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Psychology - Chapter 11
Robert Morris University Psychology (fall 2010)
17
Psychology
10/27/2010

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Term
Buss’ study of the Big Five personality characteristics
Definition
______ determined that they are all related to essential social characteristics important for survival
Term
projective tests
Definition
Personality tests that ask individuals to respond to vague, ambiguous stimuli in ways that may reveal the subject's needs, feelings, and personality traits are called _________
Term
Terror management theory
Definition
after 9/11, citizens became more patriotic because their mortality salience increased. This led them to work harder to defend their cultural world view., it is not surprising that
Term
Eysenck's theory of personality
Definition
_________ is based on basic personality traits, differences in physiological functioning and differences in ease of conditioning.
Term
thoughts, memories, and desires
Definition
According to Freud, the _____, _____, and _____ we have that we do not realize we have are in our unconscious awareness.
Term
collective unconscious
Definition
According to Carl Jung, our _________ is the level of the unconscious mind that stores latent memory traces inherited from our ancestral past.
Term
evolutionary approach to personality
Definition
The _________ suggests that various personality traits and the ability to recognize the traits in others may have contributed to reproductive fitness
Term
Primary process thinking
Definition
_________ is associated with the id
Term
secondary process thinking
Definition
________ is associated with the ego
Term
Psychodynamic personality theories
Definition
__________ focus on unconscious mental forces.
Term
Openness (to experience), Conscientiousness, Extroversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism.
Definition
The "Big Five" personality traits are:
Term
Distinctiveness
Definition
aspect of personality that explains why everyone does not act the same in similar situations
Term
consistency and distinctiveness
Definition
Two aspects of an individual's behavior that are central to the concept of personality are ________ and _______
Term
Alfred Adler’s theory of personality
Definition
_________ determined that striving for superiority was man’s primary motivation
Term
Humanistic psychology, as described by Rogers and Maslow
Definition
__________ states that people can rise above their primitive animal heritage and that they are largely conscious and rational beings who are not dominated by unconscious, irrational conflicts.
Term
Humanistic psychology
Definition
__________ believes that people are not helpless pawns of deterministic forces.
Term
Terracciano
Definition
_______ conducted research about personality traits and the link to the people of specific countries. Their research determined that there is no relationship between nationality and personality characteristics.