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Plant Parts & Functions
Unit A, Chapter 3, Carter Lomax, Mr. D.
15
Science
03/28/2008

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Term

STOMATA

Definition
TINY HOLES IN  A LEAF WHERE CARBON DIOXIDE ENTERS
Term
CHLOROPLASTS
Definition
THE PART OF LEAF CELLS WHERE THE FOOD-MAKING PROCESS TAKES PLACE
Term
CHLOROPHYLL
Definition
A PIGMENT THAT HELPS PLANTS USE LIGHT ENERGY TO MAKE SUGARS
Term

ROOT HAIRS

Definition

TINY PARTS OF THE ROOTS THAT TAKE IN WATER AND MINERALS FROM THE SOIL

Term
FIBROUS ROOTS
Definition
ROOTS THAT FORM A THICK AND TANGLED MAT JUST UNDER THE SURFACE OF THE SOIL
Term

PROP ROOTS

Definition

ROOTS THAT BEGIN ABOVE GROUND SO THEY CAN KEEP TREES GROWING IN LOOSE, WET SOIL FROM BEING BLOWN OVER BY THE WIND

Term
TAPROOT
Definition
A ROOT THAT GOES STRAIGHT DOWN SO IT CAN REACH WATER DEEP UNDERGROUND
Term
Leaf
Definition
a plant part that is the "Food Factory" of the plant
Term
STEM
Definition
A PLANT PART THAT HOLDS THE PLANT UP AND CARRIES FOOD AND WATER TO OTHER PLANT PARTS
Term

XYLEM

Definition

TUBE IN PLANT STEMS THAT CARRY WATER AND MINERALS

Term

PHLOEM

Definition
TUBES IN PLANT STEMS THAT CARRY FOOD MADE IN THE LEAVES TO OTHER PARTS OF THE PLANT
Term
VASCULAR
Definition
PLANTS THAT HAVE XYLEM AND PHLOEM TISSUE
Term
NONVASCULAR
Definition
PLANTS WITHOUT XYLEM AND PHLOEM TISSUE
Term
ANGIOSPERMS
Definition
FLOWERING PLANTS
Term
GYMNOSPERMS
Definition
CONE-BEARING PLANTS, CONIFERS