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Reptiles
Reptiles
31
Veterinary Medicine
06/14/2011

Additional Veterinary Medicine Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
shedding influenced by
Definition

age

growth rate

temp

humidity

nutrition

Term
poikilotherm
Definition

cold blooded

 

Term
reptiles have no
Definition

diaphram

thoracic or abdominal cavity

 

Term
in place of & thoracic & abdominal cavity they have
Definition
coelomic cavity
Term
 opening in roof of mouth
Definition
choanal slit
Term
Veins?
Definition

ventral abdominal

caudal tail

Term
who has a urinary bladder
Definition

most lizards and turtles

 

not snakes

Term
3 parts to the cloaca
Definition

coprodeum - repro

urodeum - urinary

proctodeum - gi

Term
male turtles have
Definition
a true penis
Term
male lizards and snakes have
Definition
paired hemipenes
Term
male amphibians have
Definition

hemipenile bulges

femoral pores

 

Term
female amphibians have
Definition

no femoral pores

larger size

short claws

no true uterus, oviducts serve the purpose

Term
owners need to understand
Definition

optimal temp range

humidity

hydration req. 

diet

behavior

yearly light cycles

lighting req.

Term
heating sources
Definition

under tank heating pads

water heaters

basking lamps

ceramic heat emiters

heat tape

Term
eyes
Definition

eye lids

nictitating membranes

spectacle (covers eyeball-shed during ecdysis)

 

iris muscle under voluntary control

Term
diurnal reptiles require 
Definition
UVB light 2.5% - 7% spectrum
Term
scent particles collect on tongue are delivered to special sensory cells on roof mouth
Definition
vomeronasal organ
Term
common reptile diseases
Definition

rostral abrasions

bite wounds

thermal burns

bacterial/fungal dermatitis

dysecdysis

broken/injured tails

pneumonia/stomatitis - very common

yellow skin dz in bearded dragons

aural abscess in turtles

vomiting/regurgitation in snakes

GI parasites

enteric bacterial infection

inclusion body disease (IBD) of Boids

GI impaction/obstruction (esp geckos)

GI parasitism

cloacal prolapse

penile/hemipenil prolapse

dystocia (follicular stasis)

nutritional dz/malnutrition

Term
enteric bacterial infection often caused by
Definition

poor sanitation

rancid food

Term
IBD
Definition

 

inclusion body disease of Boids (boas & pythons)

 

retrovirus

early signs - regurgitation

(cold prey also can cause vomiting)

progression to CNS dz: "star gazing" behavior, loss of righting reflex

dx by histologic examination of affected tissue

 

Term
metabolic bone disease
Definition

 

nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism

 

lack of Ca

or 

lack of D3 (via lack of UVB) causing

inability to use Ca in diet

or 

high phosporus diets (vegies, muscle meat/animal protein, insects)

Term
calcium used for
Definition

skeletal structure

 

blood calcium maintains:

cns function

muscle tone/function

 

Term
CS of MBD
Definition

osteoporosis

pathologic fractures

tremor

weakness

fibrous osteodystrophy

Term
gout
Definition

production of excess uric asid

becomes insoluble in blood and precipitates in tissues

Term
causes of gout
Definition

secondary to excess protein in diet or proteins too high in purines

 

dehydration

 

drug toxicities (nephrotoxic drugs)

Term
articular gout
Definition
uric acid crystals in joints
Term
visceral gout
Definition
uric acid crystals in organ tissues
Term
Renal insufficiency/failure
Definition

improper nutrition (carnivore diets being fed to herbivores)

PU, anorexia, weakness, wt loss

renomegally

elevated phosphorus & uric acid

 

Term
reptile zoonoses
Definition

salmonella (most reps carry)

pseudomona  (opportunistic)

mycobacteria (TB)

pentastomids (parasites)

Term
like a laparotomy
Definition
coeliotomies
Term
bot fly larva affects
Definition

turtles

 

kind o flike cuterebra