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PSY3625
Exam 1
84
Psychology
09/10/2013

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Cards

Term
Apports
Definition
What is the term used for objects or trinkets (associated with a dead person) which are conjured up during a seance?
Term
Toe cracking
Definition
The fox sisters were apparently able to fraudulently produce rapping sounds through which unusual talent?
Term
St. Angela
Definition
Which Catholic saint saw an apparition of their sister amongst the saints in heaven?
Term
unconscious or preconscious psi
Definition
Don, McDonough and Warren used brain EEG activity to investigate psi-abilities. Their findings suggested the presence of what phenomenon?
Term
Channeling
Definition
What is the term for a mediums connection with the dead?
Term
William Crookes
Definition
Which famous chemist investigated Maggie Fox and D.D. Hume as well as helping to found the Society for Psychical Research?
Term
Jealous
Definition
When psi-abilities fall under close scrutiny, it is because psi is described as a ___________ phenomenon?
Term
Alfonso de Liguori
Definition
Which Catholic church saint experienced traveling clairvoyance or an out-of-body experience which took him to the bedside of a dying pope?
Term
Somnambulist
Definition
What is the term used to describe a sleepwalker or someone under the influence of hypnotism?
Term
Democritus
Definition
Which ancient Greek philosopher saw truthful dreams as an intervention of the Gods?
Term
n
Definition
Which notable 20th century spiritualist was known for producing peraphin waxworks as souvenirs of his seances?
Term
n
Definition
The Fox family named the entity which was rapping on their walls the intelligence. Who did the intelligence identify itself as?
Term
De Puyseger
Definition
What french nobelman helped to re-popularize Mesmerism?
Term
James Esdaile
Definition
What physician was interested in using hypnotism as an artificial anesthetic?
Term
na
Definition
Which of the following is not a school of divination/ Belomancy, Utromancy, Capnomancy, Rhabdomancy
Term
De Canonizatione
Definition
What was the title of the first organized body of psychical research?
Term
Super-Psi/Super-ESP
Definition
Individuals who possess multiple ESP abilities are said to have what?
Term
1.Sense of well-being
2. Separation from the body
3.Entering the darkness
4.Seeing the light
5.Entering the light
Definition
What are Rings five stages of a near death experience?
Term
Project Alpha
Definition
The CIA sunk a significant amount of funds and personnel developing a psychic defense network known as?
Term
Harry Houdini
Definition
Which 19th century magician went from being a believer in Spiritualism to its greatest antagonistic investigator?
Term
Clairvoyance
Definition
What is the term for the following ESP ability? The aquisition of information directly from an external object or physical event, not through the thoughts or perceptions of someone else
Term
Pope Benedict XIV
Definition
Who was Prospero Lambertini?
Term
Basic science is set out to increase knowledge.

Applied science goal is to solve practical problems and look for specific solutions.
Definition
What is the difference between basic and applied science?
Term
Make informal observations
Form alternative hypothesis
empirically testing your hypothesis
Definition
What are the steps in the scientific process?
Term
hypothesis has confirmatory data
systematic manipulation
and systematic measurement
Definition
What is science?
Term
Inconsistentconsiquences (DV)
innacurate conceptualization (
confounding variable
get informed consent
must debreif
Definition
What is Pseudoscience?
Term
obtain answers to questions by forming a hypothesis and test these questions to DISPROVE them and its predictions
Dissemination of findings!!
Definition
What is the scientific method and its steps?
Term
pursuing knowledge via observation
ranges from uncontrolled, direct observations in natural settings to highly controlled lab based observations
Definition
What is empiricism?
Term
provide an explanation of establishment data
provides an explanation for previously unexplained data
Produce new predictions
Therefore, advance science further
Factors, their interactions influence on observed phenomenon
Definition
What makes a good theory?
Term
tentative statement about relations among factors involved in the observed phenomenon
Definition
What is a hypothesis
Term
EXPLAIN
PREDICT
CONTROL
DEVELOP a theory
Definition
What are the goals of science?
Term
any event/condition which may change
Definition
What is a variable?
Term
Behavioral and Stimulus
Definition
What are the different types of variables?
Term
Consistency of measurement
Same score if phenomenon measured several times
Definition
What is Reliability?
Term
Degree to which an experiment, a procedure, or a measurement does/measures what it is supposed to measure.
Definition
What is Validity?
Term
Costs to Society
Misguided Complementary & Alternative Medicine
Superficial & Aggressive Religiosity
Paranormal Cherry Picking
Definition
What are the dangers of pseudoscience?
Term
The science which is concerned with the investigation, by experimental means of events not explained by "natural law"
Definition
What is parapsychology?
Term
ESP+PK
Definition
What is psi?
Term
Extrasensory Perception
-Clairvoyance
-Telepathy
-Precognition
Definition
What is ESP and its 3 subtypes?
Term
Psychokinesis-the mental influence upon a physical state without the use of the motor organs
-Dynamic
-Static
Definition
What is PK and its 2 subtypes?
Term
who developed atomic theory, believed that dreams were due to seepage into the mind of psychic particles (like atoms)
-the laughing philospher
-dreams
Definition
Democritus
Term
told the story of one of the first instances of clarvoyance
Definition
The Oracle of Zeus
Term
(who was not a philosopher) believed that "truthful" or clairvoyant dreams were due to the intervention of the gods
Definition
Aristocritus
Term
rejected both these theories and believed that clairvoyant dreams were the result of some undiscovered and frequently untapped ability of the human mind (in dreams)
Definition
Aristotle
Term
Pope Benedict the XIV
Definition
Who was Prospero Lambertini?
Term
chief psychical researcher
Definition
What was Prosper Lambertini's job?
Term
De Canonizatione
Definition
What book did Prospero Lambertini write?
Term
it was the first organized body of psychical research
Definition
Why was De Canonizatione so special?
Term
1.everyone and anyone can experience
2.Visions may include living and the dead
3.Sleep prophecies occur more often then awake
4.Symbolic form-predictions and dreams especially
Definition
What major conclusions did Prospero Lambertini reach regarding paranormal phenomena?
Term
13th Century Italian theologian, priest & philospher
-became a saint on his death bed
-Apparations (saw an apparition of his dead professor)
Definition
Who was St. Thomas Aquinas and what happened to him?
Term
-fasted
-Claims hsi consciousness traveled thousands of miles to the bedside of dying Pope Clement the XIV
--TRAVELING CLAIRVOYANCE
Definition
Who was Alfonso di Liguoiri and what supposedly happened to him?
Term
St Thomas Aquinas
Definition
Who wrote Summa Theologica?
Term
-fasted
-SPONTANEOUS LEVATATION
Definition
Who was St Joseph of Cupertino and what was he supposedly able to do?
Term
not really levitation, everyone who witnessed this was just having a divine halucination
Definition
how did the church explain the spontaneous levitation of St Joseph?
Term
MESMERism
-Animal Magnetism
-universal fluid
-tides/blockages
-manipulate
-outlawed
Definition
Who was Franz Anton Mesmer?
Term
fluid in the body said to change or help a person, could be directed through magnets and hand gestures
Definition
What was animal magnetism?
Term
worked with mesmer
wrote a Case Study:Victor Rose

-believed trance is a psi-conductive state

-sleepwalker
-helped repopularize mesmerism
Definition
Who was Marquis de Puyseger and what did he do?
Term
sleep walker
Definition
What is a somnambulist?
Term
medical clarvoyance
-community of Sensations
Definition
Alexandre Bertrand
Term
1840s england
-taste and smell over long distances
Definition
John Esclaile
Term
Artificial Anesthetic
Definition
James Esdaile
Term
Power of Suggestion
-Not Supernatural
Definition
James Braid
Term
all based on volunteering system
-selection problem
-could have been psychic already
Definition
What were some of the problems with early studies on Mesmerism?
Term
Brought psychic phenomenon out of the realm of religion and into that of science
Definition
What is significant about mesmerism?
Term
single most important factor in the development of parapsychology
Definition
What is Spiritualism?
Term
Mesmerism in Europe ---> led to---> Americas
-trans-speakers
Definition
Where is spiritualism originate?
Term
Communications with Spirits thru mediums or seances
-souls survive death
-belief in God "infinite Intelligence"
Definition
What are the major tenants of Spiritualism?
Term
Leah
Katherine (kate) *
Margaret (maggie)*
Definition
What were the names of the three Fox sisters?
Term
"The Intelligence"
Definition
What did the fox sisters name the knocking sound they were communicating with?
Term
Charles Rosma
Definition
Who was murdered in the Fox house?
Term
Antagonistic to Spiritualism- goal was to expose fruads
-UPenn
-Accomplishment Henry Slade-Sollner
studied adult Maggie
-no explanation for the tappings
Definition
What was the Seybert Commission and what was its major goal?
Term
claimed Maggie fox wasn't lieng
-applauded, whitnessed, concluded, denounced
-also investigated D.D. Home
Definition
Who was William Crookes?
Term
-dim darkly lit room
-rappings
spirit writing
-trance speaking
-clairvoyance
-luminous phenomena
-spiritual impersonation
-spirit music
-visible & tactile manifestation
-spirit intercourse
Definition
What are the typical phenomena of a spiritualistic seance?
Term
-fraud
-demons
-unknown ability of the human mind
Definition
What are some of the interpretations of the phenomena that occurred during spiritualistic seances?
Term
Saved spiiritualism-developed ESP abilities and ability to communicate with the dead
-never proved fraudulent but was criticized
Definition
Who was D.D Home' and what was he supposedly able to do?
Term
peraphin productions
spoon bender
Definition
The Amazing Kluski
Term
Austrian medium
clairvoyant/telepathic
Definition
Rudi Schneider
Term
Israeli psychic
-spoons
-psychic photography
Definition
Uri Gellar
Term
The Amazing Randi
Definition
James Randi
Term
contradict what we know about matter and energy as discovered through physics
Definition
Pure Paranormal Claims
Term
mysteries that need not violate the world of physics; however true paranormal explanation are NOT ruled out
Definition
Borderline Gratuitous Claims
Term
offer a nonphysical explanation when there is no mystery to be explained
Definition
Gratuitous Paranormal Claims
Term
scientific "sticky note"
Definition
Causal Placeholders
Term
postmodernism
all truth is relative & personal
reality depends on what you believe not how the world is
Definition
Subjective Relativism