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Restatement (Second) of Contracts
Flashcards on various provisions of the Restatement (Second) of Contracts
80
Law
11/25/2009

Additional Law Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
53(1): Acceptance by Performance; Manifestation of Intention Not to Accept (When may performance accept an offer?)
Definition

An offer can be accepted by rendering of a performance only if the offer invites such an acceptance

Term
53(2): Acceptance by Performance; Manifestation of Intention Not to Accept
Definition

Except as stated in 69, the rendering of a performance does not constitute an acceptance if within a reasonable time the offeree exercises reasonable diligence to notify the offeror of non-acceptance

Term
53(3): Acceptance by Performance; Manifestation of Intention Not to Accept
Definition
Where an offer of a promise invites acceptance by performance and does not invite a promissory acceptance, the rendering of the invited performance does not constitute an acceptance if before the offeror performs his promise the offeree manifests an intention not to accept.
Term
54(1): Acceptance by Performance; Necessity of Notification to the Offeror
Definition

Where an offer invites an offeree to accept by rendering a performance, no notification is necessary to make such an acceptance effective unless the offer requests such a notification.

Term
54(2): Acceptance by Performance; Necessity of Notification to the Offeror
Definition

If an offeree who accepts by rendering a performance has reason to know that the offeror has no adequate means of learning of the performance with reasonable promptness and certainty, the contractual duty of the offeror is discharged unless

 

(a) the offeree exercises reasonable diligence to notify the offeror of acceptance, or

 

(b) the offeror learns of the performance within a reasonable time, or

 

(c) the offeror indicates that notification of acceptance is not required.

Term
55: Acceptance of Non-Promissory Offers
Definition
Acceptance by promise may create a contract in which the offeror's performance is completed when the offeree's promise is made.
Term
56: Acceptance by Promise; Necessity of Notification to Offeror
Definition

Except as stated in 69 or where the offer manifests a contrary intention, it is essential to an acceptance by promise either that the offeree exercise reasonable diligence to notify the offeror of acceptance or that the offeror receive the acceptance seasonably.

Term
57: Effect of Equivocal Acceptance
Definition

Where notification is essential to acceptance by promise, the offeror is not bound by an acceptance in equivocal terms unless he reasonably understands it as an acceptance.

Term
58: Necessity of Acceptance Complying with Terms of Offer
Definition
An acceptance must comply with the requirements of the offer as to the promise to be made or the performance to be rendered.
Term
59: Purported Acceptance Which Adds Qualifications
Definition

A reply to an offer which purports to accept it but is conditional on the offeror's assent to terms additional to or different from those offered is not an acceptance but is a counter-offer.

Term
60: Acceptance of Offer Which States Place, Time or Manner of Acceptance
Definition

If an offer prescribes the place, time or manner of acceptance its terms in this respect must be complied with in order to create a contract. If an offer merely suggests a permitted place, time or manner of acceptance, another method of acceptance is not precluded.

Term
61: Acceptance Which Requests Change of Terms
Definition

An acceptance which requests a change or addition to the terms of the offer is not thereby invalidated unless the acceptance is made to depend on an assent to the changed or added terms.

Term
62: Effect of Performance by Offeree Where Offer Invites Either Performance or Promise
Definition

(1) Where an offer invites an offeree to choose between acceptance by promise and acceptance by performance, the tender or beginning of the invited performance or a tender of a beginning of it is an acceptance by performance

 

(2) Such an acceptance operates as a promise to render complete performance.

 

(Contrast with Option Contract)

Term
63: Time When Acceptance Takes Effect
Definition

Unless the offer provides otherwise,

 

(a) an acceptance made in a manner and by a medium invited by an offer is operative and completes the manifestation of mutual assent as soon as put out of the offeree's possession, without regard to whether it ever reaches the offeror; but

 

(b) an acceptance under an option contract is not operative until received by the offeror

Term
64: Acceptance by Telephone or Teletype
Definition

Acceptance given by telephone or other medium of substantially instantaneous two-way communication is governed by the principles applicable to acceptances where the parties are in the presence of each other.

Term
65: Reasonableness of Medium of Acceptance
Definition

Unless circumstances known to the offeree indicate otherwise, a medium of acceptance is reasonable if it is the one used by the offeror or one customary in similar transactions at the time and place the offer is received.

Term
66: Acceptance Must be Properly Dispatched
Definition

An acceptance sent by mail or otherwise from a distance is not operative when dispatched, unless it is properly addressed and such other preecautions taken as are ordinarily observed to insure safe transmission of similar messages.

Term
67: Effect of Receipt of Acceptance Improperly Dispatched
Definition

Where an acceptance is seasonably dispatched but the offeree uses means of transmission not invited by the offer or fails to exercise reasonable diligence to insure safe transmission, it is treated as operative upon dispatch if received within the time in which a properly dispatched acceptance would normally have arrived.

Term
68: What Constitutes Receipt of Revocation, Rejection, or Acceptance
Definition

A written revocation, rejection, or acceptance is received when the writing comes into the possession of the person addressed, or of some person authorized by him to receive it for him, or when it is deposited in some place which he has authorized as the place for this or similar communications to be deposited for him.

Term
69: Acceptance by Silence or Exercise of Dominion
Definition

(1) Where an offeree fails to reply to an offer, his silence and inaction operate as an acceptance in the following cases only

 

(a) Where an offeree takes the benefit of offered services with reasonable opportunity to reject them and reason to know that they were offered with the expectation of compensation.

 

(b) Where the offeror has stated or given the offeree reason to understand that assent may be manifested by silence or inaction, and the offeree in remaining silent and inactive intends to accept the offer.

 

(c) Where because of previous dealings or otherwise, it is reasonable that the offeree should notify the offeror if he does not intend to accept.

 

(2) An offeree who does any act inconsistent with the offeror's ownership of offered property is bound in accordance with the offered terms unless they are manifestly unreasonable. But if the act is wrongful as against the offeror it is an acceptance only if ratified by him.

Term
70: Effect of Receipt by Offeror of a Late or Otherwise Defective Acceptance
Definition

A late or otherwise defective acceptance may be effective as an offer to the original offeror, but his silence operates as an acceptance in such a case only as stated in 69.

Term
71(1): Requirements of Exchange; Types of Exchange
Definition
(1) To constitute consideration, a performance or a return promise must be bargained for.
Term
71(2): Requirement of Exchange; Types of Exchange
Definition

(2) A performance or return promise is bargained for if it is sought by the promisor in exchange for his promise and is given by the promisee in exchange for that promise.

Term
71(3) Requirement of Exchange; Types of Exchange
Definition

(3) The performance may consist of

 

(a) an act other than a promise, or

 

(b) A forbearance, or

 

(c) The creation, modification, or destruction of a legal relation.

Term
71(4): Requirement of Exchange; Types of Exchange
Definition

The performance or return promise may be given to the promisor or to some other person. It may be given by the promisee or by some other person.

Term
72: Exchange of Promise for Performance
Definition
Except as stated in 73 and 74, any performance which is bargained for is consideration
Term
73: Performance of Legal Duty
Definition

Performance of a legal duty owed to a promisor which is neither doubtful nor the subject of honest dispute is not consideration; but a similar performance is consideration if it differs from what was required by the duty in a way which reflects more than a pretense of a bargain.

Term
74: Settlement of Claims
Definition

Forbearance to assert or the surrender of a claim or defense which proves to be invalid is not consideration unless

 

(a) the claim or defense is in fact doubtful because of uncertainty as to the facts or the law, or

 

(b) the forbearing or surrendering party believes that the claim or defense may be fairly determined to be valid.

 

(2) The execution of a written instrument surrendering a claim or defense by one who is under no duty to execute it is consideration if the execution of the written instrument is bargained for even though he is not asserting the claim or defense and believes that no valid claim or defense exists.

Term
75: Exchange of Promise for Promise
Definition

Except as stated in 76 and 77, a promise which is bargained for is consideration if, but only if, the promised performance would be consideration.

Term
76: Conditional Promise
Definition

(1) A conditional promise is not consideration if the promisor knows at the time of making the promise that the condition cannot occur.

 

(2) A promise conditional on a performance by the promisor is a promise of alternative performances within 77 unless occurrence of the condition is also promised.

Term
77: Illusory and Alternative Promises
Definition

A promise or apparent promise is not consideration if by its terms the promisor or purported promisor reserves a choice of alternative performances unless

 

(a) each of the alternative performances would have been consideration if it alone had been bargained for; or

 

(b) one of the alternative performances would have been consideration and there is or appears to the parties to be a substantial possibility that before the promisor exercises his choice events may eliminate the alternatives which would have been consideration.

Term
78: Voidable and Unenforceable Promises
Definition

The fact that a rule of law renders a promise voidable or unenforceable does not prevent it from being consideration.

Term
79: Adequacy of Consideration; Mutuality of Obligation
Definition

If the requirement of consideration is met, there is no additional requirement of

 

(a) a gain, advantage, or benefit to the promisor or a loss, disadvantage, or detriment the promisee; or

 

(b) equivalence in the values exchanged; or

 

(c) "mutuality of obligation"

Term
80: Multiple Exchanges
Definition

(1) There is consideration for a set of promises if what is bargained for and given in exchange would have been consideration for each promise in the set if exchanged for that promise alone.

 

(2) The fact that part of what is bargained for would not have been consideration if that part alone had been bargained for does not prevent the whole from being consideration.

Term
80: Multiple Exchanges
Definition

(1) There is consideration for a set of promises if what is bargained for and given in exchange would have been consideration for each promise in the set if exchanged for that promise alone.

 

(2) The fact that part of what is bargained for would not have been consideration if that part alone had been bargained for does not prevent the whole from being consideration.

Term
81: Consideration as Motive or Inducing Cause
Definition

(1) The fact that what is bargained for does not of itself induce the making of a promise does not prevent it from being consideration for the promise.

 

(2) The fact that a promise does not of itself induce a performance or return promise does not prevent the performance or return promise from being consideration for the promise.

Term
86: Promise for Benefit Received
Definition

(1) A promise made in recognition of a benefit previously received by the promisor from the promisee is binding to the extent necessary to prevent injustice

 

(2) A promise is not binding under Subsection (1)

 

(a) if the promisee conferred the benefit as a gift or for other reasons the promisor has not been unjustly enriched; or

 

(b) to the extent that its value is disproportionate to the benefit

 

Warning: Courts may change contract's terms against P's interests JUST enough to prevent injustice. May wish to go revival promise route for maximum benefit.

Term
87: Option Contract
Definition

An offer is binding as an option contract if it

 

(a) is in writing and signed by the offeror, recites a purported consideration for the making of the offer, and proposes an exchange on fair terms within a reasonable time; or

 

(b) is made irrevocable by statute

 

(2) An offer which the offeror should reasonably expect to induce action or forbearance of a substantial character on the part of the offeree before acceptance and which does induce such action or forbearance is binding as an option contract to the extent necessary to avoid injustice.

Term
89: Modification of Executory Contract
Definition

A promise modifying a duty under a contract not fully performed on either side is binding

 

(a) if the modification is fair and equitable in view of circumstances not anticipated by the parties when the contract was made; or

 

(b) to the extent provided by statute; or

 

(c) to the extent that justice requires enforcement in view of material change of position in reliance on the promise.

Term
90: Promise Reasonably Inducing Action or Forbearance
Definition

(1) A promise which the promisor should reasonably expect to induce action or forbearance on the part of the promisee or a third person and which does induce such action or forbearance is binding if injustice can be avoided only by enforcement of the promise. The remedy granted for breach may be limited as justice requires.

 

(2) A charitable subscription or a marriage settlement is binding under (1) without proof that the promise induced action or forbearance.

Term
139: Enforcement by Virtue of Action in Reliance
Definition

(1) A promise which the promisor should reasonably expect to induce action or forbearance on the part of the promisee or a third person and which does induce the action or forbearance is enforceable notwithstanding the Statute of Frauds if injustice can be avoided only by enforcement of the promise. The remedy granted for breach is to be limited as justice requires.

 

(2) In determining whether injustice can be avoided only by enforcement of the promise, the following circumstances are significant

 

(a) the availability and adequacy of other remedies, particularly cancellation and restitution

 

(b) the definite and substantial character of the action or forbearance in relation to the remedy sought;

 

(c) the extent to which the action or forbearance corroborates evidence of the making and terms of the promise, or the making and terms are otherwise established by clear and convincing evidence;

 

(d) the reasonableness of the action or forbearance

 

(e) the extent to which the action or forbearance was foreseeable by the promisor.

Term
151: Mistake Defined
Definition
A mistake is a belief that is not in accord with the facts.
Term
152: When Mistake of Both Parties Makes a Contract Voidable
Definition

(1) Where a mistake of both parties at the time a contract was made as to a basic assumption on which the contract was made has a material effect on the agreed exchange of performances, the contract is voidable by the adversely affected party unless he bears the risk of the mistake under the rule stated in 154.

Term
153: When Mistake of One Party Makes a Contract Voidable
Definition

Where a mistake of one party at the time a contract was made as to a basic assumption on which he made the contract has a material effect on the agreed exchange of performances that is adverse to him, the contract is voidable by him if he does not bear the risk of the mistake under the rule stated in 154 and

 

(a) the effect of the mistake is such that enforcement of the contract would be unconscionable, or

 

(b) the other party had reason to know the mistake or his fault caused the mistake

Term
154: When a Party Bears the Risk of a Mistake
Definition

A party bears the risk of a mistake when

 

(a) The risk is allocated to him by agreement of the parties, or

 

(b) he is aware, at the time the contract is made, that he has only limited knowledge with respect to the facts to which the mistake relates but treats his limited knowledge as sufficient, or

 

(c) the risk is allocated to him by the court on the ground that it is reasonable in the circumstances to do so.

Term
155: When Mistake of Both Parties as to Written Expression Justifies Reformation
Definition

Where a writing that evidences or embodies an agreement in whole or in part fails to express the agreement because of a mistake of both parties as to the contents or effect of the writing, the court may at the request of a party reform the writing to express the agreement, except to the extent that rights of third parties such as good faith purchasers for value will be unfairly effected.

Term
159: Misrepresentation Defined
Definition

A misrepresentation is an assertion that is not in accord with the facts.

Term
160: When Action is Equivalent to an Assertion (Concealment)
Definition

Action intended or known to be likely to prevent another from learning a fact is equivalent to an assertion that the fact does not exist.

Term
161: When Non-Disclosure is Equivalent to an Assertion
Definition

A person's non-disclosure of a fact known to him is equivalent to an assertion that the fact does not exist in the following cases only:

 

(a) where he knows that disclosure of the fact is necessary to prevent some previous assertion from being a misrepresentation or from being fraudulent or material.

 

(b) where he knows that disclosure of the fact would correct a mistake of the other party as to a basic assumption on which the party is making the contract and if non-disclosure of the fact amounts to a failure to act in good faith and in accordance with reasonable standards of fair dealing.

 

(c) where he knows that disclosure of the fact would correct a mistake of the other party as to the contents or effects of a writing, evidencing or embodying an agreement in whole or in part.

 

(d) where the other person is entitled to know the fact because of a relation of trust and confidence between them.

Term
162: When a Misrepresentation is Fraudulent or Material
Definition

(1) A misrepresentation is fraudulent if the maker intends his assertion to induce a party to manifest his assent and the maker

 

(a) knows or believes that the assertion is not in accord with the facts, or

 

(b) does not have the confidence that he states or implies in the truth of the assertion, or

 

(c) knows that he does not have the basis that he states or implies for the assertion

 

(2) A Misrepresentation is material if it would be likely to induce a reasonable person to manifest his assent, or if the maker knows that it would be likely to induce the recipient to do so.

Term
163: When a Misrepresentation Prevents Formation of a Contract
Definition

If a misrepresentation as to the character or essential terms of a proposed contract induces conduct that appears to be a manifestation of assent by one who neither knows nor has reasonable opportunity to know of the character or essential terms of the proposed contract, his conduct is not effective as a manifestation of assent.

Term
164: When a Misrepresentation Makes a Contract Voidable
Definition

(1) If a party's manifestation of assent is induced by either a fraudulent or a material misrepresentation by the other party upon which the recipient is justified in relying, the contract is voidable by the recipient.

 

(2) If a party's manifestation of assent is induced by either a fraudulent or a material misrepresentation by one who is not a party to the transaction upon whom the recipient is justified in relying, the contract is voidable by the recipient, unless the other party to the transaction in good faith and without reason to know of the misrepresentation either gives value or relies materially on the transaction.

Term
228: Satisfaction of the Obligor as a Condition
Definition

When it is a condition of an obligor's duty that he be satisfied with respect to the obligee's performance or with respect to something else, and it is practicable to determine whether a reasonable person in the position of the obligor would be satisfied, an interpretation is preferred under which the condition occurs if such a reasonable person in the position of the obligor would be satisfied.

Term
205: Duty of Good Faith and Fair Dealing
Definition
Every contract imposes upon each party a duty of good faith and fair dealing in its performance and its enforcement.
Term
206: Interpretation Against the Draftsman
Definition

In choosing among the reasonable meanings of a promise or agreement or a term thereof, that meaning is generally preferred which operates against the party who supplies the words or from whom a writing otherwise proceeds.

Term
207: Interpretation Favoring the Public
Definition
In choosing among the reasonable meanings of a promise or agreement or a term thereof, a meaning that serves the public interest is generally preferred.
Term
208: Unconscionable Contract or Term
Definition

If a contract or term thereof is unconscionable at the time the contract is made a court may refuse to enforce the contract, or may enforce the remainder of the contract without the unconscionable term, or may so limit the application of any unconscionable term as to avoid any unconscionable result.

Term
204: Supplying an Omitted Essential Term
Definition

When the parties to a bargain sufficiently defined to be a contract have agreed with respect to a term which is essential to a determination of their rights and duties, a term which is reasonable in the circumstances is supplied by the court.

Term
177: When Undue Influence Makes a Contract Voidable
Definition

(1) Undue influence is unfair persuasion of a party who is under the domination of the person exercising the persuasion or who by virtue of the relation between them is justified in assuming that that person will not act in a manner inconsistent with his welfare.

 

(2) If a party's manifestation of assent is induced by undue influence by the other party, the contract is voidable by the victim.

 

(3) If a party's manifestation of assent is induced by one who is not a part to the transaction, the contract is voidable by the victim unless the other party to the transaction in good faith and without reason to know of the undue influence either gives value or relies materially on the transaction.

Term
166: When a Misrepresentation as to a Writing Justifies Reformation
Definition

If a party's manifestation of assent is induced by the other party's fraudulent misrepresentation as to the contents or effect of a writing evidencing or embodying in whole or in part an agreement, the court at the request of the recipient may reform the writing to express the terms of the agreement as asserted,

 

(a) if the recipient was justified in relying on the misrepresentation, and

 

(b) except to the extent that rights of third parties such as good faith purchasers for value will be unfairly affected.

Term
167: When a Misrepresentation is an Inducing Cause
Definition

A misrepresentation induces a party's manifestation of assent if it substantially contributes to his decision to manifest his assent.

Term
168: Reliance on Assertions of Opinion
Definition

(1) An assertion is one of opinion if it expresses only a belief, without certainty, as to the existence of a fact or expresses only a judgment as to quality, value, authenticity, or similar matters.

 

(2) If it is reasonable to do so, the recipient of an assertion of a person's opinion as to the facts not disclosed and not otherwise known to the recipient may properly interpret it as an assertion

 

(a) that the facts known to that person are not incompatible with his opinion, or

 

(b) that he knows facts sufficient to justify him in forming it.

Term
169: When Reliance on an Assertion of Opinion is Not Justified
Definition

To the extent that an assertion is one of opinion only, the recipient is not justified in relying on it unless the recipient

 

(a) stands in such a relation of trust and confidence to the person whose opinion is asserted that the recipient is reasonable in relying on it, or

 

(b) reasonably believes that, as compared with himself, the person whose opinion is asserted has special skill, judgment, or objectivity with respect to the subject matter, or

 

(c) if for some other special reason particularly susceptible to a misrepresentation of the type involved.

Term
52: Who May Accept an Offer
Definition
An offer can be accepted only by a person whom it invites to furnish the consideration
Term
50: Acceptance of Offer Defined; Acceptance by Performance; Acceptance by Promise
Definition

(1) Acceptance of an offer is a manifestation of assent to the terms thereof made by the offeree in a manner invited or required by the offeror.

 

(2) Acceptance by performance requires that at least part of what the offer requests be performed or tendered and includes acceptance by a performance which operates as a return promise.

 

(3) Acceptance by a promise requires that the offeree complete every act essential to the making of the promise.

Term
51: Effect of Part Performance Without Knowledge of Offer
Definition

Unless the offeror manifests a contrary intention, an offeree who learns of an offer after he has rendered part of the performance requested by the offer may accept by completing the requested performance.

Term
35: The Offeree's Power of Acceptance
Definition

(1) An offer gives to the offeree a continuing power to complete the manifestation of mutual assent by acceptance of the offer

 

(2) A contract cannot be created by acceptance of an offer after the power of acceptance has been terminated in one of the ways listed in 36.

Term
36: Methods of Termination of the Power of Acceptance
Definition

(1) An offeree's power of acceptance may be terminated by

 

(a) rejection or counter-offer by the offeree, or

 

(b) lapse of time, or

 

(c) revocation by the offeror, or

 

(d) death or incapacity of the offeror or offeree

 

(2) In addition, an offeree's power of acceptance is terminated by the non-occurrence of any condition of acceptance under the terms of the offer.

Term
37: Termination of Power of Acceptance Under Option Contract
Definition

Notwithstanding 38-49, the power of acceptance under an option contract is not terminated by rejection or counter-offer, by revocation, or by death or incapacity of the offeror, unless the requirements are met for the discharge of a contractual duty.

Term
38 Rejection
Definition

(1) An offeree's power of acceptance is terminated by his rejection of the offer, unless the offeror has manifested a contrary intention.

 

(2) A manifestation of intention not to accept an offer is a rejection unless the offeree manifests an intention to take it under further advisement.

Term
40: Time When Rejection or Counter-Offer Terminates the Power of Acceptance
Definition

Rejection or counter-offer by mail or telegram does not terminate the power of acceptance until received by the offeror, but limits the power so that a letter or telegram of acceptance started after the sending of an otherwise effective rejection or counter-offer is only a counter-offer unless the acceptance is received by the offeror before he receives the rejection or counter-offer.

Term
41: Lapse of Time
Definition

(1) An offeree's power of acceptance is terminated at the time specified by the offer, or, if no time is specified, at the end of a reasonable time.

 

(2) What is a reasonable time is a question of fact, depending on all the circumstances existing when the offer and attempted acceptance are made.

 

(3) Unless otherwise indicated by the language or the circumstances, and subject to the rule stated in 49, an offer sent by mail is seasonably accepted if an acceptance is mailed at any time before midnight on the day on which the offer is received.

Term
42: Revocation by Communication from Offeror Received by Offeree
Definition

An offeree's power of acceptance is terminated when the offeree receives from the offeror a manifestation of an intention not to enter into the proposed contract.

Term
43: Indirect Communication of Revocation
Definition

An offeree's power of acceptance is terminated when the offeror takes definite action inconsistent with an intention to enter into the proposed contract and the offeree acquires reliable information to that effect.

Term
45: Option Contract Created by Part Performance or Tender
Definition

(1) Where an offer invites an offeree to accept by rendering a performance and does not invite a promissory acceptance, an option contract is created when the offeree tenders or begins the invited performance or tenders a beginning of it.

 

(2) The offeror's duty of performance under any option contract so created is conditional on completion or tender of the invited performance in accordance with the terms of the offer.

Term
28: Auctions
Definition

(1) At an auction, unless a contrary intention is manifested,

 

(a) the auctioneer invites offers from successive bidders which he may accept or reject;

 

(b) when goods are put up without reserve, the auctioneer makes an offer to sell at any price bid by the highest bidder, and after the auctioneer calls for bids the goods cannot be withdrawn unless no bid is made within a reasonable time.

 

(c) whether or not the auction is without reserve, a bidder may withdraw his bid until the auctioneer's announcement of completion of the sale, but a bidder's retraction does not revive any previous bid.

 

(2) Unless a contrary intention is manifested, bids at an auction embody terms made known by advertisement, posting or other publication of which bidders are or should be aware, as modified by any announcement made by the auctioneer when the goods are put up.

Term
16: Intoxicated Persons
Definition

A person incurs only voidable contractual duties by entering into a transaction if the other party has reason to know that by reason of intoxication

 

(a) he is unable to understand in a reasonable manner the nature and consequences of the transaction, or

 

(b) he is unable to act in a reasonable manner in relation to the transaction.

Term
20: Effect of Misunderstanding
Definition

(1) There is no manifestation of mutual assent to an exchange if the parties attach materially different meanings to their manifestations and

 

(a) neither party knows or has reason to know the meaning attached by the other; or

 

(b) each party knows or each party has reason to know the meaning attached by the other

 

(2) The manifestations of the parties are operative in accordance with the meaning attached to them by one of the parties if

 

(a) that party does not know of any different meaning attached by the other, and the other knows the meaning attached by the first party; or

 

(b) that party has no reason to know of any different meaning attached by the other, and the other has reason to know the meaning attached by the first party.

Term
30: Form of Acceptance Invited
Definition

(1) An offer may invite or require acceptance to be made by an affirmative answer in words, or by performing or refraining from performing a specified act, or may empower the offeree to make a selection of terms in his acceptance.

 

(2) Unless otherwise indicated by the language or the circumstances, an offer invites acceptance in any manner and by any medium reasonable in the circumstances.

Term
32: Invitation of Promise or Performance
Definition

In case of doubt an offer is interpreted as inviting the offeree to accept either by promising to perform what the offer requests or by rendering the performance, as the offeree chooses.