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Prophets
Test #2 Isaiah and Jeremiah
62
Religious Studies
10/11/2011

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Term
What brought Assyria down to Palestine?
Definition
Syro-Ephraimite alliance
Term
What is the Syro-Ephraimite war?
What did Ahaz do in response?
Definition
• Syro-Ephraimite (Israel) alliance vs. Judah (II Kings 16; Ahaz king of Judah, Pekah king of Israel; c. 735 BC)

• Ahaz faithlessly calls on Assyria to help
Term
Who destroyed Samaria and when?
Definition
Destruction of Samaria by Shalmaneser V in 722 BC
Term
Who attacked Jerusalem in 701 BC? Who was king of Judah at the time? How did it end?
Definition
Sennacherib attacks Jerusalem
Ahaz was king
Jerusalem was destroyed
Term
what is the setting of Isaiah 1-39? Who is the world power?
Definition
geopolitical setting with Assyria as the enemy
Term
What do chapters 40-66 address?
Definition
those who were later to be in exile (after 586 BC)
Term
What do the critics say about the authorship of Isaiah?

How do they divide up the book?

How does the NT help answer the critics?
Definition
-was written by 2 or 3 authors

-divided up 1-39 is the actual prophet; 40-55 is an anonymous author; 56-66 are postexilic

-NT quotes from all three parts of Isaiah, always calling the author Isaiah
Term
How does Isaiah follow the standard prophetic message?
Definition
Standard Prophetic Message:

 “You’ve broken the covenant” (e.g. with idolatry, evil, etc)
 No repentance? Then judgment is coming
 But there is hope
Term
What does each of the 3 parts of Isaiah cover?
Definition
o Isaiah 1-39 –judgment with glimpses of deliverance
o Isaiah 40-55 –deliverance and restoration through the Servant with glimpses of judgment
o Isaiah 56-66 –righteous living by Yahweh’s true people
Term
How does Isaiah present a "covenant lawsuit"?
How is Yahweh pictured?
What have the people done?
Definition
Scathing rebuke for repeated violation of covenant

Yahweh seated in court, prepared to judge

They have abandoned Yahweh
Term
How does God show his contempt for religious ritualism in Isaiah 1? How can they be restored?
Definition
He hides his eyes and will not listen--it is an abomination to him

They can be restored if they repent
Term
What messianic messages are presented in Ch. 2-4?
Definition
Messianic era in view

speaks of the “branch”, a messianic image, and a remnant of people who will be restored—imagery of temple and God’s presence
Term
How is Israel pictured in Ch. 5?
Definition
the vineyard of yahweh
Term
What is the call of Isaiah in Ch. 6?

How are vv. 9-10 used in the NT?
Definition
"In the year king Uzziah died..."
"Woe is me! I have unclean lips!"
God touches hot coal to his lips-showing forgiveness
"Here am I, send me"

When Jesus speaks in parables, the people are hearing but not understanding
Term
How will Yahweh's justice and righteousness be established among the nations? Ch. 13-35
Definition
Mostly through judgment
Term
What is the literary style and the story of Isaiah 36-39?
Definition
Narrative style

Events in Hezekiah’s reign, Assyrian siege in 701 BC
Term
What special child promise is made in ch. 7-12? Where does this promise ultimately point?
Definition
God gives Ahaz a sign—a child to be born (named Immanuel- “God with us” 7:14)

Ultimately points to Christ
Term
What pagan nation is in view in Isaiah 13-14?
Definition
Assyria
Term
What two common misinterpretations in Isaiah did we discuss?
Definition
Animals in harmony: Jew and Gentile bond, not premillenialism

Lucifer (morning star) refers to Babylon, not Satan
Term
How does God refer to Babylon and Assyria in Isa. 19:23-25? How can God call them this?
Definition
He calls them His people--through Messianic hope
Term
To whom does Jesus apply Isaiah 29:13?
Definition
to the Jews of his day against religious ritualism
Term
What is the major theme of ch. 40-66?
Definition
"do not fear"
Term
What is the NT connection between Isa. 40:3-5, Isa. 53, and Isa. 61:1-2?
Definition
Deliverance focused on the role of the Servant, who will bring salvation through suffering
Term
Which pagan king is specifically referred to as God's servant? Why?
Definition
Cyrus, because he was an instrument of God and would do God's will
Term
How does Cyrus fulfill this role according to II Chron 36:22-23 and Ezra 1:1-4?
Definition
Cyrus is an instrument of God
Term
What does Josephus suggest about the king's reading of Isaiah's prophecies?
Definition
“Accordingly, when Cyrus read this, and admired the divine power, an earnest desire and ambition seized upon him to fulfill what was so written”
Term
Which god of Babylon did we contrast with Yahweh?
Definition
Marduk
Term
What is the Cyrus Cylinder?
Definition
first bill of human rights
Term
What does Messiah mean? To whom is the term applied in Isaiah?
Definition
"anointed"--only refers to Cyrus
Term
What three things was Cyrus called upon to do? How are these typo-logical of Jesus?
Definition
-Subdue nations
-Loose loins of kings (i.e. conquer them)
-Open doors no one can shut (authority)

Jesus spiritually fulfills these as the ultimate Ruler of the world [physical vs. sinful captivity]
Term
What is the basic message of Jeremiah?
Definition
Repent, the Babylonians are coming
Term
How is Jeremiah's message typical of the prophets? What are his indictments?
Definition
The people have broken the covenant, they must repent or judgment is coming--hope of restoration

indictments: idolatry, injustice, ritualism
Term
From with OT book does Jeremiah draw heavily?
Definition
Deuteronomy
Term
What is the general nature of the book? How do chapters 37-44 differ?
Definition
only 37-44 are in chronological order
Term
What unique feature did we point out about Jeremiah?
Definition
More details of its writing given than any other prophet—several mentions of actual writing down onto a scroll
Term
Who was Jeremiah's scribe?
Definition
Baruch
Term
Why was Jeremiah reluctant when first called?
Definition
He claimed he was only a child and did not know how to speak
Term
How is Judah pictured in Jeremiah 2?
Definition
as an unfaithful, adulterous wife
Term
What is the term used for repentance? How is a wordplay made on this in 3:22?
Definition
Shuv--also used to mean turning away from Yahweh
Term
What two early NT connections were made in Jeremiah 2 and 7?
Definition
—spring of living waters (John 4—woman at the well)
—den of robbers (Matt. 21:13; Mark 11:17; Luke 19:46)
Term
What does Jeremiah 11 stress in its connection to Deut. 28?
Definition
the broken covenant and the curses
Term
What does "broken" mean in Jer. 11?
Definition
it's not just violating a law, but breaking a relationship
Term
Why did people plot to kill Jeremiah? How did it turn out?
Definition
because he was prophesying against them
Jeremiah found out about their plan, God told him to keep prophesying anyways
Term
What is the waistband illustration? What two former prophets are mentioned in ch. 15? Why?
Definition
God's people would be like the ruined waistband--completely useless

Even if Moses and Samuel interceded, it would be too late (15:1) –because of what Manasseh did (15:4)
Term
What is the potter and clay illustration in 18-19?
Definition
Jer. 18—God’s power to reshape the nations—He is in control

Jer. 19—pot is hardened and cannot be reshaped, so it must be broken
Term
Where was Jeremiah told to go with the clay pot? What is this place?
Definition
Valley of Ben Hinnom [Valley of Slaughter], where many false gods were worshipped, especially Chemesh and Molech (known for child sacrifice)
Term
How long did Jeremiah say that captivity would last?
Definition
70 years
Term
When does this basic time frame of 70 years begin and end?
Definition
Decree of Cyrus
Term
What is promised in Jer 31:31-34? Where in the NT can we find this passage quoted?
Definition
The Lord will make a new covenant with his people--Hebrews 8
Term
For what was Jeremiah arrested in Ch. 32?
Definition
treason
Term
What was Jeremiah told to buy? Why?
Definition
told to buy a family field as a symbol of the hope of restoration
Term
How does God essentially answer questions that might arise about His fulfilling His promises?
Definition
How will the promises be fulfilled if the people are totally destroyed?
—this Davidic King will not be like the kings of the physical nation
Term
How do Zedekiah and Jehoaichin show the extent of unfaithfulness? (Ch. 34, 36)
Definition
Jehoiakim cuts up the scroll of Jeremiah
Term
Who are the Rechabites and what do they demonstrate? Ch. 35
Definition
they were a family in Judah who would not break a covenant given to their forefathers
--contrast with the people of God who broke their covenant with Him
Term
Which two chapters record the downfall of Jerusalem? How does the book end? What happens to Jehoiachin?
Definition
Ch. 39, 52

Jehoichin is released and given allowance
Term
What happened to Zedekiah and his sons
Definition
Zedekiah's sons are killed before him and then his eyes are put out
Term
Who was appointed governor over Jerusalem?
Definition
Gedeliah
Term
What two ironies did we point out about the events recorded in Jeremiah? (39, 43)
Definition
irony of ending at Jericho (vs. 5), where they will now be lead out of the Promised Land to exile
Term
What is a lament? How many of these are in Lamentations?
Definition
agony-filled songs

5 laments expressing deep shock and pain over the destruction of Jerusalem
Term
For what occasion was Lamentations regularly read?
Definition
in commemorations of the destruction of the Temple
Term
How would Lamentations vindicate the message of Jeremiah?
Definition
with his conflicts against false prophets and kings--Jeremiah's message is true
Term
What is the pattern in which Lamentations is written?
Definition
alphabetical acrostics