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Out of Many - Chapter 8
Vocab
19
History
04/04/2007

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Term
Whisky Rebellion
Definition
Armed uprising in 1794 by farmers in Western Pennsylvania who attempted to prevent the collection of the excise tax on whiskey
Term
Annapolis Convention
Definition
Conference of state delegates at Annapolis, Maryland, that issued a call in September 1786 for a convention to meet at Philadelphia to consider fundamental changes
Term
Virginia Plan
Definition
proposal calling for a national legislature in which the states would be represented according to population
Term
New Jersey Plan
Definition
Proposal of the New Jersey delegation for a stregenthed national govt. in which all states would have an equal representation in a unicameral legislature
Term
Great compromise
Definition
plan proposed at the 1787 constitutional convention for creating a national bicameral legislature in which all states would be equally represented in the Senate and and proportionally represented in the House
Term
Federalists
Definition
Supporters of the constitution who favored its ratification
Term
Anti - federalists
Definition
opponents of the constitustion in debate over its ratifaction
Term
Judiciary Act of 1789
Definition
Act of congress that implemented the judicary clause of the constitution by estabvlishing the Supreme Court and a system of lower federal courts
Term
Judicial Review
Definition
A power implied in the constitution that gives federal courts the right to review and determine the constitutionality of acts passed by congress and state legislatures
Term
Tariff of 1789
Definition
apart from a few selected industries, this first tariff passed by congress was intended to raise revenue and not protect american manufacturers from foreign competition
Term
Intercourse act
Definition
basic law passed by congress in 1790 which stated that the United States would regulate trade and interaction with Indian tribes
Term
Treaty of Greenville
Definition
Treaty of 1795 in which Native Americans in the Old Nirthwest were forced to cede most of the present state of ohio to the UInited States
Term
Jay's Treaty
Definition
Treaty with Britan negotiated in 1794 in which the United States made major consessions to avert a war over the British seizure of American ships
Term
federalism
Definition
the sharing of powers between the national govt. and the states
Term
Republicans
Definition
party headed boy thomas jefferson that formed in opposition to the finincial and diplomatic policies of the federalist party, favored limiting the powers of the national govt. and placing the interests of farmers over those of financial and commercial groups
Term
XYZ affair
Definition
diplomatic incident in 1789 in which Americans were outraged by the demand of the French for a bribe as a condition for negotiating with american diplomats
Term
Quasi - War
Definition
Undeclared naval war of 1797 to 1800 between the United States and France
Term
Alien and sedition Acts
Definition
collective name given to four acts passed by congress in 71798 that curtailed freedom of speechand the liberty of foreignresidents in the United States
Term
States rights
Definition
favoring the rights of individual states over rights claimed by the national govt.