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PSY2012
FSU PSY2012 Final exam
50
Psychology
12/09/2007

Additional Psychology Flashcards

 


 

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Term
In which type of research would an investigator manipulate one factor in order to observe its effect on some behavior or mental process?
Definition
Experimental research
Term
The case study is a research method in which:
Definition
Psychologists study on individual in great depth and length (in the hope of revealing things true of us all)
Term
Which of the following correlation coefficient expresses the weakest degree of relationship between two variables?
Definition
Zero
Term
Suppose that those who watch a lot of violence are also particularily likely to behave aggressively. This relationship would not necessarily indicate that watch violence influences aggressive behavior because:
Definition
Correlation does not mean causation!
Term
A hypothesis is a(n):
Definition
Testable prediction, often implied by a theory
Term
Political officials who have no doubt that their own economic and military predictions will come true most clearly demonstrate:
Definition
Overconfidence
Term
Several weeks after a political election, voters often exaggerate their ability to have predicted the election outcome. This best illustrates:
Definition
Hindsight bias
Term
In which type of research is a representative random sample of people asked to answer questions about their behaviors and attitutes?
Definition
Survey
Term
Illusory correlation refers to:
Definition

The perception of a relationship where none exist.

(When we believe that there is a relationship, we are more likely to notice and recall instances that confirm our belief)

Term
Psychologists who carefully watch the behavior of chimpanzee societies in the jungle are using a research method known as:
Definition

Naturalistic Observation

(Case study ?) 

Term
The ability to think logically about hypothetical situation is indicative of the stage of development:
Definition
Formal operating stage
Term
For Regis to think it's wrong to drive over the speed limit simply because he might get punished for doing so is demonstrating Kohlberg's _______ stage of morality
Definition
Conventional stage of morality
Term
The association areas are the last regions of the brain to fully develop their:
Definition
Neural networks
Term
Sensory adaptation refers to:
Definition
Our diminished sensitivity to constant or routine odors, sounds, and touches
Term
Perception is the process by which:
Definition
We organize and interpret sensation information
Term
The detection and encoding of stimulus energies by the nervous system is called:
Definition
Sensation
Term
News about the supposed effects of briefly presented messages on moviegoers' consumption of pocorn and Coca-Coloa involved false claims regarding:
Definition
Subliminal messaging
Term
The minimum amount of stimulation a person needs to detect a stimulus 50% of the time is called the:
Definition
Absolute threshold
Term
A time lag between left and right auditory stimulation is important for accurately:
Definition

computing the source of the sound/

locating sounds 

Term
Pleasant memories are most likely to be evoked by exposure to:
Definition
Fragrant odors
Term
Consumers respond more positively to ground beef advertised as "75 percent lean" than to ground beef described as "25% fat." This illustrates that consumer reactions are influenced by:
Definition
The "framing" effect
Term
An algorithm is a:
Definition
Methodical, logical rule/procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem
Term
Tests designed to predict ability to learn new skills are called:
Definition
Aptitude tests
Term
Spearman's g factor refers to:
Definition
A general intelligence factor that underlies specific mental abilities and is therfore measured by every task on an intelligence test
Term
Which of the following observations provides the best evidence that intelligence test scores are influenced by heredity?
Definition
Identical twins raised separately have IQ scores that are very similar
Term
If a test yields consistent results every time it is used, it has a high degree of:
Definition
Reliability
Term
Mr. and Mrs. Linkletter are parents of a mentally retarded child. It is most likely that their child:
Definition

Score 70 or below on an intelligence score

-Extra chromosome (?) 

Term
The distribution of intelligence test scores in the general population forms a bell-shaped pattern. This pattern is called a:
Definition
The normal / bell-shaped curve
Term
The ability to control one's impulses and delay immediate pleasures in pursuit of long-term goals is most clearly a characteristic of:
Definition
Emotional intelligence
Term
If a test is standardized, this means:
Definition
(The process of defining meaningful scores relative to a pretested group is called standardization)
Term
Everyone would agree that intelligence tests are "biased" in the sense that:
Definition
Cultural biases
Term
A test that measures or predicts what it is supposed to is said to have a high degree of:
Definition
Validity
Term
Which theory would helpful for explaining why people are motivated to watch horror movies?
Definition
Optimum Arousal
Term
Motivation is defined by psychologists as:
Definition
A need/behavior that energizes or directs behavior
Term
On the basis of Maslow's hierarchy of needs, one would be least likely to predict that a:
Definition

This proposes a pyramid-shaped sequence in which lower-level needs (ie hunger/thirst) are more compelling than higher-level needs (need to love/to belong/to be respected). Although critics dont think it is universal

(A prisoner may choose to die before betraying his country) 

[image]

Term
In which disorder do people alternate between states of lethargic hopelessness and wild overexcitement?
Definition
Bipolar disorder
Term
For the last month, Gabrielle has felt lathargic and has been unable to get out of bed in the morning. She has withdrawn from friends and family because she feels worthless and unlovable. Gabrielle is most likely suffering from:
Definition
Major depressive disorder
Term
Two years after being brutally raped and beaten, Brianna still experience jumpy anxiety and has troubel sleeping and vivid flashbacks of her assault. She is clearly showing signs of:
Definition
Post traumatic stress disorder
Term
A generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by:
Definition
Continually tense, apprehensive, and a state of autonomic nervous system arousal
Term
Obsessions are:
Definition
Persistent, reoccuring thoughts which cause a person anxiety/distress
Term
The prominent feature of mood disorders is the existence of:
Definition
Emotional extremes (drastic mood changes)
Term
While he was studying, Matthew was suddenly overwhelmed by feelings of intense apprehension. For several minutes he felt so agitated that he could not catch his breath. Matthew was most likely suffering from a(n):
Definition
Panic attack
Term
Psychiatrists and psychologists label behavior as disordered when it is:
Definition
Atypical, disturbing, maldaptive and unjustifiable
Term
An adopted child's chances of developing schizophrenia _________ if the biological parents have schizophrenia. The child's chances ________ if the adopted childs parents have schizophrenia.
Definition
Increases; does not increase
Term
Kaylee is so afraid of spiders and insects that she avoids most outdoor activities and even refuses to go to the basement of her own house alone. She appears to suffer from a(n):
Definition
phobia
Term
Maladaptive behaviors that reduce worry and fear are most indiciative of:
Definition
anxiety disorders
Term
The DSM-IV does not:
Definition
Explain causes
Term
In which type of disorder is a person's speech likely to be so full of unrelated words and phrases that is could be characterized as a "word salad"
Definition
Schizophrenia
Term
Delusions of persecution are most common among those with _________ schizophrenia
Definition
Paranoid schizophrenia
Term
Jabar, a 25 year old auto mechanic, thinks he is Napoleon. He further believes that he is being imprisoned against his will in the mental hospital where his relatives have brought him for treatment. Jabar is most likely suffering from:
Definition
(Paranoid) Schizophrenia