Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Psychology Test 3
Psychology Test 3 questions for CoastalCarolina Boyd
98
Psychology
11/07/2007

Additional Psychology Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
unusual and socially
Definition
Psychologist are most likely to define mal-adaptive behavior as disordered if it is
Term
medical model
Definition
The Conception of psychological disorders as biologically based sicknesses is known the
Term
social circumstances
Definition
The medical model of psychologically disordered behavior is most likely to be criticized for neglecting the importance of
Term
observabal patterns of behavior
Definition
In order to facalitate dignostic reliability, the DSM-IV typically bases diganosises on
Term
diagnostic labels
Definition
In a study by Rosenhan, researchers were admitted as patients into mental hospitals after they falsely claimed to be “hearing voices”. This study best illustrated the negative effects of  
Term

an inability to appreciate the wrongfulness of one’s own destructive behavior.

Definition
Insantity is most clearly characterized by
Term
violent
Definition
If people form their impressions of psychological disorder from tv, they are most likely to over estimate the percentage of people who are
Term
less;more
Definition
Compared with women, men are       vulnerable to depression and         vulnerable to alcohol abuse
Term
schizophrenia
Definition
Although some psychological disorders are cultural- bound, others are universal. For example, in every known culture there are people who suffer from
Term
panic disorder
Definition
Episodes of intense dread that last for several minutes and are accompanied by trembling, heart palpitations, etc. are most characteristic of a
Term

obsessive

Definition
An anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts and actions is called a                     disorder
Term
obsession
Definition
Pedro hears a song on the radio, he thinks of it all day long. His inability to stop illustrates the nature of an
Term
anxiety disorder
Definition
A post-dramatic stress disorder could best be described as an
Term

disruptions in conscious awareness and sense of identity

Definition
Dissociative disorders are most likely to be characterized by
Term
generalized anxiety disorder
Definition
what disorder is a person continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic arousal
Term
a persistant, irrational fear of a specific object or situation
Definition
phobias are most likely to be characterized by ________________.
Term
obsessive cumpulsive disorder
Definition
rodi brushes his teeth 18 times a day, he uses 83 strokes up and 83 strokes down. He sufferrs from a/an ____________.
Term
classically conditioned habits
Definition
learning theorists have suggested that obsessive compulsive disorders are ______________.
Term
biological
Definition
world war 2 air raged were extremely traumatic for those who experienced them yet few people developed phobic reactions to overhead planes. This is best explained from a _________ perspective.
Term
anxiety
Definition
psychological disorders conflicted by blank blank blank are caused by ___________disorders
Term
personality disorder
Definition
mr shamgkun had been fired 3 times for stealing money. He felt no remorse but his signs of repetence have kept his employers from taking him to court. His behavior is most indicitive of _________.
Term

depression

Definition
because it is so common or pervasive __________ is often considered the common cold of psychological disorders.
Term
optimism
Definition
mania is most likely to be characterized by feelings of _______.
Term
the internilization of anger
Definition
According to the psycho-analytic perspective, depression results from _____________.
Term
women; men
Definition
the united states, _______ are much more liey to attempt suicide than ___________.
Term
lower; lower
Definition
depression is associated with ________ norepin levels and _______ seratonian levels.
Term
depression
Definition
the rise of western idividualism appears most clearly responsible for an increase in _____________
Term
to participate more often in activities they consider pleasant and rewarded
Definition
one way for people to break the vicious cycle of depression is to _______________.
Term
disorganized and fragmented thinking
Definition

schitzophrenia is most likely to be characterized by __________.

Term
Schizophrenia
Definition
hallucinations and delusions are most likely to be experienced by those who suffer from __________.
Term
Catatonic
Definition
 a tendency to remain motionless for long periods is most common among those with ____________ schitzophrenia
Term
reactive; process
Definition
people are more likely to recover from __________ schitzophrenia than from ___________ schitzophrenia
Term
Thalamus
Definition
skitzophrenia victims difficulty with focusing the attention is most likely to be related to a shrinkage to the ___________.
Term
Schizophrenia
Definition
north Americans born during the winter and spring months are at a slightly increased risk for __________.
Term
uses a variety of psychological theories and therapeutic techniques
Definition
an eclectic therapist is one who __________.
Term
blocking from conciousess of anxiety loaded material during therapy
Definition
according to psycho-analys resistance refers to the __________.
Term
take more responsibility for their own feelings and actions
Definition
humanistic therapists are likely to teach client to __________.
Term
behavior
Definition
the importance of clarifying and enhancing ones sense of self is least likely to be emphasized by __________ therapists
Term
classical condition
Definition
systematic discientation is a form of _______________.
Term
exposure therapist
Definition
 in 1924 mary coverjones reported that baby peter lost his fear of rats when was repeatedly presented while he was eating a tasty snack. This best illustrated the potential usefulness of ____________.
Term
systematic disientation
Definition
virtual reality exposure is most similar to ____________.
Term
cognitive therapists
Definition
which theraputic approach emphasizes that people are often disturbed because of their irrational interpretations of events/
Term
Active listening
Definition
the technique in which a therapist echoes and restates what a person just said in a non directive manner is called_____________.
Term
family therapy
Definition
which of the following types of therapy does not belong with the others?
Term
clear cut
Definition

psychotherapy is likely to be most effective than a clients problem is ________.

Term
drugs effect mind and behavior
Definition
psycho-farmacology involves the study of how _____________.
Term

the beneficial concequences of merely expecting that a treament will help

Definition
the placebo effect refers to _____________.
Term
clozaril
Definition
an effective drug for the treatment of skitzophrenia is ___________.
Term
anti-psychotic drugs
Definition
which drugs appear to produce theraputic effects by blocking receptor sites for dopamine
Term
Serration
Definition
prozac is anti-depressent drug that partially blocks the re-absorbtion and removal of ____________.
Term
the double blind technique
Definition

which of the following is most helpful for avoiding inflated estimates of the effectiveness of anti-depressant drugs?

Term
depression
Definition

elctro-convulsive therapy has proven to be effective in the treatment of ________.

Term
psychosurgery
Definition

which of the following theraputic treatments is least likely to be used today?

Term
situational influences; personal dispositions
Definition
the fundamental attribution error refers to our tendency to underestimate the impact of ________ and to overestimate the impact of _________ in explaining the behavior of others.
Term
personality traits; situational constraints
Definition
we have a tendency to explain the behavior of others in terms of ________ and explain our own behavior in terms of ___________.
Term
beliefs and feelings
Definition
attitudes are ________ that guide behavior
Term
a detachment from social relationships.
Definition
A schizoid personality disorder is most likely to be characterized by
Term
repetitive behavior.
Definition
Compulsions are best described as
Term
alternations between extreme hopelessness and unrealistic optimism.
Definition
Bi-polar disorder is most likely to be characterized by
Term
depression
Definition
Compared with men, women are much more likely to suffer from
Term
higher;higher
Definition
The incidents of major depressive disorders are                   among those with an identical twin who suffers from depression than among those with a fraternal twin who suffers from depression. The incidents of bi-polar disorder are                    for those with an identical twin who experiences a bi-polar disorder than among those with a fraternal twin experiencing this.
Term
higher;lower
Definition
Suicide rates are                among the rich than the poor, and they were               among younger men then older men
Term
internal, stable, and global.
Definition
Failures are most likely to leave to depression if they are explained in terms that are
Term
social cognitive
Definition
It has been suggested that women are most vulnerable to depression because they are more likely to respond to negative events with self-focused rumination, this best illustrates a                                   perspective
Term
Bi-polar Disorder
Definition
Which of the following disorders is classified as a mood disorder?
Term
delusions
Definition
False beliefs of persecution that may accompany schizophrenia are called
Term
illusions of persecution
Definition
One of the positive symptoms of schizophrenia includes
Term
rapidly in response to a stressful life situation
Definition
The chances of recovering from schizophrenia are considered to be greatest when the disorder develops
Term
schizophrenia
Definition
A shrinkage of cerebral tissue is most likely to be associated with
Term
pre-natal viral conditions
Definition
Evidence suggest that contributes to                                         schizophrenia
Term
chronic; acute
Definition
 “Gradually developing” is to “suddenly developing” as          schizophrenia is to                schizophrenia
Term
A psychoanalysis (Freud)
Definition
Which of the following therapist would most like trying to understand an adult’s psychological disorder by exploring their childhood experience?
Term
expression toward a therapist of feelings linked with earlier life relationships.
Definition
Transference refers to a client’s
Term
client-centered therapist
Definition
Empathic understanding of the patient’s subjective experience is a major goal of
Term
conditioned responses.
Definition

In classical conditioning therapies, maladaptive symptoms are usually considered to be

Term
systematic desenatization
Definition
A token economy is to operant conditioning as               is to classical conditioning
Term
associating a pleasant relaxed state with anxiety arousing material
Definition

Systematic desensitization involves

Term
patients actions are influenced by controlling the consequences of those actions
Definition
Which of the following is the best description of techniques involving behavior modification?
Term
enabling people to discover that others have problems similar to their own
Definition
Group therapy is typically more effective then individual therapy for
Term
alter the way people think and act
Definition
Cognitive-behavior therapy aims to
Term
how family tensions may cause individual problems.
Definition

 Family therapy differs from other forms of psychotherapy because it focuses on

Term
clients expectation that psychotherapy will make things better
Definition
The most common ingredient underlying the success of diverse psychotherapies is the
Term
comply w/ a large request if one has previously complied w/ a small request.
Definition
Two foot in the door phenomenon refers to the tendency to
Term
role-playing on attitudes.
Definition
Phillip Zimbargo devised a simulated prison and randomly assigned students as prisoners or guards. This experiment best illustrated the impact of
Term
even when the group’s judgment was obviously incorrect.
Definition
Solom Husch reported that individuals conformed to a group’s judgment on a link of lines
Term
gain social approval
Definition

Normative social influence results from people’s desire to

Term
information ; normative social influence
Definition

Accretive of nevs opinions about reality is to                as the desire for social approval is to

Term
the teachers were more obedient than most people would have predicted
Definition
Most people are likely to be surprised by the results of Milgrams initial obedience exp b/c
Term
teachers were deceived and frequently subjected to sever stress.
Definition
The Milgrams obedience exp’s were controversial b/c the
Term
eventually people who aren’t usually hostile can become agents of destruction.
Definition
According to Milgram the most fundamental lesson to be learned to his study of obedience is that
Term
arousal encouneges performance of the most likely response.
Definition
The presence of others does not always lead to social facilitation because
Term
social loafing
Definition
The tendency for people to exert less effort when they are pooling their efforts toward a goal is known as
Term
men; individualism
Definition
Social loafing has been found to be esp. noticeable among                in cultures that value                .
Term
 a loss of self-awareness and self-restraint in-group situations that foster arousal and anonymity.
Definition
Deindividuation refers to
Term
individuals share a similar opinion
Definition
Group darization is most likely to occur in a group in which
Term
groupthink
Definition
The ill-fated decision of JFK and his advisors to invade Cuba best illustrates the dangers of
Term
unswervingly hold to his position
Definition
Anton is the only Juror a favor acquittal on a murder charge. To influence the majority he should
Term
perform well-learned tasks more efficiently in the presence of others.
Definition
Social facilitation refers to true tendency to