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Nutrition Exam 3
Chapter 11
23
Science
05/01/2011

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Cards

Term
All of the following organs are required for the complete synthesis of activated vitamin D except

A. skin.
B. liver.
C. kidney.
D. intestines.
Definition
D. intestines.
Term
For every man who has type I osteoporosis, about how many women have it?

A. 2

B. 3

C. 4

D. 6
Definition
D. 6
Term
A person seeking good sources of vitamin A would select all of the following except
Incorrect
A. liver.

B. bananas.

C. apricots.

D. sweet potatoes.
Definition
B. bananas.
Term
What is a free radical?

A. An antioxidant substance that prevents accumulation of cell-damaging oxides

B. A substance in food that interacts with nutrients to decrease their utilization

C. A nutrient in excess of body needs that the body is free to degrade with no consequence

D. A molecule that is unstable and highly reactive because it contains unpaired electrons
Definition
D. A molecule that is unstable and highly reactive because it contains unpaired electrons
Term
increasing the amount of polyunsaturated fats in the diet increases the need for vitamin

A. A.

B. E.

C. K.

D. D.
Definition
B. E.
Term
Which of the following is likely to induce vitamin A toxicity in adults?

A. Eating beef liver more than once a month

B. Consuming high-dose vitamin A supplements

C. Drinking 2 quarts of vitamin A-fortified milk daily

D. Consuming large amounts of dark green and deep orange vegetables
Definition
B. Consuming high-dose vitamin A supplements
Term
What type of foods should be controlled in individuals taking anticoagulant medicines?

A. Cold water fish

B. Processed soups

C. Enriched breads

D. Green leafy vegetables
Definition
D. Green leafy vegetables
Term
Which of the following is most likely to occur from a prolonged dietary deficiency of vitamin A?

A. Osteomalacia

B. Osteoporosis

C. Xerophthalmia

D. Prolonged blood-clotting time
Definition
C. Xerophthalmia
Term
Jennifer has just had a baby. When she brings Thomas home, she regales you with the details of her hospital stay. She mentions that shortly after the birth, Thomas received an intramuscular injection of vitamin K, and she wondered why this was done, as it made him cry. You explained that it

A. was needed to prevent eye disease.

B. prevented possible bleeding events.

C. protected the baby from lipid oxidation.

D. was needed to promote good bone growth.
Definition
B. prevented possible bleeding events.
Term
Which of the following is the most likely side effect for a person who regularly consumes large quantities of carrots or carrot juice?

A. Bone pain

B. Dermatitis

C. Skin yellowing

D. Vitamin A toxicity
Definition
C. Skin yellowing
Term
What is prothrombin?

A. A storage protein for vitamin K

B. A transport protein for vitamin E

C. A protein needed for bone formation

D. A protein needed for blood clot formation
Definition
D. A protein needed for blood clot formation
Term
hich of the following is the name of the vitamin A compound that is active in the visual response?

A. Opsin

B. Keratin

C. Retinal

D. Carotene
Definition
C. Retinal
Term
Approximately what percentage of the body's calcium is found in the blood?

A. 1

B. 5

C. 15

D. 25
Definition
A. 1
Term
A child with bowed legs is likely deficient in vitamin

A. A.

B. K.

C. E.

D. D.
Definition
D. D.
Term
In which of the following individuals would vitamin A toxicity be most likely to occur?
Incorrect
A. Adolescent women

B. Overweight adults

C. Those taking vitamin A supplements

D. Those consuming more than 100 g of carrots daily

Definition
C. Those taking vitamin A supplements
Term
All of the following are good plant sources of calcium for the body except

A. spinach.

B. almonds.

C. corn tortillas.

D. sesame seeds.
Definition
A. spinach.
Term
How is vitamin E thought to play a role in reducing the risk of heart disease?

A. It inhibits absorption of dietary cholesterol

B. It slows oxidation of low-density lipoproteins

C. It interferes with cholesterol synthesis by the liver

D. It speeds removal of blood cholesterol by the liver
Definition
B. It slows oxidation of low-density lipoproteins
Term
John is looking to increase his dietary sources of vitamin C. However, he expresses a strong dislike for all citrus fruits. Which of the following shopping lists would you recommend?

A. Liver, yogurt, milk

B. Brussels sprouts, broccoli, strawberries

C. Banana, peanut butter, canned tuna fish

D. Whole grains, pork, fortified corn flakes
Definition
B. Brussels sprouts, broccoli, strawberries
Term
What is the major carrier of the fat-soluble vitamins from the intestinal epithelial cell to the circulation?

A. Albumin

B. Cholesterol

C. Chylomicrons

D. Liposoluble binding proteins
Definition
C. Chylomicrons
Term
Which of the following is an early sign of vitamin C deficiency?

A. Bleeding gums

B. Pernicious anemia

C. Appearance of a cold

D. Hysteria and depression
Definition
A. Bleeding gums
Term
Which of the following vitamins is synthesized by intestinal bacteria?

A. A

B. E

C. K

D. D
Definition
C. K
Term
Protective factors for osteoporosis include all of the following except

A. obesity.

B. female gender.

C. moderate alcohol intake.

D. having African American heritage.
Definition
B. female gender.
Term
Which of the following are major sources of vitamin E in the diet?

A. Meats

B. Citrus fruits

C. Vegetable oils

D. Milk and dairy products
Definition
C. Vegetable oils