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pharm chapter 3
chapter 3
22
Pharmacology
10/19/2011

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Cards

Term
The physician has ordered several medications for the client. What does the nurse recognize as responsibilities regarding administration of medications?
Definition
1. Knowing the reason the medication was prescribed for the client.
2. Knowing the name of the medication.
3. Knowing how the medication is supplied by the pharmacy.
4. Knowing how the medication is to be administered.
Term
The nurse is preparing medications prior to admnistration. To promote client safety, the nurse uses 'rights' of drug administration. What do these rights include?
Definition
1. The right medication.
2. The right dose
3. The right client
4. The right route of administration
5. The right time of delivery.
Term
The nurse suspects that the client has not been taking his prescribed antihypertensive medication because the client's blood pressure remains elevated. What is the best therapeutic question the nurse can ask that will assess noncompliance?
Definition
Taking medications is difficult for many people. What are some of yor concerns about the medication?
Term
The client is having chest pain. The physician orders sublingual nitroglycerine stat. The nurse obtains the medication from the pharmacy and administers it to the client 30 minutes later. Which satement best describes the nurses' action?
Definition
The medication should have been administered within a 5 minute time frame.
Term
The pediatrician orders a weight based medication for the child who weighs 30 pounds. The formula is set up for a certain amount of medication per kg of body weight. The nurse correctly assessses the child's weight in kg to be what amount?
Definition
16 kg
Term
The nurse uses the Nursing Process prior to administering any medications. Which step will assure the best client safety?
Definition
Assess the client's medical history.
Term
The physician prescribes an oral medication for the client. What is the primary nursing assessment of the client prior to receiving the medication?
Definition
The client's ability to swallow
Term
The physician ordered an oral medication. The nurse incorrectly administered the medication intravenously. What does the best analysis of the nurse's action reveal?
Definition
The medication cannot be retrieved.
Term
What is the best plan as the nurse prepares to administer a topical medication?
Definition
Assess the client's skin where the medication will be applied.
Term
The physician ordered an intravenous medication for a client with nausea. The client asks the nurse how it will help his nausea. What is the best response by the nurse?
Definition
This will work much faster for your nausea.
Term
The physician orders enteric-coated aspirin, 300 mg every day, for the client with a nasogastric tube. What is the priority action by the nurse?
Definition
Withhold the medication and contact the physician.
Term
While in the hospital, the pediatric client has been receiving amoxicillin 10 ml orally bid, pc. The child will be going home on his medication. What is the best instruction by the nurse for the parents?
Definition
Give 2 teaspoons by mouth, twice a day, after meals.
Term
The client is 3 days post-op and the physician orders an oral pain medication. The client asks the nurse of it would be better to get the medication in the intravenous line. What is the best response by the nurse.
Definition
No, because pills are safer than IV medications.
Term
The client is receiving a sustained-release capsule fo this cardiac condition. The client tells the nurse there is no way he can swallow such a large pill. What is the best response by the nurse?
Definition
Withhold the medication and contact the physician
Term
The nurse is planning to administer heparin by drawing the heparin up in an appropriate syringe, donning gloves, preparing the client's abdominal area, injecting the needle, aspirating blood, and injecting the medication. Which statement best describes the nurse's plan.
Definition
The nurse should not aspirate for blood.
Term
An order for a medication to be given PRN means;
Definition
As needed
Term
A patient has an increased reaction to a drug following a change in her dietary habits. Which of the following changes would most likely be the cause
Definition
Increased intake of grapefruit juice.
Term
The nurse administers an oral preparation of liquid tylenol 650 mg as orders. Afterward the patient indicates he had been receiving tylenol 650mg in pill for. Whic of the following is accurate in regards to the 5 rights?
Definition
The nurse did not violate the 5 rights.
Term
5 millileters is equivalent to;
Definition
1 teaspoon
Term
Placement of a tablet between the cheek and gum would be which route?
Definition
Buccal
Term
A patient who recently returned from surgery is experiencing nausea. Which statement best explains why this patient would benefit from IV medication administration?
Definition
IV medications bypass the need for GI absorption.
Term
Which of the following is accurate regarding medication administration via the intradermal route?
Definition
Hairy sites should be avoided.