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PC Repair Chapter 5
PC Repair Chapter 5
35
Computer Networking
06/08/2010

Additional Computer Networking Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term

26. ROM chips are ____________________, meaning that the information stored on ROM is not erased even when the computer is turned off. 

Definition
non-volatile
Term

27. The ____________________ includes the Northbridge and Southbridge chips on a motherboard. 

Definition
chipset
Term

28. The ____________________ chip handles the functions of the keyboard controller. 
________________________________________

Definition
ROM
Term

29. The keyboard controller stores the scan code in a(n) ____________________. 
________________________________________


Definition
register
Term

30. A ROM chip on the motherboard is called ____________________.

Definition
system ROM
Term

31. Each program stored on the ROM chip is called a(n) ____________________. 

Definition
service
Term

32. A collection of small programs designed to communicate with the basic parts of a computer is also known as ____________________.

Definition
system BIOS firmware
Term

33. Programs stored on ROM chips are called ____________________.

Definition
firmware
Term

34. Every device in the system connects to the ____________________, which allows it access to memory. 

Definition
MCC
Term

35. The Advanced Chipset Features screen deals with extremely low-level ____________________ functions. 

Definition
chipset
Term

36. The Integrated Peripherals screen is used to configure, enable, or disable the ____________________. 

Definition
onboard ports
Term

37. Every time a key is pressed on the keyboard, the ____________________ chip in the keyboard notices which key has been pressed. 

Definition
scanning chip
Term

38. The ____________________ is the primary tool used to manually change or remove the drivers for any particular device.

Definition
Device Manager
Term

39. The CMOS Setup program can be configured to force users to enter a ____________________ every time the system boots for security purposes. 

Definition
password
Term

40. Windows keeps a list of what drivers should be loaded in a database called the ____________________. 

Definition
registry
Term

41. The CMOS settings are stored on the ____________________ chip. 

Definition
southbridge
Term

42. Video cards have their own ____________________ for internal functions. 

Definition
BIOS
Term

43. A separate memory chip called the ____________________ chip stores the information that describes specific device parameters.

Definition
CMOS
Term

44. All devices need BIOS. If it's not built into the system BIOS, devices bring their own BIOS with ____________________ or _____________. 

Definition
ROM, device drivers
Term

45. Within Windows XP, you access the Device Manager by right-clicking _____________ and selecting ____________. 

Definition
my computer, manage
Term

46. The POST gives a long rather annoying buzzing. This indicates ____________________. 

Definition
no ram
Term

47. Upon power-up, the CPU determines whether the power supply is working correctly by monitoring a ____________________ wire.

Definition
power good
Term

48. The POST cards snap into the ____________________ slots in a system. 

Definition
expansion
Term

49. A bootable disk is also called a ____________________ disk. 

Definition
system
Term

50. With the help of the Southbridge, the CPU uses the ____________________ to communicate with all other parts of the PC.

Definition
northbridge
Term

51. The ____________________ extends the address bus to all the other parts of the PC. 

Definition
chipset
Term

52. The bootstrap loader is a few dozen lines of ____________________ code tacked to the end of the POST program.

Definition
BIOS
Term

53. Programs stored on erasable media are collectively called ____________________.

Definition
software
Term

54. The CPU uses the ____________________ to communicate with devices. 

Definition
BIOS
Term

55. The component that stores data read by BIOS, but does not store programs, is known as ____________________. 

Definition
COMS
Term

56. The ____________________ screen in BIOS is one of the few menu items that aren't needed in modern PCs

Definition
PnP/PCI
Term

57. The Flash ROM chip contains the ____________________ on modern motherboards. 

Definition
BIOS
Term

58. When the computer is turned on or reset, it initiates a special program stored on the ROM chip, called the ____________________.

Definition
power on self test (POST)
Term

59. The CPU reads a special wire called ____________________ as soon as the power supply provides the proper voltage. 

Definition
power good wire
Term

 

60. A ____________________ chip, stores the information that describes specific device parameters.

 

Definition
COMS