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Nutrition 120 Chapter 15
Safety of Food and Water
43
Science
12/08/2009

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Cards

Term

Which of the following procedures will not decrease free water in a product?

Definition
Irradiation
Term

Which of the following agencies enforces wholesomeness and quality standards for meat?

Definition
USDA
Term

Which of the following can be found in raw egg whites?

Definition
Avidin
Term

Which of the following can produce a foodborne infection?

Definition
Clostridium perfringens andSalmonella
Term

All of the following are reasons why the risk of having foodborne illness is increasing except:

Definition
the increasing use of food irradiation
Term

Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection has been associated with consumption of

Definition
fresh spinach or spinach-containing products
Term

Common symptoms of foodborne illness include

Definition
fever, diarrhea, vomiting
Term

James operates a food service establishment. He should make sure his employees practice all of the following rules to prevent foodborne illness except

Definition
serving meals made with raw fish
Term

The incidence of foodborne illness is rising because of all the following factors except 

 

Definition
increased availability of frozen food products.
Term

E. coli O157:H7 produces _____________ that can cause severe illness, including severe bloody diarrhea and hemolytic uremic syndrome.   

 

Definition
a toxin
Term

Salmonella, Listeria, E. coli O157:H7, and Campylobacter are the bacterial foodborne illnesses of particular interest since they are the ones most often associated with

Definition
death
Term

Which of the following can produce a foodborne intoxication?

Definition
Staphylococcus aureus andClostridium botulinum
Term

Lead toxicity effects include all of the following except 

Definition
abnormal reproduction
Term

Norovirus causes an illness that is commonly misdiagnosed as 

Definition
the "stomach flu"
Term

All of the following are reasons why the risk of having foodborne illness is increasing except the

Definition
increasing use of food irradiation
Term

There is no easy way to test for pathogens such as

Definition
Norovirus
Term

Which of the following statements is not true about the "Danger Zone"?

Definition
It includes the temperature range 65oF to 165oF
Term

Foodborne illness caused by Clostridium

Definition
perfringens is usually associated with meat and meat dishes, gravies, and improperly handled leftovers
Term

To avoid Salmonella contamination

Definition
store chicken at 40° F or below
Term

Sugar acts as a food preservative by

Definition
reducing the amount of free water in food
Term

A common cause of foodborne illness that results from sneezing or coughing over food is

Definition
Staphylococcus aureus
Term

The FIGHT BAC! food safety program includes the following tips for keeping food safe from bacteria:

Definition
clean, separate, chill, cook
Term

Which of the following is true about food irradiation? 

Definition
Irradiation can slow or limit the growth of insects, microorganisms, and parasites in food
Term

The incidence of foodborne illness is rising because of all the following factors except 

Definition
increased availability of frozen food products
Term

Postmenopausal women are more prone to fractures than premenopausal women primarily because

Definition
low estrogen levels accelerate bone loss
Term

Exceeding the UL for phosphorus can lead to

Definition
kidney damage
Term

Reduced blood calcium levels would result from the actions of

Definition
calcitonin
Term

Of the following, the mineral that is least likely to be deficient in the American diet is?

Definition
phosphorus
Term

The mineral that gives hardness to teeth and bones is?

Definition
Fluoride
Term

Vitamin C contributes to bone health by virtue of its role in?

Definition

collagen synthesis

Term

The greatest health risk from food today is contamination via

Definition
viruses and bacteria
Term

All of the following are good instructions for preventing foodborne illness except

Definition
when shopping, select meat, poultry, or fish first
Term

Which of the following is true about U.S. dietary consumption since the mid 1950s?

Definition
We are consuming less saturated fat
Term

The DETERMINE acronym refers to all of the following except 

Definition

depression

Term

Compared to individuals aged 19 - 50, adults over the age of 70 need _____ times more vitamin D.

Definition
3
Term

The life span of humans is approximately ______ years.

Definition
122
Term
Definition
Term

The dietary manipulation that is related most significantly to longevity in animal studies is?

Definition
low-fat intake
Term

Bud has trouble with his dentures and problems chewing. Which of the following foods would be best to help meet his nutritional needs?

Definition
low-fat-yogurt
Term

Mack is constipated. Safe recommendations include all of the following except 

Definition
use mineral oil routinely and liberally
Term

The decrease in lean tissue that occurs with aging can best be prevented by?

 

Definition
exercise and a weight training program
Term

For those over 40 years of age, an exercise program should include all of the following except

Definition
exercise through the pain
Term

A new food preservation method, aseptic processing, is especially useful for?

Definition
fruit juices