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Ocular Dz
FM rotation
54
Health Care
07/29/2009

Additional Health Care Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Most common sx of ocular dz
Definition
Redness
Term
eyelash rubbing
Definition
trichiasis
Term
d/t corneal inflamm or ant. uveitis
Definition
photophobia
Term
think allergic eye
Definition
itching!
Term
is HA usually d/t eye d/o?
Definition
NO
Term
purulent discharge
Definition
bacterial
Term
watery dc
Definition
viral
Term
teary, ropy dc, itch
Definition
allergic eye
Term
visual loss w/ one eye affected
Definition
dz of retina/optic nn
Term
bitemporal field loss
Definition
lesion of optical chiasm
Term
contralateral field defects
Definition
RETROchiasmal lesion
Term
low vision
Definition
20/60
Term
def of blindness
Definition

WHO: 20/400

Prof Powdrill: 20/200

Term
eye mvmt or nn palsy causes
Definition
diplopia
Term
usually benign vitreous opacities
Definition

floaters

 

***if sudden do dilated exam!

Term
bilat inflamm. of margins w/ scales
Definition

blepharitis

 

Tx w/ baby shampoo and anti staph oint.

Term
most common dz of the eye
Definition
Conjunctivitis
Term
bacterial pink eye
Definition

staph, strep

 

gonococc=EMERGENCY

 

chlamydia

Term
viral pink eye
Definition
adenovirus
Term
keratoconjunctivitis sicca
Definition
dry eye
Term
who suffers most frequently from dry eye
Definition

eldery women

 

tx w/ artificial tears

Term
acute incr. in IOP secondary to narrowing of ant. chamber and obst. drainage of aqueous humor
Definition
acute angle closure glaucoma
Term

"halos around eyes"

 

dilated non-reactive pupil

Definition
acute angle closure glauc.
Term
tx for acute angle closure glauc
Definition
acetazolamide IV
Term
which type of glaucoma is unilateral
Definition
CLOSED
Term
should dilation be induced in pts w/ glaucoma?
Definition
NO
Term

gradual loss of vision the periphery

 

tunnel vision

Definition
chronic angle closure glaucoma
Term
tx of chronic closed angle glaucoma
Definition

1. PG analogs

2. BB

3. laser surg

Term
inflamm of iris or ciliary body
Definition
ant uveitis
Term
inflamm of vitreous, retina, or choroids
Definition
post. uveitis
Term
layered collection of white cells in the eye
Definition
hypopyon
Term
lg mutton fat KPs and iris nodules
Definition
granulomatous uveitis
Term

KP's smaller and no iris nodules

 

acutely present

Definition
non-granulomatous uveitis
Term
seen w/ HLA-B27 related conditions
Definition
acute non-granulomatous ant. uveitis
Term
dz's producing granulomatous ant. uveitis also cause
Definition
post. uveitis
Term
difference bw tx of ant vs post uveitis
Definition

post=sytemic steriods

ant=topical steriouds

Term
what should be done to relieve discomfort assoc w/ ant uveitis
Definition
dilation of pupil
Term
does ant or post uveitis have a worse prognosis
Definition
post
Term
most common cause of post. uveitis
Definition
toxoplasmosis (cat scratch)
Term
tx of cataracts
Definition
steriods
Term
#1 eye surgery
Definition
cataracts
Term
no reflection w/ pupil--> white
Definition
cataract
Term
fundoscopy = ripples on a pond
Definition
retinal detach
Term
leading cause of permanent visual loss in elderly
Definition
macular degen
Term
hallmark of retinal drusen
Definition
macular degen
Term
loss of central vision caused by
Definition
macular degen
Term
when should opthamolgy eye exams be performed on diabetics?
Definition

type 1: after 5 yrs

type 2: at dx

Term
tx of diabetic retinopathy
Definition
control BS, htn, and lipids
Term
unilat. visual loss in a few days,
Definition

optic neuritis

 

assoc w/ demylenating dz!

 

***REFER

Term
abrupt onset of ptosis, fever, restricted EOM and swelling/redness of lids
Definition

orbital cellulitis--> caused by underlying infx of sinuses

 

tx: abx

Term
what opthalmic ointment should be used for corneal foreign body
Definition
polymyxin-bacitracin
Term
daily assesment and ASA or other anti-coag tx is essential for
Definition
contusions of the eye
Term
most effective broad spectrum abx for opthalmic use
Definition
flouroquinolones
Term
highest risk of contamination of fluorescein
Definition
p. aerginosa