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Nutrition
Midterm 3
193
Biology
03/11/2011

Additional Biology Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term

All of the fllwing are mild symptoms of dehydration except

 

thrist

fatigue

weakness

spastic muscles

Definition
spastic muscles
Term
The avg daily loss of water via the kidneys, lungs, feces and skin is approximately
Definition
1.5 to 2.5 liters
Term
What min. level of body wt. loss as water impairs a person's physical performance?
Definition
3-4%
Term

Which of the fllwing is present in highest concentration in soft water?

 

Sodium

Calcium

Magnesium

Phosphorus

Definition
Sodium
Term

Among the fllwing, which promotes constriction of blood vessels resulting in elevation of blood pressure?

 

Phytates

Angiotensin

Aldosterone

Carbonic Acid

Definition
Angiotensin
Term

Factors that are effective in regulating the body's water balance include all of the fllwing except

 

adrenaline

aldosterone

angiotensin

antidiuretic hormone

Definition
adrenaline
Term
Aldosterene and renin each function to promote
Definition
retention of sodium
Term

All of the fllwing are properties of electrolytes except they

 

attract water

are charged particles

carry electrical current

include fat/water soluble particles

Definition
include fat/water soluble particles
Term
What is the force that moves water into a space where a solute is more concentrated?
Definition
Osmotic pressure
Term
When a person loses fluid by sweating or bleeding, what minerals are lost in greatest quantity?
Definition
Sodium and chloride
Term
The normal blood pH range is approximately
Definition
7.35-7.45
Term

All of the fllwing play important roles in acid-base balance except

 

the liver

the lungs

the kidneys

blood buffers

Definition
the liver
Term
The DASH diet plan was devised to prevent
Definition
hypertension
Term
What is the greatest single source of sodium in the diet?
Definition
Processed foods
Term
What is the Tolerable Upper Intake Level for salt?
Definition
1 teaspoon
Term

All of the fllwing are characteristics of cholride in nutrition exept

 

 

Definition
the recommended intake has recently been set at 10mg/kg body weight
Term

Which of the fllwing is the primary function of potassium?

 

 

Definition
Acts as principal intracellular electrolyte
Term

Which of the fllwing is a symptom of potassium deficiency?

 

Extreme thirst

Muscle weakness

Profound sweating

Lowered blood pressure

Definition
Muscle weakness
Term
Almost all (99%) of the calcium in the body is used to
Definition
provide rigidity for the bones and teeth
Term

As far as is known, which of the fllwing is not a process that directly involves calcium?

 

pH regulation

Blood clotting

Nerve transmition

Maintenance of heart beat

Definition
pH regulation
Term

Which of the fllwing regulates the level of calcium in the blood?

 

Dietary intake calcium

Glucagon & epinephrine

Dietary intake phosphorus

Parathyroid hormone & calcitonin

 

Definition
Parathyroid hormone & calcitonin
Term

Which of the fllwing represents the least likely cause for an abnormal blood calcium level?

 

Diseases of the liver

Diseases of the kidney

Insufficient dietary intake

Altered secretion of parathyroid hormone

Definition
Insufficient dietary intake
Term

Which of the fllwing foods are significant sources of oxalates?

 

Seeds and nuts

Processed cheeses

Fermented dairy products

Spinach and sweet potatoes

Definition
Spinach and sweet potatoes
Term
How much calcium would typ. be absorbed by a normal adult w/ a calcium intake of 1,000 mg?
Definition
250 mg
Term

All of the fllwing dietary substances are known to adversly affect calcium balance except

 

a high fiber diet

lactose in diet

phytic acid in the diet

phosphorus in the diet 3 times of calcium

Definition
lactose in diet
Term

On a per kcalorie basis, which of the fllwing are the best sources of calcium?

 

Meats

Fruits

Breads

Vegetables

Definition
Vegetables
Term
At what age do adults normally begin to lose bone mass?
Definition
30-40 yrs
Term

Which of the fllwing minerals is involved in the transportation of lipids through the body's lymph and blood systems?

 

Iron, Sodium, Calcium, Phosphorus

Definition
Phosphorus
Term
Where is the majority of the body's magnesium found?
Definition
Bones
Term

Which of the fllwing is a major function of magnesium?

 

Transport of oxygen

Prevention of anemia

Catalyst in energy metabolism

Production of thyroid hormone

Definition
Catalyst in energy metabolism
Term
Which of the fllwing is a feature of magnesium nutrition?
Definition
Deficiency is associated with hypertension
Term

Magnesium is known to be involved in all of the fllwing except

 

blood clotting

msle contraction

prevention of dental caries

production of red blood cells

Definition
production of red blood cells
Term

Some amino acids can link to each other by bridges made of

 

Definition
sulfur
Term

All of the fllwing are known to have a high correlation with risk for osteoporosis except

 

being thing

being female

having anorexia nervosa

consuming a high-protein diet

Definition
consuming a high-protein diet
Term
The primary mechanism by which soy consumption may lower the risk for osteoporosis is related to
Definition
the estogen-like activity of soy phytochemicals
Term
Which of the fllwing is a characteristic of the trace minerals?
Definition
A deficiency sign common to many trace minerals is dermatitis
Term

Which of the fllwing is a protein that carries iron through the circulation to the tissues?

 

Albumin

Transferrin

Hemosiderin

Metallothionein

Definition
Transferrin
Term
What iron-containing compound carries oxygen in the bloodstream?
Definition
Hemoglobin
Term
What is the oxygen carrying protein of muscle cells?
Definition
Myoglobin
Term
What percentage of the iron in meat is nonheme iron?
Definition
60
Term

All of the fllwing factors are known to enhance the absorption of iron except

 

MFP factor

organic acids

ascorbic acid

calcium from milk

Definition
calcium from milk
Term

All of the fllwing are body proteins directly involved in iron metabolism except

 

ferritin

transferrin

hemosiderin

metallothionein

Definition
metallothionein
Term
Which of the fllwing characteristics is shared by zinc and iron?
Definition
Proteins in the blood are needed for their transport
Term

When calculating the amt. of iron absorbed from a meal, all of the fllwing are of major importance except

 

EDTA content

phytate content

vitamin C content

MFP factor content

Definition
Term

All of the fllwing are chief storage sites for surplus iron except the

 

liver

spleen

muscle

bone marrow

Definition
muscle
Term
What is the avg. lifespan of red blood cells?
Definition
Four months
Term
Iron overload is also known as
Definition
hemochromatosis
Term
Which of the fllwing represents the order of the stages of iron deficiency?
Definition
Iron stores decline - iron transport diminishes - hemoglobin synthesis falls
Term

The most common tests to diagnose iron deficiency include all of the fllwing measures except

 

size of red blood cells

number of red blood cells

DNA content of red blood cells

hemoglobin content of red blood cells

Definition
DNA content of red blood cells
Term
Iron deficiency in children is likely to result from a diet that overemphasizes
Definition
milk
Term
What type of anemia results from iron deficiency?
Definition
Microcytic hypochromic
Term

Common terms that describe the body's accumulation of excess iron include all of the fllwing except

 

iron overload

hemosiderosis

hemoglobinemia

hemochromatosis

Definition
hemoglobinemia
Term

In the US, iron is currently added to which of the fllwing foods?

 

Milk + Cheese

Breads + Cereals

PB + J

OJ + Tomato Juice

Definition
Bread and Cereals
Term
Which of the fllwing has been shown to improve absorption of iron from iron supplements?
Definition
Taking them on an empty stomach rather than with meals
Term

Which of the fllwing is a common side effect from taking iron supplements?

 

Itching

Diarrhea

Constipation

Black Tongue

Definition
Constipation
Term

Which of the fllwing would represent a source of possible iron contamination?

 

An iron frypan

An iron chelate

A ferric iron supplement

A ferrous iron supplement

Definition
Term
An enzyme in which zinc or copper is an integral part of its structure is classified as a(n)
Definition
metalloenzyme
Term

Which of the fllwing defines an association between a protein and a function of zinc?

 

Thryoxine: zinc transporter

Globulin: transports zinc into cells

Transferrin: essential to zinc excretion

Metallothionein: promotes zinc homeostasis

Definition
Metallothionein: promotes zinc homeostasis
Term
Which of the fllwing is a feature of zinc in nutrition?
Definition
Good food sources are whole-grain products
Term

Zinc is known to play an important role in all of the fllwing functions except

 

wound healing

synthesis of retinal

production of sperm

oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids

Definition
oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids
Term

Which of the fllwing conditions is known to lead to copper deficiency?

 

excess zinc

excess protein

insufficient iodine

insufficient calcium

Definition
excess zinc
Term

All of the fllwing are recognized symptoms of zinc deficiency except

 

anemia

altered taste acuity

impaired vision in dim light

increased susceptibility to infection

Definition
increased susceptibility to infection
Term

Which of the fllwing represents the most reliable dietary source of zinc?

 

nuts and oils

milk and yogurt

fruits and vegetables

meats and whole-grain cereals

Definition
meats and whole-grain cereals
Term
What formulation of zinc has been found effective in treating the symptoms of the common cold?
Definition
Zinc gluconate
Term
What mineral is critical to the synthesis of thryoxine?
Definition
Iodine
Term

Which of the fllwing would be the most appropriate food source of iodine for a person who lives inland?

 

Fresh water fish

Iodized table salt

Locally grown produce

Plants of the cabbage family

Definition
Iodized table salt
Term
Approx. how many iodized salt must be consumed to meet but not exceed the RDA for iodine?
Definition
1/2 teaspoon
Term
What is the response of the thyroid gland to an iodine deficiency?
Definition
Increase in its size to trap more iodine
Term

Which of the fllwing fruits are known to contain substances that inhibit the functioning of the thyroid gland?

 

Apples/Pears

Lemons/Limes

Avocados/Mangos

Peaches/Strawberries

Definition
Peaches/Strawberries
Term

Which of the fllwing is a prominent feature of mild iodine deficiency in children?

 

Demineralization

Growth retardation

Discoloration of teeth

Poor performance in school

Definition
Poor performance in school
Term

Which of the fllwing is an important function of selenium?

 

Helps blood to clot

Inhibits the formation of free radicals

Stabilizes the alcohol content of beer

Acts as a cross-linking agent in collagen

Definition
Inhibits the formation of free radicals
Term

All of the fllwing are characteristics of copper in nutrition except

 

deficiancy is rare

legumes are a rich source

absorption from foods is poor

absorption is reduced by ingestion of zinc supplements

Definition
absorption from foods is poor
Term
Which of the fllwing is a feature of copper nutrition?
Definition
It is involved in collagen synthesis and wound healing
Term

Which of the fllwing meats would be the best source of copper?

 

Chicken

Shellfish

Beefsteak

Hamburger

Definition
Shellfish
Term
Characteristics of manganese in nutrition include all of the fllwing except
Definition
deficiencies are seen primarily in the elderly
Term
Which of the fllwing characteristics are shared by copper and fluoride?
Definition
Both may be obtained from drinking tap water
Term
Definition
Term

Which of the fllwing is known to cause discolored enamel of the teeth?

 

 

Definition
Excessive flouride in the water
Term
One of the cheif funtions of chromium is participation in the metabolism of
Definition
carbohydrates
Term
What is a glucose tolerance factor?
Definition
A small organic compound that promotes the action of insulin
Term
What mineral is part of vitamin B12?
Definition
Cobalt
Term

Which of the fllwing trace minerals is known to be involved in bone development?

 

Tin

Cobalt

Silicon

Barium

Definition
Silicon
Term

Evidence to date in animals and/or human beings suggests that normal bone metabolism requires all of the fllwing trace minerals except

 

boron, silver, silicon, vanadium

Definition
silver
Term

All of the fllwing are considered heavy metals except

 

iron

lead

mercury

cadmium

Definition
iron
Term

Which of the fllwing is a rich source of phytoestrogens?

 

Potatoes

Soybeans

Cold-water fish

Green, leafy vegetables

Definition
Soybeans
Term

All of the fllwing are classified as phytonutrients except

 

lutein

lignans

hepcidin

phytosterols

Definition
hepcidin
Term
Which of the fllwing are features of physical activity and exercise?
Definition
Exercise, but not physical activity, is thought to be vigorous, structured, and planned
Term

The components of fitness include all of the fllwing except

 

strength

flexibility

bone fragility

cardiovasucular endurance

Definition
bone fragility
Term
According to the American College of Sports Medicine, which of the fllwing would meet the exercise schedule to maintain an appropriate level of fitness?
Definition
20 minutes continuous activity using large muscle 3 times a week
Term

Which of the fllwing components of training define the progressive overload principle?

 

intensity only

frequency only

frequency and flexibility only

intensity, frequency and duration only

Definition
intensity, frequency and duration only
Term

Which of the fllwing best exemplifies an activity that promotes flexibility?

 

Yoga

Pilates

Weight Lifting

Jumping Rope

Definition
Yoga
Term
The duration of exercise warm-up and cool-down periods should be
Definition
5-10 minutes each
Term
What is muscle atrophy?
Definition
Loss of muscle size and strength
Term
A muscle that increases in size in response to use is an example of
Definition
hypertrophy
Term
Athletes can safely add muscle tissue by
Definition
putting a demand on muscles by making them work harder
Term
The effect of regular exercise on heart and lung function is known as
Definition
cardiorespiratory conditioning
Term
For maximum benefits, cardiorespiratory endurance episodes should be sustained for at least
Definition
20 minutes
Term
What is VO2 max?
Definition
An individual's maximum velocity on a treadmill test
Term
If a person's max heart rate is 220 beats/min, what is the safe maximum heart rate during vigorous exercise?
Definition
198
Term
In weight training, muscle endurance can best be emphasized by combining a
Definition
high number of repetitions with lighter weight
Term
In weight training, muscle strength can best be emphasized by combining a
Definition
low number of repetition with heavy weight
Term
What high-energy compound acts as a reservoir of energy for the maintenance of a steady supple of ATP?
Definition
Creatine phosphate
Term
During physical performance, what is the role of creatine phosphate?
Definition
Transfer of energy to make ATP
Term
What is the predominant fuel used by muscle cells during low- or moderate-intensity activity?
Definition
Fat
Term
Chris has been competing all day in a track competition and is now ready for the 100-meter dash. Although he feels tired, which of the fllwing high-energy muscle coumpounds can he rely on for quick enegy in the event?
Definition
Creatine phosphate
Term
A person who suddenly begins sprinting will exhaust the muscle's supply of creatine phosphate in about
Definition
10 seconds
Term

Which of the fllwing activities depletes glycogen most quickly?

 

Hiking

Jogging

Walking

Quarter-mile run

Definition
Quarter-mile run
Term
What substance contain the chemical energy that drives immediate muscle contraction?
Definition
ATP
Term
What dietary nutrients are most effective at raising muscle glycogen concentration?
Definition
Carbohydrates
Term

Which of the fllwing is a common product of anaerobic metabolism?

 

Lactate

Phytate

Phosphoric acid

Hydrochloric acid

Definition
Lactate
Term

Which of the fllwing diets promotes superior physical performance in athletes?

 

High-fat diet

High-protein diet

High-carbohydrate diet

Normal mixed diet with vitamin supplements

Definition
Normal mixed diet with vitamin supplements
Term
What is the name of the biochemical pathway describing the conversion of lactate to glucose?
Definition
Cori cycle
Term
How much time spent in vigorous activity is usually needed to deplete glycogen reserves?
Definition
2 hours
Term
During the first 20 minutes of moderate exercise, the body uses about
Definition
20% of the available glycogen
Term
What a marathon runer experiences the phenomenon known as "hitting the wall", what nutrient is most likely depleted?
Definition
Glucose
Term
Which of the fllwing is a property of conditioned muscles?
Definition
They can store more glycogen
Term
Which of the fllwing is a characteristic of glycogen synthesis after about of strenuous training?
Definition
Glycogen repletion is enhanced most by eating foods with a high glycemic index
Term
What type of meal and time of its ingestion promotes the most rapid repletion of glycogen stores after physical activity?
Definition
Mixed meal taken within 30 minutes
Term
What cellular organelles are responsible for producing ATP aerobically?
Definition
Mitochondria
Term
During a physical activity, what hormone signals the fat cells to begin releasing their fatty acids?
Definition
Glucagon
Term
Which of the fllwing describes fat utilization during physical activity?
Definition
Fat represent the major fuel source during sustained, moderate activity
Term
Which of the fllwing is an effect of physical fitness on fat metabolism?
Definition
Fatty acids concentrations in the blood rise significantly after the first 20 minutes of physical activity
Term
In the immediate postexercise period, what type of diet enhances muscle protein synthesis?
Definition
Carbohydrate plus protein
Term
Which of the fllwing is an effect of exercise on protein metabolism?
Definition
Protein synthesis is inhibited during exercise
Term
Which of the fllwing is an effect of exercise on protein metabolism?
Definition
Protein synthesis in inhibited during exercise
Term
Which of the fllwing describes the role of protein in the diet of competitive athletes?
Definition
the need for protein in weight lifters and marathon runners may be up to 75-100% higher than the RDA
Term
Physical performance is noticeably affected when body water loss first reaches
Definition
2%
Term
All of the fllwing are valid reasons for consuming sports drinks by most physically active people except
Definition
they are better than water at preventing sodium depletion
Term
All of the fllwing are features of sodiium in endurance athletes except
Definition
they can easily replace sodium loss by consuming conventional sports drinks during the event
Term
Sports drinks begin to provide an advantage over plain water for athletes when their exercise periods first exceed
Definition
45 minutes
Term
The optimal carbohydrate concentration of sports drinks for the endurance athlete is
Definition
6-8%
Term

Which of the fllwing would be the best choice for physically active people who need to rehydrate?

 

"Sweat" replacers

Salt tablets and tap water

Diluted juice or cool water

Water warmed to body temperature

Definition
Diluted juice or cool water
Term
How can water loss from the body be quickly estimated at the end of a physical activity?
Definition
Take the difference in body weight (lbs) before and after the event and multiply by 2 to determine cups of water loss
Term
What is the minimum amount of fluid that an athlete should drink for each pound of body weight lost during an activity?
Definition
Term
Which of the fllwing is a feature of creatine supplementation in athletes?
Definition
It may enhance performance of weight lifters and sprinters
Term
Results of research studying carnitine supplementation as an ergogenic aid showed that it
Definition
produced diarrhea in half of the subjects
Term
Which of the fllwing is a feature of specfic ergogenic aids?
Definition
Caffeine may enhance short-term, high-intensity performance by releasing fatty acids o blood for a fuel source
Term
The immune system treat foreign substances such as bacteria and toxins as
Definition
antigens
Term

The most important organs of the immune system include all of the fllwing except

 

spleen

muscle

lymph nodes

thymus gland

Definition
muscle
Term

Presently, HIV is known to be transmitted by direct contact with contaminated body fluids from all of the fllwing sources except

 

saliva

blood

semen

vaginal secretions

Definition
saliva
Term
Approx how many people in the US have HIV or AIDS?
Definition
3.3 million
Term

The diseases most common today include all of the following except

 

cancer

diabetes

tuberculosis

heart disease

Definition
tuberculosis
Term
Of the ten leading causes of illness and death, how many are associated directly with nutrition?
Definition
4
Term

Being obese is known to increase the probabilities of contracting all of the fllwing diseases except

 

cancer

diabetes

kwashiorkor

hypertension

Definition
kwashiorkor
Term
By what age do most people first have well-developed arterial plaque?
Definition
30
Term
The most common form of cardiovascular disease is
Definition
coronary heart disease
Term
A significant reduction in blood flow to the brain is termed
Definition
a stroke
Term
The ballooning out of an artery wall at a point where it has been weakened by deterioration is called a(an)
Definition
aneurysm
Term
A person's level of C-reactive protein appears to be a strong predictor for
Definition
a heart attack
Term

Which of the fllwing may be classified as a risk factor for coronary heart disease?

 

BMI of 26

Low LDL-cholesterol levels

High HDL-cholesterol levels

High C-reactive protein levels

Definition
High C-reactive protein levels
Term
What disease accounts for the majority of deaths in US women?
Definition
Coronary heart disease
Term

Which of the fllwing blood pressure readings first signifies a diagnosis of hypertension?

 

110 over 50

120 over 70

130 over 80

140 over 90

Definition
140 over 90
Term
All of the fllwing are features of low-density lipoproteins and coronary heart disease except
Definition
excess LDL cholesterol in the blood is removed by high-density lipoproteins
Term
Anyone who is medically advised to lower blood cholesterol should
Definition
achieve desirable body weight
Term

Direct contributors to the metabolic syndrome include all of the fllwing except

 

obesity

hypertension

insulin resistance

high sodium intake

Definition
high sodium intake
Term
All of the fllwing are characteristic of the metabolic syndrome except
Definition
the risk factors act synergistically to predict the risk for coronary heart disease
Term

Among the fllwing, which should be the first action taken to lower blood cholesterol?

 

begin drug treatment

consume a high-protein diet

consume lg. amount of fish and fish oils

achieve and maintain appropriate body weight

Definition
achieve and maintain appropriate body weight
Term
What is the best predictor for risk of a stroke?
Definition
Blood Pressure
Term
To lower a high blood cholesterol level, all of the fllwing are recommended except
Definition
consume 2 serving/week of fish
Term
What is the magnitude of the increase in risk for CVD for a person with a blood pressure reading of 140/80 compared with the optimum blood pressure?
Definition
100%
Term

Which of the fllwing is not among the recommendations by health professionals to treat hypertension?

 

increase fiber intake

eat foods high in potassium

if overweight, reduce weight

decrease intake of dairy products to avoid sodium

Definition
decrease intake of dairy products to avoid sodium
Term
People who use diuretics are most at risk of developing imbalances of
Definition
potassium
Term
Which of the following is a feature of the DASH diet?
Definition
It works synergistically with reduction of sodium intake
Term
A person who hasn't consumed anything except water for the past 8 hours has a blood glucose concentration of 101 mg/dL. This person would be classified as
Definition
prediabetic
Term
What percentage of people with type 2 diabetes are obese?
Definition
80-90
Term

Insulin stimulates the actions of all the following metabolic activities except

 

fat release

glucose uptake

protein synthesis

glycogen synthesis

Definition
fat release
Term
What is believed to be the primary cause of type 1 diabetes?
Definition
Defect of the immune system
Term
Insulin resistance is defined as
Definition
reduced sensitivity of cells to blood insulin
Term
All of the fllwing are characteristics of diabetes mellitus except
Definition
the two major forms are variations of the insulin-dependent type
Term

In which of the fllwing conditions would the pancreas be unable to synthesize insulin?

 

Hyperglycemia

Type 1 diabetes mellitus

Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Adult-onset diabetes mellitus

Definition
Type 1 diabetes mellitus
Term
What percentage of people with diabetes have type 1?
Definition
5-10
Term
Which of the fllwing is a characteristic of type 1 diabetes?
Definition
It is an autoimmune disorder
Term
A complication of diabetes is blurry vision, which results from swelling of the lenses of the eye caused by conversion of excess glucose to
Definition
sugar alcohols
Term
What is the primary reason for increased urine output in uncontrolled diabetes?
Definition
High levels of blood glucose spill into the urine drawing water with it by osmosis
Term
The frequent urination common in diabetes is known as
Definition
polyuria
Term
The excessive thirst common in diabetes is known as
Definition
polydipsia
Term

Diabetes is known to lead to all of the fllwing except

 

impaired vision

impaired circulation

increased resistance to infection

increased loss of water via the urine

Definition
increased resistance to infections
Term
The role of diet for people with diabetes includes all of the fllwing except
Definition
the glycemic effect of foods should be a primary consideration
Term
A cancer that originates from bone is a 
Definition
sarcoma
Term
What terms describes factors that enhance the development of cancer after it has been initiated?
Definition
Promoters
Term
What happens after absorption of carcinogens that are produced on meats from grilling over a direct flame?
Definition
They are detoxified by the liver
Term
Which of the fllwing is known to speed up the passage of substances through the large intestines, thereby decreasing exposure time to carcinogens?
Definition
fiber
Term

Practices that are believed to help protect against cancer include all of the fllwing except

 

decreasing salt intake

decreasing alcohol intake

avoiding charbroiled meats

consumption of cruciferous vegetables

Definition
decreasing salt intake
Term

Which of the fllwing is not among the recommendations issued by health professionals to reduce cancer risks?

 

limit intake of red meats

moderate, if any, intake of alcohol

increase intake of foods high in iron

eat at least 5 servings a day of veges and fruits

Definition
increase intake of foods high in iron
Term

Which of the fllwing practices is not believed to be protective for all of the fllwing: heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and cancer?

 

consuming fiber-rich foods, drinking alcohol only in moderation, engaging in regular physical exercise, consuming fat within the range of 20-35% of total energy

Definition
consuming fat within the range of 20-35% of total energy
Term
Which of the fllwing defines the association between nutrition and chronic disease?
Definition
Diet can influence the time of onset of some chronic diseases
Term
In a peron with a BMI of 50, what minimum number of poundcs must  be lost to obtain a measurable improvement in glucose, blood lipids, and blood pressure?
Definition
10-20
Term
Conventional medicine and alternative medical therapies are commonly linked together into a practice called
Definition
complementary medicine
Term
Chelation therapy is purported to work by ridding the body of
Definition
toxic metals
Term
What is ayurveda?
Definition
A Hindu system for enhancing the body's ability to prevent illness and to heal itself
Term
Naturally occuring salicylates in curry, paprika, and certain teas provide the same protective effects as low dose
Definition
aspirin
Term
What is the name of the cancer-treatment substance first extracted from the bark of old Pacific yew trees (and now synthesized in the laboratory)?
Definition
Paclitaxal
Term
All of the fllwing are features of herbs sold to the public except
Definition
they are considered appropriate for treatment of certain major health disorders such as cancer or AIDS