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Nutrition Final
combined questions and answers from older tests
158
Nursing
12/07/2010

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Term
which mineral helps the antioxidant activity of vitamin E in the cell membrane? A) vitamin C B) iron C) zinc D) selenium
Definition
D) selenium
Term
Which of the following is TRUE? A) water freely moves across cell membranes B) electrolytes freely move across cell membranes c) water and electrolytes move across the cell membrane only through protein channels D) water and electrolytes cannot move across cell membranes
Definition
A) water moves freely across cell membranes
Term
A diet rich in potassium has been shown to help maintain a healthy blood pressure True or False?
Definition
True
Term
Moderate alcohol consumption has been linked to a reduced risk of A) liver disease B) diabetes mellitus C) cardiovascular disease D) obesity
Definition
C) cardiovascular disease
Term
The ability of a muscle to contract and relax is dependent on the flow of _____ in and out of the muscle cell A) phosphorous B) calcium C) chloride
Definition
B) calcium
Term
What is the primary reason we sweat? A) excrete waste prodcts B) regulate body temp C) maintain blood volume D) maintain sodium balance
Definition
B) regulate body temp
Term
This mineral is found in tea and helps strengthen bone and teeth A) selenium B) iron C) zinc D) fluoride
Definition
D) Fluoride
Term
The MPF factor is A) increased absorption of dietary folate by the mother during pregnancy B) a coenzyme involved in the metabolism of protein and fat C) a special factor found in meat, fish and poultry that enhances iron absorption D) the protein carrier needed by the body to absorb dietary manganese, folate, or vitamin B6
Definition
C) special factor found in meat, fish, and poultry tan enhances iron absorption
Term
Which organ is primarily responsible for maintaing fluid balance? A) kidneys B) liver C) pancreas D) small intestine
Definition
A) kidneys
Term
Which of the following is NOT a consequence of fetal alcohol syndrome? A) cognitive impairment B) impaired growth C) iron-deficiency anemia D) facial deformalities
Definition
C) iron-deficiency anemia
Term
Iodine is essential for the synthesis of ______ hormones A) thyroid B) androgen C) estrogen D) growth
Definition
A) thyroid
Term
Hypnatremia is associated with: A) diabetes B) over-hydration C) excessive intake of dietary sodium D) kidney disease
Definition
B) over-hydration
Term
Alcohol provides____ kcal/gram A) 4 B) 7 C) 12 D) 9
Definition
B) 7
Term
Which of the following nutrients inhibits the absorption of calcium? A) iron B) magnesium C) phosphorous D) vitamin D
Definition
A) iron
Term
The oxygen carrying protein found in our skeletal muscle cells is called: A) hemoglobin B) hematocrit C) myoglobin D) hemosiderin
Definition
C) myoglobin
Term
which of the following will likely result if the concentration of electrolytes outside the cell is lower tan the cncentration of electrolytes inside the cell? A) the cell will become dehydrated B) the cell will be unaffected C) the cell will undergo mitosis and divide D) the cell will over hydrate and possibly burst
Definition
D) the cell will over hydrate and possibly burst
Term
Heme iron is in both plant and animal based foods True or False?
Definition
False
Term
Lean individuals have a higher percentage of body water than fat individuals True or False
Definition
True
Term
which of the following group are the MOST vulnerable to dehydration? A) pregnant women and the elderly B) infants and the elderly C) infants and pregnant women D) adolescents and children
Definition
B) infants and elderly
Term
The Nutrition Facts panel on a fettuccini Alfredo food label states that for a 2500 kcal diet the maximum total fat intake is 80 grams. The lasagna package says it contains 3 servings and you ate half the box (1.5 servings) and there is 14 grams of fat per serving. What is the %DV for fat that you just consumed, assuming you follow a 2500 kcal diet A) 10% B) 15% C) 30% D) 26%
Definition
D) 26%
Term
Foods containing carbohydrate have the highest satiety value. A) True B) False
Definition
B) false
Term
Which of the following nutrients contains the most energy? A) carbohydrates B) vitamins C) minerals D) water
Definition
A) carbohydrates
Term
Which of the following is NOT a primary function of dietary protein? A) serving as a primary source of energy for the body B) building new cells and tissues C) repairing damaged structures D) regulating metabolism and fluid balance
Definition
A) serving as a primary source of energy
Term
The standard used to estimate the daily nutrient needs of 97% of all healthy individuals is: A) AI. B) EAR. C) RDA. D) UL.
Definition
C) RDA
Term
The dietary standard that has been established for nutrients for which more research is needed to determine human requirements is the: A) DRI. B) AI. C) RDA. D) UL.
Definition
B) AI
Term
Over the past thirty years, obesity rates in the United States have changed significantly. A) True B) False
Definition
A) true
Term
The four characteristics of a healthful diet are variety, balance, moderation, and _________.
A) color B) value C) adequacy D) calories
Definition
C) adequacy
Term
The Nutrition Facts Panel on a box of cookies indicates that one serving provides 90 calories, with 6 grams of fat. Calculate the percentage of calories from fat in this product. A) 49% B) 85% C) 60% D) need more information to calculate
Definition
C) 60%
Term
The Scientific Method requires that a hypothesis is derived prior to an observation, followed by experimentation. A) True B) False
Definition
B) False
Term
Which of the following is required on all food labels? A) ingredient list B) name and address of the vendor C) net contents of the package D) all of the above
Definition
D) all of the above
Term
The fruits section of MyPyramid emphasizes "focus on fruits" and encourages the consumption of all of the following EXCEPT: A) fruit juice. B) canned fruit. C ) frozen fruit. D) dried fruit.
Definition
A) fruit juice
Term
Which food is most nutrient dense? A) apple juice B) broccoli C) coffee D) donut
Definition
B) broccoli
Term
The ________ is most responsible organ for prompting individuals to seek food. A) brain B) mouth C) stomach D) small intestine
Definition
A) brain
Term
Hunger is best described as: A) a psychological desire to find food and eat. B) a physiological desire to find
food and eat. C) eating that is often driven by environmental cues. D) eating that is often driven by emotional cues.
Definition
B) a physiological desire to find food and eat
Term
The presence of any bacteria in the large intestine indicates a potentially serious systemic allergic reaction that can be fatal if left untreated. A) True B) False
Definition
B) false
Term
Which of the following is NOT a regulator of satiety in the body? A) kidney B) hypothalamus C) GI tract D) hormones
Definition
A) kidney
Term
Which of the following snacks will have the highest satiety value, assuming the calories and relative size are similar? A) piece of apple B) slice of bread C) piece of cheese D) glass of skim milk
Definition
C) a piece of cheese
Term
Which of the following is a micronutrient? A) fiber B) calcium C) alcohol D) fat
Definition
B) calcium
Term
The human body is organized into the following structural levels (smallest to largest): A) atoms: cells: systems: tissues: molecules: organs. B) organs: tissues: molecules: systems: atoms: organs. C) atoms: molecules: cells: tissues: organs: systems. D) molecules: atoms: organs: systems: tissues: cells.
Definition
C) atoms: molecules: cells: tissues: organs: systems
Term
In which organelle is the cell's DNA located? A cell membrane B) nucleus C) mitochondria D) cytoplasm
Definition
B) nucleus
Term
The "powerhouse" of the cell that produces most of the ATP is the: A) nucleus. B) cytoplasm. C)
mitochondrion. D) ribosome.
Definition
c) mitochondrion
Term
Which best explains why carbohydrate digestion ceases when food reaches the stomach? A) Intestinal bacteria are needed for carbohydrate digestion. B) Carbohydrate is completely digested in the mouth. C) Carbohydrate is completely absorbed in the esophagus. D) Salivary enzymes cannot function in the acidic environment of the stomach.
Definition
D) salivary enzymes cannot function in the acidic environment of the stomach
Term
Encouraging physical activity is part of the MyPyramid A) True B) False
Definition
A) true
Term
What is chyme? A) healthy bacteria of the small intestine B) mixture of partially digested food, water, and gastric juices C) ulcerations of the esophageal lining D) substance that allows for the emulsification of dietary lipid
Definition
B) mixture of partially digested food, water, and gastric juices
Term
A primary function of the mucus in the stomach is to: A) protect stomach cells from autodigestion. B)
neutralize stomach acid. C) emulsify fats. D) activate pepsinogen to form pepsin.
Definition
A) protect stomach cells from autodigestion
Term
The majority of nutrient absorption takes place in the stomach. A) True B) False
Definition
B) false
Term
Proteins that catalyze chemical changes, such as hydrolysis, and speed up body processes are called: A) peptides B) chymes C) enzymes D) hormones
Definition
c) enzymes
Term
_______ is the primary energy source for the brain. A) fat B) carbohydrate C) ketones D) protein
Definition
B) carbohydrate
Term
What is the name of the sphincter that separates the stomach from the small intestine? A) gastroesophageal B) ileocecal C) pyloric D) rectal
Definition
C) pyloric
Term
Responding to the presence of fat in our meal, the gallbladder releases a substance called: A) bile B) lipase C) pepsin. D) chyme.
Definition
A) bile
Term
Which of the following organs is responsible for the manufacturing and secretion of insulin and glucagon, as well as many digestive enzymes? A) small intestine B) liver C) stomach D) pancreas
Definition
D) pancreas
Term
Immediately after absorption, what circulatory system carries most of the fat-soluble nutrients? A) enterohepatic B) mesenteric C) lymphatic D) vascular
Definition
C) lymphatic
Term
Which large vessel transports absorbed nutrients to the liver? A) portal vein B) pulmonary vein C) subclavian vein D) aorta
Definition
A) portal vein
Term
If a person has GERD, the ________ is malfunctioning. A) epiglottis B) esophageal sphincter C) gallbladder D) pancreas
Definition
B) esophageal sphincter
Term
What is the primary cause of peptic ulcers? A) eating too many spicy foods B) stress C) prolonged use of aspirin D) H. pylori bacteria
Definition
D) H. Pylori bacteria
Term
What are probiotics? A) antibiotics that are specific to harmful bacteria while protecting healthful bacteria B) specialty foods to which nutrients have been added C) live microorganisms naturally found in or supplemented to food products D) foods known to have disease-fighting effects
Definition
C) live microorganisms naturally found in or supplemented to food products
Term
An epidemiological study can determine ‘cause and effect’ if it is designed properly A) True B) False
Definition
B) false
Term
A 360 calorie slice of pizza has 45% calories coming from carbohydrate and 15% calories coming from protein. How many grams of fat are in this slice of pizza? A) 144 B) 36 C) 16 D) 8
Definition
C) 16
Term
The term ‘simple carbohydrates’ refers to everything EXCEPT: A. disaccharides B. galactose
C. glycogen D. fructose
Definition
C) glycogen
Term
What is the primary form of fat in the diet? A. glycerols B. sterols C. phospholipids D. triglycerides
Definition
D) triglycerides
Term
Muscle glycogen will release glucose into the bloodstream when blood glucose levels get low. A. True B. False
Definition
B) false
Term
When insufficient carbohydrate is eaten, fat is broken down into____for an energy source: A . monosaccharides B. glucose C. ketones D. amino acids
Definition
C) ketones
Term
Muscle glycogen will release glucose into the bloodstream when blood glucose levels get low. A. True B. False
Definition
B) false
Term
Which of the following do not supply calories to the body? A. disaccharides B. dietary fiber C. starch D. simple sugars
Definition
B) dietary fiber
Term
_______ are biologically active compounds made by essential nutrients and are necessary for vasoconstriction, vasodialation, blood clotting, and inflammation: A. amino acids B. eicosanoids C. cholesterol D. bicarbonates
Definition
B) eicosanoids
Term
Which of the following is a characteristic of type 2 diabetes? A. arises most commonly during early childhood B. develops during pregnancy C. often associated with being underweight D. insulin resistance or insensitivity
Definition
D) insulin resistance or insensitivity
Term
Olive oil is a lower calorie alternative to butter and margarine. A. True B. False
Definition
B) false
Term
Lactose intolerance is due to a(n): A. deficiency of lactase. B. allergy to casein (milk protein)
C. deficiency of lactose D. deficiency of the GI flora (healthy bacteria)
Definition
A) deficiency of lactase
Term
Most of the cholesterol found in the body is made by the liver. A. true B. false
Definition
A) true
Term
Where does the majority of absorbed dietary fat go once it leaves the small intestine cells? A. portal vein B. liver C. blood vessels D. lymph vessels
Definition
D) lymph vessels
Term
Dietary sources of galactose include: A . fruits and vegetables. B. breads and cereals. C. milk and cheese. D. beer and liquor.
Definition
C) milk and cheese
Term
Susie consumed 1840 kcals on Saturday and a total of 17 grams of fiber. Her fiber intake per 1000 kcal consumed was:. A. 7 grams B. 9 grams C. 11 grams D. 13 grams
Definition
B) 9 grams
Term
To reduce our risk for developing heart disease, we need to consume less fiber. A. True B. False
Definition
B) false
Term
Which hormone is released because blood glucose levels are low and the liver needs to release stored
carbohydrate? A. glucagon B. gastrin C. insulin D. galactose
Definition
a) glucagon
Term
Trans-fatty acids and saturated fatty acids have similar effect on blood cholesterol levels? A. True
B. False
Definition
A) true
Term
Trans-fatty acids and saturated fatty acids have similar effect on blood cholesterol levels? A. True
B. False
Definition
A) true
Term
Fruits differ from concentrated sweets because: A. they are less nutrient dense B. they are packaged with fiber C. their sugars are diluted in large volumes of water D. a and b E. b and c
Definition
E) both b and c
Term
Which of the following is not one of the complex carbohydrates? A. fiber B. glycogen C. lactose
D. starch
Definition
C) lactose
Term
Gluconeogenesis refers to: A. making fatty acids from amino acids. B. making glycogen from starch.
C. breaking down polysaccharides D. making glucose from protein.
Definition
D) making glucose from protein
Term
The pancreas makes bile A. True B. False
Definition
B) false
Term
Soluble fiber has the greatest blood cholesterol lowering effect compared to insoluble fiber? A. True B. False
Definition
A) true
Term
Found in muscle and liver, ________ is the storage form of glucose in animals. A. galactose B. fructose C. glycogen D. starch
Definition
C) glycogen
Term
Digestion of most starch begins in the: A. stomach B. esophagus C. mouth D. small intestine
Definition
C) mouth
Term
Enterohepatic circulation involves carbohydrate absorption from the gut: A. True B. False
Definition
B) false
Term
Which of the following helps prevent type 1 diabetes? A. weight control and exercise B. taking oral hypoglycemic agents C. restricting protein intake D. nothing has been found to prevent type I diabetes
Definition
D) nothing has been found to prevent type 1 diabetes
Term
If high fructose corn syrup is the second ingredient on a long list of ingredients, it means that the food product has very little added sugar: A. True. B. False.
Definition
B) false
Term
Diabetes is a condition in which the body doesn’t process ________ properly. A. vitamins B. fatty acids C. glucose D. amino acids
Definition
C) glucose
Term
Which of the following foods are high in omega 3 fatty acids fatty acids? A. corn and soybean oils B. butter and coconut oil C. salmon and sardines D. all of the above
Definition
C) salmon and sardines
Term
Which of the following foods are rich sources of polyunsaturated fatty acids? A. olive and canola oils B. palm and coconut oils C. butter and lard D. soy and corn oils
Definition
D) soy and corn oils
Term
Xenical works by inhibiting pancreatic lipase: A. True. B. False.
Definition
A) true
Term
Which of the following ingredients would alert you to the presence of trans fatty acids in a product?
A. vitamin E B. high fructose corn syrup C. hydrogenated vegetable oil D. liquid corn oil
Definition
C) hydrogenated vegetable oil
Term
Transport vehicles for most lipids are called: A. monoglycerides. B. peptides. C. glycerols.
D. lipoproteins.
Definition
D) lipoproteins
Term
________ is (are) the key structural component of a cell's membrane. A. Glycerol B. Triglycerides
C. Phospholipids D. Estrogen
Definition
C) phospholipids
Term
All of the following organs assist in the digestion of lipids EXCEPT: A. the liver. B. the kidneys C. the
pancreas. D. the gallbladder.
Definition
B) kidneys
Term
The liver synthesizes ______ to deliver triglyceride to cells and as this lipoprotein loses triglycerides it becomes ______ in circulation: A. VLDL, LDL. B. Chylomicron, HDL. C. HDL, VLDL. D. LDL, VLDL.
Definition
A) VLDL, LDL
Term
Yesterday Molly consumed 1,780 kcal. Her meals included a total of 69 grams of fat. What percentage of calories of her day's intake came from fat? A. 4% B. 15% C. 26% D. 35%
Definition
D) 35%
Term
How many calories are potentially provided by 27 grams of carbohydrate? A. 23 kcal B. 108 kcal C. 225 kcal D. 162 kcal
Definition
B) 108 kcal
Term
Immediately following a high-fat meal, specialized lipoproteins called ________ are created in the small intestine cells to transport dietary fat through the body. A. chylomicrons B. micelles C. LDL D. VLDL
Definition
A) chylomichrons
Term
The two essential fatty acids are: A. butyric and stearic fatty acids. B. cis and trans fatty acids. C. cholesterol and bile. D. linoleic and linolenic acid.
Definition
D) linoleic and linolenic acid
Term
One of the safer fish choices is shark because it is low in mercury. A. True B. False
Definition
B) false
Term
Insufficient vitamin D during adulthood is associated with: A. osteomalacia. B. osteoporosis C. rickets. D. hypocalcemia.
Definition
A) osteomalacia
Term
Which of the following is the only complete vegetable protein? A. barley B. corn C. peanuts D. soy
Definition
D) soy
Term
A complete protein: A. has not been denatured. B. contains adequate amounts of the essential amino
acids. C. contains all twenty amino acids. D. is composed of only di- and tripeptides.
Definition
B) contains adequate amounts of essential amino acids
Term
Which part of an individual amino acid distinguishes it from other amino acids? A. central carbon B. acid group C. side chain D. amine group
Definition
C) side chain
Term
Which of the following foods is a source of complete protein? A. apple B. broccoli C. whole-grain bread D. milk
Definition
D) milk
Term
Steve ate a beef wrap from the deli that contained 450 kcals total, 29% of kcals from carbohydrate, 30% kcals from fat. How many grams of protein were in that sandwich? A. 10 gms B. 20 gms C. 46 gms D. 62 gms
Definition
C) 46 grams
Term
The chemical digestion of proteins begins in the: A. liver. B. large intestine. C. small intestine. D. stomach.
Definition
D) stomach
Term
Which of the following health problems has been associated with adequate calories but low protein intakes?
A. kwashiorkor B. elevated blood cholesterol C. sickle cell anemia D. marasmus
Definition
A) kwashiorkor
Term
What is edema? A. an immune deficiency resulting from malnutrition B. a fluid imbalance that results in
swelling of tissues C. a pH imbalance of the blood D. a genetic disorder that causes protein abnormalities
Definition
B) fluid imbalance that results in swelling of the tissues
Term
Which of the following is NOT a nutrient of concern for vegans? A. vitamin B12 B. Zinc C. vitamin C D. Calcium
Definition
C) vitamin C
Term
Diseases that cause the malabsorption of fat can result in a deficiency of: A. linoleic acid. B. linolenic acid. C.vitamin C. D. both A and B
Definition
D) both a and b
Term
Where do humans obtain vitamin K? A. sunlight B. diet C. intestinal bacteria D. both B and C
Definition
D) both b and c
Term
Vitamin D toxicity is associated with: A. sunburns. B. supplements. C. seafood. D. suntan lotions.
Definition
B) supplements
Term
The effects of vitamin B deficiencies include: A dermititis B. mental confusion C. . xerothalmia D. A and B E. BandC
Definition
D) both a and b
Term
Which of the following proteins are fundamental to catalyzing reactions? A. antibodies B. transport proteins C. enzymes D. buffers
Definition
C) enzymes
Term
Of the twenty amino acids relevant to the human body, how many are considered nonessential? A. five B. nine C. eleven D. twenty
Definition
C) eleven
Term
In addition to dietary sources, vitamin D is produced in the: A. brain. B. large intestine. C. stomach. D. skin.
Definition
D) skin
Term
The quaternary structure of a protein involves: A. polypeptide backbone B. interaction between different polypeptides to form a protein C. interaction of side groups in a polypeptide strand D. amino acid sequence
Definition
B) interactions between different polypeptides to form a protein
Term
Which water-soluble vitamin can regenerate vitamin E after it has been oxidized? A. vitamin C B. vitamin B6 C. folate D. vitamin D
Definition
A) vitamin C
Term
Which of the following is NOT a function of vitamin E? A. protecting LDLs (low-density lipoproteins from oxidation) B. enhancing the immune system and protecting white blood cells C. improving the absorption of vitamin C if dietary intake is low D. protecting cell membranes from oxidation
Definition
C) improving the absorption of vitamin C if intake is low
Term
Which of the following nutrients requires the most frequent consumption to prevent deficiency symptoms? A. vitamin B12 B. beta-carotene C. folate D. vitamin E
Definition
C) folate
Term
The doctor has recently told Julie that her iron stores are low. Julie should consume ________ with her iron supplement to increase its absorption. A. a glass of orange juice B. a tablespoon of castor oil C. fruit punch D. a glass of milk
Definition
A) a glass of orange juice
Term
Vitamin K's primary role in the body is: A. blood clotting. B. nerve transmission. C. metabolism D. muscle contraction.
Definition
A) blood clotting
Term
Which of the following is the BEST source of vitamin K? A. green leafy vegetables B. milk C. citrus fruits D. whole grains
Definition
A) green leafy vegetables
Term
Pellagra is the deficiency disease associated with: A. folate. B. riboflavin. C. thiamin. D. niacin.
Definition
D) niacin
Term
Which of the following conditions have vitamin B6 supplements been used to treat? A. high cholesterol
B. carpal tunnel syndrome C. baldness D. hypertension
Definition
B) carpel tunnel
Term
Which of the following explains why folate is critical to the health of a newly conceived embryo? A. Folate is essential for maintaining proper fluid balance. B. Folate is essential for heart function. C. Folate is needed for proper cell division. D. Folate regulates bone formation.
Definition
C) folate is needed for proper cell division
Term
Vitamin B12 is essential for the proper functioning of: A. gastric (stomach) cells. B. nerve cells.
C. hepatic (liver) cells. D. epithelial cells.
Definition
B) nerve cells
Term
Research studies have consistently demonstrated an association between a reduced risk of cancer and: A. increased consumption of monounsaturated fatty acids. B. increased consumption of fruits and
vegetables. C. the use of vitamin C supplements. D. the use of beta-carotene supplements.
Definition
B) increased consumption of fruits and vegetables
Term
Using a sunscreen with an SPF of 8 or greater can inhibit the synthesis of vitamin D. A. True. B. False.
Definition
A) true
Term
The B-complex vitamins are good energy sources for the body. A. True. B. False.
Definition
B) false
Term
What element makes protein different from carbohydrate and fat? A. oxygen B. carbon C. hydrogen D. nitrogen
Definition
D) nitrogen
Term
All of the following are parts of an amino acid molecule EXCEPT: A. an acid group. B. a fatty acid group. C. an amine group. D. a central carbon.
Definition
B) fatty acid group
Term
Milk curdles when lemon juice is added to it. The change that occurs in the protein is called: A. deamination. B. translocation. C. denaturation. D. transcription.
Definition
C) denaturation
Term
In the human body, proteins are found: A. in the blood. B. in bone tissue. C. in muscle tissue. D. all of the above
Definition
D) all of the above
Term
Which of the following is NOT a major function of protein in the human body? A. growth and maintenance of new tissue B. providing energy to the body C. synthesis of hormones D. maintaining fluid balance
Definition
B) providing energy to the body
Term
All of the following are examples of protein hormones EXCEPT: A. insulin. B. thyroid. C. estrogen D. glucagon.
Definition
C) estrogen
Term
The process of combining two incomplete proteins to make a complete protein is called: A. the protein combining method. B. protein. C. the amino acid sequencing method. D. mutual supplementation.
Definition
D) mutual supplementation
Term
Brenda is a reasonably healthy 21-year-old college student who is sedentary. She is 5' 6" tall and weighs 135 pounds. How many grams of protein would you recommend she consume each day? A. 49 grams B. 73 grams C. 53 grams D. 61 grams
Definition
A) 49
Term
In order to increase muscle mass a person must: A. consume adequate protein B. consume adequate protein and carbohydrate C. challenging muscle groups with exercise D. A and C E. B and C
Definition
E) both b and c
Term
Amino acids are the primary fuel source utilize in both anaerobic and aerobic exercise. A) True B) False
Definition
B) false
Term
What is meant by the overload principle? A) stretching a muscle group beyong the joint’s healthy range of motion B) Improving fitness by placing extra physical demand on the body C) subjecting the body to inappropriate high stress D) max glycogen storage through carbohydrate loading
Definition
B) improving fitness by placing extra physical demand on the body
Term
Sally consumes an average of 1925 kcals per day, her EER is 2050. Sally is theoretically A) gaining 0.5 Ib/day B) losing 0.5 Ib/week C) gaining .25 Ib/day D) losing .25 Ib/week
Definition
D) losing .25 Ib per week
Term
The acronym FIT stands for: A) fitness, increase, and time B) flexibility, increase, training C) fatigue, intensity, training D) frequency, intensity, and time
Definition
D) frequency, intensity, time
Term
For an exercise program to be beneficial you should feel some pain A) true B) False
Definition
B) false
Term
In which of the following types of exercise would glycolysis provide the majority of ATP? A) sprinting in a 500-meter race B) playing in a chess game C) running a marathon D) walking
Definition
A) running in a 500-meter race
Term
The energy expended due to physical activity accounts for the majority of our total energy output each day A) True B) False
Definition
B) false
Term
The amount of ATP stored in a muscle cell will fuel the muscles activity for A) 1 to 3 minutes B) 1 to 3 hours C) 1 to 3 seconds D) 1 to 3 days
Definition
C) 1 to 3 seconds
Term
Phosphocreatine (also called Creatine Phosphate) is a high-energy compund that can be broken down to regenerate ATP for long periods of time (for endurance activities) A) True B) False
Definition
B) false
Term
When oxygen is available and the cell needs energy, glucose will: A) make lactic acid B) enter the mitochondria and make a totally of 38 ATP C) enter the TCA cycle and make fatty acids D) none of the above
Definition
B) enter the mitochondria and make a total of 38 ATP
Term
Where in the body do we find the greatest storage of potential energy? A) blood glucose B) muscle protein C) muscle glycogen D) body fat
Definition
D) body fat
Term
Less than 50% of our nations adult population is overweight or obese A) True B) False
Definition
B) false
Term
______ is a protein hormone produced by the fat cells that signal satiety to reduce food
intake A) ghrelin B) NPY C) Leptin D) Insulin
Definition
C) leptin
Term
The thermic effect of food is higher in protein that that of carbohydrate or fat A) True B) False
Definition
A) true
Term
Which of the following assessment techniques correlates with body fatness but does not actually measure body fatness? A) BIA B) DEXA C) underwater weighing D) BMI
Definition
D) BMI
Term
Which of the following is NOT one of the physiological effects of regular physical activity? A) maintains and/or increases lean body mass B) decreases the action of insulin C) enhances gastric motility D) increases high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-good cholesterol)
Definition
B) decrease the action of insulin
Term
In lecture, the Pima Indians were used as an example for which theory of obesity? A) set point B) Leptin C) Thrifty Gene D) Adaptive thermogenesis
Definition
C) Thrifty Gene
Term
Joan wants to improve her muscular strength. Which type of activity would be MOST effective to achieve this goal? A) weight lifting B) swimming C) stair stepper D) walking
Definition
A) weight lifting