Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Policing
Introduction to Criminal Justice (07-F12) at the University of New Haven.
27
Criminal Justice
10/15/2012

Additional Criminal Justice Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
The anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk and the initiation of action of eliminate or reduce it.
Definition
Crime prevention.
Term
A crime analysis and police-management process built on crime mapping that was developed by NYPD in the mid 1990s. 
Definition
Comp stat.
Term
A minor violation of the law that demoralizes community residents and business people. Create physical disorder and/or social decay.
Definition
Quality-of-Life Offense.
Term
Elected chief officer of a county law enforcement agency. The sheriff is usually responsible for law enforcement in unincorporated areas and for the operation of the county jail.
Definition
Sheriff.
Term
A multiagency law enforcement facility designed to enhance cooperative efforts through a coordinated process for collecting, sharing, and analyzing information in order to develop actionable intelligence. 
Definition
Fusion center.
Term
The administrative activities of controlling, directing, and coordinating police personnel, resources, and activities in the service of crime prevention, the apprehension of criminals, the recovery of stolen property, and the performance of a variety of regulatory and helping services.
Definition
Police management.
Term
In police organizations, the field activities or supervisory activities directly related to day to day police work. 
Definition
Line Operation.
Term
In police organizations, activities (such as administration and training) that provide support for line operations. 
Definition
Staff Operations.
Term
The unbroken line of authority that extends through all levels of an organization, from the highest to the lowest.
Definition
Chain of command.
Term

The number of police personnel or the number of units supervised by a particular officer. 

 

Definition
Span of control.
Term
 A style of policing marked by a concern for order maintenance.
Definition
Watchman style.
Term
A style of policing marked by a strict concern with enforcing the precise letter of the law. 
Definition
Legalistic style.
Term

A style of policing marked by a concern with helping rather than strict enforcement. More likely to refer citizens to community resources.

 

Definition
Service style.
Term
An area of police activity that recognizes the need to the community and the police to work together efficiently and is based on the notion that the police derive their legitimacy from the community that they serve.
Definition
Police/community relations.
Term

The reorganization of conventional patrol strategies into “an integrated and versatile police team assigned to a fixed district”. 

 

Definition
Team policing.
Term
A type of policing that retains the traditional police goal of professional crime fighting but enlarges the enforcement target to include nontraditional types of criminals.
Definition
Strategic policing.
Term
A type of policing that assumes that many crimes are caused by existing social conditions within the community and that crimes can be controlled by uncovering and effectively addressing underlying social problems. 
Definition
Problem solving policing. 
Term
Funneled federal funding to state and local law enforcement agencies.
Definition
Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. 
Term
The application of social sciences techniques to the study of police administration. 
Definition
Scientific police management.
Term
First large scale scientific study of law enforcement practices. Sponsored by the police foundation, it focused on the practice of preventative patrol. 
Definition
Kansas City Experiment.
Term
A police management strategy designed to increase the productivity of patrol officers through the scientific analysis and evaluation of patrol techniques. 
Definition
Directed patrol.
Term
An exception to the exclusionary rule. Law enforcement officers who conduct a search or who seize evidence on the basis of good faith and who later discover that a mistake was made may still use the seized evidence in court.
Definition
Good faith exception.
Term
 The level of suspicion that would justify an officer in making further inquiry or in conducting further investigation.
Definition
 Reasonable suspicion.
Term
Exception to the exclusionary rule that permits law enforcement officers to search a motor vehicle based on probable cause but without a warrant. 
Definition
Fleeting-targets exception.
Term
A legal concept that provides a basis for suspicionless searches when public safety is an issue. 
Definition
Compelling interest.
Term
A search without a warrant and without suspicion. Only permissible if there is concern for public safety. 
Definition
Suspicionless search.
Term
The tactics used by police interviewers that fall short of physical abuse but that none the less pressure subjects into divulging information.
Definition
Inherent coercion.