavery
C)some people still live in "ethnic enclaves"
D)All of the above are correct
Definition
A)racial and ethnic categories do not have roughly equal social standing
Term
Assimilation refers to the pattern by which:
A)minority categories become more equal in social standing
B)people regain a lost cultural heritage
C)people come to accept minorities
D)minorities gradually adopt patterns of the dominant category
Definition
D)minorities gradually adopt patterns of the dominant category
Term
Multiculturalists oppose the goal of assimilation because:
A)the USA has provided a better life for all categories of people
B)it does not happen in this country
C)this suggests that minorities are the ones who need to do all the changing
D)All of the above are correct
Definition
C)this suggests that minorities are the ones who need to do all the changing
Term
Which of the following concepts refers to biological reproduction by people of different racial categories?
A)assimilation
B)Miscegenation
C)pluralism
D)racial typology
Definition
B)Miscegenation
Term
The existence of "Negro league" in professional baseball in the USA during the 1930s and 1940s is an example of:
A)segregation
B)pluralism
C)assimilation
D)miscegenation
Definition
A)segregation
Term
The Holocaust, in which the Nazis murdered millions of JEWS, is an example of:
A)miscegenation
B)hypersegregation
C)genocide
D)assimilation
Definition
C)genocide
Term
The ancestors of which of the following first settled the lands of the Western Hemisphere?
A)European Americans
B)African Americans
C)Native Americans
D)WASPS
Definition
C)Native Americans
Term
When the first Europeans arrived in the Americas in the fifteenth century, Native Americans:
A)had not yet settled there
B)had inhabited this land for 30,000 years
C)came with them from Europe
D)had just migrated from Asia
Definition
B)had inhabited this land for 30,000 years
Term
Native Americans gained the right to US citizenship in:
A)1865
B)1924
C)1990
D)1965
Definition
B)1924
Term
Historically, WASP social power peaked about:
A)1960, with the election of John F. Kennedy
B)1932, with the election of Franklin D. Roosevelt
C)1860, with the election of Abraham Lincoln
D)1992, with the election of Bill Clinton
Definition
A)1960, with the election of John F. Kennedy
Term
What is the meaning of the term"WASP"?
A)Without Any Social Prejudice
B)White Anglo-Saxon Protestant
C)White American Who Support Pluralism
D)White Anglo's Self Pride
Definition
B)White Anglo-Saxon Protestant
Term
A national civil rights movement, which ended most instances of lawful racial discrimination, took place during the:
A)1990s
B)1970s
C)second world war
D)1950s & 1960s
Definition
B)1970s
Term
The largest category of Asian Americans in the USA is people of____ ancestry.
A)Chinese
B)Korean
C)Vietnamese
D)Japanese
Definition
A)Chinese
Term
Which of the fallowing categories of Asian Americans has median income above the national average?
A)Chinese Americans
B)Japanese Americans
C)Filipino Americans
D)All of the Above
Definition
D)All of the Above
Term
For immigrants, one advantage of living in Chinatown is ____; one disadvantage is _____.
A)the chance to learn English;losing traditional culture
B)Maintaining traditional culture; less chance to learn English
C)greater job opportunities;provoking racial hostility
D)provoking racial hostility; a lack of support systems
Definition
B)Maintaining traditional culture; less chance to learn English
Term
Japanese immigrants differed from earlier Chinese immigrants by:
A)favoring rural areas
B)knowing more about the USA before they got here
C)coming to the USA in smaller numbers
D)All of the Above are correct
Definition
D)All of the Above are correct
Term
The Hispanic population of the USA is:
A)concentrated in the Southwest
B)concentrated up and down the West Coast
C)spread evenly across the Country
D)concentrated in industrial cities of the Northeast.
Definition
A)concentrated in the Southwest
Term
Which of the following categories of Hispanics in the USA is largest in terms of population size?
A)Puerto Ricans
B)Mexican Americans
C)Bolivians
D)Cuban Americans
Definition
B)Mexican Americans
Term
From which world regions do most of today's immigrants come?
A)Africa & Europe
B)Latin American & Asia
C)Africa & Latin America
D)Asia & Africa
Definition
B)Latin American & Asia